Poet's carnation: how to sow it, plant it and maintain it?

Poet's carnation: how to sow it, plant it and maintain it?

Poet's carnation… Painter's carnation!

With a simpler design than its cousin the common carnation, the poet's carnation is distinguished by a tufted habit, and stiff, erect stems that bear numerous flat flowers at the top. Some varieties offer brilliant colors, vermilion, carmine and white ... colors that "speak" to the painter and of course always that magnificent scent that accompanies "dianthus".

The poet's carnation is a perennial and hardy plant down to -28 ° C, it is ideal in the garden and the flower garden for bouquets all summer, especially as the flowers enjoy a beautiful longevity.

Botanical name:

Dianthus Barbatus

Type of plant

• Family: caryophyllaceae
• Cycle: perennial, it is sometimes cultivated as a biennial.
• Hardiness: hardy (-28 ° C)
• Foliage: persistent
• Exhibition: Sun
• Ground : any well-drained soil
• Harbor : tufts
• Rooting: roots
• Origin: Europe

Particularity

• Cold resistance: -28 ° C
• Flowering: July and August
• Interview : watering in times of drought
• Height: 20 to 60 centimeters
• Culture : very easy
• Toxicity: no
• Edible: no

What type of soil for the eyelet:

• Ordinary, well-drained soil.

When to sow it?

• Sow carnation from February to March under frost shelter.

Gardener's Info!
The "heirloom" variety blooms from the year it is sown! for the others it is often necessary to be satisfied with the foliage.

How to sow the poet's carnation?

To sow, the carnation is not always very easy. Its substrate should not be too rich, make a mixture of well-ripened garden soil, with potting soil, as well as sand.

• from January, but rather at the end of February / March…
• Prepare the seedlings.
• Sow seeds on the surface, in pots or boxes filled with the mixture.
• Tamp lightly to secure the seeds to the ground.
• Water normally.
It is the successive waterings and the growth that will anchor the seeds.
• Once the poet's carnations have been lifted and any risk of frost removed, you can transplant the seedlings in the garden, exposure to the sun and after a first watering of the plantation, let the soil dry.

When to plant the poet's carnation?

• Carnation can be planted as soon as the risk of frost is over, from the start of spring
• Pay attention to exposure, sun, and low humidity soil.

How to plant the poet's carnation, or transplant it?

Prepare the ground:

• Choose a sunny area (more in the afternoon)
• Loosen the soil to a height of half a spade, about 15 cm deep.
• Amend the soil with planting soil and a little sand. Carnation does not grow well in too rich soil, but a little potting soil will help acclimatize to its new soil.

Plant the carnations in containers:

• Break the outline of the container poet's carnation clod.
• Place the carnation plants and fill the gaps with the mixture.
• Water lightly for the first few days, then more watering!

Gardener's Info!
If you are planting more than one seedling, space them out a little about three inches apart.

Flowering period of poet's carnations:

• Flowering in the months of July and August.
• The flowers stay beautiful for a long time.

Interview :

Watering : in case of drought
• Remove dead flowers.

Other varieties of carnations:

See also the sheet of the common carnation or Carnation of the florists.

Jupiter eyelet: A carnation endemic to the Alps with natural flowering… necessarily “alpine” style.

Carnation Dianthus Plumarius, also called sweet carnation, perennial, evergreen AND hardy, they form loose tufts 25 to 45 cm high. There are varieties of carnation with single flowers or double flowers in pink, red, purple or white.

• Carnation Dianthus Sinensis, called Chinese carnation : a beautiful biennial flowering, with varied colors and low-scent flowers.

Agrees with

• Lupines, columbine, pineapple lily

The poet's carnation with or without a garden?

In the garden : on the natural edge, in massif, in rockery or even in meadow
Without garden: potted on the terrace and on the balcony all year round!

We recap, the poet's carnation in the ornamental garden:

• Cycle: perennial
• Hardiness: hardy -28 ° C
• Foliage: Persistent
• Flowering: July and August
• Color : white, pink, vermilion red, carmine red, two-tone pink and white, red and white
• Type of soil: normal drained soil
• Sowing: under shelter from February
• Plantation: in spring
• Interview : watering in case of drought
• Exhibition: Sun
• Use : border, massif, rockery

Exposure

Watering

Height x Width.

Space between plants

Depth

Sun

summer if necessary

from 20 to 60 cm depending on variety

30 cm

do not bury the collar

#PlantPerformance #PlanteNonRustique #PlanteFlowerie #Perfume


Species and varieties of carnations

There are 300 species of carnations. Depending on the species, this plant is grown perennial, annual or biennial.

Chinese carnation (Dianthus chinensis)

  • Flowering: April to November depending on a climate.
  • Height: 0.15В Г 0.30В m.
  • Qualities: Stocky, bushy, sprawling habit. Solitary and nectariferous flowers.

  • Flowering: End of spring - summer.
  • Height: 0.40В Г 0.60В m.
  • Qualities: Perennial grown as a biennial. Finely serrated fragrant flowers. Appreciates limestone.

Lying carnation (Dianthus deltoides)

  • Flowering: End of spring - beginning of summer.
  • Height: 0.15В Г 0.20В m.
  • Qualities: Solitary flowers. "Upholstery eyelet. Evergreen foliage.

  • Flowering: Summer.
  • Height: 0.30В Г 0.40В m.
  • Qualities: Perennial, but sometimes biennial. Large, often fragrant double flowers.

Carnation of the Alps (Dianthus alpinus)

  • Flowering: May June.
  • Height: 0.15В m.
  • Qualities: Speckled flowers in the center.

  • Flowering: Spring - summer.
  • Height: 0.60В Г 0.80В m.
  • Qualities: Rather short lifespan. Fragrant, double flowers, ideal for cut flowers.


How to grow poet's carnations

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No one remembers why the dianthus barbatus is called poet's carnation, but the poetry associated with this flower matches perfectly with its fragrance and the bright colors with which it is adorned. Adult plants can grow up to 30 cm tall, or even more depending on the species. Poet's carnations are easy to grow and care for, but you may need to replant them once a year or every two years as they are rare to survive any longer. Fortunately, you can harvest the seeds from the first plant you plant or let it disperse its own seeds, to enjoy the offspring of your first plant for years to come.


Summary

The stems, 20 to 35 cm in height, bear long leaves with a pointed end with, at the top, a large bouquet formed by numerous small flowers united in a corymb. These fragrant flowers are single or double depending on the variety, rarely solid in color, most often streaked, variegated or in targets with colors ranging from white to purple-black. The “purple and white”, “pink and red” are specific to the poet's carnation. Some varieties have flowers that change color as they open.

This species is native to Europe and temperate Asia.

Sow from April to June then transplant and set up in the fall for flowering the following year. On the plants thus obtained, recover the seeds contained in the capsules. Direct sowing is possible. Multiply by cuttings from July to August in order to keep the characteristics of the plant or varieties.

Use in borders, flower beds, pots, or cut flowers for bouquets.

These two specimens, unique in the area, were photographed on June 30, 2010, in an uninhabited forest, near St-Ubalde, Qc, Canada, on each side of a sugar maple stump. This plant is not native to Quebec, but escapes easily from crops and can reproduce indefinitely in a shady environment with rich soil.


Planting carnations

Carnations are usually planted in the spring or fall in ordinary but well-drained soil. They fear acidic soils. Carnations are annual flowers that greatly appreciate the sun.

They can be integrated into flower beds or flower beds, or be placed in pots or planters. They can be associated with other flowers such as campanulas, speedwells or even alysses.

For planting in the ground, the sowing depends on the species.

  • For annual species: sowing must be prepared in February-March, in a box and under a warm shelter, the temperature of which oscillates between 15 and 18 ° C. Use a special seedling potting soil. Transplant in a cup as soon as the plants show a few leaves and set up in April or May.
  • For biennial or perennial species: Sow between June and October in a nursery well exposed to the sun. Set up in fall or spring.

For a pot planting, it is necessary to use pots drilled at the bottom so that the soil is properly drained. Fill the pot with a mixture of limestone soil, potting soil and sand.


Video: How to Grow Carnations. Start to End. Winter Flowering Annual Plant. Dianthus caryophyllus. MV