How to properly prune an apricot in the fall

How to properly prune an apricot in the fall

The apricot is a very vigorous tree. Due to this feature, the growth of the crown is very fast, which can adversely affect the condition of the entire plant as a whole. Often, due to the rapid growth of shoots, the apricot tree is exposed to various diseasesmay even dry up and die. To avoid such consequences, it is necessary to regularly prune your pet in the fall.

Purpose of pruning apricot

Before considering the aforementioned process, you need to determine why the apricot needs such a procedure at all. The reasons may be as follows:

  1. Formation of a beautiful crown... In this case, circumcision is necessary for the aesthetic beauty of the apricot: removal of protruding and too long shoots, the formation of the desired shape of the crown of the tree.
  2. Shoot rejuvenation... Intense fruiting and an overly dense crown of the plant lead to aging and death of internal shoots.
  1. With no circumcision fruits become smaller, and their number is significantly reduced.
  2. Also without this procedure branches under the weight of the fruit will break... It is necessary to regulate the amount of ovary on the shoots.
  3. The growth and development of young twigs is reduced, subsequently finally stops. The apricot “grows old”, and, as a result, the fruits lose their varietal qualities, yielding in size and taste.
  4. Frosting shoots... If the tree grows in mid-latitudes, it is inevitably exposed to severe frosts. In this case, all affected or dried branches must be removed for sanitary purposes.

Thus, in order to form a neat and beautiful crown for your pet and ensure regular and abundant fruiting, as well as prolong the life of the fruit tree, systematically you need to cut off its shoots.

When to prune a tree

If we talk about the right time to prune an apricot tree, it should be noted that it is necessary to carry out a complex procedure... This means that you need to cut the apricot in the fall, summer and spring.

Sap flow, regardless of the time of the procedure, should be stopped, that is, pruning is carried out either before it begins in early spring, or at the end of it in late autumn.

It is recommended to start the process of cutting branches already in the first year. In the spring, they begin to form a crown, in order to subsequently stimulate abundant fruiting and improve the quality characteristics of the fruit.

In the fall, the plant is pruned for sanitary purposes.... At the same time, all diseased, damaged and dry shoots are removed to heal the whole tree.

Pruning branches in summer to stimulate the formation of young shoots... This procedure is carried out to rejuvenate the apricot with a frequency of once every two or three years.

How to properly prune an apricot in the fall

In the autumn, the apricot must be pruned to remove damaged and non-viable branches. In this way, the plant is prepared for the upcoming wintering and helps to gain strength for the next season. Also an important result of cutting off weak branches will be the formation of young shoots... Often, it is on them that most of the fruits of the apricot tree are formed.

Autumn pruning is recommended in late autumn, not earlier than mid-October.

Also a distinctive feature of this fruit tree is that excess ovary is not thrown off by the plant... This leads to breaking off of branches and plant disease.

Therefore, in the fall, it is necessary to carry out not only sanitary, but also regulating and rejuvenating pruning.

In the fall, only medium and early-ripening apricot varieties are pruned.

Instrument preparation

To care for an apricot tree, you need the following tools:

  • secateurs;
  • garden grafting knife;
  • garden saw;
  • sharpening bar;
  • twine to support shoots and branches;
  • means for closing cuts and wounds (for example, garden pitch).

First, everyone garden tools must be sharpened carefully... A garden knife is sharpened on a wet block in order to remove iron filings. A new pruner, or blunt one, must be disassembled and its blade sharpened. Then check the tool. The secateurs can be adjusted by controlling the tension of the nut: if the grip is too tight, it is loosened, if it is free, it is tightened.

Before starting work for a garden saw, you need to spread the teeth in opposite directions, alternating their slope to the right and left. The bending angle of the teeth is kept the same, with the sharp side all the teeth should be directed inward.

Immediately before the procedure, the entire instrument is disinfected in order to protect the plant from diseases and pests.

Cutting scheme and technology

In autumn formative pruning of apricot carried out so that the plant in the next season supplies the fruit-bearing shoots with nutrients evenly. That is why this type of pruning is practiced from a young age of trees.

In order to form the crown, pruning is carried out in a discharged-tiered way. For this, 6-7 main strong shoots are left, located 30-40 cm from each other.

Such pruning is carried out in the following way:

  1. In the first year of life, the trees form a crown.cutting the whip by a quarter. On a young plant, two main shoots are left, providing a distance between them of about 30 cm, the remaining branches are removed. The remaining branches are cut to a length less than the length of the whip by 20-30 cm.
  2. The next year, two young branches are pruned in the same way., leaving a distance of up to 40 cm between them.
  3. In the following years, they carry out the same procedure., increasing the gap by 10 cm.
  4. Branches on the central shoot cut in half if they exceed 60 cm in length... The short ones are left unchanged.
  5. If the apricot tree has short and weak branches, but they will be able to bear fruit in the future, it is recommended to pinch them until they are strong enough to support the weight of the fruit.

Regulatory pruning helps preserve the crown and yield of the apricot. In this case, shoots are removed with the growth direction inside the crown to ensure a sufficient level of illumination of all parts of the plant.

In an adult plant, the growth of new shoots is often suspended. In order to rejuvenate a mature plant, it is pruned in autumn.:

  1. After a careful examination of the plant, several non-fruiting branches are selected. Them sawn off with a garden saw at an angle of 45 degrees.
  2. Determine some of the strongest shoots, relatively young. It is necessary remove branches growing on them, all or a few large ones.

Old branches should be cut off with each fall pruning gradually over several years, without waiting for the death of the plant.

How to care for a tree after pruning

After pruning, the apricot needs attention. After the procedure, the following care steps must be taken:

  1. Close up all sections garden pitch.
  2. To disinfect large wounds, use copper sulfate solution.
  3. For the subsequent adaptation and restoration of the apricot, phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers are applied.

Pruning an apricot tree correctly can seem like a time-consuming process, especially for novice gardeners. But this essential requirement for plant health and ensuring the required quantity and quality of the fruit.

Autumn pruning of apricot forms the crown, increases yield and prolongs life. Due to the excessively active growth of shoots and their thickening, the risk of diseases increases, the tree dries up and may even die.

Pruning prepares the apricot for winter rest, allows it to gain strength for the next year. Seasonally damaged and non-viable branches are removed, a balance is established between fruitful and deciduous shoots.

What will happen if you do not do it

The fruit culture is distinguished by abundant flowering and the appearance of many ovaries, from the excess of which it is not able to get rid of on its own. If you do not control their number, this will damage the tree - under the weight of so many fruits, the branches will break.

What happens if the procedure is neglected:

  1. A harmoniously developed crown will not form - the shoots will stick out in all directions.
  2. Branch growth will be chaotic.
  3. New fruit shoots are not formed - the yield will drop, the tree will age quickly.
  4. The fruits are crushed, their quality and taste will deteriorate.

Pruning is the foundation of a tree's health.

Cropping value

Removing excess shoots from fruit trees is usually done to increase yields, but apricots are not in this category. It is distinguished from other fruit trees by the inability to independently regulate the number of ovaries. In the first years of development, fruiting is abundant, so the plant is depleted in a short time and dies. Formation is necessary to regulate the number of deciduous and fruit shoots. The yield in the next summer after such a manipulation decreases, but the plant receives additional years of life and fruiting.

Pruning in autumn is only suitable for early and medium-early fruiting apricots. With a late ripening of fruits, this procedure is practiced in the spring. Removing shoots in the fall weakens and injures the plant.

Regular pruning of unnecessary branches helps:

  1. Form a beautifully shaped crown. Too long shoots knocking out of it make the plant unkempt and give an unkempt appearance.
  2. Rejuvenate the crown. From abundant fruiting, the branches quickly age and die off. After pruning, young shoots grow and the number of fruits increases.
  3. Increase fruit size and taste.
  4. Eliminate the deformation of the shoots. Under the load of the crop, branches bend and often break.
  5. Rejuvenate the crown. Without pruning, new branches do not grow, the taste of the fruit deteriorates, the tree gradually grows old and stops forming ovaries.
  6. To rid the plant of branches damaged by frost and diseases.

For apricots, different pruning methods are possible:

  • restoring
  • formative
  • rejuvenating
  • sanitary
  • regulatory.

In young seedlings, branches are removed to obtain a crown of the correct shape. After such manipulation, new shoots grow quickly, and with the onset of warm weather, abundant fruiting begins. They begin to form in the second or third year after planting the seedling. Then the ripening of the fruit begins. Before this period, shortening of the branches directed towards the center of the crown and thickening it is allowed, since they worsen the illumination of the tree. After the beginning of fruiting, regulating pruning is started. With the help of it, the normal development of the tree is supported - it stimulates its growth and inhibits the formation of ovaries.

For adult plants, rejuvenation is performed. In such trees, the development of new branches deteriorates. They give little or no growth. Pruning stimulates the development of old shoots and encourages the culture to form young ones. In addition, the tree becomes more resistant to cold weather in winter. When parasitic insects appear on the tree or an infection develops, sanitary pruning is done. During it, all infected branches are removed. Then the tree is treated with medications that destroy pests and infectious agents.

How to properly prune shoots in the autumn

How to prune an apricot correctly? This question worries most gardeners. In the fall, the fruit tree must be prepared for the cold season by removing dead and dead shoots. Pruning allows you to prepare the plant for wintering and gives you the opportunity to gain strength for the coming season. The procedure is recommended to be performed in late autumn, in mid-October.

Necessary gardening tools

In caring for an apricot, you need the following list of tools:

  • sharp garden saw
  • sharpened secateurs
  • grafting knife
  • sharpening throw
  • products for the treatment of sections and wounds
  • special twine to support branches.

Garden tools must be well sharpened and disinfected before use in order to exclude the transfer of diseases from other plants.

Correct pruning of apricots in spring, summer and autumn (diagram)

The apricot is a tree that retains all its ovaries, and in order for it to be beautiful and bring a stable harvest, the grower should do annual pruning.

Carrying out such work, you can make a lot of mistakes, therefore it is very important to know the correct algorithm of actions and approach this procedure as seriously as possible.

Why prune an apricot in the fall

Pruning trees in autumn is usually intended to stimulate fruiting, but with apricots, this is not the case. Unlike apples or pears, it is not able to regulate the number of fruits itself, and in the first few years it gives such abundant harvests that it quickly becomes depleted and dies. Therefore, the task of the zealous gardener is to adjust the ratio of fruit and deciduous branches. By pruning fruit branches, we reduce the yield that we will receive in the next season, but we increase the years of life and fruiting of the tree.

Only early and mid-early apricot varieties can be cut in autumn. If your apricot bears fruit late, only spring pruning is suitable for it, and removing some of the branches in the fall will only injure and weaken the tree.

How to care for a tree after pruning

After pruning, the apricot needs attention. After the procedure, the following care steps must be taken:

  1. Close up all sections garden pitch.
  2. To disinfect large wounds, use copper sulfate solution.
  3. For the subsequent adaptation and restoration of the apricot, phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers are applied.

Places of apricot cuts should be immediately treated with a special garden varnish or ordinary paint for wooden coatings.

Pruning an apricot tree correctly can seem like a time-consuming process, especially for novice gardeners. But this essential requirement for plant health and ensuring the required quantity and quality of the fruit.

Watch the video: 2014 Apricot pruning planning