Ficus benjamin - Ficus Benjamina

Ficus benjamin - Ficus Benjamina

The Ficus Benjamino

The ficus Benjamino has its origin in the tropical areas of Asia but is also widespread in India, southern China, Malaysia, the Philippines, northern Australia and some islands in the southern Pacific; is an evergreen perennial. The ficus Benjamino is part of the Moraceae family which includes many plant species that come from Asia and Africa; among the main varieties that we will explain below, we can mention: Ficus Benjamino Exotica, Ficus Benjamino Golden king, Ficus Benjamino Nuda, Ficus Benjamino Mini Gold. In the areas where it originated, the Benjamino ficus is an ornamental-decorative plant and is the most elegant. Being a plant of tropical origin, the ficus Benjamino needs a warm and humid climate and it would be advisable never to expose this plant to temperatures below ten degrees; likes light but not direct sunlight. In the areas of origin, the Benjamino ficus can reach a height of 25-30 meters, while if grown it can reach a maximum of two to three meters, therefore very suitable for cultivation in the apartment. The trunk of the Benjamino ficus is gray in color, the branches are thin, the leaves are light green when young and darker at a later age, they are small and give the plant a thick, smooth, egg-shaped crown pointed at the end. There is a variety of Benjamino ficus that has creamy white streaked leaves, the starlinght. The fruits of this plant are called sycones, they have a black color and, after being fertilized, they give life to the seeds inside. This plant blooms during the warm season. The ficus Benjamino has a latex inside, a milky substance that comes out when some parts of the plant are cut.


Variety

As mentioned in the previous paragraph, the Benjamino ficus has many varieties, here are the most common:

Ficus Benjamino Exotica: This variety features glossy leaves with dark veins.

Ficus Benjamino Golden King: features leaves with white outlines with green-gray spots.

Ficus Benjamino Nuda: it has the characteristic of having narrow and wavy leaves.

Ficus Benjamino Mini Gold: has very small leaves, with white rind.

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Soil and Cultivation Techniques

In general, the Benjamino ficus should be repotted in the spring, especially when it will be noticed that the pot that contains it is no longer sufficiently large and the roots will come out of it. The soil suitable for this type of plant must be soft, porous, slightly acidic and with good drainage because the ficus, like many other plants described by us, fears water stagnation; to avoid this, for example, pieces of broken terracotta pots can be placed, which will ensure the rapid escape of excess water. The Benjamino ficus loves warm and bright environments and can even withstand temperatures of thirty degrees, in the summer it would be better to place our ficus outside in a place full of shade but, be careful, not subject to drafts.


Multiplication

The reproduction of the ficus Benjamino occurs by cutting (apical or foliar with part of the stem) or by layering.

Both types of cuttings must be taken from the mother plant between the months of April and August, they must have a length of about ten centimeters and the cut must be made below the node with a sharp and clean knife. As explained several times for this type of multiplication, now the cuttings will be deprived of the lower leaves and will be introduced into a powder that favors the development of the roots. Now place the cuttings in a soil composed of peat and coarse sand (the latter will favor the correct drainage of the water), cover the container with plastic to maintain the right degree of humidity and place the container in a shady place at a temperature of 21-24 ° C. As soon as the first sprouts appear, remove the plastic and increase the amount of light but keep the same temperature; when our plants have become large enough, they can be transplanted. If you proceed with this operation and take the cuttings in June, it will not be necessary to cover the container with plastic because it will already be hot enough. The multiplication by layering is carried out in the months of May and June on the higher branches. This operation consists in making a cut in the bark of the branch chosen for multiplication, at this point it will be necessary to wrap the part to which we have made the cut with peat and cover everything with film that will be perforated to allow the air to pass and to be able to bring water.


Fertilization and Irrigation

The ficus Benjamino should be fertilized every two weeks in the spring-summer period and every two months in the autumn-winter one. The fertilizer must be liquid and mixed with the watering water, it must contain a good amount of nitrogen but also all the other elements necessary for an optimal development of the plant, such as: phosphorus, potassium, iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum. As for the waterings, they should be greater in summer, about twice a week and less during the winter period. If in winter the Benjamin ficus will be placed in a covered and heated place, it will be necessary to administer water in shorter times, while if it were repaired but at a lower temperature, we could bring water even once a month, however it will always be necessary to check the degree of soil moisture before proceeding with new watering. To supply water to the plant, a quantity of it will be placed in the pot but it will also be sprayed on the leaves, they have openings that bring water to the plant that can decide whether to open or close according to its need. Even in the summer period it would be advisable to wet the leaves of the Benjamino ficus as well, if this is kept indoors and covered, this operation would decrease the temperature of the leaves and allow cleaning, freeing them from dust that would slow down the functions of the plant; it would be advisable to always administer non-calcareous water. Always and in any case avoid excessive amounts of water that could cause root rot.


Pruning

The pruning of the Benjamin ficus is carried out in the spring period and is necessary to contain the development of the crown and make it more orderly and harmonious, with regard to large branches, it would be advisable to prune them during the winter period, because during this period the milky substance produced by the plant is in less quantity. If we proceed only with the elimination of newly born shoots then we will talk about topping. The topping is done to allow the plant to develop more compactly and to have a denser crown. Naturally the crown of the plant grows but the roots also grow, at this point two operations can be carried out: if the pot containing the Benjamino ficus has become too small, it will be repotted, if instead the roots have become too extended for a pot already large enough, we will proceed with the partial pruning of the same. Repotting can be done at any time of the year, while root pruning would be best done around March-April. Always remember that when the plant is young the roots develop quickly so the repotting can be done about every two to three years, when it is a little older and, consequently, the development will be less fast, the partial operation. root pruning can take place even after six to seven years.


Ficus benjamin: Diseases and Pests

Ficus Benjamino can also be attacked by various diseases caused by fungi, parasites and insects. Below we will explain the diseases, symptoms, pests and insect enemies of this plant.

The insects that attack the ficus Benjamino most are thrips, scale insects and mites. The former are small insects that sting the plant and suck its nutrients, causing deformation of the leaves, discoloration and, in some cases, even slowing of development. Mites, on the other hand, are insects that create white cobwebs in the lower part of the leaves and cause them to yellow, discolor and, as with thrips, slow down their development; the multiplication of the latter is favored by a dry environment.

The brown and mealy cochineal are also part of the enemies of this plant, they attack both leaves and form on them respectively dark spots and a secretion similar to cotton, causing them to yellow and dry out. Another mite that attacks this plant is the spider mite, it causes yellow or brown spots on the leaves that will begin to turn yellow and fall off. As mentioned in other articles, the reproduction of this parasite is favored by an environment poor in humidity, therefore increase the number of sprays to the plant and, in case of severe infestation, administered pesticides. If you notice that your ficus Benjamino is losing its leaves, this can be a symptom of lack or scarcity of light, insufficient water supply or exposure to drafts, if instead the leaves perish and become limp or turn yellow, this will be a symptom of a excessive water intake, therefore proceed with a decrease in watering. If the leaves have a crumpled shape, it means that the soil has not always had the right degree of humidity, in this case try to regulate the supply of water. If there is a drying or a burn on the leaves, it means that they have been exposed to direct sunlight.



This ficus claims a bright lightno direct sun for good growth. Put it in a very bright room. If they don't have enough light, variegated varieties will fog up.

Heat

He likes moderately heated rooms. In winter, a temperature of 15 ° C is enough for him to exceed 22 ° C would be harmful.

Spray

Water moderately, once a week for example. Wait for the soil to dry between 2 waterings and, if possible, use non-calcareous water.

Like other green plants, benjamina will appreciate the fact that the foliage clouds up.

Fertilizer

Liquid fertilizer every 15 days in spring, or stick 3 times a year.


Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) - Brief Description

Family: Moraceae

Genus: Ficus

Scientific Name: Ficus benjamina L.

Common Names: Weeping Fig, Weeping Chinese Banyan, Java Laurel, Java Willow, Java Tree, Beringin, Benjamin Tree, Small-Leaved Fig, Small-Leaved Rubber Plant, Benjamin's Fig, Malayan Banyan, Java Fig, Tropical Laurel, Weeping Laurel

Leaf Persistence

Tree of Round Canopy Shape

Texture

Growth Rate

Flowering Period (Tropics)

FruitingPeriod

Height

15-30 m (50-100 ft) Ind / rs: 0.90-3 m (3-10 ft)

Diameter

18-30 m (60-100 ft) Ind / rs: 0.90-3 m (3-10 ft)

LeavesShape

Foliage Color

Autumn Foliage Color

Flowers Shape

Flowers Color

Fruit

Soil Type: Well-drained, sand, loam, clay

Exposure: Sun, Half-Shade, Shade

Soil pH: 5.5-8.1

Watering: Moderate

Hardiness: −1.1 ° C (30 ° F - USDA Hardiness zone 10b)

Specimen, urban planting, highway median, bonsai, pots and containers indoor and outdoor

Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) - Description & Uses


Are you looking for tips for Ficus Benjamin?

There maintenance of the Ficus it does not require complicated care, but as with all indoor plants it is good to know a few useful tips.

Advice for the Ficus Benjamin. What climate does it require?

The Ficus Benjamin loves the hot and somewhat humid climate. For this plant to live well in the apartment, it is necessary that soil and foliage always have the right degree of humidity.

Be careful, because wet does not mean excessively wet! How to do? Here is some practical advice.

We can use two saucers, one larger and one smaller. We put the small saucer on top of the other, upside down, thus creating a rise for the vase. Fill the border created between the two saucers with a little expanded clay, which will be kept watered.

Thus, the Ficus will have the necessary humidity but the base of the plant will never be immersed in water. In this way, we will be able to avoid water stagnation and possible causes that would cause the roots of the Ficus to rot.

The soil must always be humid inside the jar. On the surface, between one watering and the next, let it dry and every now and then check the humidity level of the soil with your finger.

Once a month, we can fertilize the ficus by adding a dose of nitrogen fertilizer to water.

Where to put the Ficus? What is the right position for the plant?

We have seen that Ficus Benjamin is a plant from interior very widespread also in offices and commercial environments. The ideal position in which to put the vase is therefore inside, away from drafts and heat sources (radiators, stoves, fireplaces). The ficus does not like direct exposure to sunlight.

In the summer, we can relocate the ficus in the garden, outdoors. Remember not to expose the plant to direct sunlight. It will be necessary to keep the pot a little raised above the surface of the ground, to avoid water stagnation.

At the end of summer, in September, it's time to take the ficus indoors to the home or office. Thus, the plant will gradually get used to the internal temperature.

A useful tip for caring for ficus as a houseplant: once a week, we do rotate the pot 180 °, so all the hair will receive the same amount of light.

Ficus Benjamin: pruning and advice

In order for the plant to grow well, we must remove leaves and dry branches. Prune the Ficus by removing a few branch inside will help make the plant breathe.

We must not be afraid to cut some branches: lightening the foliage will give new life to the plant, which will continue to produce new shoots, more vigorous than the branches we have pruned.


Signs of Frost Damage

After frost damage a weeping fig's leaves may turn from green to a yellowish-brown. Partial or full leaf drop may follow. Portions of the tree may still retain leaves, but some sections may drop them. Brittle-looking and dry branches are often another sign, indicating dying wood. The branches may also turn a darker shade of brown, sometimes even turning almost black. These symptoms - especially the yellowing and loss of leaves - may occur if you have watered the plant too much or too little and from root rot. If the symptoms coincide with a recent frost, it's safe to assume that's the culprit.


During the years

If it is well cared for, this tree can take beautiful proportions (2 to 4 m). Rather than a rather boring repetition, you will practice large subjects in a simple way surfacing (replacement of the top layer of earth, which is quickly depleted).

Finally, if you can, don't hesitate to offer him a little exit to the gardenfrom April to October: this operation will be very profitable for its foliage.

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Video: Weeping Fig. Ficus Benjamina Care Tips!