Vegetative clones of Manchurian apricots
Actually, you don't have to read any further. After all, the creation of vegetative clones with the help of inoculations, together with the debunking of "Lysenkoism", is recognized by many scientists as pseudoscience. And what should I do now: put the apricot trees under the ax, since their frost does not take up to -40 ° C, and the yields are outrageous.
But let's not chop off the shoulder. I have told enough about vegetative hybrids, "... which do not exist and cannot be ...", all this is on my website http://sad-sib.ru. But everyone who was interested has read it and probably forgot.
Then I decided to just talk about quite fresh (at the end of 2013) "wrong" and "illegitimate" clones and at the same time ... vegetative hybrids that are not similar to their "moms and dads".
It is impossible to solve the riddle of vegetative hybrids at this stage. It is impossible to plan for their appearance and future properties.
I repeat once again and deduce seditious postulates that: vegetative hybrids appear on the border of the survival of a particular grafted tree (therefore, they are not in warmer regions, they do not know about them and do not want to know about them). In addition, Mendel's laws do not apply on this border.
And God bless them with these laws. But how interesting it is to live in a Siberian garden, which is an analogue of paradise, and there are fruits that even Adam and Eve did not eat more deliciously.
Whether the new qualities of fruits, the structure of their skeletons and leaves, and, most importantly, frost resistance, will be preserved in the genetic memory of seeds or scion branches - the next generation of gardeners will figure it out (sorry - not science), but I don't have time.
Will vegetative hybrids be explained? I don't know, I'm at a loss myself. It seems that histochemistry is powerless here too.
From just one question: is there a gene for frost resistance? - only validol saves. How many terms have I used, causing the ridicule of specialists! He piled up literate and illiterate terms, they say, genes are involved in vaccinations: "sleeping", "wandering", "returning", "awakened", "borderline", "protective", "recessive", "dominant", "combined" ...
The most fertile material for research is the transformation of cherries into cherries and vice versa in ... one generation (see video).
V. Zhelezov - a look beyond the horizon
Any specialist within the framework of official science will use special terms to explain anything in his normally southern garden, where trees, in order to survive (offspring), do not need to strain. But, attention!
Let this specialist explain how in one year the fruits on a seedling of a hybrid Manchurian apricot, (see photo # 1 - his "dad", presumably the Amur variety, which in photo # 2) turns sequentially into ... However, we read further.
The improbability of what I will tell you next is so great that only cooperation with the head himself saves me from being accused of insincerity. laboratory of fruit growing AIAP Ph.D. T. Duskabilov.
So, we are immersed in incredible events: in the third year, the seedlings of the Manchurian bloomed, and in the fourth year they gave pale yellow fruits (see photo # 3), and on the fifth they gave this beauty (see photo No. 4).
Well, how is it possible!
And below is the dialogue, like in Little Red Riding Hood with the Wolf:
- Where does the powerful growth come from? - From the Manchu.
- Where does the frost resistance come from? - From him.
- Where do the pale yellow fruits come from? - From him.
- Where do the large noble leaves come from? - Not from a Manchu, but from ... a sort of Academician?
- Where does the great edibility of the fruit come from? - Not from a Manchu, but, perhaps, from his own biological "dad" (Cupid), and, perhaps, from a vegetative "dad" (Academician).
And then - the uttermost!
- Well, where did you get, seedling, (unprintable expression) - see photo No. 4 - such a red-scarlet color of the fruit literally the next year after yellow? - I don't know, damn it! Maybe from the Academician. But he, too, only this year blushed so much (see photo No. 5).
You, my friends, are probably already twirling your finger at your temple and asking me: what is the side of the Akademik variety?
And from such that when the seedling was one year old, an Academician stalk was grafted onto it, which did not live a day with awakened buds - gradually dried up.
And then, although you can continue to twist your fingers at your temple - (well, I have no other answer options) - the Academician's genes managed to penetrate into a foreign organism that did not accept the scion as a foreign body, and this may not be a full-fledged vaccine (since the scion died), but let's call it (this attempt), attention: vegetative selection injection.
That is, a separate case of what I previously called for a simpler - "vegetative hybridization - vice versa or from top to bottom."
And I came up with this explanation in despair - not having received from science a single response to this riddle. And you friends, if you like, look for your explanation.
But the time has come to reveal the already shared secret. All, I emphasize, ALL self-rooted seedlings of hybrid Manchurians, including the one in photo No. 4, at one time - 3-7 years ago - were grafted with the most cultivated and large-fruited varieties of apricots - Faina, Akademik, Korolevsky, Amur, Seraphim , Bai (Levitsky) and Khasansky peach.
Over the past three years, they (grafts) died (a couple) or froze (the rest gave tops below the grafts), and I brought the rootstocks to fruiting.
The result is that frost resistance has decreased only in two rootstocks (frostbites). But the color, taste and size of the fruit turned out to be different and not necessarily similar to the alleged "dads".
Let's go further. This unnamed medium-sized European cultivar was grafted with lateral skeletal grafting, again with the Akademik cultivar. (see photo No. 6)... The classical form of the Academician and the weight of the fruits is about 50 g (for photo No. 5 - already a clone).
Following him, take a closer look, all the fruits of the round-headed European became indistinguishable from the Akademik variety (see photo No. 7).
Another tree - now try to recognize these fruits in Academician (see photo No. 8)... But dear "mom" (more precisely - "dad" - Academician GT Kazmin) - they definitely do not recognize.
And these fruits the Academician does not know that on photo No. 9, since the influence of the rootstock is clearly strong - a mentor (the first step to a vegetative clone). And the fruits are not colored properly, and the weight is no more than 50 grams.
My contact address:
Zhelezov Valery Konstantinovich
665602, rep. Khakassia, Sayanogorsk, 10 md., 2-A, apt. 7
Tel. 8 (39042) 2-63-76, 8-960-776-86-72
e-mail: [email protected]
Read the next part. Grafting "injection" of apricots - miracles in the Siberian garden?
Valery Zhelezov, gardener
Photo by the author
Read also about apricots:
• Moscow apricots, varieties and care
• Vologda apricot, reproduction and cultivation
• Cutting of a hybrid of common and Manchurian apricots
• Shelter of apricot and peach for the winter
• Sloe is a reliable rootstock for apricot
• Plum: the main types and features of agricultural technology
Peaches - vegetative clones of Zhelezov on Sakhalin
Vitaly Shalamai's letter from Sakhalin:
Cuttings of Khasansky peach clones were obtained among other crops from the Siberian gardener V. Zhelezov. Grafted on felt and steppe cherries, grow in polycarbonate greenhouse for the third year, in the second year 4 pieces were harvested. one tree had one rather large fruit about 120-140 grams, the other had three fruits the size of a large chicken egg.
In the third year, grafted onto a steppe cherry gives 5 large fruits on average 200 grams, in the photo where this hand was 220 grams. I cover it with sawdust in bags for the winter, the principle is described on the site of the Apricot farm, at E. Piskunov, but I covered it more thoroughly. I open it in the first decade of April or by temperature, since there are also frosts up to 20 degrees, it blooms in late April and early May, the only drawback is that there is no pollination, the insects have not yet woken up, and what I myself processed with a cotton swab was apparently not enough, therefore, only 7 fruits were set on one 5 and on the other 2, and the peaches bloomed profusely, the twigs were covered with soft pink flowers.
Peaches, grapes and tomatoes grow in the same greenhouse. The only problem I have with peaches is the spider mite. I have to do two or three sprays per season, I don’t understand where it came from, but it only eats a peach.
By itself, I won't say that peach is a whimsical culture, it's quite easy to care for, I don't use fertilizers at all, neither mineral water, nor humus - and so it's quite fast and powerful growth, watered with clean water, that's all the care. (The grafting grows more than two meters and gives branches not only of the second, but also of the third order, and this is only in one of our short and cold summer, and the next year it already bears the first fruits, a very early-growing culture.
The taste of peach, apparently from lack of sun, is sweet and sour, but very juicy and the bone from the pulp leaves almost dry, like an apricot. The most important thing is that the taste is better than the store ones, and this is in the conditions of Sakhalin. Ripens by mid-August. On August 17, the fruits began to fall off and after a week they all fell off. Another feature of growing a peach in a greenhouse is that it must be restrained in growth by pruning, otherwise a very tall and large greenhouse (greenhouse) is needed, and the peach bears fruit on the shoots of last year, therefore it is very early-growing.
Apple-tree Ural bulk
Apple-tree Ural liquid, this year was the first apple and it was quite tasty, planting on a hill and mowing the grass around - that's all the care, and in the third year the result.
Grapes and cherries Zhukovskaya
Grapes were subscribed to by N. Sergeev from Yuzhno-Uralsk, I lost the name of the variety, but this was in the second year after planting the rooted chubuk, and they also told me that it was a waste of time and effort and nothing would work out. ... And this is your cherry Zhukovskaya, dear Valery Konstantinovich, grafted on our wildfishes, although the grafting is two years old. But look, what is the difference in the size of the leaf, there was no harvest yet, but it did not freeze either, and the frosts were over 35, and it was not covered.
Apricot prostrated in the refrigerator and planted on April 16 under the film in 2015.
What is the peculiarity of this tree, when the seedlings sprung up, their leaf was longish carved and rough to the touch, in the second year too, and in the third year, see for yourself - the leaf is large, rounded and smooth to the touch.
Souvenir of the East, peach and apricot.
And here, from left to right, your plum Souvenir of the East from seeds, peach from seeds and apricot rim also from seeds. Notice, the peach is on the street, but the wood does not ripen, and the branches freeze about 40 cm, but the rest remains and grows, and the strength of growth increases every year. Say planted densely - yes, planted densely, but even thicker than in the photo, every year weak trees make room for stronger ones - natural selection. And in the end, what remains will continue to grow. Here's an experience from the central part of Sakhalin. Best regards, Vitaly Shalamay. Sakhalin.
V. Zhelezov's comment:
Dear Vitaly, you have performed a miracle that you don't even know about. I have been torturing you for a long time to see if this is a mistake. Fruits up to 220 g. 3 times more? Background: Found in the village. Sizaya (Shushensky district) practically frozen peach tree Khasansky. For the following autumn it looked like this - photo.
Peaches, sour, did not ripen before winter and weighed no more than 25 grams.
It was 2001. Then a triumphal procession from one kidney began. and a miracle happened - see photo.
Above is the Manchurian Apricot graft.
Above is the Chinese plum graft.
Above - the second generation - small fruits due to a large harvest. And the largest size in this photo:
And yet it is only 60-70 gr.
And above you read that Vitaly Shalamai grew peaches in a greenhouse up to 220 grams. Well, it would seem that special. After all, my peaches winter in the Siberian frost without shelter, and here is a greenhouse! But, sending these photos and the story to me, he did not even realize that he actually became a co-author of the world discovery, putting the last brick in it. And it, the discovery, ATTENTION, sounds like this: With the help of inoculations according to the special method of V. Zhelezov, we get the opportunity to return the purely heavenly qualities to the fruits of trees that have run wild in harsh conditions - size and taste. And I already have dozens of such examples. These examples are on my website, in the sections photo gallery, videos from the Siberian garden and publications.
These amazing clones of apricots - garden and vegetable garden
Salting waves for the winter this is a process, the final tasty results of which every procurer is looking forward to, while still collecting these amazing mushrooms in the forest.
If you have such an opportunity, be sure to salt these mushrooms for the winter, and we will help you with this and share with you our signature recipe.
Zasolka volnushek delicious – a recipe with a detailed description.
Required ingredients per kilogram of wave mushrooms:
Allspice peas - 10 pcs
Dried clove buds - 3-4 pcs
Salting the waves, like all other mushrooms, it begins with a careful selection of them. Then they need to be washed, peeled and boiled in salted water with the addition of allspice, currant leaves, cloves for 15-20 minutes.
Further, with a slotted spoon, it is necessary to remove the mushrooms from the broth and, having tipped them over in a colander, let them drain completely, and then rinse with cold running water.
Then transfer the mushrooms to a special container for salting, the same in which salting of honey agarics is done., add bay leaves, black peppercorns, garlic there, sprinkle with salt, at the rate of 1.5 tablespoons of salt per 1 liter of water and pour chilled broth in which mushrooms were previously cooked
On top of the mushrooms laid and filled with liquid, you need to place a wooden circle and put oppression so that the brine completely covers the waves.
The container with the workpiece should be transferred to the refrigerator or cellar. When the mushrooms are completely cooled, they can be laid out in pre-prepared clean, dry sterilized jars and rolled up with boiled tin lids for seaming. Turn the jars upside down and leave for 24 hours.
After 5-7 days, the mushrooms will be completely ready.
Store such a mushroom blank in the same way as cabbage blanks, in a dry, dark, cool place - a cellar, pantry or basement.
Are there frost-resistant varieties of apricots suitable for the northern suburbs?
Hello! My dacha is in the northern suburbs of Moscow, 120 km north of Moscow.
There is an idea to plant an apricot. In principle, I soberly assess the possibilities of the climate of my site for this, but I am very tempted by assurances that they have bred winter-hardy and frost-resistant varieties of apricot, suitable for my conditions. Is it so? If so, please advise specific varieties. The fact that it is necessary to protect the trunk from damping off with a box, I realized, are also confused by the frosts in May and the early flowering of apricots.
So I want to know if the apricot has life in my conditions, because I would not want to lose a tree, say, in 5-6 years.
For a reference point: neither cherry nor plum bear fruit for me, they rather survive than grow.
Alexey, I can distinguish between damping and freezing. All the plums and cherries I have planted on the hills like this. I not only plant myself but also suggest to others like this.
Planting stone fruits. Left and middle is not correct, right pic. right
France, this is not a hill, but a "mound". And here is the hill.
Apricot Seraphim planted on a hill.
Seated in a permanent place in the spring, an apricot from a school.
The topic of Apricot and its cultivation is discussed in detail by V.K. Zhelezov at his seminars. Apricots are not afraid of frost and grow with frosts up to -45 (subject to snow cover, of course). That is, the cultivation of apricots is certainly possible in the Moscow region and in the Leningrad region, and in Siberia and in the Urals, and in Primorye.The only thing that the apricot is afraid of is the soaking of the root collar when it is flooded with thawed spring waters - this is its weak point.
As a gift from Valery Konstantinovich, here are links to seminars of this and last season.
List of webinars and V. Zhelezov's links:
What are EM drugs
EM preparations are a mixture of different cultures of effective microorganisms. They enter into a symbiotic relationship with each other and therefore contribute to the development of beneficial microflora in the soil and compost heaps. This increases the quantity and quality of the harvested fruit, as well as accelerates the decomposition of organic material in the compost.
There are three types of microbes that are combined together to make these drugs. These are not specific strains of microbes, but rather a combination of different groups of microorganisms. Which gives us the positive effect we need:
1-lactic acid bacteria.
These bacteria live in the air - as a result of their activity, products such as sauerkraut, various pickles, fermented baked milk, kefir and other fermented foods are obtained.
They are single-celled organisms that also live in the air around us and have been used in brewing and baking for thousands of years.
As the name suggests, they generate life energy through photosynthesis. They can be found in healthy forest soil, worm droppings, and manure.
How do we get all these zealots to work for us? To do this, it is enough to combine the components containing all of the above types of bacteria and ferment the mixture anaerobically for a certain time. Ingredients:
25 liters of highly fertile forest soil. It may have a small white layer of mycelium, but should not include any other colors (red, orange, bright green, etc.). The land can be replaced with mature three-year-old manure or humus, the more types of manure you ferment, the richer the microflora will be.
25 liters of wheat bran or rye flour
25 liters of crushed charcoal (on which barbecue is fried in the grill) can be replaced with ash from a bath
50 liters of sawdust from soft tree species (birch, aspen)
2 liters of raw milk or whey with curdled milk
3-5 liters of old jam, honey, molasses or any other unrefined sweetener
200 grams of fresh yeast (you can also use the homemade sourdough used to make homemade bread)
3-8 liters of water (the amount of water depends on the initial moisture content of the added soil or manure)
You need to take so much water that when the ready mixture is squeezed into a fist, the palm remains wet, but at the same time liquid does not ooze through the connected fingers (this corresponds to a moisture content of about 60%).
Mix separately wet and dry materials and only then put them together in a barrel. Close the container with a tight lid with a special sluice to remove gases formed during fermentation. Or simply make a hole in the lid with a diameter of about one centimeter and insert a hose into it. The other end of the hose must be dipped into a water bottle. If the water in the bottle is bubbling, then the fermentation process is going well.
After 5-7 days, you will notice that the bubbles have stopped coming out of the hose. This is a sign that the mixture is ready. When you open the barrel, you will smell bread, beer or wine. If something went wrong, then you will feel such a stench that it will be simply impossible to be near the barrel.
This is EM infusion! Dilute 100 to 500 grams of water on a watering can (500 grams when pouring the soil in the spring after processing) and water the plants and soil. Also removes all smelly odors in the poultry house or where cattle graze. You can pour 500 grams per 10 liters of water into an outdoor toilet. and the stench will go away.
Parable "In the hospital ward"
In the hospital, two seriously ill people lay in the same ward. One was lying by the window, and the other's bed was at the door.
- What is there in the window? - Once asked the one who was lying at the door.
- ABOUT! The first perked up. - I see the sky, clouds resembling animals, a lake and a forest in the distance.
Every day, lying by the window told his neighbor about what was happening outside the window. He saw a boat, fishermen with a huge catch, children playing on the shore, young lovers holding hands and staring at each other with shining eyes.
While he watched all these amazing events outside the window, his neighbor was tormented by a dull anger. This is not fair, he thought. - For what such merits he was put at the window, and not me, and I can only contemplate the door with peeling paint, while he admires the view from the window?
Once, lying by the window coughed violently and began to choke. He tried to reach for the nurse call button, but he had no strength because he was shuddering with a cough. A neighbor was watching what was happening. It cost him nothing to press his button, but he didn't.
After a while the first calmed down and stretched out on his bed.
When they carried him away, the neighbor asked the nurse to be moved to the window. The nurse complied with the patient's request, changed his bed, helped him to move to the opposite bed and, making sure that the patient was comfortable, went to the door. Suddenly she was stopped by a surprised exclamation of the patient:
- How so! This window faces a blank gray wall! But the one who died told me that he saw a forest, a lake, clouds, people ... How could he see all this from this window?
The nurse smiled sadly.
- He couldn't see anything at all. Your late neighbor was blind.
Previously, it was difficult to imagine large, bright orange, honey-sweet apricots grown, for example, in the Urals, Altai or Siberia.
Today, after the creation of new frost-resistant large-fruited varieties that calmly withstand winter frosts up to -42 degrees and give high yields annually, this is already a common thing.
Northern apricots "settled" throughout the country. They grow and bear fruit well in the North-West, Central, Middle Volga regions and further - from the Ural Mountains to the Far East.
We talked in detail about the history of the creation of the northern line of apricot varieties, about their taste and health properties, about agricultural cultivation techniques in our article: "How to grow an apricot."
However, when growing its frost-resistant varieties, there are a number of features, without the knowledge of which one can not only be left without a crop, but also generally lose these amazing fruit trees.
Therefore, today we will talk about how to care for northern apricots so that they grow well, develop quickly and delight you with abundant harvests of sweet and fragrant fruits every summer.
TIP 1. TO CARE FOR NORTHERN APRICOTS START BY CHOOSING A PLACE FOR THEIR LANDING.
The main condition is as much sun as possible during daylight hours and the complete absence of drafts and northerly winds. It is important that nothing obscures the plants - neither buildings, nor other trees. And at the same time, the place should be quiet.
It is best to plant northern apricots on the south or southwest slope (if the area is uneven), or near the south wall of the house. They will be very comfortable there. The distance between trees or wood and buildings must be at least 5 m.
Allocate a separate area for apricots, without mixing them with other fruit plants, then the fruits will be sweeter and tastier. Apricots love to grow separately from other crops.
TIP 2. AROUND THE NORTH APRICOTS, THERE SHOULD NOT BE STANDING WATER
As a rule, garden and summer cottages in most of the country are flat. In winter, a lot of snow accumulates on them, and when in spring the thick snowdrifts begin to melt, the water literally covers the entire area of the garden and vegetable garden, stagnating around trees and shrubs.
For an apricot, this is a mortal danger. The wood and bark of this fruit tree are very delicate and easily susceptible to various injuries. The worst thing is the podoprevanie bark on the root collar, which occurs as a result of the soaking of plant tissues.
The same thing happens during heavy rains. Therefore, northern apricots must be planted on mounds, 60 cm high and 70 cm in diameter. A shallow groove (5 cm) is made around the trunk for watering.
In order for the land on the hills to keep its shape well, we recommend that you sow the entire surface with white mustard. This wonderful green manure will enrich the soil with additional fertilizers and attract pollinating insects to flowering trees.
Cut off the ripe white mustard and leave it lying around the trees in the form of mulch. When it will slightly wither (after 5 - 6 days), carry out another sowing directly on the mulch. In one season, you can carry out 4 such crops.
ADVICE 3. PROPERLY PREPARE THE SEEDING SOIL FOR PLANTING THE APRICOT.
How to plant apricots correctly, you will read in our above article ("How to grow an apricot "). We will dwell on the issue of preparing the planting soil in detail.
Apricot loves fertile, loose, well water and air permeable soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction of the soil solution (pH 7.0 - 7.5). When planting it on a hill, you are still preparing a planting hole 60 cm deep so that the roots quickly grow deeper and receive nutrition from the lower layers.
At the bottom of the holes, be sure to lay drains made of crushed limestone (it is brought from the south to almost any region of the country). And from above, fill the pits with artificial soil made up of a fertile layer, humus (or rotted manure) and sand in equal proportions.
Add 2 tbsp to each pit. tablespoons of potassium sulfate, 2.5 tbsp. tablespoons of superphosphate, half a bucket of wood ash and a glass of crushed chalk (or dolomite flour).
ADVICE 4. FEATURES OF PLANTING NORTHERN APRICOT ON ACID SOILS.
In most of the territory of our country, the soils are heavy, clayey, acidic. Especially in the northern regions. How can you care for northern apricots on such a land? Even if you provide them with an excess of sun, heat and food, they will still die!
Therefore, we start caring for northern apricots by neutralizing the acidity of the soil. Since it is better to plant these plants in spring (after the end of returnable spring frosts - May 20 - 25), the first neutralization is carried out in the previous autumn - in mid-October.
Under the digging of the area where you plan to plant apricots, add dolomite flour (2 kg per 5 sq. M) or the same amount of crushed chalk.
In the spring, as soon as the snow melts (end of April), repeat this operation, and at the end of May you can already form mounds and plant apricots.
In the future, this operation is repeated once every five years.
ADVICE 5. REGULARLY GIVE NORTHERN APRICOTS OF CALCIUM, OTHERWISE MAY NOT BE HARVEST!
Apricot is a native of the southern regions, where soils contain sufficient amounts of potassium and calcium (especially alkaline). When caring for the northern apricot, you should constantly give it potassium fertilizers (potassium sulfate, potassium magnesium) and pure calcium.
If the plant does not have enough calcium, it will not be able to form seeds in the fruit and will shed all the ovaries.
It is better to give calcium in the form of eggshell flour at the rate of 2 cups under each tree 2 times per season (before flowering and during the period of ovary formation).
Sprinkle the calcium flour into the trunk circle and shallowly loosen, and then pour well.
You can give a solution of calcium chloride twice (1 tablespoon per glass of water per 1 square meter of the trunk circle).
TIP 6. CROWN SHAPE
To make it easier to care for northern apricots, their growth is recorded at a height of 2.7 - 3 m. Although the northern varieties are generally quite compact at the genetic level.
Read more about how to form the crown of a northern apricot in our article. "How to grow an apricot."
TIP 7. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO PREPARE THE NORTHERN APRICOT CORRECTLY FOR WINTER
Despite the high frost resistance, in a snowless winter or sudden temperature changes, both the root system and the fruit buds can freeze slightly. Therefore, if you properly care for northern apricots, then in autumn the main thing is to insulate them according to all the rules.
First, mulch the trunk circles with dry leaves with a layer of 50 cm, then lay the spruce branches in two layers on top (with needles up so that mice and voles do not reach the delicate wood), and then wrap it all up with two layers of thick non-woven covering material, fixing it well along the edges from the wind.
Now that you know how to care for northern apricots, we want to bring you the best varieties of hardy apricots from our collection:
In addition, you can buy ready-made sets of apricots from us.
With natural vigor:
KIT No. 1: Red-cheeked(1 PC), Orenburg(1 PC), Champion of the North(1 PC).
KIT # 2: Kichiginsky(1 PC), Uralets(1 PC), Northern triumph(1 PC).
On a semi-dwarf rootstock:
KIT No. 1: Kichiginsky(1 PC), Rattle(1 PC), Chemal white (1 PC).
KIT # 2: Northern triumph(1 PC), Delight(1 PC), Chemal ruddy(1 PC).
You can buy all these wonderful varieties of apricot from us today!
The most apple surnameVladimir Ogurtsov with his wife Nadezhda. Photo: Igor Alekhin.
It's good that now is the twenty-first century, and that he can unobtrusively accompany his word not only with apple abundance (here it is - for every taste, color, shelf life, size), but also with photographs of his garden with pears and cherries, hazelnuts and Manchurian nuts , Japanese quince and large-fruited viburnum, grapes, apricots - and so on, and so on ... What ?! Do not grow in Siberia ?! But here are some taste and photo facts from the Prokopyevsk suburb, where they were grown on fourteen hundred square meters ...
Oh, yes, let's meet: Vladimir Ivanovich Ogurtsov, retired, breeder, seventy years old. He took his first steps in the garden on the estate of his father, who also loved nature and the garden, but "illiterate." The main gustatory memory of that garden is the almost sweet, slightly sour taste of bulk yellow apples, the Ural semi-crop, which almost annually guaranteed a harvest.
Already by the eighth grade, our hero became the main gardener in the family, and the most important in plant grafting, and after school he left for Krasnoyarsk to study as an agronomist-gardener. Then he was quite happy, working by profession, but when the family had three children with the birth of twins, he went to the mine: it was extremely difficult to feed on agriculture and in those years.
- Mine, - says his wife Nadezhda, - of course, distracted him from gardening. When he went to the mine, he said: "I have stopped doing what I love." It was just a tragedy for him.
But twenty years ago, Vladimir Ivanovich became a pensioner and, accordingly, stopped distracting from his favorite business.
- Yes, this is a deviation, but a good deviation, - Nadezhda happily "surrenders" her husband. - You know, he doesn't know how to rest. The new year begins - we will start sowing stone fruits. Cutting grapes, grafting, then starting grafting on the street ... We don't have days off, I can still rest, but Volodya is not. He loves his work very much, he speaks with each tree ... We have trees on which five or six varieties of apples grow. Volodya has his own varieties of apples, pears, I'm not talking about currants and grapes, he does a lot of them, the selection is very large. We call the new varieties by the names of our grandchildren: Elizaveta, Anastasia, Zakhar, Vladislav. There is also Evelina, she does not have a variety yet, because she is only a year old, but she will, we gave our word ...
A new variety, both Ogurtsov and science explain, is when a plant - not grafted, but grown from a seed - retains parental qualities obtained through selection and selection from generation to generation. It takes 15-17 years to breed the variety, but no one will give a guarantee of success.
However, I will add on my own behalf, this is the same as in any other creativity: paints, notes, letters, hybrid seedlings are the same for everyone, but even with talent and diligence, not everyone and not always get masterpieces ...
I know a happy feature of enthusiastic and talented people: they equal their success and good luck at least on equal terms. It is not in their rules to rejoice in a victory over a snail, they would have gone to the sky, into a crane or some other wedge. Among fellow gardeners with whom Vladimir Ogurtsov was fortunate enough to meet, for example, Abakan withadod Ivan Baikalov, who with his Siberian apricots got into the "Book of Records of Russia", and Valery Zhelezov, the most experienced gardener-breeder from Sayanogorsk. Distances are not a hindrance: it's great when you are understood, accepted, respected by people you respect? By the way, the passion for apricots, which Vladimir Ivanovich is now successfully growing on the Kuzbass land, grafting even on thorns and thorns, even on seedlings of wild Manchurian apricots, is rooted in those acquaintances ...
By the spring, Vladimir Ogurtsov usually prepares about three hundred seedlings of fruit and berry bushes, apple trees, pears. They have to be stored in a special cellar and basement: this makes it easier to fight with mice. Buyers are satisfied with a real interrogation in order to recommend a suitable variety for the characteristics of each individual garden or vegetable garden, which will successfully undergo resettlement and will delight new owners with a harvest for many years.
- Yes, - explains, - I select the assortment according to the microclimate. And then they took seedlings, then it turns out - everything died. And suddenly it turns out: water is in the garden until June! Why didn't you say it before ?! An apple tree in such a place will not grow, as the water reaches the roots, it will begin to dry out ... Each fruit crop has its own biology. Someone loves the sun, someone loves partial shade, like honeysuckle or currants. And stone fruits - plums, cherries, apricots - all the more need the sun! And the grapes will not bear fruit in the shade.
Having gained experience and knowledge over many years of gardening, he is ready to share what he has accumulated, and such generosity is probably also a feature of talented people.
He is sure that next to nature, a person becomes kinder, more patient, wiser. Worries that “the supermarkets are stuffed with chemical embalmed fruits right now. Take away all the unnatural counterfeit - nothing will remain on the shelves! " He says - he saw it in Krasnodar - apple orchards are treated there at least two dozen times with chemistry during the season, otherwise the pests will seize. Here they are, these apples, and then they do not darken for six months.
Vladimir Ivanovich himself strives to minimize the chemical effect on nature in general and on his garden in particular: he processes his trees only once - from the moth, otherwise 70 percent of the crop will be wormy:
- As the garden has bloomed, and the apples will grow the size of a pea, - I spray, for example, with karbofos: 20-30 grams per 10 liters. Fufanon-2 is good ... Folk remedies? This is if there are few trees and there is time for experiments - from tansy to yarrow. And I have no time ...
He asked about the qualities that are especially important, in his opinion, for a good gardener, and he replied:
- Patience, because nothing will work out on the fly. And the brain, of course, needs to be turned on. Go to a tree, think if you planted it correctly, in the right place, be interested in the experience of other people, so that it was as it should be. In principle, you can try everything, but you need to understand why. Now there are a lot of magazines, there is a computer - so many possibilities! You need to be interested. But this is so in any business ...
People walked by, rounding their eyes at the cucumber apples, hardly believing that somewhere very close these amazing fruits could grow. And not really believing the photos of apricots and other exotic plants.
Ogurtsov talked about his life, happily shared his secrets, every now and then in the pear-apple-apricot canvas completely not garden leaves were woven:
- Everyone says: I look young, probably from the garden ... Although I still ski downhill. I go to the pool all winter. And I also raft, this is in Abakan, where my cousin lives ... In the summer I went to Anapa, there another cousin, his own scuba gear, dived ...
And it was not at all strange that he, like other enthusiastic and talented people, sometimes felt cramped in their garden.
But if such people in general, and Vladimir Ivanovich Ogurtsov in particular, had not had their own garden, would they be happy?