Vriezia - a tropical epiphyte in your home

 Vriezia - a tropical epiphyte in your home

Vriezia is a tropical inhabitant with unusual bright inflorescences and a pattern on a dense rosette of leaves. In nature, it lives on other plants, tree trunks and stones, which quite eloquently testifies to its unpretentiousness. However, in order to grow a really attractive Vriezia and wait for its flowering in a city apartment, you need to know some tricks of home care for this flower.

Vriezia, Frizee, tiger bromeliad, fire sword ...

This flower has two official and several popular names. Vriezia is a relative of pineapple, an epiphytic plant from the bromeliad family... It was named after the Dutch botanist Willem Henrik de Vries. The name "vriezia" came from a misreading of his surname.

Tiger bromeliad is called one of the species - brilliant frisee - with stripes on the leaves. And the poetic name "fiery" or even "flaming sword" the same species owes its high peduncle and narrow bracts of bright red color, reminiscent of the shape of a sword blade.

The natural habitat of Vriesia is the tropics and subtropics of South and Central America. Frizei can grow up to 2500 m above sea level.

Vriezii are found even high in the mountains

Epiphytes are representatives of the plant world, capable of living on other plants or stones, attaching to them. Moreover, they are not parasites, but use their “comrades” only as a support.

Vriezia has a small number of long, rigid leaves (their length is from 20 to 100 cm, width is 6–10 cm), forming a rosette with a funnel in the center. In the wild, rainwater collects there. Representatives of some types of vriezia have a pattern on the leaves in the form of spots, stripes, streaks.

The frisee peduncle is long. Flowers are yellow, white, red, greenish. However, they are not considered decorative, but the bracts - modified leaves, in the bosom of which they are located. Flowers quickly fade, and the bracts remain bright for several months, pleasing to the eye.

The peculiar flowering of the Frizee will not remain unnoticed

The root system is weak, therefore it practically does not participate in the development of the plant. For this reason, top dressing is carried out by spraying on a leaf or pouring the solution into an outlet.

Vriezia is not capricious, although she requires attention to herself. Following the rules of care, you can wait for the flowering of an extraordinary plant.

Vriese varieties suitable for home breeding

In nature, there are about 250 varieties of Frizei, but in decorative floriculture, only a few of them are common - the most compact. The height of indoor varieties is about 40-60 cm... At the same time, in greenhouses and conservatories with a suitable microclimate, you can also find large vriezia, for example, royal or giant, the leaf length of which is about a meter, and the height of the peduncle can be up to two.

Vriezia mix is ​​not the name of a variety, but the name of a composition or an assortment of friezes of different varieties

Table: Vriezia brilliant and other varieties that are most often grown indoors

NameInflorescenceSheet lengthPeduncle height
ShinyFlowers are yellow, bracts are red40–80 cmup to 60 cm
ParrotThe peduncle is red. Flowers with a yellow calyx and a green corolla, bracts are red below, yellow-orange above40-60 cm40-60 cm
HieroglyphicYellow flowers and green bractsAbout 75 cm50 cm
PerforatedFlowers and bracts are pale yellow with green spotsAbout 40 cm50 cm
SandersLight yellowAbout 30 cm50-60 cm
KeeledBright red inflorescence with a green or yellow topAbout 20 cm30 cm

Photo gallery: Frizee Era, Astrid and other popular varieties

Since the correct name of the plant - Frisia - is similar to "freesia", these two names, and after them the plants, are often confused, despite the fact that freesias belong to the iris family and look completely different.

Freesia should not be confused with vriezia

Table: optimal conditions for bromeliads

SeasonShineHumidityOptimum temperatureWatering
Autumn winter
  • Diffuse sunlight or artificial light;
  • in winter, the plant can be placed on the south window.
  • 50–60%;
  • spraying once a day;
  • at temperatures below 18 ° C, stop spraying.
  • 18–20 ° C;
  • do not allow the temperature to drop below 15 ° С.
  • Once a week;
  • when the temperature drops below 20 ° С, remove and moisten only the soil from the outlet.
Spring Summer
  • Diffused sunlight;
  • shade the plant from direct sunlight.
  • 70–80%;
  • spraying twice a day;
  • periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth;
  • place the plant on a wide tray with constantly humidified pebbles or install a humidifier.
  • 24–26 ° С - optimal temperature;
  • can withstand up to 32 ° C.
  • 3-4 times a week;
  • change the water in the outlet every 3 days;
  • moisten the soil, waiting for it to dry.

How to plant or transplant a Frizee

Vriezia has a negative attitude towards the transplant, so you need to do it every 3 or even more years.... The procedure is advisable if you have just bought or plan to propagate the plant.

Blooming vriezia cannot be transplanted.

Frizee is suitable for ready-made soil for bromeliads... Another option is turf, leaf, peat soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 4: 2: 1. Some growers also add sphagnum moss and chopped pine bark.

The absorbency at the roots of this epiphyte is practically lost; it receives moisture and minerals through the rosette of leaves. Therefore, the soil is not as important as for other flowers, it performs the function of fixing the bromeliads in the pot and keeping the roots moist, but at the same time it should be as breathable as possible..

Many grow Vriezia on snags or coconut "stakes" without soil at all, wrapping sphagnum moss around the roots and then spraying it.

Process step by step:

  1. Pour drainage (expanded clay and charcoal) into a wide pot no higher than 15 cm, 15–20 cm in diameter - about 1/3 of the crockery volume. This layer will protect the plant from water stagnation.

    Potted drainage will keep the plant from stagnant water

  2. Then pour the earth - also 1/3 of the pot.

    You can buy a special primer for bromeliads

  3. Place the plant and add the remaining 1/3 of the soil. Make sure that the root collar is not covered with earth.

    The root collar of the Frizee must remain above the ground.

  4. Place the pot in a warm and bright place. Pour some water into an outlet.
    To keep the air moist, the pot is placed on a tray with damp drainage.

Bromeliad tree

An unusual way to keep Vriezia at home is to create a bromeliad tree. A washed stump, snag or layer of bark of coniferous trees is taken as a basis. The roots of vriezia (you will need several young bushes that have already formed a rosette) are covered with raw moss and fixed to the base with a fishing line, nylon thread or wire. You can use a pot of stones, plaster or even cement to support the driftwood.

The most suitable support for a bromeliad tree is a driftwood lying in the water. If it is dry, then it must be soaked for a week to fill the wood with moisture.

Photo gallery: bromeliads on snag

Vrieseia care

Location

A tropical dweller will love the sills of windows facing west or east. Vriezia needs a lot of light, but it should not be direct, but diffused. In bright light, leaves and flowers fade, there may be sunburn. Therefore, southern windows will not work - except in winter. Drafts are contraindicated.

Western or eastern windows are suitable for Vriezia

Watering and spraying

In the summer season, it is necessary to water Vriezia in the morning, with soft, settled water (to stand for 6 or more hours) three times a week. You need to pour water into the outlet. Change the moisture in the outlet every 2-3 days, blot it with a napkin and pour in a new one.

The soil and leaves must be moistened with a spray bottle twice a day. In winter, watering should be limited to 1 time in 7-10 days, spraying - up to 1 time per day. If the temperature is below 18–20 ° C, no water should remain in the outlet. The same is true when the peduncle grows: you only need to spray the soil and leaves. If the plant is in bloom, keep the bracts dry..

The ideal water temperature for irrigating a Frizee is 22 ° C.

Top dressing

It is necessary to nourish the plant from the beginning of spring to the beginning of autumn, 1-2 times a month... You can use fertilizers for orchids or bromeliads, complexes for flowering indoor plants. Root top dressing is excluded due to the weakness of the roots, the leaves are sprayed with solutions or poured into an outlet.

Fertilizers should be diluted at 25-50% concentration of the recommended dose for root dressing.

Leaving during flowering

Flowering occurs in 3-4 years of life in late spring or early June. During the growth of the peduncle, feeding and watering the flower into an outlet stop.

The flowers dry up quickly, but the bracts remain bright for several months - they play a decorative role. If you do not plan to receive seeds, after flowering, the peduncle is carefully cut as low as possible without damaging the surrounding leaves.

Vriezia peduncle remains bright for several months

From this moment, the formation of children begins - daughter outlets. The mother plant, as a rule, dies off, but in some cases it continues to live and even bloom.

How to make a Frizee bloom

What if Vriezia does not bloom? The main reason for this is the low temperature. In this case, you need to rearrange the plant in a warmer place. Another way to speed up the appearance of the peduncle is to put a ripe banana or apples next to the pot, cover the fruits with the plant with plastic... Fruits, when ripe, emit ethylene - a gas that contributes to the flowering of vriese. Fruit should be replaced as it ripens.

Dormant period

Around October, there is a dormant period for Vriezia. At this time, you need to provide the flower with a moderate temperature - about 18–20 ° C. It is not necessary to fertilize during the dormant period, and watering should be reduced to 1 time per week. If the earth dries up quickly, you can water it more often - but pour water on the ground, and not into the Vriezian outlet. The "rest" of the plant lasts until mid or late February.

Why problems appear and how to solve them

All problems with bromeliads begin with improper care.

Table: care errors and their solution

ProblemCauseWhat to do
Peduncle witheredThe flowering is overCut off the peduncle and wait for the appearance of children at the plant.
Leaves witherInsufficient wateringIncrease watering, spray the leaves twice a day.
Leaves turn paleNot enough lightMove to a brighter place (but not in direct sunlight).
Slow growthLow temperatureAdjust the temperature regime.
Not enough lightChange the place to a lighter one.
Dry airSpray the leaves twice a day.
Brown spots on the leavesSunburnDo not expose the flower to direct light. Remove affected leaves.
Drying the tips of the leavesWatering is not done with soft waterWater for irrigation should be soft, separated for at least 6 hours.
There is no water in the outletPour water into an outlet. Leave the dried leaves, with proper watering, they should gain strength again.
DecayWater stagnates in the outletChange the water in the outlet every 2-3 days, drainage is required in the pot, pour excess water out of the pan. During the rest period at temperatures below 20 ° C, there should be no water in the outlet.
The root collar is covered with earthFree the root collar from the soil.
Too damp soilLimit watering.
If the damage is large, then the plant is destroyed.If the roots rot, you can remove the plant from the soil, cut off the damaged parts and transplant the flower into new soil. With rotting of the root collar, it is almost impossible to save Vriezia.

Problems in growing Vrieseia can also be associated with diseases or the appearance of uninvited guests - insect pests. Bromeliad itself is poisonous and therefore rarely gets sick, but a flower weakened by improper care loses its immunity. Shield infestation can be the biggest problem.

Table: how to cope with diseases and pests

Source of defeatSignsControl measures
Bromelium scaleBrown plaque growths are visible on the leaves.Remove the insect and larvae with a soapy washcloth, apply Karbofos or Actellic preparations.
MealybugThe leaves of the plant are covered with a white coating and then fall off.
  • Treatment with Aktara, Fitoverm preparations.
  • Wipe the damaged leaves with soapy water or alcohol.
Red spider miteThe cobweb is visible on the plant.
  • Treatment with drugs Decis, Zolon.
  • Treatment of leaves with a 0.03% solution of Phosbecid.
  • Preventive measures: moisturizing the leaves and air, as the mite loves dry places.
Orchid aphidLeaves turn yellow, colonies of insects are visible on them.Treatment with Actellik solution.
Root wormThe pest lays eggs at the roots, which leads to their decay.
  • Treatment with drugs Karbofos, Fozalon (according to the instructions).
  • Decrease watering.

Photo gallery: pests of bromeliads

Reproduction

After flowering, the plant has "children" - one or more. With their help, Vriezia is propagated. There is no need to rush to separate the children, they should grow to half the mother's height and form their own roots. This process is not fast, it lasts 1–2 years. Only then, preferably in the spring, can the planting process begin.

How to plant a Frizee

  1. Remove the mother plant from the pot.

    Vriezia "babies" appear after flowering

  2. Rinse the roots gently with water.
  3. Separate the children from the main plant with a knife.

    When transplanting children, the vriezia are carefully separated or cut with a knife from the main plant

  4. Treat the cuts with crushed charcoal to prevent decay.

    Powdered activated carbon will protect the root cuts from decay

  5. Allow the roots to dry for 24 hours.
  6. The mother plant, if it does not die off, transplant.
  7. Plant the shoots in small pots. The root collar must remain above the ground surface. Provide them with a greenhouse (cover with foil or can) within a month. The temperature is about 26 ° C. Ventilate daily.
  8. After a month, young plants can be fully opened.

    The shoots of Vriezia are kept in greenhouse conditions for the first month after planting.

Is it worth germinating seeds

There is one more way of reproduction of vriezia - by seeds.

This is how vriese seeds look like

This method is time consuming. Getting quality seeds at home is very difficult. A plant grown from seeds will bloom only after 5 or more years, moreover, most likely, it will not retain varietal characteristics. Therefore, Vriezia is almost always propagated by "children".

Florist reviews

I did everything strictly according to the instructions. I chose the wettest place in the room, did not forget about watering and sprayed diligently. And ... she overdid it. The flower did not seem to behave in any way, did not wither, did not turn yellow, but when I began to correct it, it just stretched out of the pot with all the leaves. It turned out that the spine had simply rotted away. I left the root in the pot, hoping for a new shoot, but to no avail. Of the advantages, this is undoubtedly the beautiful appearance of the flower. It will decorate any windowsill with its flowering. But a huge disadvantage is the difficulty in caring for and maintaining his well-being.

Vriezia is actually a beautiful plant. The leaves are original, but even more original flower. Only now the plant blooms only once.Rarely, when it still blooms under normal conditions, in order for it to bloom again, special greenhouse conditions are needed.

About the fact that the life of the vriezia is short and that it dies after flowering. My vriezia has been alive and well for about 6 years! And bloomed during this time already three times! I bought it in 2004 or 2005 when it is in bloom. After a few months, it faded (the peduncle was faded, turned brown, I cut it as low as possible). Then new leaves began to grow slowly! Not "baby", but new leaves from the middle of the outlet. In a few years, 2–3 of the lowest leaves died, and that's it. At the beginning of 2009, from the middle of the same original rosette, a peduncle went! Without any special traffic and stimulation, and even on the north window. About 4 years passed between 1 and 2 flowering. The rosette by this moment was more spreading, and the peduncle was one and a half times higher than the first time!

The only thing that he does not like when he is transplanted, he comes to his senses for a very long time - this is due to a very weak root system, so I advise you not to touch the flower unnecessarily, if you want to refresh the ground, then it is better to feed with fertilizers (I feed with ordinary fertilizers that are universal for everyone kinds of flowers). You need to water Vriezia not at the root, but in a bowl and make sure that there is always water there, since the flower loves to "drink" very much. Another important point. Vriezia must be very often sprayed with a spray bottle, since it is a very strong dust absorber, and therefore needs to be washed frequently.

The flower needs the same soil as for the orchid. Light loves diffused, burns occur from direct rays. Mine, too, suffered a little, did not remove it from the window in spring in time and the sun baked her a little. But with watering, everything is much more interesting: in the summer I water it into an outlet, and it does not matter, with simple water or with fertilizer. But only from time to time I drain the remaining water and then fill in with new one. In hot weather, there should always be water in the outlet.

Video: tips for caring for vriese

As it turned out, Vriezia is unpretentious, and if simple rules are followed, it can feel good in the apartment. Many, in addition to flowers, also appreciate the unusual, often patterned, leaves of this exotic plant. They can also be a worthy home decoration. Blooming vriezia is often bought for a gift.


Bromeliad care

to grow an exotic plant at home, you need to find the secrets of the content. Everyone loves unusual plants. Growing conditions for large plant species are the same. In this collection, the authors intended to provide a selection of articles in order to prevent disease when keeping an exotic plant. A capricious plant requires careful maintenance. It is important to understand for useful procedures to which family your flower is assigned.

Conditions for growing bromeliads and caring for them

In nature, they live mainly on trees, on the trunks and branches of other plants. Such species are called epiphytes. Only a few grow on the ground (pineapples). Depending on the habitat, bromeliads are divided into three groups: atmospheric, reservoir and terrestrial.

Atmospheric views. An example of this group is the Louisiana moss - Tillandsia usneiform. They settle on the ends of thin branches of trees, on the thorns of large cacti and even on telegraph wires. Their roots are poorly developed and if developed at all. They get water from drops of rain, dew or fog that settle on the leaves. This water is soft, contains few minerals, therefore, they should be watered and sprayed as soft as can be prepared at home. Elements of mineral nutrition atmospheric bromeliads are obtained from dust particles.

Plants should receive a lot of light, but remember that in a "climate of fog" the light is not direct, but diffused.There is no need for a special earthen substrate with atmospheric bromeliads; it is enough to fix them well on a dry tree branch or other decorative stand.

Reservoir types. Among them there are many plants with beautifully and unusually colored foliage and bright inflorescences. Examples are guzmania, ehmei, vriezia, cryptantus, blue tillandsia. In these unusual plants, the leaves - rosettes are so tightly adjacent to each other that they form a kind of reservoir in which water accumulates. One of the genera of this group was named Canistrum. These epiphytes settle on large branches, and sometimes at the base of the trunk. The roots play mainly the role of anchor that holds the epiphyte on the tree.

To reproduce the same conditions, pour soft water into the funnel formed by the leaves. However, in room conditions, it is impossible to allow water to remain in it for a long time, otherwise the leaves can rot, especially when the temperature drops. From time to time, it is necessary to water the roots, but they will not tolerate waterlogging.

The roots should be in a loose but moisture-consuming substrate. You can recommend a mixture of crushed pine bark (2 parts), crushed fern rhizomes (1 part), leafy soil (1 part), humus (1/2 part), sphagnum (1 part), peat (1/3 part), sand (1 part) and some charcoal. If all the ingredients are difficult to obtain, you can make a simple mixture of pine bark, leafy earth, sphagnum and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. Since the roots of epiphytes are rather weak, the plants are planted so that they sit firmly in the substrate.

The need for light in reservoir bromeliads is very diverse. Species that inhabit the base of the trunks need shade and more moisture, while higher-up species require more light.

Terrestrial species. If you try to pour water into the outlet of this plant, then the water will easily flow out. The main absorbing organ of terrestrial species is the root, and in terms of care they differ little from other indoor plants. Leaf tissues, especially in desert species, can accumulate water, so they are fleshy, often shiny and smooth, without scales. They are watered with moderately soft water, without overmoistening the substrate.

Flowering in bromeliads is stimulated by small doses of ethylene. This is a gaseous organic matter that the plant produces itself under certain conditions of temperature, day length and watering. More often it is unnecessary to artificially stimulate the flowering of plants.

For flowering and fruiting of pineapple at the right time, ethylene is added artificially. Since ethylene is released by ripening fruits, it is enough to take a bunch of bananas and a pot of pineapples and wrap them in a plastic bag (so that the ethylene does not evaporate). In Hawaii, for the extraction of ethylene, petroleum products are burned on plantations (it is hardly suitable for living quarters). In the old days, pineapples were pulled out of the pot and hung upside down for 3-4 days, and then planted back. From "fright" the plant released ethylene and an inflorescence was formed.

After fruiting, the rosette of leaves, together with the inflorescence, dies off. However, most species easily form babies at the base of the shoot, and it is worth waiting for some time after the death of the central rosette, as the formation of lateral shoots begins.

Bromeliads in nature are practically devoid of an abundance of nutrients and especially rich microflora, therefore, a special fertilizer, as well as an excess of nitrogen, can destroy the plant. Calcium should be completely excluded, superphosphate and calcium nitrate should not be used. You can use only minerals in a concentration 5-6 times lower than recommended for other plants.

Most of the species in the family come from tropical forests with high air humidity. Few will be able to tolerate the dry air of the rooms.Frequent spraying will not always succeed in achieving a result, therefore it will be safer to contain almost all homemade bromeliads (with a few exceptions) in a glass display case or an aquarium. But this does not exclude the need to frequently spray plants, especially atmospheric species.

The most common reason for their poor condition in culture is improper care. In summer, almost all species need shading. If this has not been observed, then pale brown burn spots will appear on the leaves. The tips of the leaves dry out from low air humidity, and the roots rot from waterlogging of the substrate. Hard water can also cause leaf tips to dry out.

You can also learn more about home care for bromeliads on the page "Plants of the bromeliads family".

Growing and caring for indoor flowers bromeliads

Bromeliads are a special genus of representatives of the flora: in their homeland, in the tropics, most species of bromeliads develop on tree branches. Such plants are called "atmospheric" or epiphytes. They bloom only once, but their inflorescences amaze with juicy colors and long flowering. And although the representatives of the bromeliad family have some special requirements for growing, planting and care, they cannot be called whimsical.

These flowers are ideal for growing in apartments. Popular bromeliads such as striped echmea or gusmania, for example, grow well in warm rooms with a stable room temperature.

They need a bright spot by the window, as a lot of light promotes the formation of flowers and the full manifestation of the typical color of the leaves. However, direct sunlight is contraindicated for most bromeliads. During the summer period, from June to September, these exotic plants can be taken out into the garden.

Epiphytes can also be grown as container plants. Just like orchids, bromeliads should be planted in a very loose substrate that allows moisture and air to pass through well. If you notice that the tips of the leaves suddenly turn brown on the plant, be aware that either high air temperature or too dry air can be the reason for this.

Bromeliad transplant

After flowering, most bromeliads die off. But at the same time, they give "offspring" in advance: at the base of the rosette of leaves, lateral daughter shoots appear - "children". When they are half the size of the mother plant, they can be separated and transplanted into their own container, ideally in special bromeliad soil. But you need to be patient: they will bloom only after 2-3 years!

How to properly water bromeliads

Elves - helpers of the forest site greet you!

Welcome to the wood elves website. Someone will immediately note to himself that adorable elves need to write with "E". But our "near forest" means that we live on the edge of the forest. The wood elves have long treated people well, for which they were expelled by the wood elves from the forest and doomed to eternal life near it.

Everyone knows that forest dwellers - elves live in harmony with nature, for this she reveals her secrets to them and feeds them with energy. The same can be said for the wood elves. But our knowledge is much broader, since we have not only the knowledge of ordinary elves, but also all the knowledge of people. We willingly share our knowledge with people, and they, in turn, provide us with their latest inventions.

Thanks to one of these inventions, the woodland elf site appeared. And now, if you have a desire to get to know us better, just ask your questions to our elf assistant and he will try to answer them. well, if he does not succeed, he will go to the elven village for advice from the elders. And then the answer to your question will appear after a while.

Seeds from woodland elves: Our elves love to breed various interesting crops, and share seeds and seedlings with people.But we share our plants not for nothing, but for interesting stories about the plant world. And these stories must certainly be interesting and new - not previously told by anyone. Do you want to try yourself as a storyteller? Log in to the site through any social network and add your text, and if it is difficult for you, send the text to the elf assistant's e-mail: [email protected]

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Taking care of bromeliads mix and other varieties at home

More and more flowers are inhabiting our window sills, but even more of them die due to improper care. The topic of our conversation today will be bromeliad and the secrets of growing and caring for it at home. This is not to say that this flower is finicky, nevertheless, it needs proper care and care.

Place bromeliads in your home

Choose the room with the highest humidity for her. Remember, bromeliads, growing at home, take the moisture it needs from the air. It is permissible to put it on a windowsill in the summer. However, it is worth protecting it from drafts and direct, burning, sun rays. The best option would be the sill of the east window. However, observing the agreed conditions, the plant will feel great on the south side.

Soil requirements

Any variety of bromeliads, be it pineapple, mix, vriezia or guzmania, prefers porous and necessarily loose soil. Please note that the drainage height in this case should be a third of a flower pot. Typically, potting mix is ​​prepared from:

  • 2 pieces of leafy land
  • 1 part humus
  • 1 part peat
  • 0.5 parts of sand.

The additives can be:

  • coniferous bark
  • shredded sphagnum moss
  • turf land
  • charcoal.

A flower such as bromeliad is cared for at home not only in terms of maintaining air temperature, humidity, watering, but also keeping it in special soil. Bromeliad of the Vriezia variety will give preference to a completely different soil content:

  • 3 parts shredded sphagnum moss
  • 1 part finely chopped pine bark
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 piece of leafy land
  • 0.5 part dry mullein.

In this case, the soil structure is improved with the addition of perlite and pieces of charcoal.

Air temperature and humidity

The optimal indicator is a temperature of +25 degrees. During flowering or dormancy, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to +18. The minimum allowable value is at +12.

Bromeliad feels most comfortable at 70% humidity. At home, such a percentage is difficult to provide, so the boundary humidity can be at the level of 60%. It is in this issue that leaving is the most difficult. To achieve this indicator, experienced flower growers recommend using household air humidifiers or placing a container with expanded clay or wet moss next to the flower.

Proper watering

Any kind of bromeliads: guzmania, pineapple, or vriezia - require moisture. In any case, watering must be correct. To do this, you need to understand the root system of the flower. Its roots are not able to absorb the water supplied by it, therefore, watering should not be carried out into the soil of the flower pot, but exclusively into the outlet from its leaves. Do not forget that in the same way as watering, nutrients are supplied - top dressing.

However, the substrate in which the bromeliad grows must be moisturized.

This flower requires from the owner not just watering, as a fact, but the use of exceptionally soft water.

The water in the sprayer, which was used for irrigation, is replaced with the required top dressing. When watering bromeliads, one should not forget about rinsing the very rosette of the plant. This procedure should be carried out at least once every several months.

How to plant bromeliads?

Bromelia guzmania or vriezia does not tolerate transplantation. This flower does not need a transplant at all, and in the dominant number of cases it is destructive. However, reproduction takes place by shoots that appear at its base. The flower needs only warmth and moisture to take root.

Since transplantation is contraindicated, but you want to enjoy bromeliads anyway, use young shoots. The substrate for them is prepared as follows:

  • soil for orchids
  • peat
  • sand.

All these components are taken in even parts and mixed until a homogeneous mass is obtained.

After the soil is ready, you need to take a spacious flower pot. Lay out its bottom with expanded clay, or clay shards and cover the soil.

The young are separated from the parent flower when the shoots reach at least 1/3 or 1/2 the size of their parent in length. The shoot is stuck into the ground to a depth of no more than 2 cm. Before the root system appears, it is necessary to build a special support from a stone or a wooden peg.

At this stage, the care should be the same as it was agreed for the adult plant. In any case, at home, it is not so difficult to provide it.

How to get bromeliads to bloom

Do not convince yourself that by providing the bromeliads with proper care at home, you will definitely wait for them to bloom. To enjoy blooming bromeliads, there are some tricks you need to know. Even in a flower pot, bromeliads are able to give flowers the same as in the photo. To do this, you need to observe the temperature regime at +21 degrees. Decrease up to +18 is acceptable, but not recommended. And it is strictly forbidden to lower the temperature in the room to +12 degrees.

As a rule, flowering occurs during the summer months. Nevertheless, nature can be deceived. In this case, the secret will no longer have anything to do with home care.

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Ehmeya: types and varieties for growing at home

Some interesting information about this unusual plant:

  • herbaceous perennial has a high decorative effect
  • homeland of ehmea - South and Central America, tropical rainforests
  • family Bromeliads, epiphyte: settles on forest floor, stumps, collapsed trunks, rotten trees
  • at home, flower growers grow an original look not only in flowerpots, but also on snags
  • specific features: leathery, dense, long dark green leaves, arranged in a spiral, the trunk is thick and short
  • in varieties for growing at home, stripes and spots of a pleasant silver and reddish hue are often found on the surface of the leaf plates
  • spectacular flowering: bright bracts with capitate, paniculate and spike-shaped inflorescences are formed on a large peduncle
  • a popular breeding method is by side offspring
  • the original species from the Bromeliads family is bred in different regions. Keeping conditions vary depending on the variety. In general, caring for an exotic species is not as difficult as growing Wanda Orchid, Bougainvillea evergreen vine or Azalea's whimsical beauty.

Popular varieties of ehmea for the home:

  • Two-row.
  • Curved.
  • Linden.
  • Weilbach.
  • Striped.
  • Tailed.
  • Sparkling.

At home, not only Ehmeya are bred, but also other plants from the Bromeliad family: Tillandsia and Vriezia. Indoor flowers with unusual names have an original appearance: Guzmania and Criptantus. Photos of exotic species help to understand why bromeliads are so popular with flower growers.


Lighting for growing vriezia at home

Based on the description of vriezia and analysis of the conditions in which the plant lives in nature, we can conclude that at home the flower needs partial shade, stable warm air, loose air-permeable soil and regular watering.

Best of all, the plant will show its beauty on the western or eastern windows. The pot can be placed on a windowsill facing north, but here the flower will not be too comfortable in winter.

If vriezia is in direct sunlight, it is possible:

  • the appearance of burns on the leaves, their twisting or drying
  • lightening the decorative coloring of foliage
  • cessation of growth
  • refusal to bloom.

Vriezia is thermophilic. In summer, she will be comfortable at temperatures from +24 to +28 ° C. In autumn and winter, when caring for Vriese, the temperature at home is maintained within the range of 20-22 ° C. If the air is colder than 18 degrees, the plant loses its ability to absorb water and nutrients. It weakens and may die.


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Transplant and other aspects of Vrieseia care at home

For the first time, a flower is transferred to a new soil immediately after purchase; plant transplantation at other times is carried out as needed. It is better if it will be in the spring, when the vegetation is activated, and possible damage will be quickly repaired.


The base of the socket must not be buried, as well as pieces of soil must not be allowed to enter the core. If there are large children on the mother plant at the time of transplantation, they are carefully separated from the outlet and transferred to their pots filled with a light substrate.

After transplantation, Vriezia is fed only after a month, using liquid ready-made products for bromeliads. Fertilizer is applied on wet soil, not exceeding the recommended dose.

Carefully taking care of Vrieseia, you can enjoy its bright greenery and original flowering for a long time. Although this plant is very persistent, frequent waterlogging, cooling or improperly selected soil can cause damage to diseases and pests, for example, root rot or mealybugs.


Bromeliad care

to grow an exotic plant at home, you need to find the secrets of the content. Everyone loves unusual plants. Growing conditions for large plant species are the same. In this collection, the authors intended to provide a selection of articles in order to prevent disease when keeping an exotic plant. A capricious plant requires careful maintenance. It is important to understand for useful procedures to which family your flower is assigned.

Conditions for growing bromeliads and caring for them

In nature, they live mainly on trees, on the trunks and branches of other plants. Such species are called epiphytes. Only a few grow on the ground (pineapples). Depending on the habitat, bromeliads are divided into three groups: atmospheric, reservoir and terrestrial.

Atmospheric views. An example of this group is the Louisiana moss - Tillandsia usneiform. They settle on the ends of thin branches of trees, on the thorns of large cacti and even on telegraph wires. Their roots are poorly developed and if developed at all. They get water from drops of rain, dew or fog that settle on the leaves. This water is soft, contains few minerals, therefore, they should be watered and sprayed as soft as can be prepared at home. Elements of mineral nutrition atmospheric bromeliads are obtained from dust particles.

Plants should receive a lot of light, but remember that in a "climate of fog" the light is not direct, but diffused. There is no need for a special earthen substrate with atmospheric bromeliads; it is enough to fix them well on a dry tree branch or other decorative stand.

Reservoir types. Among them there are many plants with beautifully and unusually colored foliage and bright inflorescences. Examples are guzmania, ehmei, vriezia, cryptantus, blue tillandsia. In these unusual plants, the leaves - rosettes are so tightly adjacent to each other that they form a kind of reservoir in which water accumulates. One of the genera of this group was named Canistrum. These epiphytes settle on large branches, and sometimes at the base of the trunk. The roots play mainly the role of anchor that holds the epiphyte on the tree.

To reproduce the same conditions, pour soft water into the funnel formed by the leaves. However, in room conditions, it is impossible to allow water to remain in it for a long time, otherwise the leaves can rot, especially when the temperature drops. From time to time, it is necessary to water the roots, but they will not tolerate waterlogging.

The roots should be in a loose but moisture-consuming substrate. You can recommend a mixture of crushed pine bark (2 parts), crushed fern rhizomes (1 part), leafy soil (1 part), humus (1/2 part), sphagnum (1 part), peat (1/3 part), sand (1 part) and some charcoal. If all the ingredients are difficult to obtain, you can make a simple mixture of pine bark, leafy earth, sphagnum and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. Since the roots of epiphytes are rather weak, the plants are planted so that they sit firmly in the substrate.

The need for light in reservoir bromeliads is very diverse. Species that inhabit the base of the trunks need shade and more moisture, while higher-up species require more light.

Terrestrial species. If you try to pour water into the outlet of this plant, then the water will easily flow out. The main absorbing organ of terrestrial species is the root, and in terms of care they differ little from other indoor plants. Leaf tissues, especially in desert species, can accumulate water, so they are fleshy, often shiny and smooth, without scales. They are watered with moderately soft water, without overmoistening the substrate.

Flowering in bromeliads is stimulated by small doses of ethylene. This is a gaseous organic matter that the plant produces itself under certain conditions of temperature, day length and watering. More often it is unnecessary to artificially stimulate the flowering of plants.

For flowering and fruiting of pineapple at the right time, ethylene is added artificially. Since ethylene is released by ripening fruits, it is enough to take a bunch of bananas and a pot of pineapples and wrap them in a plastic bag (so that the ethylene does not evaporate). In Hawaii, for the extraction of ethylene, petroleum products are burned on plantations (it is hardly suitable for living quarters). In the old days, pineapples were pulled out of the pot and hung upside down for 3-4 days, and then planted back. From "fright" the plant released ethylene and an inflorescence was formed.

After fruiting, the rosette of leaves, together with the inflorescence, dies off. However, most species easily form babies at the base of the shoot, and it is worth waiting for some time after the death of the central rosette, as the formation of lateral shoots begins.

Bromeliads in nature are practically devoid of an abundance of nutrients and especially rich microflora, therefore, a special fertilizer, as well as an excess of nitrogen, can destroy the plant. Calcium should be completely excluded, superphosphate and calcium nitrate should not be used. You can use only minerals in a concentration 5-6 times lower than recommended for other plants.

Most of the species in the family come from tropical forests with high air humidity. Few will be able to tolerate the dry air of the rooms. Frequent spraying will not always succeed in achieving a result, therefore it will be safer to contain almost all homemade bromeliads (with a few exceptions) in a glass display case or an aquarium. But this does not exclude the need to frequently spray plants, especially atmospheric species.

The most common reason for their poor condition in culture is improper care. In summer, almost all species need shading. If this has not been observed, then pale brown burn spots will appear on the leaves. The tips of the leaves dry out from low air humidity, and the roots rot from waterlogging of the substrate. Hard water can also cause leaf tips to dry out.

You can also learn more about home care for bromeliads on the page "Plants of the bromeliads family".

Growing and caring for indoor flowers bromeliads

Bromeliads are a special genus of representatives of the flora: in their homeland, in the tropics, most species of bromeliads develop on tree branches. Such plants are called "atmospheric" or epiphytes. They bloom only once, but their inflorescences amaze with juicy colors and long flowering. And although the representatives of the bromeliad family have some special requirements for growing, planting and care, they cannot be called whimsical.

These flowers are ideal for growing in apartments. Such popular bromeliads as striped Echmea or Gusmania, for example, grow well in warm rooms with a stable room temperature.

They need a bright spot by the window, as a large amount of light promotes the formation of flowers and the full manifestation of the typical color of the leaves. However, direct sunlight is contraindicated for most bromeliads. During the summer period, from June to September, these exotic plants can be taken out into the garden.

Epiphytes can also be grown as container plants. Just like orchids, bromeliads should be planted in a very loose substrate that allows moisture and air to pass through well. If you notice that the tips of the leaves suddenly turn brown on the plant, be aware that either high air temperature or too dry air can cause this.

Bromeliad transplant

After flowering, most bromeliads die off. But at the same time, they give "offspring" in advance: at the base of the rosette of leaves, lateral daughter shoots appear - "children". When they are half the size of the mother plant, they can be separated and transplanted into their own container, ideally in special bromeliad soil. But you need to be patient: they will bloom only after 2-3 years!

How to properly water bromeliads

Elves - helpers of the forest site greet you!

Welcome to the wood elves website. Someone will immediately note to himself that adorable elves need to write with "E". But our "near forest" means that we live on the edge of the forest. The wood elves have long treated people well, for which they were expelled by the wood elves from the forest and doomed to eternal life near it.

Everyone knows that forest dwellers - elves live in harmony with nature, for this she reveals her secrets to them and feeds them with energy. The same can be said for the wood elves. But our knowledge is much broader, since we have not only the knowledge of ordinary elves, but also all the knowledge of people. We willingly share our knowledge with people, and they, in turn, supply us with their latest inventions.

Thanks to one of these inventions, the woodland elf site appeared. And now, if you have a desire to get to know us better, just ask your questions to our elf assistant and he will try to answer them. well, if he does not succeed, he will go to the elven village for advice from the elders. And then the answer to your question will appear after a while.

Seeds from woodland elves: Our elves love to breed various interesting crops, and share seeds and seedlings with people. But we share our plants not for nothing, but for interesting stories about the plant world. And these stories must certainly be interesting and new - not previously told by anyone. Do you want to try yourself as a storyteller? Enter the site through any social network and add your text, and if it is difficult for you, send the text to the elf assistant's e-mail: [email protected]

Site news: products, articles, tips, photos:

Taking care of bromeliads mix and other varieties at home

More and more flowers populate our windowsills, but even more of them die due to improper care. The topic of our conversation today will be bromeliad and the secrets of growing and caring for it at home. This is not to say that this flower is finicky, nevertheless, it needs proper care and attention.

Place bromeliads in your home

Choose the room with the highest humidity for her. Remember, bromeliads, growing at home, take the moisture it needs from the air. It is permissible to put it on a windowsill in the summer. However, it is worth protecting it from drafts and direct, burning, sun rays. The best option would be the sill of the east window. However, observing the agreed conditions, the plant will feel great on the south side.

Soil requirements

Any variety of bromeliads, be it pineapple, mix, vriezia or guzmania, prefers porous and necessarily loose soil. Please note that the drainage height in this case should be a third of a flower pot. Typically, potting mix is ​​prepared from:

  • 2 pieces of leafy land
  • 1 part humus
  • 1 part peat
  • 0.5 parts of sand.

The additives can be:

  • coniferous bark
  • shredded sphagnum moss
  • turf land
  • charcoal.

A flower such as bromeliad is treated at home not only in terms of maintaining air temperature, humidity, watering, but also in special soil. Bromeliad of the Vriezia variety will give preference to a completely different soil content:

  • 3 parts shredded sphagnum moss
  • 1 part finely chopped pine bark
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 piece of leafy ground
  • 0.5 part dry mullein.

In this case, the soil structure is improved with the addition of perlite and pieces of charcoal.

Air temperature and humidity

The optimal indicator is a temperature of +25 degrees. During flowering or dormancy, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to +18. The minimum allowable value is at +12.

Bromeliad feels most comfortable at 70% humidity. At home, such a percentage is difficult to provide, so the boundary humidity can be at the level of 60%. It is in this issue that leaving is the most difficult. To achieve this indicator, experienced flower growers recommend using household air humidifiers or placing a container with expanded clay or wet moss next to the flower.

Proper watering

Any kind of bromeliad: guzmania, pineapple, or vriezia - require moisture. In any case, watering must be correct. To do this, you need to understand the root system of the flower. Its roots are not able to absorb the water supplied by it, therefore watering should not be carried out into the soil of the flower pot, but exclusively into the outlet from its leaves. Do not forget that in the same way as watering, nutrients are supplied - top dressing.

However, the substrate in which the bromeliad grows must be moisturized.

This flower requires from the owner not just watering, as a fact, but the use of exceptionally soft water.

The water in the sprayer, which was used for irrigation, is replaced with the required top dressing. When watering bromeliads, one should not forget about rinsing the very rosette of the plant. This procedure should be carried out at least once every several months.

How to plant bromeliads?

Bromelia guzmania or vriezia does not tolerate transplantation. This flower does not need a transplant at all, and in the dominant number of cases it is destructive. However, reproduction occurs by shoots that appear at its base. The flower needs only warmth and moisture to take root.

Since transplantation is contraindicated, but you want to enjoy bromeliads anyway, use young shoots. The substrate for them is prepared as follows:

  • soil for orchids
  • peat
  • sand.

All these components are taken in even parts and mixed until a homogeneous mass is obtained.

After the soil is ready, you need to take a spacious flower pot. Lay out its bottom with expanded clay, or clay shards and cover the soil.

The young are separated from the parent flower when the shoots reach at least 1/3 or 1/2 the size of their parent in length.The shoot is stuck into the ground to a depth of no more than 2 cm. Before the root system appears, it is necessary to build a special support from a stone or a wooden peg.

At this stage, the care should be the same as it was agreed for the adult plant. In any case, at home, it is not so difficult to provide it.

How to get bromeliads to bloom

Do not convince yourself that by providing the bromeliads with proper care at home, you will definitely wait for them to bloom. To enjoy blooming bromeliads, there are some tricks you need to know. Even in a flower pot, bromeliads are able to give flowers the same as in the photo. To do this, you need to observe the temperature regime at +21 degrees. Decrease up to +18 is acceptable, but not recommended. And it is strictly forbidden to lower the temperature in the room to +12 degrees.

As a rule, flowering occurs during the summer months. Nevertheless, nature can be deceived. In this case, the secret will no longer have anything to do with home care.

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