Strawberries are loved by many and the most popular crop grown in summer cottages. Sweet, fragrant berry is loved not only in our country, but also abroad. Breeders from all over the world are working on the creation of new species. German scientists presented strawberry lovers with a good gift - a new variety called Malvina, which, due to its large, beautiful and tasty fruits, quickly gained popularity among gardeners.
The history of the strawberry variety Malvina
Both adults and children love sweet and fragrant strawberries. Therefore, many summer residents try to follow fashion trends in the market. So, for those who want to keep pace with the achievements of breeding in this direction, we present - Malvina strawberry. The variety is new, it appeared on the market in 2010, but it is already enjoying the attention of connoisseurs.
Malvina is a hybridization of Sophie and a clone from Schimmelpfeng and Weihenstefan. The author was the German breeder Peter Stoppel.
Malvina's strawberry sets records for late fruiting among modern varieties - the latest
Description of the variety
Reaching 50 cm in height and 40-50 cm in diameter, Malvina bushes look strong and powerful. The variety is multi-strand - one plant throws out from 5 to 8 pedicels, each of which can have up to 6 bisexual flowers. The leaves are large, with a shiny surface, dark green in color, arranged horizontally to the surface of the ground, preventing the soil from drying out quickly in hot weather. Under them are peduncles.
The plant blooms in early June, and fruiting occurs in the last quarter of June
On average, the weight of the berries ranges from 35 to 45 g, some specimens can grow up to 80 g. The fruits are bright and attractive, deep red in color, with a shiny glossy surface. A well-ripened berry will have a cherry hue. The shape of the fruit resembles a shortened cone with a relief surface.
By consistency, Malvina's pulp is very dense, but juicy. The variety is classified as dessert because of the high sugar content in berries. The aroma is bright and pleasant.
Tasters highly rate the sweet taste of strawberries - 4.6 points out of 5.
Characteristics of the variety
With proper care, 0.5-1 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush. Having a dense consistency and strong skin, the berry perfectly tolerates long-term transportation, which makes it possible to grow it for sale.
Malvina is a late ripening variety, the first fruits can be tasted at the end of June. The fruiting period lasts until mid-July.
The ripening period of the berry is influenced not only by weather conditions, but also by the age of the plant: the older the bush, the later it bears fruit.
Thanks to the bisexual flowers, the cultivar does not need pollinators. Therefore, even in windy and rainy weather, when pollinating insects are rare guests in the garden, the harvest will ripen on time. During damp and rainy weather, when berries start to spoil in most varieties, Malvina does not lose its taste.
The variety has good frost resistance - up to -19 ° C. In the southern regions, in the absence of snow cover, the variety perfectly tolerates the winter season. It grows well in central Russia, but under the covering material.
The variety shows good immunity to powdery mildew and gray mold. But it is susceptible to fusarium and verticillosis, as well as the effects of weevils and thrips.
How to plant strawberries Malvina correctly
Tall and powerful bushes require a special planting scheme. Strawberries do not tolerate thickening, so you should try to allocate as much space as possible for it.
For planting strawberries, choose a flat, well-lit, wind-protected area, on a small slope. The beds should be located from north to south or southwest.
The strawberry area should be flat, well lit and protected from the wind.
Loose, cultivated and weed-free soil is suitable for strawberries. Malvina will give good yields on loams, chernozems and sandy loams.
Areas not suitable for a strawberry garden:
- in the shade, under the crowns of mature trees - the harvest will be small, the berry will be small;
- in the lowlands - the accumulation of cold air can postpone the moment of crop ripening by 10 days;
- on steep slopes - there the soil dries out too quickly and the soil is washed out. Exposure of the root system is unfavorable for strawberry development;
- with the occurrence of underground waters above 70 cm to the surface - during the period of snow melting, the roots will be flooded, the plant will die;
- with sandy soils - in such areas, strawberries will lack water and nutrients.
The Malvina variety is grown in one place for up to 5 years. You can alternate planting berries with:
- root crops (beets, carrots, radishes, turnips, radishes);
- flowers (marigolds or bulbs, for example, daffodils, tulips).
It is not recommended to plant strawberries after:
- watermelons and melons;
Potatoes especially strongly inhibit the planting of strawberries due to specific root secretions.
Choose well-formed and strong plants with 3 to 5 leaves. Weak bushes are more susceptible to disease and yield less. Healthy seedlings must meet the following requirements:
- roots are light, fibrous, 5–7 cm long. The dark color of the root system indicates the age or disease of the specimen;
- leaves should be bright green, with no signs of damage;
- the central kidney does not show signs of rot and parasites.
When buying seedlings, you should pay attention to the heart - it should be without signs of disease and pests
A bed for strawberries is prepared in advance: if you plant in autumn, then at the end of summer, if in spring, then dig up and fertilize in September. This is necessary for the soil to settle and structure after processing.
- The site is dug as deep as possible, about 20-30 cm. Strawberries do not tolerate a high concentration of salts in the soil, so it is advisable to apply fertilizers already during soil preparation, and not when planting in the holes. This will dissolve the nutrients and are easier for the plant to absorb.
- 1 m2 a plot with loamy soils for digging, 1 bucket of well-rotted manure or compost is introduced. Instead of organic matter, you can use nitroammophoska or nitrophoska - 2 tbsp. l. 1 m2.
- In sandy soils at 1m2 make up to 3 buckets of rotted manure or compost, you can add sawdust.
- To make heavy clay soils loose, add 3-4 kg of river sand and 2-3 buckets of organic matter (based on 1 m2 plot).
The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic. At pH values below 5.5, liming is carried out with dolomite flour. Application rate 4 kg per 1 m2... The validity period is up to 4 years, that is, during the period of growing strawberries on this site, the procedure is carried out once.
To give the sandy soil the desired structure for digging, sawdust is introduced along with organic matter
Summer landing for Malvina is not recommended, spring is considered more promising. Strawberry Malvina bears fruit late, you can plant it only after the plant has budded, at the end of August or in September. But if early cold weather comes, the seedlings may not take root and freeze out.
Planting dates in spring vary by region. In the southern regions, strawberries are planted in mid or late April, in the middle lane - in early May.
According to many experienced summer residents, it is spring that is the best time to plant Malvina
Planting strawberries Malvina in a few steps
Planting is carried out on cloudy days or in the evening. If you plant seedlings in the sun, moisture will evaporate strongly and unrooted bushes will die.
Use a taut rope to mark the rows so that the bed is flat.
Before planting, overgrown roots must be shortened to 5–7 cm, then dipped in a clay mash (clay mixed with mullein and water until creamy).
The standard scheme for planting strawberries of this variety will not work. Tall bushes require more free space so that everyone gets the right amount of sunlight. With the most popular two-line planting (in two rows along the edges of the bed), the distance between the bushes is maintained - 50 cm; between the rows - 70 cm.
How to plant strawberries:
- Dig holes measuring 25x25 cm at a measured distance.
- Spill them well and lower the seedlings vertically into the recess. Do not bend or twist the roots.
- The heart should be strictly at the ground level. Deepening will lead to decay, and a high planting will dry out.
After planting, the heart of the strawberry should be flush with the ground.
- Lightly compact the earth around the bush.
- Water the seedlings again, just not at the root, but around the plant. After absorbing moisture, cover the surface of the earth.
The first harvest will not be plentiful, but the next year the strawberries will bear more fruit.
Planting strawberries on agrofibre - video
Planting care rules
When performing agrotechnical work, it is better to take into account the characteristics of a particular variety, because each of them requires individual care. It is important to understand what you want to get: if the harvest is good, you need to cut off all the strawberry whiskers, if you want to sacrifice the seedlings.
For normal rooting and development of strawberry seedlings planted in spring, almost daily watering is needed in summer. But they need to be carried out in the evening so that drops of water falling on the leaves do not cause a burn.
If the planting was carried out in the fall, the bushes begin to water with the onset of the growing season - at the end of April. Until summer, watered once a week (30 l per 1 m2). From June to early autumn, the frequency increases up to 2 times a week, but precipitation should also be taken into account.
Watering must be carried out:
- at the time of the formation of ovaries;
- when the berries are poured and there is abundant fruiting;
- during the laying of flower buds of the future harvest.
Malvina can withstand short-term droughts, but with insufficient moisture, the berry will become bitter and smaller in size.
If possible, give preference to drip irrigation of strawberries
Top dressing should be done regularly:
- At the beginning of foliage growth, nitrogen must be added to the soil, which will ensure the formation of berries. To do this, you can use a solution of ammonium nitrate, which is applied by the foliar method (15 g per 1 m2). A good fertilization option is 10 g of urea per 1 m2 soil, as well as a solution of bird droppings (1:50) or cow dung (1:10).
- During the flowering period of strawberries, 15-20 g (per 1 m2) complex mineral fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium.
- After picking berries, in order to form strong fruit buds, carry out the third feeding: 15-20 g of sodium chloride or superphosphate is applied per 1 m2 soil.
- Feeding strawberries with superphosphate will increase the palatability of the fruit. It is recommended to apply fertilizer 3-4 times per season. The most effective solution is considered to be a solution of cow dung (1: 6), ash (1 glass per 10 liters of water) and 40 g of superphosphate.
As a dry top dressing, ash can be added, which replaces superphosphate. It is scattered between the rows: once in the spring, with soil mulching, the second - after fruiting and pruning the bushes. You can make an infusion and water the beds with it as a liquid top dressing. For the solution, take 1 glass of ash and pour 1 liter of boiling water. Insist day, filter and add another 9 liters of water. For irrigation 1 m2 1 liter of the mixture is enough.
Organic Solutions - Essential Nutrition for Increasing Strawberry Yields
Loosening and weeding
To keep your strawberry plantings clean, be sure to weed. This way, you will not only save the plant from competitors for food and moisture, but also allow the bushes to receive enough light. Weed carefully so as not to damage the shallow roots. Weeds that have grown into the bush must be carefully trimmed with scissors.
Loosening and weeding keep strawberry plantings clean
Loosening should be carried out a day after watering or rain. It improves heat and gas exchange in the soil and significantly reduces the rate of evaporation of the liquid needed to moisturize the roots.
When the process of ovary formation begins, loosening stops, mulch is poured onto the strawberry garden.
Mulching is a great way to eliminate the need to weed and loosen your crops frequently. It slows down the growth of weeds and reduces moisture evaporation after watering. The benefit is that the berry lying on the substrate dries quickly and remains clean even after heavy rain.
Many summer residents use black film as mulch, but it does not allow air to pass through, and strawberry roots prey, forming pathogenic microflora.
Mulch slows down the growth of weeds and reduces moisture evaporation after watering
Care for strawberries after fruiting
After harvesting the last berries:
- weed (very carefully) the beds from weeds, remove unnecessary mustache, cut off old leaves;
- collect dried leaves from the ground, in which spreading diseases and pests live;
- feed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and treat the bushes from parasites.
These simple tricks will help strawberries prepare for winter and survive it safely.
Autumn strawberry care involves harvesting dried foliage.
Malvina tolerates frost well if there is a natural shelter in the form of a snow cover. But in regions with an unstable climate, where frosts are replaced by thaws, then again a decrease in temperature, you need to take care of how to insulate the beds with strawberries.
A thick layer of mulch made from dry grass, straw, corn leaves, sawdust, spruce branches or pine needles will well protect plantings. If the site is in an open place, agrofibre or a greenhouse on arcs will do.
You can cover strawberries for the winter with pine or spruce branches.
Each method of protection also has its drawbacks. Field mice can settle in the straw, they will certainly spoil the roots of strawberries, and the needles strongly acidify the soil.
In the southern regions, where the winter is with little snow, but rather mild, the question of a covering material for strawberries is not so acute - Malvina will be able to survive the winter in the open field.
Diseases and pests of strawberries Malvina
The Malvina variety is considered resistant to diseases, but there is always a risk of being affected by one or another of them.
Diseases and pests of strawberries Malvina - table
Signs of disease and pest damage to strawberries - photo gallery
How to harvest and preserve crops
Even before the berries are ripe, you can put straw or dry grass under the bushes: this way the fruits will not get dirty when harvesting.
It is best to remove the berries in the morning, after the dew has dried. Just before picking, prepare small containers (wooden boxes or bast baskets), where you will put the fruits in 2-3 layers. Overripe berries should not be allowed, this reduces the quantity and quality of the crop. Strawberries that are too ripe are not stored for long.
When picking, try to pinch off the berry, along with the sepal and stalk, so that it can be stored longer. Sort immediately, setting aside whole strawberries from small, crushed or spoiled strawberries. Collect rotten fruits in separate containers and take away immediately to prevent damage to other bushes.
Try to harvest strawberries in small containers made from natural materials.
If you had to pick strawberries after rain, then spread them in one layer and leave in a cool place in a small draft or under a fan.
For storage, try to select the best berries and place them in containers with holes to avoid mold. There is no need to wash the fruit. Strawberries will stay on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for up to 5-7 days.
Frozen berries are stored for up to six months. Sort, wash and dry the strawberries before placing them in the refrigerator. Arrange the fruits in portioned bags and send to the freezer.
Strawberries Malvina are unusually good and healthy fresh. But with a large harvest, a lot of wonderful blanks can be made from sweet and fragrant fruits. Jams, jams, strawberries in their own juice, jellies and compotes are considered traditional dishes. But if you do a little magic in the kitchen, you can surprise the family with marshmallows, marmalade or marshmallows made from ripe berries. Bon Appetit!
Homemade strawberry preparations are healthier and tastier than sweets from the store
Reviews about strawberry Malvina
Strawberry Malvina has established itself as an unpretentious crop with excellent characteristics. The only inconvenience is that it needs a lot of free space. But it is worth finding a small piece of land in the sun to enjoy the taste of the fleeting summer.
Good day! My name is Irina. I live in a wonderful place - Crimea. Educator by education. I love nature and animals very much. I have been fond of floriculture for a long time, but I have just begun to master garden wisdom. My motto is live, learn.
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