For some, this plant grows like a weed, appearing every now and then on the beds occupied by other crops, and someone is puzzled over how to plant dill so that the plants are not so weak and lifeless. Although this culture is considered to be unpretentious and simple enough to grow, not every gardener has it as lush and aromatic as one would like.
What dill loves
Dill is an unpretentious garden crop that grows well in any soil and does not require careful maintenance. It is characterized by the following features:
- Frost resistance of seeds;
- Loves moist soil;
- A lot of light is needed for rapid growth;
- Grows poorly on acidic soils;
- Fresh seeds germinate slowly due to their essential oil content.
Dill loves long daylight hours and sunshine.
Given the listed features, it becomes clearer how to plant dill, what place to allocate for it on the site, and what to look for when growing it.
Video: proper cultivation of dill
Presowing seed treatment is a guarantee of friendly shoots
It is known that overwintered seeds germinate better and faster than those sown in spring. It's all to blame for essential oils, which impede seed germination. Therefore, before sowing dill, it is necessary to prepare the seeds properly.
Fold the seeds in a gauze bag and soak for three days in water at a temperature of about +50 degrees. The settled water will need to be drained up to five times a day. This technique will help disinfect the seeds and accelerate the emergence of sprouts.
After processing with hot water, put the seeds on the same gauze bags, cover with pieces of damp cloth or steamed sawdust and leave for four days at a temperature of +20 degrees, until some seeds appear to sprout. Before sowing, the seeds are slightly dried for half an hour and sown in the soil well-spilled with water.
Additionally, you can carry out hydrothermal aeration of seeds, as well as bubbling during the day in water saturated with oxygen. At home, a compressor from an aquarium is suitable for these purposes.
Before sowing, dill seeds are slightly dried for half an hour and sown in soil well-spilled with water.
If it is important for you to get an early harvest of dill, you can grow seedlings on the windowsill and transplant them into open ground 35 days after planting. There will be more hassle, but you will be able to save seeds and grow much more high-quality, dense greenery.
Growing up on a windowsill is a simple matter, since it does not require special efforts from a person. The main thing is to wisely choose a variety and arrange a place on the windowsill so that the plant can receive a sufficient amount of heat and light. Read more about how to grow dill at home step by step in our article: https://orchardo.ru/227-ukrop-na-podokonnike.html
Dill - how to plant correctly and in what time frame
Due to the fact that the plant is able to withstand frosts down to -4 degrees, its seeds can be sown in mid-spring, as soon as the snow melts from the garden. Germination of seeds is possible at a temperature of +3 degrees, and the optimum temperature for growing greenery is + 15 + 20 degrees.
For an early harvest, dill can be planted in the first ten days of April at a suitable temperature, sowing seeds every two weeks to ensure the constant formation of fresh greenery. Most often, in the conditions of the Russian climate, gardeners sow the plant on the twentieth of April.
For an early harvest, planting dill can begin in the first decade of April.
Dill grows best on neutral, loose soil; it is undesirable to grow it on heavy soil. Prepare the garden in the fall so that you can sow seeds early in the spring. Digging up the soil to a depth of 20 cm, add humus and mineral fertilizers to it. In the spring, it remains only to carefully level the surface of the earth, make grooves on it 2 cm deep, leaving 20 cm between rows, moisten the ground and sow seeds. Sprinkle the seeds on top with loose earth, slightly compacting the soil. There is no need to water the crops, otherwise the seeds with water will go deeper than necessary.
How to choose sowing time
Given the ability of seeds to tolerate frosts up to -50C, their sowing begins immediately after the snow melts in the garden. For central Russia, this corresponds to the middle - end of April. The upcoming frosts are not scary, because the seedlings will begin to germinate only after a stable temperature is established above 3 degrees. Podwinter sowing in open ground has proven itself well. For this, the soil is prepared 1-2 weeks before the onset of frost: they dig it up, apply fertilizers, remove weeds. Seeds are planted in late October - early November to a depth of 1.5-2 centimeters and a row spacing of 20 cm, and the top layer is not compacted. In spring, the seedlings will stretch themselves to the required depth and sprout immediately after the snow cover disappears. This method allows you to get the earliest fresh dill from open ground.Sowing fresh seeds in summer gives noticeably worse results without preliminary preparation. Summer heat has a bad effect on the growth of dill - the plants require constant intensive watering. It is used most often for growing fresh herbs for the table, and spring dill is used for harvesting for the winter.
Choosing neighbors in the garden
Dill plants love the correct arrangement in the garden and are sensitive to the choice of neighbors. Planting goes well next to potatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, onions and garlic. Neighborhood with caraway seeds, parsley, carrots is not recommended.
Presowing seed preparation
It is used for summer planting and growing seedlings on the windowsill of the house. It's all about essential oils that make it difficult to open the seed coat. Overwintered seeds have no problems with this.Planting material is prepared as follows:
- We place the seeds in a gauze bag and soak them in warm water (about 50 degrees), change the water several times a day for 3 days. This technique will help get rid of the oily film on the surface of the seeds.
- We take it out of the water and lay it out on damp gauze, cover it with a cloth or sawdust. We keep them for 4 days, periodically moisturizing. The first shoots should appear.
- We dry the seeds for half an hour and sow them in the ground. The first shoots will appear in 14 days.
It is very easy to care for plants outdoors. First, to ensure high-quality irrigation, best of all drip type. Secondly, do not run the bed with weeds and loosen the soil. Thirdly, regularly apply nitrogen fertilizers, for example, fermented grass, humus.
Cut the greens when they reach 15-20 cm, and the flowering shoots are immediately removed. These measures allow you to get up to 2 harvests from one root.
Greenhouse growing of dill
In protected ground, you can get fresh greens all year round. It is enough to provide a temperature of 15-20 degrees and additional lighting in winter. Sodium or phyto-lamps based on LEDs are used as supplementary lighting lamps. These light sources provide the most correct emission spectrum and promote the best growth. And dill is a light-loving plant.
Advice! To turn on artificial lighting, a timer is used, which will illuminate for 2-3 hours in the morning and 3-4 hours in the evening. This is enough for rapid growth.
Advantages of greenhouse growing of dill:
- Year-round production of fresh herbs that can be used for sale;
- Frost protection;
- Convenience of collection and sowing, independence from weather conditions;
- The yield per square meter is higher than in the open field.
In greenhouses without heating, the first crops can be done as early as March, when there is still snow in the garden. Then fresh and fragrant greens will ripen for the May holidays. For year-round cultivation, we need prepared seeds or dill seedlings. This will reduce the time for ripening of plants.Growing dill in greenhouse conditions begins with preparing the soil and applying mineral fertilizers. It is more convenient to fertilize the soil in between plantings. The distance between the grooves is no more than 20 cm, and the seeds are rarely planted and thinned out after germination. Caring for plants is no different from open ground: abundant watering, weeding, cutting off overgrown stems. For indoor ground, it is best to use varieties that allow repeated cutting. Every two weeks we sow a small amount of new seeds on a new bed to ensure constant supply of fresh herbs. Popular varieties are Gribovsky, Borey, Salut, Umbrella and others.
Winter and subwinter sowing
In order for fresh greens to appear on your table as early as possible, seeds are sown before winter. For this, the garden bed is prepared in the fall, filling with mineral and organic fertilizers. Before the ground freezes, dill is sown, while increasing the seeding rate by 25%, and the seeding depth by one and a half centimeters. The bed is covered with mulch to protect it from crusting, which will prevent the emergence of seedlings. It is not necessary to compact the soil when sowing greens in winter.
It is also possible to plant dill in winter:
- a bed prepared in advance is freed from snow;
- seeds are scattered on its surface;
- from above the crops are covered with a layer of humus or earth mixed with humus;
- during the spring melting of snow, the seeds are drawn into the ground along with the melt water and soon germinate.
For winter and sub-winter planting, it is advisable to throw covering material over the crops in spring, securing it along the edges. Compared to spring plantings, dill sown in winter or autumn can be cut a week or two earlier.
Video about the principles of winter sowing
The article was updated on 30.01.2018
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Growing dill at home right on the windowsill
It is convenient when there is always fresh greens at hand - the dishes cooked with them become more aromatic and tastier, therefore, prudent housewives can often find dill on the windowsill. At home, this unpretentious plant feels no worse than in the garden, and with good care it gives a lot of lush greenery.
Author of the book: Natalia Kostina-Kassanelli
Genre: Garden and Vegetable Garden, Home and Family
Most of the herbs are also medicinal. For example, fennel and dill seeds work great as a mild carminative for young children. The herb, beloved by many, basil can also be used not only in salad or as a seasoning for meat, but also for the treatment of rheumatism, headache, vomiting, diseases of the bladder, stomach, kidneys, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and hypertension!
In this book you will find both descriptions of spicy and medicinal plants, as well as recommendations for sowing, soil type. The time of collection and the part of plants used are also indicated. Tips for formulating spices and medicinal charges are included.
This work was posted by agreement with "Liters" LLC (20% of the original text). If the placement of the book violates someone's rights, then report it.
Timing for different regions
To choose the time for planting gooseberries, first of all, one must take into account the climatic features of the area where the work is carried out. There are 4 zones, each with its own optimal period for carrying out work. It is worth planning everything in advance, buying planting material on time, choosing a place and preparing a hole, if necessary. Remember the following:
- For the southern regions, the second half of October is better suited. And when a protracted warm autumn is predicted, then plant gooseberries even in November, but it is not worth dragging out the terms too much.
- In the middle lane and the Moscow region, it is worth planting gooseberries in September or October. It all depends on the local climate, you can shift the work by 1-2 weeks, but not more.
- September will be a favorable time for the Leningrad Region and regions with a similar climate.
- For the Urals and Siberia, the period from the third decade of August to the middle of September will be the best. But there may be amendments, since the climate in some areas is very different.
The dates of the autumn planting of gooseberries should be adjusted according to the weather forecast. If autumn is cold and frosts come early, work early. When there is a steady heat, it is better not to rush, as the buds may begin to open, which is very bad - the bushes will simply die from frost.
How to plant parsley and dill correctly?
In order to sow the planting material as early as possible in the spring, the garden should be prepared in the fall. The top layer of earth, about 20 cm deep, needs to be well dug. It also does not hurt to apply mineral fertilizers. Fertilize the area where you plan to settle fluffy dill with a mixture of superphosphate (10 g), ammonium nitrate (15 g) and potassium salt (10 g). The indicated proportions are entered in one square. It also does not hurt to add 2-3 kg of organic fertilizers. It is also worth adding a few kilograms of humus to the soil where you will grow parsley and add a little more nitrophosphate. The last substance is taken in a ratio of 25-30 g per square.
Mineral fertilizers for the garden
In the spring, as soon as the snow melted, it is necessary to properly level the area and apply potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, urea or ammonium nitrate. Next, we form small grooves, only 2 cm deep is enough. If you plan to grow dill, then leave at least 20 cm between the rows. But for parsley, it is permissible to halve this distance.
Before sowing, the soil should be slightly moistened. Half an hour before planting, the seed should be removed from the humid environment and dried. We scatter the seeds of dill or parsley and sprinkle them with loose soil. At the same time, watering the newly planted material is not worth it, because the seeds are very small and can go too deep with the flow of liquid, and then you will not see early greens. By mulching the beds with humus, you will only help the new inhabitants of the garden.
Dill is a very popular plant in our gardens and tables. The reasons for this are the great benefits and ease of growing. In our area, many do not even grow it on purpose - it grows like a weed itself. Only then does the problem arise. If it is not sown in June-July, then by autumn there will be no fresh greens. The dill that has been growing since spring dries up by the middle of summer. And this is not at the right time, since it is time for home canning for the winter and often fresh dill is needed.
Currently, there are more than twenty varieties of dill. Many people like it for its unique aroma and refreshing taste. In addition, this culture is surprisingly early maturing and undemanding to growing conditions. The healing properties of dill are due to the presence of ascorbic acid, carotene, vitamins B1, B2, PP, essential and fatty oils, mineral salts of calcium, phosphorus, iron and potassium in it.
Of the features of dill, it should be noted that this plant is light-loving - it loves long daylight hours. It is better not to plant in the shade. Dill also loves warm weather. Although it begins to germinate and grow at +5 degrees, it grows and develops normally at + 20-25 degrees of heat. It can withstand spring and autumn frosts without any problems.
In hot, dry weather, dill should be watered frequently. Otherwise, it almost stops growing.
And one more very important property of dill. He has almost no diseases and pests. For many years of observations, only aphids were seen on it. And then, it was during a massive outbreak of the reproduction of this pest, when the aphid sat on everything that was possible. Therefore it does not need to be treated with chemistry.And therefore, on your site, you can get it environmentally friendly. But what is sold on the shelves of shops and markets - who knows? Maybe they feed them without measure with mineral fertilizers? By the way, it grows quite tolerably on depleted land. The main thing is light and regular watering. Although fertile soil will not hurt either. In this respect, it is similar in properties to basil.
For the cultivation of dill, a weed-free area is chosen with a deep bed of groundwater and without a certain stagnation of water. All the same, dill is not rice - it is also necessary to water it in moderation. Therefore, in the presence of excess moisture, when a crust forms on acidic soils, it grows poorly, the leaves acquire a reddish-purple hue.
Dill is an unpretentious culture, it reproduces well enough, including self-sowing. Such dill is popularly called "garden dill", but it does not give a lot of greenery, it blooms quickly and forms seeds. For the "industrial" production of greens, there are special varieties of different ripening periods. There are a lot of them. We will consider some in this article.
Umbrella. It can be grown for herbs and spices. The leaves of the plants are long, the branches are dense.
Alligator. The seeds are harvested after they are fully ripe in dried rosettes. To prevent the umbrellas from crumbling, they can be cut off a little earlier and ripened by hanging in the shade.
Firework. It grows a very large (up to 135 cm), powerful, fragrant bush with long, wide leaves. Therefore, this variety has a very high yield.
Boreas. This variety is powerful, fruitful, aromatic, dark green in color.
The list of varieties can be continued for a long time. Many varieties are presented in various online stores. But it is very easy to prepare the seeds yourself. Especially if large areas are planned for planting. It is enough to leave for seeds and allow the required number of plants to ripen and then collect the seeds. They can be stored without problems, for example, in a cloth bag in a dry, dark place.
Growing dill on the windowsill - the secrets of success
Growing dill at home, first of all, you need to remember that this plant is very fond of light. Place the crops on a light windowsill, and in winter, provide additional lighting for the dill by installing fluorescent lamps at a height of 50 cm above the plants. On the windowsill, it is enough to turn on the lamps in the morning for about five hours, but if the boxes with dill are in the back of the room, the supplementary lighting should last at least fifteen hours.Video about growing dill on a windowsill
Dill care rules at home:
- dill must be watered regularly, especially paying attention to watering during seed germination and when young shoots appear
- once every two weeks, it is recommended to feed the plantings with complex mineral fertilizer
- it is best to grow dill at a temperature of +18 degrees, but even on a glazed balcony when the temperature drops to +8 degrees, the plants will feel quite comfortable
- if the room temperature is above +20 degrees, you need to increase the illumination, otherwise the dill bushes will turn out to be elongated, sluggish and light
- in the first week, as the shoots seem to appear, it is advisable to lower the temperature in the room at night by opening the window, or to carry out the crops to the glazed balcony so that the dill does not stretch out.
The dill needs to be watered regularly, especially paying attention to watering during seed germination
Growing at home can be more or less hassle depending on what time of year you plant the dill. The easiest way to grow dill on a window is from March to August, since planting without additional lighting forms lush greenery, provided there is fertile land and a light windowsill. In the autumn-winter period, without additional illumination, the plants will stretch and fall, which means that you will have to pay more attention to them, and the costs of growing will increase due to the consumed electricity.