Nephrolepis is a house fern that came to us from tropical and subtropical regions. Initially, it was very popular in Southeast Asia, as well as African and American countries. Nephrolepis belongs to the genus of ferns.
In addition to its appearance, this plant also attracts attention with such properties as air purification. Nephrolepis is able to easily absorb substances such as formaldehyde and toluene. In addition, this plant kills germs that sick people release into the air. That is why nephrolepis can often be found on windowsills in hospitals and medical institutions.
In order to maximize the beauty of this fern, it is recommended to use hanging planters, since nephrolepis seems less graceful in ordinary pots.
Popular types and varieties of nephrolepis
Nephrolepis has many varieties, but only two of its types can be grown at home - sublime nephrolepis and cordifolia nephrolepis.
The following types of this plant are considered the most common:
This type of this plant is the most common and it is easiest to grow it at home. It has a high perpendicularly located root, foliage is large, once-feathery. This type of flower almost does not respond to changes in the humidity regime.
As the name implies, this type of flower was bred in the United States, namely in Boston. But this did not stop breeders from other countries, and after a short period of time, Boston nephrolepis appeared in the world with double-pinned, triple-pinned and even a small amount with four-pinned fronds.
This type of nephrolepis is rapidly gaining popularity among indoor plant lovers. Significantly different from other types of nephrolepis. The main differences are that on the underground shoots there are bulges in the form of tubers, and the growth of the leaves is directed straight up.
It was first grown in Central America. It differs from other species in its incredibly long leaf; with proper plant care, they can reach two meters in length.
Nephrolepis Green Lady
This type of nephrolepis has very lush leaves that crown the rhizome. It is one of the most beautiful varieties of this plant.
Nephrolepis - growing and caring at home
Despite the fact that only two types of nephrolepis can be grown at home, it is absolutely not difficult. Even a novice florist can handle this. The main thing is not to act at random and read the basic tips for caring for nephrolepis.
Location and lighting
The primary task when caring for a fern is to find the right light regime. As you know, this plant prefers dark places, therefore it is strictly forbidden to place it in the open sun. But this does not mean at all that you need to place nephrolepis in the darkest corner of the house. Just place it where there is a slight shadow and the sun's rays are diffused.
If it is not possible to place nephrolepis under a natural light source, then you can replace it with a special lamp. Under artificial lighting, nephrolepis should be placed under a lamp for at least a few hours a day.
As a rule, there are no problems with placing nephrolepis in an apartment, because due to its appearance, it fits perfectly into various interior styles.
The best option would be to place nephrolepis on the windowsills of the east and west windows. If your apartment does not have windows facing east or west, and the windows are illuminated by the sun throughout the year, then do not despair, you can simply place nephrolepis at a short distance (at least 1 meter) from the windows. You can use a beautiful stand or a vase for flowers - it will seem that it was originally intended.
In the summer, nephrolepis can be moved to the balcony. Naturally, we must not forget that the plant should be placed in a darkened place. It is also important to ensure that rain does not fall on the nephrolepis - this will negatively affect the further growth of the plant.
In autumn and winter, nephrolepis must be kept in a warm room, so it must be taken from the balcony. Nephrolepis will feel perfect if in the cold seasons of the year artificial lighting is organized with the help of a lamp; the plant needs to be illuminated for at least 6-7 hours a day.
Regardless of the season, the optimum temperature for growing this fern species is 20-22 degrees. It is worth noting that nephrolepis is able to survive a decrease in temperature by 12 degrees, but this can become severe stress for the plant and lead to the occurrence of various diseases or pests.
In addition to lighting, the growth of nephrolepis is significantly affected by the level of air humidity. For a plant, it will be preferable to be in a room where the humidity level is high enough. This is due to where this fern comes from - in tropical climates there is always a high level of humidity.
If nephrolepis is grown in an apartment or office, it is necessary to spray it daily with water. According to some professional florists, spraying is best done not even once, but two or three times a day.
Only with daily spraying with water can the necessary moisture level be provided to nephrolepis. In the case when it is not possible to spray the plant with water every day (for example, a trip to the sea or on a business trip), you can put a container filled with water next to the fern - this will humidify the air next to the nephrolepis.
Watering nephrolepis is necessary daily, and at the same time, do not forget about spraying with water, which also needs to be done two or three times a day. If in the winter season you can forget about watering the plant for a while, then in the summer you should water the fern abundantly. When autumn comes, you can switch to watering mode after one day, but you need to continue spraying the plant in the same mode as in summer.
Top dressing and fertilizers
This type of fern requires regular and frequent feeding. Especially nephrolepis needs feeding in the autumn and spring. For feeding, it is best to use mineral and organic fertilizers (in order).
It is strictly forbidden to fertilize the plant from mid-autumn to the end of winter, since the impact on the soil during this period can lead to the emergence of pests. Fertilizers should never be concentrated.
In order for nephrolepis to become more healthy every year and not have any diseases, it is necessary to carry out a fern transplant every year. It is best to replant the plant during the spring season. Plants that are more than three years old should be transplanted every 2-3 years.
If you notice that the pot in which the nephrolepis grows is already too small, then you do not need to leave everything like that - it is better to transplant the plant into a larger container. This will speed up the growth of the flower. It is best to plant a plant in a soil mixture of peat and coniferous soil.
The pot for growing nephrolepis must be wide and shallow. This is due to the fact that the root system of nephrolepis is superficial. It is necessary to pour pebbles or expanded clay at the bottom of the pot - this will ensure good drainage and waste of excess water. If this is not done, then waterlogging and acidification of the soil may occur, which, in turn, leads to the death of the plant.
Reproduction of nephrolepis
Reproduction of the nephrolepis fern is possible in two ways: by shoots and division.
For example, by transplanting a plant annually, a large nephrolepis bush can be divided. If you propagate nephrolepis by shoots, then you need to put a small pot next to an adult bush and sprinkle the tops of the young plant with a prepared soil mixture. Very soon, frond and roots will form in the new pot. After 3-4 fronds grow, the young plant can be sown from an adult flower.
The rhizome can be divided only after young leaves appear on the sides. It is these sides with rhizomes that are transplanted into a new pot.
Problems with growing nephrolepis
When growing nephrolepis at home, there may be certain signs that the plant is uncomfortable. For example, if dark spots appear on a fern, then most likely it is exposed to excessive sun exposure. To solve this problem, it is imperative to rearrange the plant in the shade and do not forget about watering and spraying with water.
If rot appears on the nephrolepis, then most likely the reason is that there is stagnation of water in the pot. In other words, you have poured too much water into the flower. To solve this problem, it is necessary to dry all the soil, and after that continue to water the plant (it is very important not to overdo it again).
If nephrolepis begins to dry out, you need to look for the cause either in the watering mode (the plant is not watered enough), or in the lighting (the plant does not have enough light). In this case, it is recommended to rearrange the fern to a different, more illuminated place and be sure to moisten the soil.
If the fern has not seen an increase in growth for a long time, then this may be due to a lack of space in the pot. You just need to transplant the flower into a larger pot.
Diseases and pests
With improper care of nephrolepis, various diseases or pests can strike it. For example, if nephrolepis lacks moisture in the air, then a spider mite may appear on it. Occasionally, the appearance of a scab is observed. The appearance of a mealybug is characterized by a deterioration in the condition of the leaves, external damage is observed on them.
With proper care, nephrolepis will not only delight you with an incredibly beautiful appearance, but also improve your health by clearing the air of harmful substances and microbes.
nephrolepsis fern houseplants A. Panarin # botany # fern # plants # flowers
Nephrolepis openwork fan
A dense green bush with an openwork fan,
And this sheet is a captivating cut,
O nephrolepis, you descended from heaven ...
(from the personal archive of the author)
The genus name "nephrolepis" comes from the Greek words "nephros" - "kidney" and "lepis" - "scales". The genus Nephrolepis includes about 30 species, common in the tropical regions of Southeast Asia, America, Australia. This is one of the very best plants to grow in a room. The leaves of nephrolepis are pinnately dissected, light green, long. Sporangia are located on the underside of the leaflets.
Nephrolepis is considered one of the most beautiful ferns. It is better to place it in a room alone. In close contact of nephrolepis with other plants or pieces of furniture, fragile fern leaves may be damaged.
The place for the plant should be chosen bright, but protected from direct sunlight. The optimal place for nephrolepis is next to the western or eastern window. On warm summer days, it is useful to take the fern outside or on the balcony for some fresh air. In summer, the temperature of the content is from 18 to 21 degrees, in winter - 18 degrees. In autumn and winter, the real stress for nephrolepis is dry air in the living room. To make life easier for a flower, you need to spray it with water at room temperature every day, you can even twice a day.
Nephrolepis needs regular care. The ground should be constantly moist, but not waterlogged. When planting, a high drainage layer is made at the bottom of the pot in order to prevent soil rotting and ensure good air exchange. Water the plant with soft, settled, boiled water. Spray the leaves regularly. Dead or damaged leaves are promptly removed.
During the growth period, nephrolepis is fed every week with a highly diluted fertilizer for decorative leafy plants: the active growth of the fern depends on the presence of nutrients in the substrate. In winter, watering it is slightly reduced, not fed.
A young fern is transplanted once a year in the spring, and adult plants - after 2-3 years. The substrate should consist of a mixture of deciduous soil, humus, peat, turf, sand in a proportion (3: 1: 3: 2: 1) with the addition of sphagnum moss. Although, if you do not want to mess with a complex substrate, you can mix deciduous, turfy soil and sand in a ratio (3: 1: 1). It is useful to add charcoal to the ground - it is a good bactericidal agent, "green" for plants. During transplanting, do not cover the neck of the fern with earth - leave the top of the rhizome on the surface of the earth. Immediately after transplanting, water the plant abundantly and monitor the moisture content of the substrate for a week so that the lower leaves do not dry out.
Nephrolepis is a terrestrial and epiphytic perennial with a short rhizome, on which, in addition to leaves, terrestrial rooting lashes are formed, from which a new plant can be grown. Several lashes are pressed against the surface of the ground of another pot with hairpins or pieces of wire. Water the cuttings so that the potted substrate is constantly moist. When the layers grow, they are carefully separated.
You can also propagate nephrolepis by offspring that form on the rhizome. They are transplanted into a substrate with the addition of peat, watered well, covered with a film and maintain a temperature of about 15 degrees.
When transplanting adult nephrolepis in February-March, you can carefully divide the rhizome, plant each cut in a separate pot, cover the small layers with a transparent bag, put in a bright, warm place and water regularly.
Often nephrolepis is affected by the scab and mealybug. The shield is collected by hand, then the places infested with pests are disinfected with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. The mealybug is afraid of actellic, phytoverm and water - more often pour water over the fern from the shower.
Nephrolepis is afraid of the bright sun - there may be a burn on the leaves.
With poor, scanty watering, nephrolepis leaves wither.
Pale color of leaves, poor plant growth indicate a lack of nutrients.
Leaves turn yellow from the base, brown spots on adult leaves - with too warm, dry air.
But if brown dots and stripes appear on the leaves of nephrolepis, on their lower surface, do not worry, these are spores that have formed in the saccular containers of the fern - sporangia. Spores can be used to breed ferns, but they are very labor intensive.
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Indoor fern: home care
Among all ferns, nephrolepis is the best option for growing in rooms, as it is the most hardy of this species.Nephrolepis is a very beautiful ornamental plant with rich green leaves of dark and light shades. The color of the leaves depends entirely on the lighting and on the ground in the flowerpot.
How to care for indoor fern? The main thing is not to overfill or overfeed the plant. In addition, there are some more features: you need to know what the fern likes and what makes it start to hurt and dry out. Basically, there are no difficulties, you just need to follow the rules outlined in this article. As a result, you will get a beautiful plant with luxurious green leaves.
You don't have to be a floriculture guru to provide indoor nephrolepis with proper care. Plant requirements are simple and understandable even for a beginner:
- Fern watering should be balanced: the soil should always remain moist, but stagnation of water is contraindicated for nephrolepis. In the spring and summer, water is served as soon as the topsoil dries up, in autumn and winter - 2-3 days after the surface has dried.
- From March to September, that is, during the active growing season, nephrolepis needs enhanced nutrition - fertilizers for decorative deciduous crops should be applied every 7-10 days. In winter, the fern resting in a cool room is not fed, but if the pet is waiting for spring on a warm windowsill, you can periodically "treat" him with a weak solution of complex fertilizer, but not more than once a month.
- In addition to timely watering and regular feeding, home ferns need to ensure high ambient humidity: fill the tray under the pot with wet peat and spray the plant leaves daily with warm boiled water.
These simple events should be taken very seriously, since the well-being and appearance of your handsome man depends on them.
Nephrolepis - planting and care: reviews and advice
I choose nephrolepsis
This fern was given to me by my daughter three years ago. I was bribed by its unpretentiousness and the possibility of keeping it in diffused lighting.
I looked for a place for nephrolelis on the wall in the kitchen opposite the window facing west. It is quite light there after lunch, since there are no trees under the window and there is additional lighting from fluorescent lamps attached to the adjacent wall above the shelves with flowers. Humidity in the kitchen is always high, which also benefits the plant. In addition, every day I spray it from a finely dispersed spray with warm filtered water and periodically arrange a warm shower - for hygienic reasons and to prevent ticks.
To plant the fern, I take light and acidic soil, to which I add sand. The pot is wide and shallow, since the nephro-lepis grows in breadth. I put the container with the plant in a hanging planter, in which there is always a little water. Drainage is required so that the roots do not rot. Fungal diseases can develop from overflow, but if the earthy clod dries up, the plant will die.
From spring to mid-autumn, I feed the fern every 2 weeks with fertilizer for decorative leafy species in half concentration.
If old fronds turn yellow and die off, you should not be upset, this is a natural process - I cut them off at the base. But if young fronds turn yellow, dry air or pests are the culprits. The plant also turns pale due to lack of light or nutrition.
Nephrolepis is one of the most elegant indoor ferns, which not only serves as an interior decoration (can be grown as an ampel), but also cleans the air in the apartment from formaldehyde and other substances harmful to health.
Author: Olga MALYAR Author's photo
Fern is handsome again!
I love flowers, and I have a large number of them - from miniature violets to tall monsters. And "Dichlorvos" helps to save green pets from pests: I put the damaged plant in a bag, sprinkle it with the preparation and tie it tightly. However, there are times when you need to look for other remedies.
Once I bought nephrolepis. I quarantined the houses. After 10 days, she transferred the handsome man to the bedroom closer to the window. And in the morning I saw that the fronds were crumbling.
There was nothing suspicious on the plant, but I still used Dichlorvos - the result was not pleasing. There was a swampy smell, and three weeks after the purchase, the fronds became naked.
Then I took the fern out of the pot, shook off the soil and dipped the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 40 minutes. Then I dried them, cut off the rotten and dry ones.
I planted the plant in fresh universal soil and shed it with Trichophyte (biosecurity). I poured the drug until new fronds appeared. Nephrolepis stood on the street in a shaded, windless place, gradually transformed and became a handsome man, as before.
Once again, on a cold winter day, strolling along the flower shelves in a large building materials supermarket
(oh, I love this thing!), on the shelf with markdowns, I saw a small pot of Nephrolepis fern for only 100 rubles. Slightly crumbly and scanty, but so bright and cheerful - this is what is just missing in my kitchen!
You know, most in the kitchen have shelves on the table with all sorts of jars. There I wanted to place a new "resident". But he did not immediately move to this place. Everything in order.
After reading on the internet that ferns love moist soil and spraying, I decided to plant it not in an ordinary pot with a hole and a tray, but in a pots without a drainage hole... At the bottom she poured expanded clay, then a little earth, and then the bush itself. I don't remember exactly which land I used, most likely either universal or for palm trees (I like it more than others).
The windows in my apartment are either south or north (just the kitchen). I put the plant first on the southern, lightest window, so that it adapts faster. There were no burning rays, but it was winter in the yard.
Here is a photo of him after the transplant.
After a while I noticed that new sprouts began to grow. Well, that means he liked it here! I watered the plant well, did not allow the earthen coma to dry out, but it did not dry out quickly, due to the lack of a drainage hole.
In May, together with the others, Nephrolepis moved to a balcony, bright, but without direct sunlight. AND started growing very quickly, launching new arrows every weeklonger than the previous one. Here is a photo somewhere in the middle of summer, that is, six months after the purchase.
Over the summer, it grew noticeably, and then, finally, I got to the kitchen, where I wanted to put it from the very beginning!
Throughout the fall, the fern continued to grow, to form new growths, apparently due to the reserves accumulated over the summer. And then the lack of a normal sun made itself felt and my handsome man became crumble a little, and in our apartment in winter it is very hot, the earth dries out quickly. To retain moisture directly put sphagnum moss on the ground (already planted bush in the photo). In addition, this moss collects on itself all the salts contained in the running water. By the way, you can add pine bark and peat to the soil, if any.
And in March, when daylight became noticeably greater and the first spring sun warmed up, he "woke up", new sprouts appeared again. I decided on a transplant, removed the dry sprouts and divided the bush into 3 parts, for myself, my mother and my friend, as I promised.
I have never used special fertilizer. From time to time he got water with fertilizers for orchids (for example, this one).
Of course, the fern is not as fluffy now as it was before the separation, but I think that over the summer it will improve its health on the balcony and return to its place - decorate my kitchen!