Lovers of pink tomatoes, living in the middle lane and more northern areas, appreciate the quickly ripening varieties. In recent years, tall tomatoes have been especially popular. One of the varieties that have just such characteristics is the Wild Rose, known since the end of the last century.
The history of the appearance of the Wild Rose
Back in the 90s of the last century, the breeders of the Transnistrian Research Institute of Agriculture, located in Tiraspol, in collaboration with colleagues from the Moscow agrofirm "Aelita", bred a new variety of tomatoes, which they called the Wild Rose. In December 1997, the originators submitted an application to the State Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements for admission of a new plant to variety testing, and already in 1999 the Wild Rose tomato was entered into the State Register. The Federal State Budgetary Institution "State Sort Commission" recommended growing new tomatoes in film unheated greenhouses and in open-air beds in all regions of the country.
The Wild Rose variety appeared at the end of the 20th century.
The appearance and character of the Wild Rose
The Wild Rose tomato variety is an indeterminate plant, that is, a tall one that does not have a natural limitation of shoot growth. Reaches 1.7 meters or more in height. Plant growth is limited only by the growing conditions and the desire of the grower. At this height, tomatoes need to be tied to supports or trellis.
The Wild Rose Tomato weighs 300-350 grams, but sometimes it can grow even heavier
The bushes are covered with large leaves, in the shade of which round smooth tomatoes ripen. The latter are at first green with a darker spot near the stalk, later turning pink. Tomatoes ripen quickly. Typically, it takes about 90 days from seed germination to harvesting the first crop. However, gardeners note that the ripening period depends on the climate.
The first brush is formed over the ninth leaf. The average weight of wild rose tomatoes is 300–350 grams, but sometimes they can grow even heavier, especially on the lower clusters. There are at least 5 seed nests inside the fruit.
Tomato Wild Rose is fleshy and fragrant, inside it has 5 or more seed nests
The sour-sweet taste of fresh wild rose tomatoes was rated by professional tasters as excellent during the variety testing. And the harvest of marketable tomatoes was 6 kilograms per square meter. At the same time, the resistance of plants to the tobacco mosaic virus, fungal diseases, immunity to high temperatures, indifference to a large amount of salts (chloride, sodium carbonate, sulfate) in the soil was noted. With excessive soil moisture, the fruits do not crack. The size of the harvest depends on the weather of the current season.
The original purpose of the Wild Rose tomatoes is fresh consumption, since they are not stored for a long time.
Video: a short description of the Wild Rose
Features of growing a wild rose
The agricultural technology for growing indeterminate tomatoes, including the Wild Rose, is the same. This variety is grown through seedlings, which are sown 60 days before planting. For outdoor cultivation, the seedlings may be older so that they do not need shelter from recurrent frosts.
Like all tall varieties, wild rose tomatoes are planted no more than two to three plants per square meter. For better survival, the roots can be treated with Kornevin, strictly following the instructions.
To get an early harvest, tomatoes are formed into one stem, removing all stepchildren. In areas where there is enough solar heat and light, it is permissible to form two stems, when the stepson, which has grown in the leaf axil above the first fruit cluster, is not removed. Each stem must be tied up separately.
All extra stepchildren on the Wild Rose bushes are removed, forming a plant in one or two stems
The volume and frequency of watering when growing a Wild Rose outdoors correlates with the weather, and in the greenhouse with the condition of the soil. This is usually once or twice a week.
Top dressing should be done in moderation so that tomato bushes do not fatten. An excellent result is obtained by fertilizing once every 3-4 weeks with the preparation Gumat-super, 100 g of which is dissolved in 5 liters of warm (about 30 ° C) water and then brought to 100-200 liters. Use 4-5 liters of fertilizer per 1 square meter.
Reviews of vegetable growers about the Wild Rose
To obtain tasty and aromatic tomatoes in an amount sufficient for a family, 3-5 Wild Rose bushes can be grown. It is characterized by large fruits with excellent sour-sweet taste and resistance to many diseases. In addition, such a tomato can be grown in any soil, even salty soil.
Tomato Pink Flamingo: we grow a delicious variety in our beds
Pink tomatoes have quite a few fans and there are many reasons for this. The main thing, of course, is not the color, but the great taste and fleshy flesh. Among the most delicious are the Pink Flamingo variety. But very often, vegetable growers who grow this variety describe its appearance in different ways. Why is this happening, let's try to figure it out. To do this, we will study the available information about the characteristics of the variety. And the most reliable information will, of course, be given by the State Register.
The fruits of the high-yielding tomato variety Andromeda have a flat-rounded shape. The color of the fruit is uniform, without a green spot. The skin is firm and smooth. Taste quality is above average. Three varieties of tomato, differing in varietal characteristics, have different fruit colors: red, pink and golden.
The largest fruits are golden tomatoes. Their weight can reach 300-320 g. Andromeda red has medium-sized fruits weighing 90-140 g. The weight of fruits of the pink variety (the earliest ripe) is from 75 to 135 g. Fruits of all varieties have a long shelf life.
- Tomatoes of the Wild Rose variety can be picked in an unripe state, as they ripen perfectly outside the bush, retaining all the taste and appearance.
- The fruits are large, the average weight of 1 tomato is 300-350 g.
- Rounded shape, slightly flattened at the stalk
- When unripe, tomatoes are spotty green in color; as they ripen, they turn pink.
- Inside there are 5 or more seed chambers with a small amount of seeds.
- Excellent taste. Sweet tomatoes with a slight sourness and pronounced tomato aroma.
- The pulp is juicy, fleshy, not watery.
- The sugar content in 100 g is up to 3.7%, dry matter - up to 7%.
- Plucked tomatoes have good keeping quality and resistance to long-distance transportation
The following are photo of wild rose tomatoes.
There is nothing special about growing Torbey. Crop care consists of the same steps that are used for most hybrids. There are three main requirements for Torbey:
- The full return of the crop with open cultivation can only be expected in the southern regions, where a warm climate prevails.
- In the middle lane, you can do without a greenhouse. To maximize the harvest of tomatoes, the plants are provided with a cover of film or agrofibre.
- For the northern regions, the open method of growing Torbey is not suitable. The tomato will have time to give the crop only in the greenhouse. Moreover, the vegetable grower still has to take care of heating. Sowing seeds for seedlings follows the same rules that apply to all tomatoes:
- The time for sowing seeds is set at the end of February and beginning of March. Here you need to take into account the peculiarities of the climate of the region and the method of growing tomatoes, that is, in a greenhouse or in the open air. The manufacturer always indicates the sowing time of tomatoes on the package. These recommendations should be followed.
- Containers for growing tomato seedlings are plastic containers, cups, pots or any other suitable containers. The stores sell cassettes that allow you to grow a large number of seedlings.
- Tomato grains are immersed in the soil to a depth of 1–1.5 cm. The soil is sprayed from above with water from a sprayer. The container is covered with foil until shoots appear.
- Prior to the germination of tomatoes, the air temperature is maintained within 25-27 o C. After the sprouts appear, the film is removed from the container, and the temperature is lowered to 20 o C.
- No later than a week before planting in the ground, tomato seedlings are hardened. Plants are first brought out into the shade. After adaptation, the tomatoes are placed in the sun.
Torbay loves loose, slightly acidic soil. Seedlings are planted according to the scheme 60x35 cm.Superphosphate about 10 g is added to each well.
An adult tomato needs no less care than the seedlings required. Torbay is a determinant tomato, but the bush grows tall. The plant must be tied to a trellis, otherwise it will fall to the ground under the weight of the fruit. If this is not done, there is a threat of breaking the stems. From contact with the ground, the fruits will begin to rot.
Formation of the bush is important for obtaining yield. How to do this can be seen in the photo. Torbay is formed in a maximum of 2 stems, but the fruits are smaller and ripen longer. Optimally form a tomato into 1 stem. The fruits will be larger and ripen faster. However, with such a formation, the height of the bush usually increases.
Torbay loves feeding at the initial stage. At this time, the tomato has a great need for potassium and phosphorus. Adult tomato bushes are usually fed only with organic matter.
As a prophylaxis of diseases, it is necessary to observe the regimes of watering and feeding, as well as constantly loosen the soil. If a tomato is damaged by a black leg, the plant will only have to be removed, and the soil should be treated with a fungicide. The drug Confidor will help fight the whitefly. You can get rid of spider mites or aphids with a weak solution of washing soap.
Tomato varieties do not tolerate shade well, therefore, for good growth and development, plants need diffused sunlight: direct sunlight can burn young leaves and destroy seedlings.
Watering should be regular. Without a sufficient amount of moisture, tomato crops dry out quickly and practically do not recover. In open and closed ground, 1 or 2 plentiful waterings per week are enough. If the ground is too wet, then there is a risk of fungal diseases, an increase in insects (wood lice, ants, etc.), as well as cracking of fruits from an excess of moisture.
For sweet fruits, mineral supplements are needed. Thanks to the complex of minerals, tomatoes begin to grow faster and give ovaries.
Regular loosening of the soil around the stem is beneficial for the root system. Thus, oxygen enriches the upper layers of the earth, and the roots grow better.
Tomato variety Black Baron does not require special care and complex manipulations. By observing the simple rules for growing horticultural crops, a good harvest is ensured even for novice gardeners.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Spring is the best time to prepare seeds for germination. Experienced gardeners recommend growing seeds for seedlings according to the lunar sowing calendar. According to the position of the moon and planets in certain signs, there are days that are most suitable for starting growing plants. On favorable days according to the calendar, the chance of successful seed germination is much higher than on unfavorable ones.
Immediately before planting, be sure to get the seeds out of the bag and soak them for 10 to 12 hours. For this, plain water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate is suitable. Manganese perfectly disinfects the surface of seeds and removes fungi. In the departments for the garden and vegetable garden, they sell a special product - a growth stimulant. By adding a couple of drops to the seed water, you can speed up the appearance of the first shoots.
Seedling soil can be purchased ready-made or prepared independently. To grow tomatoes you need:
- 2/3 of fertile land
- 1 part of peat and sawdust.
The soil should be loose and airy, without clods of earth, stones, sharp objects and old dead roots.
For convenience, seedlings are grown in small containers made of thick cardboard. Such material decomposes well when transplanted into soil. Growing in plastic containers or cups is allowed.
A small depression is made for the seeds and sprinkled with a layer of soil. From a spray bottle, the earthen mixture is abundantly moistened and covered for a greenhouse effect and better germination.
For successful germination, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil and, if necessary, spray with warm water.
With the emergence of seedlings, the film or bag is removed, watering is reduced and the seedlings are placed under an ultraviolet lamp for better growth.
As soon as the seedlings get stronger under the phytolamp and 5-6 leaves appear, you can plant the plants in separate containers. Gardeners call this diving procedure. When transplanting, the roots and stem are carefully handled. Semidole first leaves can be pinched, leaving only carved tomato leaves.
As soon as the tomato sprouts reach a height of 20 cm, they must be planted on the site.
Previously, it is better to start hardening young seedlings: put it to an open window or on a balcony every day for a few minutes, gradually increasing the presence of plants in the fresh air. Thus, the transplanting of seedlings will be easy and stress-free for the plants.
The grown seedlings of the Black Baron variety are planted in greenhouses and open ground. Tomato bushes are buried at a distance of 40 - 50 cm from each other in the open field and 60 - 70 cm - in a closed one. For 1 sq. m in the open field there should be 3 bushes, in the greenhouse - 2.
Observing this step in planting, they provide:
- normal root development
- preventing leaves from shading each other
- convenience in watering and processing each bush.
Having planted the seedlings on the territory of the personal plot, they dig in a support for future garters.
For good growth, tomatoes need regular watering with warm water, top dressing and loosening of the soil. During the growing and fruiting season, there should be at least 5 - 6 fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
It is important to remove stepchildren, which can take away nutrients from the main stem. Dead yellow leaves are a source of disease for all varieties.
It is allowed to mulch the surface of the ground near the stem of tomatoes with tree bark or gravel. An additional layer will retain precious moisture and protect against harmful weeds.
Heavy branches with large fruits, like the Black Baron variety, must be tied to supports.
Nastenka's tomatoes are looked after according to a certain scheme, which includes watering, feeding and tying up. The variety responds well to the application of phosphorus and potash fertilizers.
Variety Nastenka needs moderate watering. With a lack of moisture, tomato leaves curl and inflorescences crumble. Excess moisture also negatively affects plants: fungal diseases are activated and the root system rots.
Tomatoes are poured with warm water, which has settled in barrels. Moisture should not get on the roots and leaves of plants. The procedure is carried out in the morning or in the evening so that the water does not evaporate, but goes into the ground.
Regular watering is carried out a week after the tomatoes are planted. Until the inflorescences appear, tomatoes are watered every 3 days, consuming 2 liters of water. When inflorescences are formed, tomatoes are watered every week and the volume of water is increased to 5 liters.
During the fruiting period, tomatoes need to be watered every 4 days, the water consumption should be 3 liters. When the fruits begin to turn red, watering is reduced and moisture is applied once a week. According to reviews on tomato Nastenka, excess moisture during this period causes the fruit to crack.
After watering, the soil under the bushes is loosened, and the trunks are spud.This procedure ensures air exchange in the soil and improves moisture absorption.
Top dressing of tomatoes is carried out with the help of mineral fertilizers and folk remedies. Treatment begins a week after the transfer of plants to a permanent place.
First, the tomatoes are fed with phosphorus, which promotes the growth of the root system. To do this, 15 g of superphosphate are needed for a 5-liter bucket of water. The resulting planting solution is watered at the root.
After 10 days, a potassium fertilizer is prepared, which has the property of improving the taste of fruits and increasing the immunity of tomatoes. For 5 liters of water, 15 g of potassium sulfate are measured. The solution is used for watering tomatoes.
Wood ash will help replace mineral fertilizers. It is buried in the ground under tomato bushes or an infusion is prepared for irrigation. For the infusion, you will need 3 liters of ash, which is poured into 5 liters of water. After a day, the resulting product is diluted with the same amount of water and used for irrigation.
Stepson and tying
According to the photo and description, the tomato variety Nastenka is undersized, so it does not need pinching. The plant forms 3-4 stems.
It is recommended to tie the stem of the plant to a wooden or metal support, especially when grown in areas subject to wind and precipitation. Tying the tomatoes prevents the tomatoes from sinking to the ground and makes them easier to care for.