Chicory or rather chicory
Chicory is a vegetable widely cultivated in kitchen gardens, curly chicory, escarole chicory or even wild chicory. Its different types of chicory each have their own characteristics of shape, leaf and color: escarole, with large serrated and wavy leaves, the rosette is quite loose. The curly leaf has more or less strongly cut leaves of green color, sometimes very clear. It naturally takes a more headed form.
Wild chicory has beautiful elongated, thicker leaves. It develops small blue flowers. This is what is commonly called endive or chicory, which you can find in the endive sheet.
Botanical name of chicory:
• Chicorum endivia linnaeus.
(the botanical name is disturbing because the vegetable that is commonly called endive does not come from this botanical variety: Chicorum endivia, but from the botanical variety Chicorium Intybus)
See the classification here.
Type of plant
• Family : asteraceae - asteraceae
• Cycle: Annual (escarole and curly)
• Hardiness: rustic
• Foliage : –
• Exposure : Sunny
• Ground : Deep, humus-like, cool
• Harbor : Rosette more or less tight
• Rooting: roots
• Origin: Europe
Special features and health advantage:
• Health & nutrition: Chicory is an aperitif, depurative, diuretic, laxative, refreshing, tonic.
• Vitamins: Vitamins A, B1, B2, C, K, PP
• Mineral salts : Cobalt, iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc
• Crop rotation: 3 years for escarole and curly.
• Toxic: No
• Honey plant: no
• Cold resistance: –
• Interview : easy
• Height: 20 to 30 cm
Advantage in the garden:
• Chicory (salads) are easy to grow
• They hold up well in the garden, late in winter, while awaiting harvest, as long as they are placed in a plastic tunnel.
When to sow curly chicory and escarole?
Sow from June to July.
How to sow the curly chicory and escarole?
• Sow on the spot or in the nursery.
• Space the rows 30 cm apart.
• Loosen the soil and mix it with potting soil and well-decomposed compost.
• With the angle of a hoe, dig a furrow 5 cm deep.
• Place the seeds at the bottom of the furrow.
• Cover the seeds with a soil-potting mix.
• Tamp with the back of the rake (seal).
When to plant or transplant chicory?
• When the plants have 7 to 8 leaves about ten centimeters high.
How to transplant chicory plants?
Prepare the soil for planting:
• Loosen the soil, half the height of the spade, about 15 cm deep.
• Depending on the nature of the soil, amend it with potting soil and compost if necessary.
• Some varieties require the roots to be praline with lithothamnus slurry.
Collect the plants:
• With a transplanter, pass around the roots of young chicory plants.
• Take them out gently to avoid pulling out the roots.
Transplant the curly chicory and escarole seedlings
• Prepare the row (s) by placing the seedlings every 30 to 40 centimeters depending on the variety of chicory.
• With a transplanter, spread the soil.
• Place the chicory plants.
• Remove the transplant.
• Tamp down without damaging the roots.
Harvest and conservation?
• As needed 3 months after sowing.
• Escarole chicory and curly hair can remain in place during the winter provided they are protected with a plastic tunnel. To keep them better in the event of intense cold, also plan to cover them with very dry leaves.
• Watering: Fresh soil
• Place an opaque bell on the heart of the curly chicory so as to whiten the heart.
• Like all leafy plants, chicory likes nitrogen supplies as long as you don't exceed the dose!), Adding compost is only possible when it is absolutely decomposed.
• A lithothamne powder is recommended every two weeks when the subjects are large enough.
• Rust : curls and escarole can be affected by rust, but this is still exceptional. The leaves are found covered with a yellow / brown dust.
• Pull up affected plants and destroy them.
• Poor rotation is often responsible for the onset of disease.
• Curly chicory:
"Big head alone",
"Fine de Louvieux"
• Escarole chicory:
"Green at heart",
"Grosse de Limay"
"Cornet d´Anjou", "cornet de Bordeaux", "cornet de la Loire"
"Giant market garden"
Soil and Watering
Foot size (WxH)
between the feet
0.40 x 0.40 m
30 - 40 cm
Planting / sowing period
Sowing late spring and summer
summer until the start of winter.
Escarole chicory (Cichorium endivia ‘latifolia’), crunchy salad
Escarole is an annual leafy vegetable made up of wavy leaves about twenty centimeters long, oval in shape and grouped into a rosette that tightens and tightens around a yellow, crunchy heart. Native to southern Europe, escarole begins to give in summer, but in a tunnel, they are still harvested until October-November. If allowed to grow, small blue or white flower heads, carried by a long stalk about 1 meter high, appear.
Escarole leaves are eaten in salads and highly appreciated for their crunchiness and their diuretic digestive quality. They also provide iron and potassium.
- Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)
- Type: annual herb
- Origin: Southern Europe
- Sowing: April to August
- Planting: transplanting 4 weeks after sowing
- Harvest: about 3 or 4 months after sowing
More generally, chicory can very well remain in the vegetable garden even during winter, provided it is protected with a plastic tunnel. In the event of intense cold likely to damage the plants, it is possible to use very dry leaves to cover them in addition to the plastic tunnel. Regarding Watering
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If you want to avoid the sowing stage, it is possible to directly purchase your escaroles in pots or in pots ready to plant.
You will then plant them in the ground, whether in vegetable garden or in a ferry on a terrace or balcony.
- Respect a distance of 30 cm between each escarole and water regularly.
- Again only plant what you need and renew the plantings regularly
Early and vigorous, “big curly” forms a tight apple, slightly curly in the heart. "Natacha" has smooth leaves with a slightly toothed edge, a voluminous heart with tight, straight leaves and giving a good proportion of "white". "Escarole en cornet de Bordeaux" is resistant to cold, etc.
Escarole "Big curly". © Mubus7, Shutterstock
Curly chicory diseases, Pests.
- In our cultures, every year we have had to fight uro, it is the same disease found on solid celery, commonly known as rust.
This parasite usually appears around the end of August, the first half of September, and almost always after alternating rain and very hot sun. It is announced first by small yellowish spots, which appear at the top of the leaves and at the lower edge of the blade a few days later, all the leaves are invaded by red and powdery spots, then by rot, and it is done. chicory leaves only the toughest part of the midrib.
This fungus spreads very quickly, which is why as soon as we notice that a few feet are affected, we tear them up and have them bleached underground.
We tried several remedies: the one that gave us the best results is the following: 2 kilograms of fatty lime dissolved in 10 liters of water, add 500 grams of well-pulverized soot, mix everything and brush each diseased foot. By repeating this treatment several times, the disease is stopped. The same mixture works very well for celery.
Peronospora glangliformis or sucker rarely attacks open ground plantings. It is only crops under frames that are sometimes affected, but this parasite acts less intensely on chicory than on lettuce, which it destroys entirely.
In soils where there are a lot of white or Turkish grubs, it is not uncommon to see several chicory whose roots are eaten by this insect. Unfortunately, we only realize its devastation when the damage is done but it seems that we have just discovered the remedy for this scourge this remedy, which is called Botrytis tenella, is a cryptogam that attacks to this worm and destroys it completely in a few days, it is enough for that to put in the ground some contaminated worms, so that all those which are there are quickly reached. This fungus is said to grow very well in boiled mashed potatoes. They even sell tubes in different doses, ready-made, for a certain area of land. According to the authors, the cure is
foolproof and always works effectively.
The mole crickets or fumaroles called bars in Bordeaux, when they are numerous in a land, exert great devastation by cutting the root between two lands, and by digging many galleries. We must therefore not neglect to destroy them.
We also sometimes find on the roots of certain chicory and particularly escaroles an innumerable quantity of grayish aphids which suck the root and stop the development of the plant. Young people who are affected vegetate badly and never grow fat, several remedies have been tried but they do more harm to the plant than the plague itself. Water the foot with sooty water mixed with a little bit of lime, this is the only harmless remedy for the plant that has given us good results.
There has been talk of carbolic acid strongly mixed with water, but this remedy imparts a bad odor to plants.
Subspecies ofendive, curly chicory is relatively easy to grow, curly chicory requires little maintenance throughout its growth, apart from regular but measured watering.
Annual of the asteraceae family, the curly leaf is relatively poor in energy value while containing a large amount of water and digestive virtues.
There are also trace elements, fiber, minerals and vitamins essential for the proper development of our organizations.
- You will understand, the salad has many advantages, both by its ease of cultivation and by its nutritional qualities.