Information About Catalpa

Information About Catalpa

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Catalpa Tree Varieties: Learn About Different Kinds Of Catalpa Tree

By Teo Spengler

Catalpa trees are tough natives offering creamy flowers in spring. However, like all trees, catalpas have their downsides. Click on the following article for information on catalpa trees, including an overview of the varieties of catalpa trees available.

Catalpa Tree Planting: How To Grow A Catalpa Tree

By Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist

Across the midwest United States, you may find a bright green tree with lacy panicles of creamy white flowers - the catalpa tree. Try growing a catalpa tree in your yard with information from this article.


Highly resistant to drought, sassafras tree is low maintenance. Once established it does not need watering, especially when planted in well-draining, acidic soil. Sassafras tree does well in most of the soil types, except waterlogged clay soil. It grows even in rocky areas without the need for supplemental watering or fertilizer.

If you’re growing sassafras tree, do light pruning. Light pruning prevents the development of suckers and tree grows tall and looks more ornamental. Suckers are small stems, which appear around the base of sassafras tree. If you prefer it to have it with a single trunk, cut off the suckers just below the surface of the soil as they grow in and leave only one trunk to maturity. Otherwise, leave suckers in place for more shrubby and dense shape. Suckers can be removed at any time by thinning out or removing them by pruning.

There are male and female flowers on separate sassafras trees and only female ones produces fruits after flowering. These fruits are loved by birds, they spill the seeds while eating, which germinate readily in a yard. Pull the seedlings quickly if you do not want new trees.


Planting and Caring For Acers By Season

Autumn is the best time to plant a Japanese Maple. Ideally, you should plant at least a month before the ground freezes, so it has time for some root growth before winter. But if you find yourself planting late, don't worry. Your tree will wait patiently until spring to begin settling into its new home!

After planting, lay down 3 inches of mulch around the tree and keep it well watered until winter.

Unfortunately, late summer and early autumn is the best time to prune your Japanese Maple. It seems unfair to cut it back just as it's coming into its season of glory, but this is really the best time of year to prune. And as you might expect from its widespread use in bonsai, this tree responds very well to pruning, though it certainly doesn't need an annual trim.

We recommend that you inspect the tree annually and remove any dead or crossed branches, lopsided growth, and other unattractive features. If your Japanese Maple is quite dense, you might want to open it up a bit from the center to let more light and air in. And if you like, it can easily be shaped into just about any form that suits your garden. Many gardeners prune Japanese Maple quite heavily when young, to remove multiple stems and create a single-trunk tree.

Unless your weather turns exceptionally dry, reduce the amount of water you give the tree in autumn. This will stimulate better color changes.

And as autumn comes to a close, be sure your Japanese Maple has a nice thick layer of mulch, and pluck off any dead leaves still clinging to its branches.

Winter is a carefree season for Japanese Maple grown within their hardiness range and mulched in late fall. The only concern is heavy snow loads, which might cause some branches to snap. After a particularly heavy snowfall, brush away any large accumulation of snow, being careful not to treat the branches too roughly. Ice, on the other hand, should be left in place. It freezes onto the branches and is best left alone.

Spring is the most vulnerable time for your Japanese Maple. As discussed above, the tree will leaf out early — often spectacularly! — and then suffer in late frosts. Keep it covered whenever frost threatens. As soon as the weather settles down, begin a regular watering and feeding schedule.

Summer is the only time you may ever notice pests on your tree, and most of them are completely harmless. If aphids become a problem, treat them with the same pesticide used for Roses, and they will vanish.

During very hot weather you may notice the ends of the leaves drying out and curling. This is unsightly and may indicate that your tree needs more shade, but unless it occurs over a long period every year, it won't be fatal. Stressed-out Japanese Maple have been known to drop every leaf from their branches and still recover beautifully — usually re-leafing during the same season!

As summer draws to a close, reduce the amount of water you give your Japanese Maple. This will stimulate those magnificent color changes more quickly and intensely.


Honey Locust Tree Facts

Thinking of adding a dash of gold to your garden with a honey locust tree? Facts about honey locust trees is what you need to know, before you go about planting it. Read this article for more details.

Thinking of adding a dash of gold to your garden with a honey locust tree? Facts about honey locust trees is what you need to know, before you go about planting it. Read this article for more details.

Picture this – a vast expanse of flowers of every imaginable color, pretty butterflies and bees flitting around, and a fully grown honey locust tree punctuating this breathtaking scenery with its whip of gold. This makes you want to know more about the honey locust tree right? Read ahead to know some facts that you’ll definitely find interesting.

An Introduction

The scientific name of the honey locust tree is Gleditsia triacanthos inermis. It is a deciduous, perennial tree and is native to North America, especially the eastern regions. It is commonly called the Sweet Bean, Sweet Locust and Honeyshuck. The honey locust tree has a wide canopy and this helps grass to grow in its shade. It has a rapid growth rate and lives up to an average age of 100 years.

Growth Requirements

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Soil: The honey locust tree is a hardy tree and can grow well in different types of soil. Loam, wet, well-drained, sandy, acidic, and even moist rich soil works well for the honey locust tree. In fact, it is one of the few trees that can survive the alkaline soil in Chicago.

Climate: The honey locust tree grows well in summer and spring. Hence, it does not require too much rainfall. It can survive even with moderate irrigation in case there is less rainfall. It prefers full sun but also grows in a partly shady climate.

Flowering Period

Flowers: The honey locust tree grows best in spring and summer. It bears fragrant yellow green flowers which grow in clusters. Male and female flowers grow on separate trees but sometimes, perfect flowers (with both male and female parts) grow on the same tree.

Fruits: The fruits of the honey locust tree grow in pods. The length of the pods vary from 20 cm to 40 cm. Initially, they are green, but turn into deep brown as they mature. As the fruit matures, a sticky sweet substance is formed inside it, separating the seeds (1 cm long) from each other. This sticky substance is what prompted the tree being named as ‘honey’ locust.

Leaves: The leaves of the honey locust tree can be pinnately or bipinnately compound. Pinnately compound leaves have leaflets along the main vein and bipinnately compound leaves are divided twice, on the two sides of the main vein which gives out secondary veins. Initially the leaves are green, but turn yellowish gold by fall. This is the time when they are at the height of maturity. The honey locust tree is one of the first trees to shed its leaves in fall. This tree also bears thorns. These thorns grow on the branches and along the lower bark. They are green in the beginning, but turn brown and strong as they mature and eventually turn gray and brittle as they become old.

Landscaping: Given its perennial nature, fast growing tendency, easy adaptation to different types of soil and its beautiful golden canopy, the honey locust tree is often used in landscaping gardens, especially in urban areas. It is used to beautify highways and parks in cities as it is hardy enough to absorb pollution to a great extent.

Furniture: The timber from the honey locust tree is dense and strong. This makes it a perfect choice for making furniture frames like frames for upholstered sofas and others. It provides great support to the furniture. The immature wood of the honey locust tree can be used in small carpentry projects like a small cabinet or dresser. It can also be used for making fences around flower gardens or houses. The wood from the honey locust tree is a cheaper alternative to oak when it comes to packing pallets. The wood is almost as strong and hardy as oak trees but much cheaper. It can be splintered and cut in any way, which makes it a great wood variety to use in manufacturing industries.

Food: The honey locust tree has culinary uses as well.

  • Its pulp can be fermented and used as energy alcohol and also for extraction of sugar.
  • The seeds can be dried, roasted and ground and used as a substitute for coffee.
  • The seeds, raw or cooked can also be used in food as they taste like peas.
  • The unripe pods can be eaten after cooking.
  • The pods of the honey locust tree are also eaten by wild forest animals like rabbits, deer, squirrels, and birds too.

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These were some interesting honey locust tree facts. So go ahead, plant this wonderful golden tree and your garden will definitely win some envious looks.


19 Types of Flowering Trees to Embellish Your Beautiful Garden

There are over a hundred types of flowering trees that one can plant in their garden to beautify the landscape. This article will tell you all about some of them.

There are over a hundred types of flowering trees that one can plant in their garden to beautify the landscape. This article will tell you all about some of them.

While flowering plants and shrubs can add beauty, form, and shape to your landscape, a flowering tree lone or grouped, will highlight even the dullest corners as well as lend a transitory color to the garden each season. Growing a flowering tree requires attention to few details height, ground, and crown cover, seasonal leaves and flower shedding, care and maintenance, diseases, etc. It is best to get information about the tree you want to grow, from the nursery you plan to pick them from. But for deciding on which one you want, go through this article, which enlists the different types of flowering trees.

Plum Tree

The beautiful flowering plum tree is a medium-sized tree that will reach 20 to 25 feet, with a crown spread of 15 feet. It is slightly partial to a well-drained, slightly acidic soil and moderate watering. Not only does it sprout ornamental flowers, but its leaves also add color to the landscape. The flowers bloom in clusters of white, purple, and pink colors in the springtime, followed by the change in the foliage color from the leaves’ shiny green to a deep, bright burgundy. The fruits appear late in the summer and the sweet plums turn pink upon reaching maturity.

Tulip Poplar

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The Tulip Poplar gets its name from its tulip looking yellow flowers. The poplar is very fast growing tree, that can grow 15 to 20 feet in height in just six years. Its water requirements are moderate, but it needs lots of space to grow. It does well in most soils, but does not prefer salt and alkali soils. Springtime sees this giant tree come to life with masses of tulip-like flowers. The flowers last for a long time on the tree and are greenish-yellow with an orange band. The deciduous leaves turn golden yellow from green in fall, before shedding foliage at the end of the growing season.

Flowering Almond

It is more of a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub, than a tree. However, it is so popular among gardeners, that they prefer to grow it as a tree. It does not attain height more than 4-5 feet and a spread of more than 3-4 feet. Native to China, it prefers moist well-drained soils and full sun. Mid spring it blooms with white or pink flowers, single or double, depending on the cultivator, with very small red cherry like fruits. The foliage color does not change in this deciduous flowering almond.

Flowering Dogwood

A showy tall deciduous tree that is well-known and widely planted throughout America. There are several varieties of dogwood one can choose from, each bursting with life and color every spring. Some of the most popular varieties include Cherokee Chief, Flowering Dogwood, Carnelian Cherry, Japanese Dogwood, Pagoda Dogwood, Pacific Dogwood, etc.

A dogwood offers the landscape a visual treat throughout the year. This 33 feet and more tall tree blooms with red, white, or pink-colored flowers that last for two weeks. Fall brings a change in its foliage color from green to shades of red and purple. Shiny red fruits add to the autumn treat, and finally in winters, its bare barks, with next season’s buds complete the cycle of enticing the onlooker. The tree prefers full sun and will grow in most soils.

Flowering Cherry

If shade of pink is what you seek, don’t think beyond this tree. It grows to be 30-40 feet in height with a spread of nearly 15 to 20 feet. It grows very fast, and will offer a beautiful bloom besides the sweet luscious cherries. Its varieties include Weeping cherry, Kwanzan cherry, Japanese cherry, Yoshino cherry, Okame cherry, etc. Adaptable to most climatic and soil conditions, this tree blooms in gorgeous white and shade of pink blossoms every spring, and its foliage changes color in the fall, with green leaves turning to shades of red, yellow and/or orange depending upon the variety.

Flowering Lilac Tree

It is a hardy, deciduous, small tree, that grows no more than 25-30 feet in height. It is easy to grow, prefers full sun, and will tolerate all kinds of soils while being slightly partial for a chalky clay type. Being a hardy tree, it rarely gets infected with pest and diseases. It gets covered by large plumes of small lilac, white, and pink color flowers in the beginning of summer and last up to spring. The Japanese lilac tree is emerging as quite a favorite among many landscapers. The foliage is bright green that does not change in fall.

Flowering Crabapple Tree

Everyone who has visited New York City parks in spring, from mid-April into May, come back with soulful memories of the sights and scents of flowering crabapples. The mature height of these trees is around 20 feet, and can be easily trained to grow as hedges or shrubs. Easy to grow and resistant to pest and diseases, except the common fungal infection Apple scab, this tree will give very little trouble. The flowers bloom in spring in clusters of fragrant white, pink, or dark rose colors. When you get this tree from the nurseries, ask for multi stemmed branching form rather than the single stemmed to get a stunning effect in the spring season.

Magnolia Tree

A prominent feature of the Southern landscape, Magnolia trees come in nearly 80 different species, that are native to the eastern United States and southeastern Asia. These evergreen or deciduous (depending upon the variety) are mostly pest and insect resistant, (except for the snails and slugs) that bear large, fragrant flowers, in colors that range from white to shades of pink, and new hybrids of deep purple-red and yellow color. They prefer well drained, slightly acid soil which is rich in organic matter. Depending upon the variety, Magnolias grow to 25 to 60 feet in height and bear flowers either in early or late spring.

Catalpa Tree

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Native to Asia, the Catalpa is known for its height of nearly 40 to 60 feet and white showy orchid-like flowers with red, yellow, and purple streaks on the inner sides. Catalpa’s crown is naturally rounded and upright, with distinctive heart-shaped, large size of up to 12 inches long green leaves. The tree blooms with flowers from May to June. It only starts to bear flower and fruit after it has reached the age of seven years.

Gulmohar

The Gulmohar, widely grown all over the world and also known as ‘Flame of the Forest’, because of its distinctively bright red orange colored flowers, that burst upon the tree every spring and summer time. Native to Madagascar, this flamboyant tree was introduced in America by explorers. This ornamental shade tree can grow up to 20-30 feet in height, with long and widespreading branches that make it an excellent shade tree. This tree will grow in almost any kind of a soil, and has found to be very adaptable to xeriscape gardening form. For it to flower, it requires full sun. An interesting feature about this tree is that it shows the first signs of excess pollution, in the area it grows in, by bearing reduced number or no flowers at all.

Flowering Pear Tree

A white flowering tree, pear trees are a sight to behold, with their snowy white full sheet coverage on the tree. Pear trees are small, between 20 to 40 feet high, that grow in a natural oval shape with its rough bark and an upright growth. Pear leaves are generally longer and more pendulous. Mid April, the green pear tree changes color so dramatically that it almost looks like a snow clad tree. The flowers bloom in large clusters, lasting generally until about the middle of the following month. They are very easy to grow and maintain, and tolerant of drought. Among many varieties like Silver Frost pear, Aristocrat pear, Bradford pear, etc, it is the Cleveland Select pear tree that is a fruitless hybrid.

Hawthorne Tree

Hawthorne is a deciduous member of the rose family and native to the Mediterranean region including north Africa, Europe, and central Asia. This is one tree that has been hybridized many times to create new species, adaptable to many growing conditions. This is one tree that can live for long nearly 400 years and has the capacity to flower twice in a year, depending upon climatic conditions. The white snowy, red, or pink flowers grow in flat clusters, among the small bright green colored leaves.

In the center of each flower, is the bunch of stamens, whose delicate pink anthers discharge their pollen as they mature. In some varieties, like the Washington hawthorn, the leaves turn orange-red in the fall, then fade away to reveal an abundant crop of bright, glossy red berries.

Golden Rain Tree

Native to eastern Asia, the Golden Rain is a fast-growing, deciduous tree, reaching about 30 feet in height with a crown spread almost equal to its height, upon maturity. It is an extremely hardy tree, adaptable to most soil conditions, although it prefers loose, well drained soil. It requires full sun to flower well and frequent watering when young. Established trees can even tolerate dry, drought-like conditions. It flowers mid summer, and the flowers are green-yellow to bright yellow in color that grow in foot-long large panicle. As the flowers do not open all at once, the flowering is prolonged, which segue into ornamental red-purple seed pods.

Redbud Trees

A Redbud in full bloom can be quite a spectacular view to behold. Among small flowering tree, Redbuds are quite popular. They rarely grow over 30 feet tall and spread no more than 30 feet. Their blossoms come true in full sun in early spring, and are of purple pink color. They are easy to grow and maintain, the only thing to bear in mind is that they dislike swampy or very wet soils. This deciduous tree has large heart-shaped leaves that turn a bright sunny yellow in fall.

Pink Poui Tree

An evergreen deciduous tree, Pink Poui, also known as Tabebuia Rosea is upright tree that grows to great heights 70 to 80 feet with a widespread of approximately 30 to 50 feet. Its branches are long, making it an excellent shade tree. This tree is a favorite among landscapers for parks and large gardens. It flowers mostly in summers. The tree sheds all foliage before double-petaled pink, white, yellow, or purple colored flowers grow in clusters. This tree and all its parts have been in use for many medicinal purposes too.

Jacaranda Tree

Native to South Africa and Brazil, Jacaranda is an extremely beautiful ornamental tree that bears shades of purple or blue lavender flowers. It can grow up to 98 feet in good climatic conditions. In most cases, it will bear purple flowers, but there are a few rare species that bear white-colored ones. The flowers bloom during summers in large panicles, where each flower is five-lobed. The tree prefers hot and sunny environment, and tends to get damaged with frost.

Dwarf Red Buckeye

One of the varieties of dwarf flowering trees is the Dwarf Red Buckeye that does not grow more than 20 feet and a spread of 15 feet. It prefers full sun to flower well. The leaves are large and lush with a drooping appearance and bears deep crimson flowers early summer. This tree starts to flower within three years of planting it in sapling stage. It is known as an early riser because it is the first tree to sprout new leaves, signaling the arrival of spring. It will grow well in well-drained soil and moderate climate.

Bottlebrush

Bottlebrush is among the hardiest of all Australian natives. It attains the height of only 15 feet, but there are certain varieties that can grow up to 30 feet as well. They live long and require very little care and maintenance. They require full sun, and are drought-tolerant, but need occasional watering especially when they are young. They come in three varieties that determine their color red, purple, pink, white, green, or yellow. The leaves have an interesting elongated, narrow, and pointed shape, from which colorful auxiliary spikes of numerous, long-stamened flowers grow.

Yellowwood

Yellowwood is a rare medium-sized tree that is now found only in a handful of counties in North Carolina. It is a slow grower with low branches that grows between 30 to 50 feet tall and spreads even wider. Winner of the prestigious 1994 Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award, this beauty blossoms in late spring with foot long flower clusters, that droop from the branches. The flowers can either be white or light pink. Its fall color is sunny yellow. It can be grown in both high pH and acidic soils.

The list could easily go on and on forever, as we have been bestowed with an abundance of natural beauty. However, I have mentioned the ones that are easily available in most plant nurseries, so one can easily decide and pick. If I have missed out on some important ones, do let me know. Meanwhile, enjoy the beauty of these flowering trees.


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