Succulents

Succulents

The remarkable medicinal properties of aloe were already known to the inhabitants of Ancient Egypt, and despite the rapid development of medicine and pharmacology, this plant has not lost its popularity even in our time: aloe is still considered the elixir of youth, beauty and health.


Greenovia Dondrentalis

Greenovia dondrentalis is an exotic, succulent, evergreen, herbaceous plant of the Tolstyankov family, with a beautiful goblet rosette of bluish-green leaves.


Such different flowers of succulents

Succulents get the moisture they need from groundwater, dew, fog, or absorb it during rain. To make these processes more efficient and much more intense, succulents have long roots that reach the aquifer and are located almost at the surface, with the help of which the plants absorb rainwater. Thick leaves, as well as ribbed stems, fill with moisture after rain and straighten the folds. Otherwise, they would not have been able to save such an amount of liquid.

Succulents are undemanding. And they winter well in temperate climates. For example, plants from Canada or the Alps, as well as from the foothills of North America, are quite frost-resistant. The most common street succulents are rejuvenated ("stone rose") and sedum. They are classified as horticultural crops.

Indoor plants have excellent decorative qualities. They can decorate any interior, even with insufficient lighting. These flowers grow well in a room with a low temperature, but need additional moisture. They are usually grown next to aquariums and small decorative fountains.

No need to spray the leaves; succulents need clean fresh air. In hot weather, open a window or window close to them. In winter, the air temperature should be around + 10 ° C or even less.


Planting and breeding

When growing a flower, it must be borne in mind that for the two types of lunaria, planting and care are slightly different. They have different requirements for soil composition, illumination and planting site.

Landing options

To decorate personal plots, city parks, gardens, they resort to the following planting options: the soil around the flower bed is densely sprinkled with pebbles or gravel, which very favorably emphasizes the decorative merits of the lunaria. In this case, moon grass is planted in combination with fennel, barley and geraniums.

Due to the preference of perennial lunaria in shady places, its seeds are planted where other garden plantings are not able to give a lush flowering.

When creating a "Moorish lawn" seeds of lunaria are planted next to meadow grasses: cornflowers, chamomile, calendula, clover.

Reproduction

The annual lunar reproduces by seeds, the perennial species, in addition to seeds, can be propagated vegetatively. For sowing an annual species, fully ripe, darkest seeds are chosen. Sow in a chosen place in late spring or early summer, at a distance of 30 - 35 cm from each other. The first shoots will appear in 7-10 days. In August, if necessary, young shoots are transplanted to another place.

The perennial species is easily propagated by seed. After ripening, the seeds are introduced into the soil in late autumn, before frost, under the snow. In the spring, at the end of March - mid-April, seedlings appear. Protect young shoots from direct sunlight. Towards autumn, the shoots will get stronger, some specimens may bloom. In the second year of life, all the lunaria bushes bloom.

The vegetative way of reproduction of perennial lunaria is to divide the root. In August, an adult plant is dug up, the root is cut into pieces, the cuttings are planted in the prepared soil.

Growing

To obtain seedlings of a perennial species, seeds are sown in March in a container, soil in a greenhouse or greenhouse. At the end of May, sufficiently strong seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place in open ground. Growing a lunar in a vegetative way is a rather laborious process, difficult in terms of plant adaptation. Further cultivation of the lunar occurs by self-seeding.

Spread

Lunar can be found on a vast territory, mainly in mixed deciduous forests, along the banks of water bodies. Occurs in solitary bushes or in small groups.


Varieties of street succulents

This group of plants unites different families. Their representatives can be ground cover succulents, grasses, trees and even shrubs. Such types of succulents as lianas and epiphytes will look very original, they can become the center of the entire composition. Many of them are beautiful in bloom.

Succulents can be classified according to various criteria. For gardeners, the conditions in which plants should be grown are more important:

  • By interaction with the sun. Penumbra is loved by guernias, ceropegia, stapelia, green foliage, haworthia, green gasteria, aloe, sansevieria. And in a sunny glade, you can plant euphorbia, fritia, lithops, faucaria, pachyphytum, cotyledon, echeveria, sedum, graptoveria.
  • According to the tenacity and growth of the root system. Hatior mixes are an acceptable option even in small areas. This plant does not interfere with the growth of others, without losing its own attractiveness. And the pachyphytum is picky about the neighborhood in terms of localization - it actively expands during its growth, so the distance to other plants should be appropriate. The root system of the cobweb fatty is also quite voluminous, it reacts poorly to closed containers - pots and boxes. In vertical gardening, it is desirable to use ripsalis, epiphyllum, stonecrops.
  • Curly... If the design of the arch is intended, then the use of tradescantia will be ideal.
  • High. The hedge or space zoning is obtained from hoya (wax ivy).

When making a choice in favor of a particular plant, you should first think over its location on the site and the possibilities for care.


4. Schlumberger

Presented mainly by hybrids, this profusely flowering cactus has earned the nickname of a Decembrist or Christmas tree for its palette and flowering time. Large tubular flowers are painted in bright clean tones of white-pink-orange-red and bloom from November to January.

Schlumbergera

Jointed flat shoots with a beautiful serrated edge are devoid of thorns. Cacti branch profusely and create rather dense bushes, prone to loss of shape and stretching.

Schlumberger (Schlumbergera) prefers nutritious acidic soil, a cool dry dormant period and high humidity.


Growing from seeds at home

Growing from seeds is a great way to expand your collection at affordable prices. In addition, it can be a real pleasure to observe the germination of seeds.

For seeding, containers with lids and holes in the bottom are best suited. It is better to sow in soil with a coarse mineral base. The absence of organic compounds in the soil will prevent the risk of rotting of sprouts in the first months of their life.

It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the seeds germinate only 2 - 3 months after sowing. Do not stop watering thinking that you have purchased a defective product.

We hope that the names and photos of unusual succulents presented in the article helped you to plunge into the magical world of these amazing plants. Their use in landscape design and in creating the interior of an apartment will make the space original and cozy.


Watch the video: Indoor Succulents for Beginners