By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden
Anyone interested in growing apples in the home landscapemay want to consider trying out the Antonovka variety. This tasty, easy to growand care for tree is a centuries-old favorite used for fresh eating, baking andcanning. It is also well liked for use in cider.
Antonovka Apple Facts
What are Antonovka apples, you may ask. They are a winterproducing group of apple treesoriginally from Russia. Antonovka fruit trees are often used as a rootstockto add cold hardiness to other apple types that can be grafted in. They arealso used for seedling trees in northern areas. The common Antonovka apple ismost normally grown in the U.S., but there are other varieties.
Antonovka apple facts say it is a tasty, tart fruit rightoff the tree, having high acid, with flavor that mellows after time in storage.The skin is light green to yellow with russet overtones. Allow the fruit tofully ripen to avoid tartness.
Trees of this specimen have a long taproot, making it sturdyand drought tolerant. It is one of few apple tree varieties that produce true to seed when grown in that manner. It wasfirst documented when it was found in Kursk, Russia in 1826. There is now amonument to this apple there.
How to Grow Antonovka Apples
Antonovka apples grow well in USDA hardiness zones 3-8 andbear fruit early. Learning how to grow Antonovka apples provides a crop of thelarge, delicious apples in a few years. Growing from seed takes longer. However,the tree grows true to seed, meaning it will be the same as the tree from whichthe seed was obtained. There’s no worry about an unusual or unexpected cultivargrowing, as is the case when using hybrid seeds.
Planting small trees provides a crop more quickly thanstarting from seed, approximately two to four years. Several online nurseries offerAntonovka apples, as your local tree nursery may. When buying online, make sure you are ordering the entire tree and not just arootstock. Planting and growing thistree isn’t different from growing other apple trees.
Work up the soil well before planting. Dig deep and preparea sunny spot to accommodate the long taproot. Amend the soil prior to plantingwith finished compost to provide nutrients. This variety likes a soil that is moisterthan most apple trees, but soil should drain well so it doesn’t stay soggy.
Plant with other apple trees, as it needs a partner forpollination. Some people grow crabapplesas a pollinator. Continued Antonovka apple care includes having to water andfertilize regularly as the tree becomes established.
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Antonovka Apple (Malus Domestica Antonovka) 60 seeds
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Antonovka is a group of late-fall or early-winter apple with a strong acid flavor that have been popular in Russia (Soviet Union and the Russian Empire) as well as in Poland.
Its popularity is explained by the Antonovka tree's ability to sustain long harsh winters typical for some regions of Eastern Europe and Russia and for its superior fruit preservation qualities. Sometimes nicknamed "the people's apple", the Russian variety was especially popular among the dacha owners, and remains widely grown at dachas in many Post-Soviet states.
Due to the relatively low ratio of sugars in the fruit, Antonovka apples are especially well-suited for apple pies and late apple wine. The taste of the wine is noticeably lighter than wine from sweeter cultivars. In Poland, Antonówka is used mostly for apple preserves.
A decidious Tree growing to 7 m (23ft). It is hardy to zone 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in April. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The plant requires well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires moist soil.
Edible Uses: Fruit - raw, cooked in pies, cakes etc or fermented into cider. The taste can be sweet and pleasant. The fruitcan be up to 6cm in diameter.
Medicinal Uses: The bark, and especially the root bark, is anthelmintic, refrigerant and soporific. An infusion is used in thetreatment of intermittent, remittent and bilious fevers. The fruit is said to dispel gas, dissolve mucous, cure flux and be atonic for anaemia, bilious disorders and colic. The leaves contain up to 2.4% of an antibacterial substance called 'phloretin'.This inhibits the growth of a number of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in as low a concentration as 30 ppm.
Information sources: wikipedia.org and www.pfaf.org
Genus - Malus
Species - Domestica
Common name - Antonovka Apple
Pre-Treatment - Required
Hardiness zones - 4 - 8
Height - 7 m
Plant type - Small tree
Vegetation type - Deciduous
Exposure - Full sun or partial shade
Growth rate - Medium
Soil PH - Any
Soil type - Well drained, Fertile, Clay, Medium, Low salinity
Water requirements - Average Water
Care level - Easy
Landscape uses - Showy in spring, edible fruits
Germination rate - 75%
Bloom season - Spring
Leaf / Flower color - Green / Pink
Very-dwarf apple rootstocks
- Mature height: Very small, 5ft-7ft
- Spacing: 3ft-4ft
- Bearing age: 2-3 years
- Staking: Required
Suitable forms: Small centre leader, Pyramid, Step-over, Patio container
Derived from the very dwarfing M27 rootstock, but noticeably more vigorous.
Ground around the tree should be kept weed-free (e.g. mulched). Requires regular watering / irrigation.
Antonovka Apple Care Guide: Information About Antonovka Fruit Trees - garden
Burnt Ridge Nursery and Orchards is a family-owned farm, in business since 1980. Our 20-acre farm is located in the foothills of the Cascade Mountains with a beautiful view of Mount St. Helens. Our mail order nursery specializes in unusual and disease resistant trees, vines, and shrubs that produce edible nuts or fruits. We also have a large selection of Northwest native plants and ornamental and useful landscape trees. We send nice sized, healthy, well-rooted plant material. The varieties we carry have done well in our orchards. If you have questions, please feel free to call, write or email us. We can help you make appropriate choices for your growing area.
Attn. Mail Order Customers: Plants are committed on a first come first serve basis. We will wait to ship your trees to your location until the appropiate time of year. For plant suggestions check out the New Fruit and Nut Videos produced by Burnt Ridge Nursery, featuring Michael Dolan. 60+ minutes of varietal information, organic practices, and growing tips that will help you decide which varieties to grow at your location.
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The hardiest rootstock we offer. Space trees 20-30' apart. Z3.
We have two shipping options for rootstock:
Choose A for our regular late-March to mid-April shipping window (to receive rootstock with other plants, if ordered).
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Note: scionwood ships only in March. If you order scionwood and select late-March to mid-April shipping for your rootstock, they will be shipped at different times.
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