Purslane is a representative of ornamental plants, especially valuable for its beautiful flowering. Purslane is distributed almost throughout the Eurasian continent. The opinion is unreliable that the tropical territories of the Eastern Hemisphere may be the homeland of this plant. It is impossible to determine more precisely the place of origin of the purslane at the moment. The name "purslane" is translated from Latin as "collar". The plant got this name due to the unusually opening ripe seed box.
Growing purslane from seeds
For planting, purslane seeds are suitable, which have been stored from six months to 3 years. Purslane can be grown both from seedlings and by direct sowing of seeds in a flower bed. In open ground, both seeds and seedlings are planted at constant daytime temperatures of at least 20 degrees, since the plant is afraid of cold weather. To obtain seedlings, seeds are sown at home no earlier than April.
Sowing seedlings at home
For planting seeds for seedlings, take shallow wide containers. The substrate should be moisture and air permeable, loose and nutritious. You can make it yourself from a mixture of sand, fertile soil and charcoal, or buy it in a specialized store. But you should not use too peat mixtures, purslane will grow poorly in them. The planting container should contain a good drainage layer at the bottom. The substrate is distributed in an even layer, watered, sown seeds and sprinkled on top with a small layer of earth.
The containers are covered with transparent film or glass and left at a temperature of 25 degrees. The greenhouse is periodically ventilated and humidified. The first shoots can be observed already on the third or fourth day after sowing.
Seedlings are periodically watered and thinned out by transplanting into other containers. Only with the onset of stable high temperatures day and night can purslane be planted in open ground. Usually this is the end of May - the first half of June.
Planting purslane in open ground
When planting purslane seeds on open ground, they are first planted in a garden bed in a seedling hole. The bed is covered with a film until the seeds germinate, periodically ventilating and moisturizing. After the emergence of shoots with a height of 2-3 cm, the seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place. You can remove the film only when the temperature is at least 24-26 degrees.
The garden bed for planting purslane should be sunny and protected from drafts. Any earth is suitable, but if it is too dense, then it must be diluted with sand. Purslane is planted in several shoots in a hole according to a 10 by 15 scheme, since the plant has creeping stems, which will need a lot of free space for development.
Caring for purslane in the garden
Purslane is unpretentious in care. In hot weather, it is watered about once a week. Watering is usually done under the root or from above with a watering can. It can do without feeding, but if the soil is poor, then fertilizers should still be applied. The soil does not need to be loosened, and perhaps the gardener will not be able to do this, since the purslane stems cover the ground with a dense carpet.
The flower is resistant to both insect pests and bacterial and fungal diseases. Thanks to all these advantages, the purslane will delight gardeners with its beautiful flowering throughout the summer season, as well as in the fall before the first cold weather.
Purslane after flowering
Purslane is a thermophilic plant. It grows and pleases with its flowering only in the hot summer season. With the onset of autumn cold weather, the aboveground part of the plant, as well as its root system, die. Having collected the seeds in ripe boxes in the fall, you can be sure that next year the purslane will again delight the gardener with its magnificent flowering.
Purslane can grow well in indoor conditions. To do this, it is enough to plant several shoots in a pot with a nutritious substrate and place them on the windowsill of the southern window. Purslane will delight with its flowering all winter and spring until the next summer season.
Reproduction of purslane
Breeding purslane is quite simple. To do this, you need to use a mixture of varieties, and as soon as the plant begins to bloom, then the specimens you like are planted by grafting and dividing the bush into new places. This procedure can be carried out in late June and early July. To do this, a shoot or part of an overgrown flower must be transplanted to another place.
Purslane also reproduces well by self-seeding. Next year, it is on the garden bed where the purslane flowers are now growing that new shoots will surely appear.
Purslane in landscape design
Purslane for decorative purposes is used to decorate alpine slides, design the foreground of a flower bed, a border. Purslane can grow beautifully in pots, creating a cozy atmosphere both in the garden and in the gazebo, on the summer terrace. Purslane is best placed with primroses. After the lilies of the valley, hyacinths, tulips complete their flowering, the time will come for the purslane to bloom. Thus, the flower bed will not be empty.
Diseases and pests
Purslane is considered the most pest-resistant plant. But due to an excess of moisture in the soil, it can be affected by a fungal disease - rot. The leaves are covered with dark spots, the stems are affected, both the aerial part of the plant and the root system rot. Purslane stops growing and developing, does not bloom. In order to cure the plant, you need to get rid of all its parts affected by rot, process healthy stems and leaves, as well as all the ground in the garden with solutions of fungicides.
Despite the fact that pests bypass the purslane, insects such as aphids or thrips can appear on it. Aphids are easy to see with the naked eye. It feeds on the sap of the plant and multiplies rapidly. If you fight with it, then soon the plant will be completely occupied by its colony. In order to get rid of aphids, purslane must be carefully treated with an insecticide solution diluted in water in the proportion indicated in the instructions for the preparation.
Thrips can be seen on the plant due to stripes and blotches of a silvery hue both on the stems and on the leaves of the purslane. The insect is so small in size that it is almost impossible to see it with the naked eye. To combat this pest, a solution of a systemic insecticide (fitoverm, karbofos, etc.) is used.
Useful properties of the purslane flower
Among all types of purslane, only vegetable or garden purslane is endowed with great medicinal properties. Useful substances and vitamins are found both in the leaves and stems of purslane. I use its aboveground parts for medicinal purposes, both in medicine and in cooking and cosmetology.
Purslane is successfully used to treat a variety of skin diseases: erysipelas, acne, warts. Purslane can be used as a remedy for vomiting, as an anthelmintic drug, antiscorbutic agent. The plant is successfully used by homeopaths to treat patients with gonorrhea, multiple types of tumors, impotence.
But it is important to remember that it is strictly forbidden to use purslane for persons with increased nervous excitability. The leaves and stems of purslane contain the substance norepinephrine, which can stimulate the nervous system, increase the overall tone of the body, and give strength to a weakened person.
Purslane helps to normalize blood glucose levels, lower cholesterol. It has anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties. Infusions and decoctions from purslane are used to treat liver and gallbladder diseases.
Purslane is used by cosmetologists not only as a remedy for eliminating skin problems (acne, inflammation, pimples), but also as a nutritious ingredient in lotions and masks and containing a rich complex of vitamins and nutrients.
Purslane is also appreciated in cooking. Young tender shoots are eaten. Vitamin salad is made from them, adding other ingredients to taste. You can find a large number of recipes for dishes with purslane. Purslane has a special specific taste and aroma, therefore it is successfully used in cooking as a seasoning in the preparation of soups, meat dishes. Purslane can also be pickled as a homemade preparation for the winter.
Types of purslane
The purslane family has about 90 different species. Among them, the following are the most popular.
In our country, it is especially appreciated for its beautiful flowering. The plant is an annual, ground cover. It blooms for almost the entire summer season. In sunny, clear weather, during the day, the purslane flowers open up and delight with their beauty, and with the onset of darkness or cloudy weather they close. But there are also hybrid types of terry purslane that do not close at nightfall.
Garden purslane (vegetable, medicinal)
An annual in simplicity of reproduction is similar to a weed. With the help of self-seeding, it quickly occupies the adjacent territories. Stems spread on the ground, dense to the touch, oval-shaped leaves. It blooms with small inconspicuous yellow flowers. The seed pod, after full ripening, opens and scatters the seeds over a fairly large distance around the plant.
This type of purslane is valuable for the high content of carotene, ascorbic acid, calcium, organic acid, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron and magnesium in the leaves and shoots, as well as niacin. It is due to its medicinal properties that purslane is used both in the preparation of dishes and in the manufacture of medicines.
It is a hybrid artificially bred purslane variety. It has curly stems, oval leaves, forms a dense green mass. The ampelous purslane blooms with both simple and double flowers. Their shades are varied: red, yellow, white, purple, pink. The plant is successfully used to form pots, design alpine slides and other garden compositions.
Received the greatest distribution in Russia. It is a decorative annual. It is appreciated for its beautiful flowering, it is used to decorate garden beds. Purslane blooms from early summer to late autumn.
Stems of large-flowered purslane spread along the ground, completely covering the soil. The leaves form a dense green mass. Flowers can grow to about 7 cm in diameter. Shades of flowers are varied: white, burgundy, yellow, pink and purple. With the onset of dusk or in cloudy weather, the purslane closes its flowers. The plant is also self-seeding: many small seeds are poured onto the ground from the mature capsule fruit.
The most favorite varieties of large-flowered purslane among gardeners are:
- Princely purslane - the petals have a corrugated structure, the shades of flowers are white, red or orange;
- White-flowered purslane - has a pure white shade of flowers without additional impurities, with its lightness and airiness it resembles the Air Marshmallow variety;
- Airy marshmallows - has short shoots (no more than 10 cm) and large double white flowers;
- Royal purslane - has large flowers, non-double, of a wide variety of shades.
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It is advisable to prepare the soil for homemade purslane yourself, since any purchased seedling mixture contains peat, due to which the seeds germinate more slowly. The optimal substrate for "rugs" is garden soil diluted with clean coarse sand (1: 0.2). The components are thoroughly mixed and the resulting mixture is placed for sterilization in a hot oven (30–40 minutes).
- A thin layer of drainage (fine gravel, expanded clay) is laid on the bottom of a shallow seedling box, on top of which a disinfected soil mixture is poured.
- The substrate is watered with settled or snowy water.
- Seeds of purslane are spread over the surface with a damp toothpick and lightly pressed into the soil.
- The container with the crops is covered with thin transparent polyethylene and placed on a warm, light windowsill at temperatures from + 23 ° C to + 30 ° C.
In favorable conditions, the seeds of purslane give the first friendly shoots within 7-12 days. With their appearance, the film is removed from the container. At the beginning of development, caring for seedlings involves only periodic moistening of the soil with soft water, which is supplied through a spray bottle or poured into a tray under a container.
When the growing "rugs" form according to the first pair of true leaves, the seedlings must be "settled" into individual pots with a diameter of 8 cm. 7-9 days after the pick, the seedlings will recover from the stress and can be fed with full mineral fertilizer. In the future, food is brought in weekly until the beginning of June.
In the first week of summer, the matured bushes are transplanted to a permanent place. In this matter, it all depends on your imagination. Large-flowered purslane looks great in hanging baskets and pots. For a garden purslane, a spacious plastic container is suitable. The main requirement: for full development, each plant needs its own "piece" of free space, that is, the distance between the bushes should be about 15–20 cm. Soon, the bushes will begin to grow and fill the voids with bright greenery.
Contain homemade purslane on a sunny south side windowsill. In the first 2-3 days, water the plants abundantly so that they quickly adapt to the new place. When growing purslane from seeds, it takes about 6-7 weeks from the moment of germination to the beginning of flowering.
For sowing seeds for seedlings, the first step is to prepare a substrate - the garden soil is diluted by 20% with clean sand, after which the resulting mixture is sterilized in a hot oven or in a water bath. It is undesirable to use purchased soil - because of the peat it contains, the seeds will germinate much more slowly. The sowing technology is as follows:
- A drainage layer (expanded clay, fine gravel) is laid on the bottom of a wide bowl, on top of which the prepared soil mixture is poured.
- The soil is spilled with soft settled water.
- Using a damp toothpick, spread the seeds over the surface at 1 cm intervals, gently pressing them into the ground.
- The dish is covered with glass or foil and the greenhouse is placed in a well-lit, very warm place. The optimum temperature for germination of purslane is from +25 to +30 ° C.
Seedlings will appear in 8-15 days, then the crops can be freed from the shelter. Caring for purslane seedlings consists in periodic watering through the pallet and supplementary lighting of seedlings in cloudy weather. In the phase of the first pair of true leaves, the plant dive 3 into cups with a diameter of 6–8 cm, and a week later, for the first time, they are fed with a solution of complete mineral fertilizer. Before planting in the ground, feed should be applied every 7-10 days.
Hello dear plant lovers!
I want to devote my review to a very beautiful and unpretentious garden plant purslane... It looks like a low rainbow, brightly blooming rug on the ground.
I saw him once at my neighbors in the country and it was love at first sight. I asked for seeds, sowed it once, and now from year to year this cute flower sows itself in the same places in the garden.
For a long time I could not remember its name in any way, and in order to fix it in my memory, I imagined a picture in which there is a varnish on board a ship in the seaport. So I remembered, at last.
Land in my garden sandy, the purslane loves this. In my mother's garden, the earth is clay, the purslane did not take root there, and did not grow, no matter how much they sowed.
Purslane blooms from June until frostuntil November. The frost itself does not withstand, and its foliage becomes immediately, as it were, transparent.
I have purslane of completely different colors: pink, orange, yellow, red, white. The flowers are simple and semi-double.
For everyone who does not want to constantly sow flowers and care for them, I recommend starting a purslane on the site. He will sow himself. And besides, his unpretentiousness can be envied. I never water it on purpose, it does rain, I don’t feed it, I don’t loosen it. Just admire and that's it.
In October I plant several bushes in a pot, and purslane blooms in my house on the window until spring. Continues to please me. His roots are very small, so any small pot and a bright sunny spot on the window will do.
I advise everyone to have a colorful, eye-pleasing, charming rug at home on the window or in their garden.
How to plant and transplant purslane?
Purslane is literally dependent on the sun. Since its flowers open exclusively in sunny weather, they react to the sun, and therefore it is not a good idea to plant a crop in the shade. It also does not tolerate low temperatures, so it grows actively only in the hot season.
To plant purslane seedlings in open ground, you need to wait until the temperature is more than +10 degrees, otherwise the seedlings may freeze and die. The sprouts are planted at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. The soil should be well fertilized with compost so that you can not feed the plants during the first 3-4 months of life.
How to get rid of weeds on the site
The main thing in the fight against purslane is to notice it in time on your site. It is necessary to prevent the rapid growth of the weed in the garden, to prevent it from blooming. Otherwise, it will be difficult to get rid of it. This plant is capable of sprouting up to 4 times per season.
Purslane should not be allowed to proliferate
This is especially evident at temperatures exceeding 25 0 C after rains or irrigation of planted crops. Therefore, you should regularly inspect your site. If you find small thick weed shoots, you need to start fighting it.
Weeding the beds
One of the mechanical and time-consuming methods of getting rid of purslane in the garden is regular weeding of the site, done only by hand. It is good to pull weed shoots out of damp soil. You can't wait until they get stronger. Purslane must be uprooted and stored in a separate dry place so that it cannot re-root and multiply. Better to burn it when it dries up.
It is not recommended to use a cultivator, a hoe, or other garden tools for weeding work, since a tear or cut of the weed can contribute to its reproduction on the site. Even a small part of the damaged stem left in the ground can quickly take root.
Weeding should begin in mid-April..
Deep digging of soil
This method is effective in clearing such a weed from the garden and prevents the strong growth of purslane. Digging is done in early spring or late autumn. Weed seeds germinate while in the ground at a depth of 1.5-2 cm. When, during digging, the seeds are below this level, they will not be able to germinate.
To get rid of purslane, the soil is dug up in spring or autumn
Site owners are using another method to control this weed. In the spring, before planting begins, the land where purslane used to grow is dug up, then watered at least once a day. After 3-7 days, the first shoots of the weed may appear. They should be removed completely within 2 weeks before planting. During this time, all the hidden purslane seeds will already appear, and they can be destroyed.
You can permanently get rid of purslane by mulching the soil. Mulch is straw, sawdust, hay, gravel, black film. The last option for dealing with purslane is especially effective, since mulching also contributes to the development of cultural plantings, maintains the temperature regime of the soil, protects the earth from overheating and drying out. The height of the mulch layer must be at least 5 cm.
You can get rid of purslane completely with the help of purchased herbicides. In this case, Roundup is effective in combination with Lapis Lazuli or Octigen. First, in accordance with the instructions, Roundup is diluted in water and the second selected drug is added to it. This solution is thoroughly sprayed with weed ridges. It is best to apply herbicides in the fall after the crop is harvested.
With the use of herbicides, purslane will disappear after 1-2 weeks. If live weed shoots remain, the treatment is repeated.
Weed beds can be sprayed with Hurricane to prevent seeds from sprouting, which may hatch after watering or rain. The dosage of the applied herbicide is carried out in accordance with the attached instructions.
The same herbicides are used to treat the plucked and heaped weed.
Another way to get rid of purslane
You can get rid of purslane without eradicating it, but using its beneficial properties for your needs. There are many popular recipes on the Internet in which purslane is present. Thanks to its aroma, salads and soups are tastier.
Purslane can be used to make soups and salads
Purslane is used as a remedy for improving heart function, vasodilation, and wound healing.
If a purslane appears on the site, you can get rid of it using any of the above method.