Dahlia is a common and relatively unpretentious plant. The flower is also called Dahlia after the Swedish botanist Anders Dahl. Numerous varieties of dahlias open up a wide range of colors and shapes for the gardener.
Brief description of the culture
Both names of the culture are associated with the names of botanists - Dahl and Georg, who studied the plant. Moreover, the flowers are often called jorgini. Dahlias belong to the Astrovye family, have about 40 species and about 15 thousand varieties. The culture can be both annual and long-term.
The peculiarity of dahlia lies in the structure of its inflorescences, which are formed from several flowers growing in different directions. The flowers are called basket inflorescences. It is thanks to the complex structure that there are so many varieties of this plant, which are sometimes completely different in external characteristics. The root system of the plant is root-tuberous, that is, it is formed by thickened roots.
The culture is undemanding to care for. It is important to choose a sunny area in the garden, nutritious soil, and timely moisten and feed it.
Dahlias are used not only for decorative purposes. The substances that the composition of the plant is rich in help to cleanse the body of toxins. Decoctions from the buds are useful for diseases of the cardiovascular system, and tinctures of the leaves will help prevent diabetes mellitus.
Flowers are also used in the cosmetic field. The buds, ground to a powder state, are combined with a chicken egg, honey and applied to the hair. Thanks to these procedures, the hair becomes strong, healthy and shiny. Leaves of culture can be applied to problem areas on the face, as well as cuts.
There are frequent disputes about what kind of this culture, because the names of dahlia and dahlia are common. The question is still open, so both options are considered correct.
Video "Storage, planting and care of dahlias"
In this video, you will learn how to properly plant dahlias and care for plants.
Due to the fact that the genus is constantly replenished with new varieties bred in the course of selection, there is an urgent need to create a classification of the plant. It is important to consider the fact that the classifications use the average size of healthy crops. In practice, these numbers may differ.
By inflorescence size
By the diameter of the flowers, dahlias are divided into:
- giants - from 25 cm;
- large - 20-25 cm;
- medium - 15–20 cm;
- small - 10-15 cm;
- miniature - up to 10 cm.
The length of the stem determines the belonging of the plant to the following categories:
- tall - more than 1.2 m;
- medium-sized - 90-120 cm;
- undersized - 60–90 cm;
- dwarf - up to 60 cm.
International classification of dahlias
Different countries have their own culture classification, but there is also an international one, which divides plants according to the shape of the inflorescence. It was adopted in 1962 and is considered universal. So, this classification includes the following groups:
Varieties and varieties of dahlia
It is difficult to list all the varieties of dahlias. However, you can familiarize yourself with the most common and popular among domestic gardeners.
The simple shape of the inflorescences is characterized by the arrangement of the petals in one row. In length, such plants reach 60 cm, and the diameter of the flowers varies in the region of 5-12 cm.
The dahlia is characterized by its snow-white flowers. The stem height reaches 50–70 cm.
This is a short dahlia, whose flowers have an unusual color - white with cherry-colored stripes.
The variety is medium-sized, the flowers ripen up to 10 cm in diameter. The color of the inflorescences is bright yellow.
Dahlia is similar to the previous one, has an average stem height and small flowers. The inflorescence shades range from pink to deep purple.
These crops grow from 60 to 90 cm in height. The inflorescences form several rows of petals, and their appearance resembles anemones.
The height of the dahlia stem reaches 1–1.2 m. The heart of the inflorescences consists of tubular petals of a milky shade, the reed petals are white with a red border.
Ripe flowers reach a diameter of 10-17 cm. The inflorescence is formed from ligulate lilac petals and a bright purple core.
Dahlia belongs to the group of low-growing plants. The bright red flowers have a diameter of 12-15 cm.
Dahlia reaches half a meter in height and forms unusually beautiful inflorescences. They have a crimson hue, which smoothly flows to the core into pale yellow. In addition, the petals are characterized by a fringed structure, which gives the plant a special charm.
In height, these plants reach 130 cm. Flowers have a diameter of 8-10 cm. A characteristic feature of this group of dahlias is the structure of flowers: they consist of several rows of short twisted petals, forming a kind of "collar".
Alpen Mary Lloyd
The stem height, as a rule, does not exceed 1 m. The inflorescences are colored in several shades of pink.
The shrub belongs to undersized varieties. The inflorescence consists of several layers: the outer one has a red tint, the middle one is pink and white, and the core is yellow.
The height of the stem reaches 70 cm, the flowers are rich burgundy with a white collar.
The undersized culture has small inflorescences, painted in red, yellow and white.
A characteristic feature of these dahlias are double flowers that ripen up to 15 cm in diameter.
The height of such plants, as a rule, does not exceed 1.3 m.
This variety is actively used in floristry. The tall stems have large milky-pink inflorescences.
Shrubs grow up to 1.2 m, have small cherry-colored inflorescences.
A tall culture characterized by an extraordinary color of flowers. The petals are painted lilac with a lilac border.
The baskets of this variety of dahlia are large. The outer row of petals has a slightly raised edge. Inflorescences are milky with pinkish tips.
The height of such flowers reaches 1.5 m. The inflorescences are large - up to 27 cm in diameter.
The stem reaches 1.3 m in height, topped with large baskets of inflorescences. The color is usually purple or pink.
The culture is great for making bouquets. The inflorescences are large, painted in pale pink shades.
The variety is characterized by large flowers, painted white with bright red blotches.
The variety is characterized by wavy petals and a very large inflorescence. Flowers are painted in cherry and purple shades. The core is white.
This type of dahlia is characterized by large flowers with rounded petals.
The variety was bred by Russian breeders. It has large purple flowers.
The height of the stems usually does not exceed 1 m. The flowers are rather large, colored yellow with red tips.
The baskets are large, have burgundy and dark cherry shades.
The inflorescences are extraordinarily beautiful. They are colored pale orange and have rounded petals.
This variety is characterized by spherical flowers with a rounded top. The height of such crops ranges from 70-130 cm.
The petals of this variety are rolled up and have a pink color.
The petals are symmetrically folded, painted in white and milky tones. The stem height does not exceed 1 m.
The flowers are spherical, deep red.
The baskets are densely formed, the petals are tubular, painted in a coral color. Buntling reaches a height of 0.8–0.9 m.
The height of such dahlias reaches 1.5 m. The flowers are large, the petals are wrapped inward. Because of this, the marginal flowers are needle-shaped.
One of the most popular varieties is Anna Maria, characterized by large purple-white flowers.
The diameter of the flowers, as a rule, is about 13-16 cm. The color is scarlet with a burgundy core.
Inflorescences are large, needle-like, yellow in color.
The culture is tall. Baskets are rather large, with yellow petals and a red border.
The petals have a curved shape and delicate cream shades. The diameter is about 23 cm.
This species reaches a height of one and a half meters, has large inflorescences. The petals are curled outward and have pointed tips.
The diameter of the inflorescence is about 15-18 cm. The color is snow-white.
Tall variety. Flowers are orange, large.
The culture does not exceed 1 m in height. The shade of the inflorescences varies from pale pink to yellowish.
The shrub is tall, the inflorescence ripens up to 20 cm in diameter. The shade of the flowers is bright red.
This category includes those varieties whose characteristics do not correspond to the above species. Mixed dahlias have a wide variety of shapes and colors of inflorescences.
Bishop of Llanduff
The plant has small red flowers with a slight purple tint.
A very original plant, the flowers of which will decorate any bouquet. The shrub is medium-sized, with large inflorescences. The variety is characterized by curved petals and pink color with white stripes.
Lilliputians are not noted in the international classification, since this group of plants appeared relatively recently.
Lilliputians are annual, have early ripening. They, as a rule, are not pinned.
A dwarf variety characterized by small white flowers with a bright yellow heart.
This variety includes dahlias of different colors, which is the reason for the name of the variety. The shrub grows up to 35 cm in height. Inflorescences can be either simple or double.
Ease of care, unpretentiousness and bright appearance of dahlias attract those summer residents who want to have a garden of original and unusual flowers on their site.
The best varieties of dahlia
To make it easier for you to choose flowers to decorate any corner of your garden, this page contains a wide variety of dahlias (the second name is dahlia dahlia).
All of them differ in height, size and structure of buds, methods of cultivation. To make it easier to navigate in all this floral variety, the plants are grouped by the height of the bushes and the size of the flowers. All flowers can be viewed in the photo and familiarized with the description and characteristics of each variety.
Large-flowered dahlia usually do not grow too tall. The height of their stems most often ranges from 1 to 1.2 m, but the sizes of flowers up to 30 cm in diameter are very impressive.
Dana (Dahlia Dana) - The dahlia variety belongs to the particularly large family. If you like to surprise your friends, then Dana in the flower garden will come in handy.
Prefers light, cultivated soils. Afraid of frost, planted in the ground in mid-May. The distance between the bushes is 70 - 90 cm.
Care is usual: watering, fertilizing, mulching and the obligatory removal of side shoots. In October, the tubers are dug up, washed and, after drying, put in boxes. Store in winter at temperatures from +2 to +5 degrees
Georgina Vankuver - belongs to the group of Decorative dahlias of the Maxi series. A huge and at the same time graceful double flower, its structure resembles a chrysanthemum.
Bushes are powerful, dense with dark green foliage. The stems are strong and do not require support. It is used for single and group plantings and for cutting.
Prefers light, fertile soil and sunny areas. Resistant to pests and diseases. To obtain large flowers, it is necessary to pinch the side shoots.
In autumn, the tubers must be dug up and stored in the cellar at a temperature of +2 to +5 degrees
Dahlia Kelvin Floodlight - quite old, one of the most popular and favorite varieties of flower growers. At one time he received so many awards that it may well be considered the "Honored Dahlia"
In order for this variety to show itself in all its glory, it must be provided with adequate nutrition and rationed shoots. The rule common to all large-flowered dahlias is: the fewer buds we leave, the larger the flowers will grow.
Therefore, the shoots are pinched without fail. All lateral, axillary shoots are ruthlessly removed. If you want to grow really large dahlias, it is enough to leave three buds for the deal. If there is no such goal, you can leave more.
Dahlia Striped Emory Paul - only a sunflower can compete with this variety in the size of a flower.
- Color: bright pink, double flowers.
- Plant height: from 100 to 110 cm.
- Flower diameter: 30 - 33 cm.
- Bloom: long-lasting from July to late September.
The bush is lush and very powerful, the stems are strong, requiring no additional support. It is desirable to plant in sunny, wind-protected places with fertile soil.
Resistant to diseases and pests. For the winter, it is necessary to dig out the tubers and store in a basement or cellar at a temperature of + 2º + 5º. Propagated by dividing tubers.
Georgina Akita (Akita) - stylish and elegant beauty catches the eye and is remembered at first sight.
- Color: bright red with white edges.
- The height of the bushes: from 100 to 120 cm.
- Flower diameter: 20 - 25 cm.
- Bloom: July to September.
Like all dahlias, Akita loves sunny locations and rich soil. The tubers are planted in May, the distance between the plants is 60 - 80 cm. The bushes are powerful with strong stems, but support for the peduncles will still not interfere.
In bouquets, flowers last for a long time and may well be used for cutting. For the winter, the tubers are dug up and stored in non-freezing rooms.
Varieties of annual dahlias
Annuals are called dahlias, which are grown from seeds. These plants are undersized, from 30 cm to 1 meter high and bloom two to three months after sowing the seeds. If you still cannot (or do not want) to preserve dahlia tubers in winter, then planting annual varieties will be a good way out. These dahlias also have other advantages:
- They are easier to grow.
- Different varieties can be planted each year.
- Annual dahlias grow well in containers and flowerpots.
- Seeds are much cheaper than tubers.
Seeds for seedlings begin to be sown in mid-February and are sown until the end of March. When growing seedlings of dahlias, problems usually arise. You just need to take into account that in warmth and with a lack of light, the seedlings will quickly stretch out.
Therefore, after picking, the plants should be placed in a bright and cool room. It can be a loggia, a greenhouse or a cold greenhouse.
Annual dahlias are propagated by both seeds and tubers. In the fall, you can collect the seeds and use them for planting in the spring. And you can dig up nodules and with proper winter storage, next year they will grow flowers that will be even better than they were in the previous season. Below are descriptions of the most famous and beautiful varieties of annual dahlias.
Dahlia Funny guys - the most famous variety of annual dalias.
- Height: 40 - 50 cm.
- Flower diameter 7 - 9 cm.
- Blooms in 2 - 2.5 months after sowing.
Unfortunately, many summer residents think that this is a common name for all one-year-old dahlias and are looking for the seeds of the "Merry Children" in stores.All would be nothing, but this is the oldest and least decorative variety. I don't want to say anything bad about these "guys", but the bushes often grow loose and decayed, and the flowering is not particularly abundant. I would like to draw your attention to the much more decorative varieties of annual dahlias.
Dahlia Vasilisa - a dwarf variety with large inflorescences, ideal for growing on loggias, windows, in containers and flowerpots.
- Coloring: most varied.
- Bushes height: 15 cm.
- Flower diameter: 6 - 7 cm.
- Blooms until frost
Prefers sunny areas, but grows in partial shade.
Bambino - compact, early variety, intended for planting in flowerpots, pots or in the foreground of mixborders, flower beds.
- Coloring: the most varied.
- Bushes 20 - 25 cm high.
- Flowers up to 10 cm.
- Blooms from early July until frost.
Grows well in sunny places and fertile soils. Does not tolerate low, swampy areas.
Bright pom-poms - this variety has a semi-spreading, erect bush with tall, strong stems.
- Diverse, bright colors.
- Stems up to 1 meter high.
- Inflorescences are pompons with a diameter of 8 cm.
- Blooms in 2 - 3 months after sowing seeds.
- Blooms profusely from July to late autumn.
It is used for planting in ridges, in flower beds and for cutting.
Dandy - This variety belongs to the group of semi-double collared dahlias. It attracts attention with its original inflorescence consisting of petals of different size and color.
- Bushes with strong stems 50 cm high.
- Bright color of flowers with a diameter of 6 - 8 cm.
- Flowering begins in July and ends in late autumn.
Dandy is suitable for creating borders, ridges, and for planting in a variety of compositions.
Figaro - a variety of dwarf dahlias with compact, dense bushes and double flowers.
- Color: varied.
- Plant height: 25 - 30 cm.
- Flower diameter up to 10 cm.
- Amicable flowering (up to 15 inflorescences) continues until frost.
Very unpretentious flowers, grow well in pots and containers. Care is normal.
All of these annual dahlias can be grown from seeds sold at any flower shop. Caring for them is not at all difficult, and you probably appreciated the beauty of these flowers from the photo.
Now you can proceed to the description and characteristics of the varieties of dahlias that are grown from tubers.
Names and descriptions of low-growing varieties of perennial dahlias
Although dahlias are perennial plants, in our climate they cannot be outdoors all year round. Every autumn, the tubers must be dug up and placed for the winter in a room with a temperature not higher than + 6 ° C.
Low-growing, border dahlias are very popular with florists. New and simply beautiful varieties are collected on this page.
Dahlia Galery (Gallery) — this series includes dahli of a completely new generation. Plants form neat lush bushes with a height of only 30 - 40 cm and large double inflorescences with a diameter of 10 - 15 cm.
If it is possible to place the tubers in a container with soil in April, then the first flowers will bloom in May - early June and will delight you with their flowering until late autumn.
Galleri dahlias are versatile. They can be grown in pots, flowerpots on the balcony and in the winter garden, in the open field, and they also stand for a long time in the cut.
Plants do not require the formation of bushes, are resistant to diseases and all kinds of pests, have strong stems that can withstand any bad weather.
The Galleri series includes dahlias in a wide variety of colors. The photo shows the Rembrandt variety, but this is only one of the many varieties in this group.
Princess Grace (Princesse Gracia) - belongs to the group of decorative border dahlias.
- The color is pink with a yellow center.
- The height of the bushes is 30 cm.
- The diameter of the inflorescence is 8 cm.
- Blooms profusely from July to September
It can be used for planting in flowerpots, flower beds and for cutting. Propagated by dividing tubers. No stem supports are required.
Top Mix Orange
Top Mix Orange (dahlia topmix orange) - refers to undersized varieties of Daliy with a simple non-double flower.
- Coloring orange.
- The height of the stems is 25 cm.
- Flowers with a diameter of 6 - 7 cm.
- Blooms from mid-summer to late autumn.
This group includes many varieties with different colors of inflorescences. Used for planting in flowerpots and flower beds. Resistant to adverse conditions, diseases, pests.
Park Princess - belongs to the border varieties of cactus dahlias with unusual radial inflorescences.
- Color: lilac - pink.
- Plant height 40 - 60 cm.
- Inflorescences up to 10 cm in diameter.
- Blooms from July until frost.
Can be used as a garden flower or as a pot plant.
Happy Butterfly (dahlia happy butterfly) - a relatively new variety of dwarf dahlias, with simple, non-double, but very pretty flowers.
- Color: pale pink.
- The height of the bushes is 45 cm.
- Flowers 7-10 cm in diameter.
- Abundant flowering from July to October.
Lush bush, compact with numerous foliage, does not require additional supports. Propagated by dividing tubers, but sometimes it turns out to grow from seeds.
Names and photos of medium-sized dahlias
Plants with a height of 80-120 cm fall into this category.
Spartakus NEW (Spartakus) - magnificent dahlia from the Ornamental series. The bent petals make the huge flower graceful and elegant.
- The color is dark crimson.
- Height 90 cm.
- The diameter of the inflorescence is 20 - 25 cm.
- Bloom from July to October.
To get especially large flowers, pinching of the lateral shoots is required.
Boogie Woogie - an original and spectacular flower belonging to the group of anemic dahlias.
- Coloring of inflorescences: two or three rows of pink-purple and a large number of yellow petals.
- Stem height: 80 - 100 cm
- The diameter of the flowers is 5-10 cm.
- Abundant and continuous flowering from July to October.
The bush is compact, the stems are strong, not requiring support. Can be grown not only outdoors, but also in containers.
Maxim (Maxime) - medium-sized decorative dahlia with a bright, sunny color.
- The height of the bush is 100 -120 cm.
- The diameter of the inflorescence is 10 - 15 cm.
- Bloom: from July to late autumn.
Tartan (dahlia tartan) - belongs to the family of Ornamental Dahlias. Differs in beautiful, catchy flowers, blooming at the same time, 4 - 5 pieces per bush.
- Inflorescences are dark burgundy with white stripes.
- Height: 130 cm.
- Flowers 15 - 20 cm in diameter.
- Blooms from late July until frost.
The bush is powerful, beautiful, but the stems need support. Can be used for group planting and cut-off.
Ice Crystal ( Ice Crystal ) - belongs to the Fringed Dahlias, this variety is affectionately called by gardeners "furry snowball"
- Color: light lemon with a yellow center.
- The height of the bushes is 1 meter.
- The diameter of the "snowballs" is up to 15 cm.
- Blooms from mid-summer until frost.
Dahlia Yellow Jill - belongs to the group of Spherical Dalii.
- The color is yellow with a red spot in the center.
- The height of the stems is 100 - 110 cm.
- The diameter of the flowers is 10-15 cm.
- Bloom from mid-summer to late autumn.
On the bush, 10 - 15 flowers can bloom at the same time.
Characteristics of varieties of tall daliy
Tall dahlias are those whose height exceeds one and a half or even two meters. Such tall plants require additional support, otherwise the wind will break the stems, no matter how strong they are.
Severins Triumph (SeverinsTriumph) - old known variety of Ornamental dahlias bred back in 1932.
- Color: pink
- Bush height: 150 - 170 cm.
- Flower diameter: 15 - 20 cm.
- Bloom: July - September.
Needs additional supports.
Barbarossa — a distinctive feature is the huge bushes with the same huge bright red peduncles.
- Height: 1.5 to 2 meters.
- Flower diameter: 20 - 25 cm.
- Bloom: July to September.
Such tall plants need additional support.
Golden Ear (Zolotoj Kolos) - belongs to the group of Decorative tall dales.
- Color: yellow.
- Plant height: 1.5 - 1.8 meters.
- The diameter of the inflorescences is 20 cm and more.
- Blooms from July to late September.
Zoya Rej - belongs to the group of Decorative tall dahlias.
- Color white-yellow with pink tips
- Plant height: 1.5 - 1.8 meters.
- Flower diameter: 20 cm.
- Bloom: July - September.
There are a great many types and varieties of dahlias. Only a small part of them are presented here, but I hope that this article will help you make the right choice.
Other helpful articles about dahlias
- Growing perennial dahlias. Detailed advice on choosing a site, planting dates, preparing tubers, growing seedlings and much more.
- Dahlia diseases and pests. The most effective methods for controlling pests and treating diseases of your flowers.
- How to grow annual dahlias. Annual dahlias can be grown from seed. They will bloom all summer long, will cost you significantly less and you can change varieties every year.
- When to dig up and how to store the tubers. Dahlias must not only be dug up on time, but also preserved during the winter. How best to do this in an apartment, read this article.
Most people associate dahlias with the "September 1" bouquet. Specialists in the development of original inflorescences have proposed many hybrid and transitional forms that are difficult to classify. They combine the advantages of their predecessors, differing in color and shape, size and type of inflorescences.
Russian lovers of garden beds know about 150 varieties of these flowers. But in the world there are dozens of times more of them, and each species has its own unique appearance, for example, the dahlia Santa Claus. And the old annuals and tuberous varieties known for a long time and loved by our grandmothers, such as Cheerful Guys or Summer Dahlia, had a number of disadvantages. They are gradually being supplanted by new, better proposals from French, Dutch and Russian breeders who have brought forth Vernost and other garden favorites. In order to somehow streamline the general idea of the diversity of this "king of flower beds", it is worth getting acquainted with their description and classification.
↑ Types of annual dahlias
Today in flower and seed shops you can buy all kinds of dahlias and their hybrids. It is important to determine the purpose of growing flowers before buying. Today, a huge number of different plant species are known, differing in height and shape.
There are, for example, collared annual dahlias or pompon, or cactus varieties.
The best option for decorating a summer cottage is a mixture marked "Mix". In such packs you will find seeds of various varieties, which are approximately equal in height. Having grown seedlings and planting them in open ground, the flower garden will turn out to be bright and profusely blooming.
Depending on the height of the stem, varieties of dahlias are classified as:
- undersized or dahlias-dwarfs (their height is up to 30 cm)
- medium-sized, grows from 40 to 70 cm in height
- tall, height from 80 cm.
Before planting, it is important to read information about the varieties of annual dahlias, see them in the photo. Low-growing ones, for example, are not suitable for bouquets. Tall species, reaching 90-150 centimeters in height, can be used to create a hedge.
Consider the most popular varieties:
- Figaro is a short annual dahlia (up to 45 cm). Many lush inflorescences are formed on the bush. The color palette is very diverse.
- Piccolo - refers to undersized dahlias (up to 40-45 cm). The inflorescence is distinguished by a clearly defined core and petals. Brought out a large Piccolo color palette.
- Unvins Dwarf is a medium-sized plant, reaching 60 centimeters in height. The inflorescence-basket is painted in different colors.
- Funny guys - this variety has long and for a long time been loved by gardeners-flower growers for its lush and bright flowering. Tubular petals in one row, reminiscent of a basket, can be 10-12 cm in diameter. "Funny guys" bloom all summer, decorating a garden or a garden bed. The flowers of these dahlias are simple and double. Both the undersized varieties of "Veselyiye Rebyat" and the medium-sized ones, the height of which reaches 70 cm, have been bred. The variety does not form tubers.
- Dandy. This variety is represented by semi-double flowers of various shades. Original dahlias are decorated with collars. The Dandy variety belongs to undersized plants. Designers use it to decorate mixborders or ridges, for planting near curbs.
The best varieties of dahlia with large flowers
Below are the most popular dahlias with large flowers that can be successfully grown in our country. For each variety, not only external features will be indicated, but also some secrets of its cultivation.
The Dana (or Dahlia Dana) variety is considered one of the largest among the dahlias. The spectacular appearance of a huge inflorescence will not leave indifferent almost anyone.
Dana's petals are needle-shaped, red-yellow in color.
- bush height from 90 cm to 1.2 m
- flower diameter - 25-27 cm
- flowering lasts from the first decade of July to the second decade of September.
It is an annual plant that does not tolerate frost well. After the end of flowering, it is necessary to dig out its rhizome and, after washing and drying it, place it for storage in a place with a temperature of + 2-5 ° C.
Feature of the plant: planting must be carried out in the second decade of May. Prefers clay soils and loams. The recommended planting scheme is 0.7 by 0.9 m. Additional fertilizing is required (at least 3 per season).
A distinctive feature of the variety is a double flower, which looks very similar to a chrysanthemum. The plant is very decorative thanks to the flower arrangement and original colors.
- wine-red color, in rare cases red-violet, along the edges of the petals there is a white or white-yellow edging
- peduncle height - from 70 to 110 cm
- flower diameter - 25-26 cm
- flowering lasts from the first decade of July to the third decade of September.
Vancouver is distinguished by abundant flowering, while the bush has a very lush appearance. The stems of Vancouver are quite strong and do not need support, although many growers still recommend using it.
The plant can be grown both in groups and in single plantings. Prefers soft and loose soil, grows best on the sunny side.
In the fall, the rhizome is dug up, cleaned and sent for storage under conditions similar to those of Dana.
The official name of the variety is Kelvin Floodlight. This plant is considered to be one of the largest dahlias. It is very popular among florists. In numerous competitions among dahlias, the Kelvin variety has been awarded a large number of awards.
- color yellow with slight hints of green
- peduncle height - from 90 cm to 1.3 m
- diameter of the flower part - more than 30 cm
- the beginning of flowering - the first decade of July
- flowering duration - up to 4 months.
The petals in the central part of the flower are tubular; closer to the outer edge, they straighten, becoming slightly pointed.
The plant needs regular feeding and the removal of excess buds.
In addition, during cultivation, you need to constantly monitor the side shoots, removing unnecessary ones.
Stripped Emory Paul
Also one of the largest varieties. Bred in Holland. It has feathery leaves that cover the stems in large numbers. Flower petals are flat, wide enough. They have pointed tips.
- color: pink or purple-pink
- peduncle height - up to 110 cm
- flower diameter - 27-30 cm
- the beginning of flowering - the end of June
- flowering duration - up to 4 months.
Lush growth requires well-drained soil on the sunny side. Peduncles do not require supports. The plant is highly resistant to pests and diseases.
Similar to the previously considered varieties, it requires digging for the winter for further storage. Recommended storage conditions: temperature from + 3 ° С to + 7 ° С, humidity not more than 50%.Propagated by dividing the tuber in the spring.
A group of varieties, the most famous of which is Lavender Perfection. Within a group, plants have approximately the same flower structure (it is densely doubled with two types of petals), but the color of the petals can be very diverse.
- bush height: from 110 to 130 cm
- flower part diameter - up to 30 cm
- the number of inflorescences on one bush - up to 25
- colors: from one-color snow-white to purple, pink, yellow, etc.
- varieties with multi-color combinations are common (e.g. Gitts Perfection)
- bloom from mid-July to late September.
A distinctive feature of the Perfection variety is the absolute unpretentiousness of the plant and the minimum required care. This variety is capable of growing on almost any soil and has good disease and pest resistance.
The variety was developed in Japan about 40 years ago. Differs in increased decorativeness. Perfect for growing in Russia. Possesses good resistance to weather conditions.
- peduncle height - up to 95 cm
- flower diameter 23-25 cm
- color: deep red, with yellow edging around the perimeter
- bloom: from July to September.
Loves fertile soil and fertilizing. On poor soils, it rarely reaches a height of even 70 cm. Top dressing should be regular and include at least 5-6 per season.
It is believed that Akita tubers can tolerate wintering in the ground, but this is only recommended in the southern regions.
Transitional group (mixed) (Novelty Dahlia)
There are varieties of wonderful flowers, collected in a separate group, since there is no way to rank them among any of the main unions. Among the plants of this group there are both simple forms for dahlias and extremely unusual ones.
Plants grow up to 1.2 m. In areas protected from the wind, they do not need support due to strong stems. The petals of the plant are surprisingly colored: the middle is scarlet, the base is lemon, and the tips of a barely visible cream shade. This color makes it possible for dahlias to look very catchy. Plants bloom several times, the duration of each flowering is at least 14 days.
The inflorescences of the variety are voluminous, their size reaches 25 cm.The culture blooms from June to mid-autumn, the last buds delight flower growers in September. The violet-blueberry inflorescences have milky tips of petals. The graceful glow of the buds will bring a lot of positive emotions. The buds appear several times, the period of each flowering lasts at least 14 days. Cut flowers retain their freshness for more than a week, so the variety is ideal for making bouquets and is loved by florists.
Plants of this variety grow more than 1 m, the diameter of the culture baskets is 12 cm. The petals of the representatives of the original variety are directed inward. The mother-of-pearl color of the flowers is diluted with white lines.
Bishop of Llandaff
The modest scarlet flowers of the representatives of this variety look contrasting against the background of cherry-colored foliage unusual for dahlias.
Bishop of Llandaff
Dahlias are the finest creations of nature, similar to brilliant works of art. The beauty of their exquisite forms pleases and enriches the human soul. They immediately conquer with their perfection. Loved by many gardeners, the beautiful dahlia flowers are graceful and unique. By growing them in your own garden, you can enrich your flower garden palette. Dahlia is always elegant, graceful, refined and more than self-sufficient.
When dahlias begin to bloom in the garden in waves, no one will remain indifferent: random passers-by stop to admire this wonderful picture. A bright, elegant, juicy flower does not go out of fashion, there is no doubt that its popularity will continue to experience its peaks in the future. This plant will certainly solo and make an unforgettable impression, whatever its surroundings.
The dahlia bouquet is an impeccable composition, emphasizing the special magical charm of the coming autumn with the richness and harmony of its tones. The endless joy that dahlias give is more than worth the labor expended on them. Every year, dahlias capture more and more people in their charming captivity. And no wonder! Grandma's cute garden flowers were replaced by bright, evocative colors, shapes and sizes of modern varieties of dahlias.
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