Nowadays, many gardeners are fond of growing tall tomatoes. There are a great many such varieties now. One of the very favorite and rather widespread is the tomato Cosmonaut Volkov. Why this variety is good, what are its disadvantages, how best to grow it, is described further.
A bit of history
Vladislav Volkov has been a member of the first cosmonaut corps since 1966, flew into space twice, but the second flight of the Soyuz 11 spacecraft on June 30, 1971 ended tragically: the descent vehicle was depressurized, all three crew members Georgy Dobrovolsky, Viktor Patsaev and Vladislav Volkov died.
The deceased crew of the Soyuz-11 spacecraft (from left to right): Vladislav Volkov, Viktor Patsaev, Georgy Dobrovolsky
Comrade Volkov, space engineer Igor Mikhailovich, having retired, got carried away with growing tomatoes and breeding their new varieties. He named the most successful tomato variety in memory of his deceased friend Cosmonaut Volkov.
On the net, some argue that this is just a legend. Since the tomato Cosmonaut Volkov did not pass the variety testing at the Federal State Budgetary Institution "State Sort Commission", it is not possible to name its originator unambiguously.
Others report with equal conviction that these tomatoes were registered in 2001. You can make sure that such messages are incorrect simply by going to the FGBU website http://reestr.gossort.com/reestr/search. In the register of tomato varieties approved for cultivation, Cosmonaut Volkov is not listed (see the image below - a fragment of the alphabetical list of tomato varieties).
Fragment of the alphabetical list of tomato varieties included in the State Register
Properties of tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov
Tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov are round, slightly flattened in the vertical direction, a slight ribbing is noticeable near the stalk
Tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov are indeterminate plants, that is, they do not have a natural restriction on the growth of the main stem. They can grow up to 2 meters high or even higher.
The development of a tall plant is slower than that of a short one. The first inflorescence will appear above the eighth, or even the ninth leaf, the next - every 2-3 leaves. Accordingly, the first ripe tomatoes can be removed in the mid-early to mid-term. In various descriptions, the beginning of the ripening period is called 100-110, and 120-125, and 120-130 days from the emergence of shoots. There is no unambiguity in determining the ripening time of tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov also among the firms selling seeds: "Siberian Garden" defines tomatoes as medium early, "Successful seeds" - mid-season, "SeDeK" - medium late.
Some of the distributors of tomato seeds Cosmonaut Volkov
Such a runaway in terms is most likely due to the different growing zones of tomatoes of this variety. This conclusion is supported by practicing gardeners:
In addition, those who grew these tomatoes note that even buying seeds from a well-known company is not a guarantee of their quality and compliance with the variety.
The Cosmonaut Volkov tomatoes are round, slightly flattened, a slight ribbing is noticeable near the stalk. The varietal color of ripe fruits is deep red.
Tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov are quite large - their average weight reaches 300-400 grams
Tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov are quite large - their average weight reaches 300-400 grams, but individual specimens can gain 600-700 grams or more. The tomatoes of this variety taste excellent, they are fleshy and juicy, contain about 4% sugars and many vitamins. The largest fruits grow on the lower clusters, the tomatoes will be smaller above.
The purpose of these tomatoes is universal. They are good fresh in various salads, can be processed into pasta and juice, used for preparations for the winter.
Tomatoes of the Cosmonaut Volkov variety that did not have time to finally ripen, but have reached technical ripeness (brown), can be ripened. They will quickly gain the necessary condition.
Regarding the storage of ripe fruits of this variety, the information on the network is ambiguous. Some resources report excellent storage and transportation of tomatoes of this variety, others inform that ripe tomatoes can be stored for no more than a week.
Tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov are resistant to most diseases inherent in nightshades.
Variety Cosmonaut Volkov in a statistical perspective
Tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov on a bush
Statistics as a science by expressing in figures the characteristics of a tomato variety Cosmonaut Volkov gives a fairly complete and comprehensive idea of it.
Characteristics of tomatoes of the Cosmonaut Volkov variety
|Bush height||not less than 1.5-2 meters|
|The first flower brush||over 8 or 9 real sheet|
|Ripening period of the first harvest||100-130 * days from germination|
|Average fruit weight||300-400 grams|
|Bush yield||about 5-6 kg|
|Yield per square meter of planting||up to 15, with full care up to 20 kg|
|Dry matter content of fruits||5–7%|
|Sugar content in tomatoes||more than 4%|
* depending on the climate of the growing area
Features of growing tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov
Tomatoes of the Cosmonaut Volkov variety
On a permanent place of growth, seedlings of tomatoes of the Cosmonaut Volkov variety are planted at the age of about 60 days from the time of germination. Accordingly, seeds for seedlings are sown in the second half of March.
A low planting density of 2-3 plants per square meter is recommended, as the bushes are tall and require an appropriate nutritional area. When planting plants according to the 70x70 scheme, there are about 2.5 plants per 1 square meter.
Sotra tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov, planted in the ground
In the south of the country, indeterminate tomatoes grow and bear fruit well even in the open field. Moreover, in these regions, the plant can be formed into two or even three stems. Heat and light will be enough for him, and with proper care, the fruits will have time not only to set, but also to ripen well.
The scheme of the formation of an indeterminate tomato in three stems
In areas with shorter and cooler summers, the Cosmonaut Volkov tomatoes are grown in greenhouses and formed into a single stem, removing all stepchildren.
Removing a stepson when forming a bush
At the same time, at the end of July or the first half of August, plant growth is stopped by pinching, that is, by removing the growing point - the top of the main shoot. This must be done depending on the climate of the place of cultivation and the weather of a particular season, so that the formed fruits have time to ripen before the expected onset of cold weather with temperatures of +10 ºС and below, when the plant ceases to function.
Scheme and photo of pinching a tomato bush
The largest fruits are formed in the lower tier, therefore, the heaviest brushes and even individual fruits must be tied up so that they do not break off and damage the entire plant.
An example of tying a large tomato
Up to 8-9 ovaries can form in the brush, so some of the flowers, especially in the brushes of the lower tier, are removed, leaving 1–3 tied tomatoes.
Rationing the crop by removing some of the flowers
Tomato variety Cosmonaut Volkov prefers infrequent but abundant watering.
Tall plants of these tomatoes require regular feeding once a fortnight with complex mineral fertilizers (Universal, Solution, Kemira Universal-2), applied in accordance with the instructions for them.
Reviews of gardeners about growing tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov
On the network, most of the reviews of gardeners about this variety of tomatoes are positive. Growing these delicious vegetables is as easy as growing any other indeterminate tomato. Subject to the agricultural technology of growing tomatoes, Cosmonaut Volkov, the return of the plant in the form of a good harvest is guaranteed.
Tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov appeared at the end of the last century thanks to the fruitful work of an amateur breeder. After the end of his service life in the space industry, I.M. Maslov took up professional gardening and selection development. Thanks to many years of work, the former space engineer received a unique variety of tomatoes, which he decided to dedicate to the memory of his best friend, cosmonaut A. A. Volkov, who tragically died during the tests.
A new variety of vegetable crops passed state registration and was entered in the registers of vegetable crops in 2001 with the recommendation of cultivation in closed and open ground.
In the southern regions, tomatoes are grown in open beds; in cold climates, vegetables are planted in greenhouse conditions.
The advantages of the tomato variety Cosmonaut Volkov
The name of the tomato Cosmonaut Volkov was not accidental. The former cosmonaut, when he retired, began to grow vegetables. When he got a good harvest from tomato seeds, he named it after his friend. Each variety of vegetables has its own advantages and disadvantages. Often, the choice of seeds depends on the purpose you are pursuing: making salads, juicing or canning. The advantages of the Cosmonaut Volkov variety include:
- Good taste. If you love aromatic tomatoes, then this variety is for you. Several times the tomato Cosmonaut Volkov won prizes at exhibitions in the category "The most delicious tomato".
- Large fruits. On average, the weight of the fruit is 300 grams, the largest fruit weighed 600 grams.
- Suitable for growing in a greenhouse. If you live in a warm region, you can try to land Cosmonaut Volkov in open ground.
- The growing season is up to 135 days.
- About 8 fruits can grow on one inflorescence.
- Can be used for canning, salads and other cold dishes.
Sowing seeds begins 2 months before planting seedlings in the ground. Seed material is bought in specialized stores or harvested independently. Purchased seeds do not need processing. Before sowing, only those grains that have been harvested by themselves undergo special training.
For seedlings, tomato seeds should be planted in early March or in the last days of February. Boarding times will vary depending on the weather and conditions of each individual region. If the weather permits, you can plant seeds earlier than the specified time.
The inoculum is checked for suitability by placing it in a saline solution for 10 minutes. Those that float to the surface are empty, they are disposed of. After the seeds are placed for 20 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Thus, the grains are disinfected. After disinfection, they are washed with running water.
To improve germination, the seeds are germinated on damp gauze for 2-3 days. A place for germination is chosen dark and warm, with a temperature of at least 26 ° C. As it dries, the gauze is slightly moistened with warm water. After the first shoots appear, the seeds are sown in the ground.
Capacity and soil
The soil is prepared from garden soil mixed with humus in equal amounts. For the lightness of the soil, washed river sand is added as a baking powder. After thorough mixing of all components, the soil is disinfected to destroy the pathogenic flora.
To do this, it is spilled with a hot solution of purple potassium permanganate or steamed in the oven for at least 15 minutes at a temperature of 50 ° C. The cooled soil is laid out in planting containers, having previously made small drainage holes at the bottom so that excess moisture can drain into them.
They are planted in a common wooden box or in separate containers. From individual containers, peat pots are preferred, as they simplify further care.
reference... The walls of the peat pots feed the young roots with additional nutrients throughout the entire growth period of the seedlings.
The seeds are sown in grooves 2 cm deep, sprinkled with earth on top and poured abundantly with warm, settled water along the edge of the containers. Then the containers are covered with foil or glass and left in a warm and dark room at a temperature of 22-24 ° C.
Further care of seedlings
When shoots appear, the containers are rearranged in a well-lit place, on the windowsill. The duration of daylight hours is at least 13 hours. With a lack of natural light, they are supplemented with phytolamps.
Water the soil as the top layer dries up with warm, settled water, without flooding the seedlings. For watering, use a shallow watering can or an ordinary tablespoon. After that, the soil is loosened, thereby improving the penetration of oxygen. To accelerate the growth of seedlings, add Nitrofoski solution to watering.
When 2 true leaves appear, the seedlings are dived, seated in separate containers. The picking procedure consists in removing the main root by one third. During a pick, weak and non-viable plants are disposed of. If the seeds were sown in peat pots, picking is not required.
reference... The dive helps the root system to get stronger, since after the procedure the lateral roots are intensively built up.
2 weeks before transplanting, young plants begin to harden, thereby helping to adapt to new conditions. To do this, the containers are taken out into the street in the daytime for 1 hour, gradually increasing this interval to 11-12 hours. At the same time, the night temperature is reduced to 13 ° C.
Hardening of seedlings
10-14 days before planting in the ground, the seedlings need to be hardened, that is, to prepare them for more severe real conditions. To do this, the seedlings are transferred to a cooler room, thus, it gets used to a drop in temperature, which should not fall below +8 ° C. It is forbidden to harden seedlings in drafts and in places with direct sunlight.
When hardening, the seedlings must be taken out into fresh air, but for no more than 30 minutes. The hardening process should be systematic. Subject to all the rules, the plant will be able to withstand frosts down to -5 ° C. A couple of days before planting seedlings in the ground, it must be sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate, adding to it any biological products for fungal diseases.
Important! The favorable temperature for plant growth should be + 22 ... + 24 ° С.
Tomato Pink Elephant: variety description, reviews, characteristics
Professor, Head of the Department of Vegetable Growing
The tomato is large-fruited, the Pink Elephant variety has good taste. The yield can reach three kilograms from one bush. Tomatoes of this variety are ideal for fresh consumption; many gardeners have already appreciated its sugary pulp with a slight sourness.
Description and characteristics of the tomato
It is difficult not to pay attention to this tomato, the bush is tall, and the tomatoes themselves are distinguished by an enviable size.
The variety has a medium early ripening period, from germination to fruit emergence takes an average of about 3–3.5 months. The bush is high, voluminous, can grow up to 1.5–1.7 m in height. Leaves are medium in size, dark green in color, inflorescences of intermediate type. Tomatoes are large, pink in color, collected in clusters of 3-4 pieces. The weight of one tomato can range from 300 g to 3 kg. The shape is rounded, flattened on top, ribbed at the stalk. There are four seed chambers, there are few seeds inside. The pulp of a tomato is juicy, sweet, the skin is firm, soft.
Origin of the variety
The Pink Elephant variety, sometimes called raspberry, was bred by Russian scientists in 1998. At first, these tomatoes were intended for greenhouses.
The variety can be grown in different regions both outdoors and in greenhouse conditions.
Disease and pest resistance
The variety is resistant to most diseases, as well as pests of the nightshade family, but there is a danger of damage by late blight.
Ripening time and yield
Tomato Pink Elephant belongs to varieties with an average ripening period, which means that at least 110–120 days will pass from germination to fruit emergence. With good care, the yield can be up to 8 kg of sweet fruits from one plant.
Pros and cons of the variety
These tomatoes, in addition to large fleshy fruits, have other, no less significant advantages.
Pros of Pink Elephant tomatoes:
- large fruit size
- excellent taste
- can be eaten fresh, used for preservation
- good yield - 3-4 kg per bush
- keeping quality
- resistance of tomatoes to fungal diseases, to pests.
- constant care of the bush is necessary
- you need regular watering and feeding
- a certain temperature regime is required
- very heavy brushes when fruit ripens, a garter is required
- the fruit may crack.
Growing Tomatoes Pink Elephant
The cultivation of this variety is not much different from the cultivation of tomatoes in general, but there are some subtleties here.
Features of planting seedlings
Seeds for seedlings are sown 60–65 days before planting in the ground, pretreated with potassium permanganate, and then placing a growth stimulator, such as Kornevin, in the solution.
Pots or boxes with drainage holes and a pallet are taken as containers. The composition of the potting mix should be as follows:
- garden land
- river sand
- wood ash.
Gardener with 17 years of experience and our expert
If you plan to use the land from your garden, it must be disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Tomato seeds are placed in a substrate at a distance of about 3 cm from each other, buried in a pencil, carefully sprinkled with soil, sprayed with warm water and covered with glass or foil. The boxes are placed in a warm place with an ambient temperature of about +20 ° C. After 10 days, sprouts appear.
Hatching tomatoes need lighting 12 hours a day. To provide such conditions, you will need to purchase special lamps, also called phytolamps. Since the photosynthesis process deteriorates with a lack of light, the seedlings begin to stretch and bend.
Tomato seedlings dive into cups when two true leaves appear. Thus, the plant will have 4 leaves: two cotyledons and two ordinary ones. It is recommended to add mineral fertilizer to the substrate before planting, at the rate of a tablespoon per 5 liters of soil. Seedlings are carefully dug out, trying not to damage the stem, the central root is shortened by two-thirds. Depressions are made in pots and seedlings are placed there almost to the very leaves, then the earth is slightly tamped, the tomatoes are watered and transferred to a shaded room for three days.
Hardening of seedlings
Tomatoes are hardened about two weeks before planting. The pots are taken out on the veranda, terrace or balcony, where the temperature should be about 12-15 ° C, at first for one hour, then the time is gradually increased. Hardening will strengthen the tomatoes, prepare them for open ground.
Landing in the ground
By this time, the stems of the seedlings reach 1 cm in diameter, and the height of the bushes is already about 30 cm.
The soil for tomatoes is prepared in the fall, dug up, fertilizer, rotted manure or compost is applied, humus and vermicompost are also suitable. A week before planting, the garden bed is dug to the depth of a shovel bayonet, loosened, and weeds are removed.
Tomatoes are planted towards the end of April - in the southern regions, and by the end of May - beginning of June in the Volga and Central districts, when the risk of recurrent frosts has passed. They do it as follows:
- Dig holes in two rows, the gap between the holes is 40 cm, between the rows, at least 50 cm.
- Superphosphate or wood ash is poured there, mixed with garden soil.
- The seedlings are placed in holes and sprinkled with soil, you can deepen it by 10 cm or a little more.
- The earth is lightly tamped.
It must be remembered that tomatoes love sunny areas and do not tolerate stagnant water. It is good to plant siderites in the garden a couple of seasons before the tomatoes: lupine, alfalfa, mustard.
Further care of the culture
This variety needs support and a garter; it is most convenient to grow tomatoes on trellises. This method will prevent damage to the plant, bending under the weight of large fruits.
It is enough to apply mineral fertilizers twice during the growing season. If organic matter is preferred, the amount of dressings can grow to five.
Before rooting, tomato seedlings need to be moistened daily. Then it is watered three times a week, under the root, focusing on the weather conditions. Water for irrigation must be warm, settled, watering can - with a fine-mesh nozzle.
After watering, the soil at the roots should be loosened to prevent crust formation and provide oxygen to the roots.
Since the bush of the Pink Elephant variety can grow very tall and lush, pinching of this tomato is one of the mandatory procedures, otherwise all the forces of the plant will go to the formation of tops, which will negatively affect the harvest.
Gardener with 17 years of experience and our expert
Stepsons are removed at an early stage, without waiting until they reach more than 2 cm in length.
Forming a bush
A bush is usually left with one stem with four brushes or two stems with two or three. The growth point must be pinched through the sheet after the upper brush.
Protection against diseases and pests
Black leg is a disease of tomato seedlings, provoked by bacteria or fungi, is almost impossible to treat and can destroy all crops. Therefore, it is so important to prevent infection. For this you need:
- dressing seeds before planting
- disinfect the soil mixture by calcining in the oven
- avoid excessive soil moisture and excess nitrogen
- provide good illumination.
To prevent the disease of tomatoes with gray rot, it is unacceptable to overmoisten the soil, and weeds must be removed in time.
Gardener with 17 years of experience and our expert
If dark spots were found on the fruits, it is possible that the tomatoes were struck by late blight. The diseased parts of the plant are removed, the rest are treated with Bordeaux liquid; at the initial stage, spraying with a furacilin solution can help.
Of insects, tomatoes can be harmed by the whitefly, the Colorado potato beetle, spider mites, and aphids.
To destroy parasites, the bushes are sprayed with "Aktara", "Fitoverm". From folk remedies, spraying with an infusion of garlic, tobacco, a mixture of ash with laundry soap helps.
Harvesting and application of the crop
The fruits of this variety are well suited to be eaten directly from the garden, in the form of a fresh salad. And also from them you can prepare sauces, lecho, tomato paste for winter preservation.
Reviews of gardeners who planted
For industrial production, this variety is not used due to the fact that large fruits can hardly be called universal, reviews of private gardeners about tomato are mostly positive.
Alexander: “I have known this variety for more than five years, now I harvest the seeds myself. Tomatoes are large and sweet, to the envy of all neighbors! "
Tatiana: “I have been planting Pink Elephant tomatoes for the second year, in principle, everything suits me, only the skin is thin, it is inconvenient to carry it for sale, it bursts. As for the rest, I am happy with the tomatoes, I make ketchup for the winter, and so we eat. "
Tomato variety Cosmonaut Volkov: yield and cultivation features
Tomatoes How to grow tomatoes on a windowsill in an apartment
Gypsy tomato reviews
|general description||Mid-season determinant variety|
|Ripening period||95-110 days|
|Average weight of tomatoes||100-180 grams|
|Variety yield||2 kg per bush|
|Growing features||Standard agricultural technology|
|Disease resistance||Need prevention|
This variety belongs to free Russian selection and is sold by many companies. Tomatoes of the "Gypsy" variety are plants that can be grown not only in a greenhouse, but also in the open field. Some experts prefer film shelters.
Plants are medium-sized, the bushes are determinant, only 85-110 cm high. They grow tall only in greenhouse conditions. This variety does not need a garter. The fruits are small, however, the Gypsy is distinguished by a very high yield and seed germination.
Tomatoes are mid-season. From the moment of sowing seeds for seedlings to ripe fruits and harvesting, it takes about 95 - 110 days. Plus or minus a week, depending on the weather in the growing season.
- The shape is round.
- The fruits have an original color - the stalks are completely dark, and the tomato itself is brown.
- The weight of one fruit is not more than 180 grams, on average 100-120 grams.
- The pulp is sweet with a slight sourness, dense.
- The skin is not tough.
- More than 5 fruits can be obtained from one bush.
- In addition to all this, Roma is well stored and transported, however, it is not grown on an industrial scale.
You can compare the weight of the variety with others in the table:
|Variety name||Fruit weight|
|Octopus f1||150 grams|
|Pink fleshy||350 grams|
|Red dome||150-200 grams|
|Honey cream||60-70 grams|
|Siberian early maturing||60-110 grams|
|Domes of Russia||500 gram|
|Sugar cream||20-25 grams|
Read also on our website: how to get a good harvest of tomatoes in open ground and year-round winter greenhouses.
And also, the secrets of early varieties of agricultural technology or how to care for tomatoes with fast ripening time correctly.
Gypsy tomatoes are grown in seedlings. At home, planting seeds. The resulting seedlings are provided with the necessary conditions: temperature, soil moisture, lighting.
Gypsy tomato seeds are planted in mid-March or early April. An equal amount of fertile soil and humus is taken for planting. You can use peat tablets or seedling soil sold at gardening stores.
Before the start of planting work, the soil is calcined in an oven or microwave oven for the purpose of disinfection. The processing time is 20 minutes. Another option for disinfection is watering the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Advice! To improve germination, seeds of Gypsy tomatoes are placed in warm water for a day.
If the seeds have a colored shell, then they are ready for planting without additional treatments. The manufacturer covered such a planting material with a nutrient mixture. When sprouting, tomatoes will receive the nutrients necessary for their development.
Planting containers with a height of 12-15 cm are filled with soil. When using separate cups, tomatoes do not need a pick. If the seeds are placed in large containers, then the plants will have to be planted in the future.
Gypsy tomato seeds are deepened by 0.5 cm and watered. Cover the top of the container with a film and transfer it to a dark place. Seed germination occurs at a temperature of 20-25 ° C for 7-10 days.
After germination, the Gypsy tomatoes are rearranged on the windowsill. For the active development of tomato seedlings, certain conditions are necessary:
- daytime temperature 18-24 ° С
- night temperature 14-16 ° С
- bright diffused light for half a day
- regular ventilation
- watering every 3 days.
If necessary, Gypsy tomatoes are provided with artificial lighting. Phytolamps are installed above the seedlings and turned on when there is a lack of daylight.
Tomatoes are watered by spraying with warm, settled water. When 2 leaves appear, the tomatoes are seated in separate containers with a capacity of 0.5 liters or more.
A couple of weeks before disembarking at a permanent place, they begin to harden the Gypsy tomatoes. Watering is gradually reduced, and the seedlings are left for 2 hours a day in direct sunlight. This period is increased so that the plants get used to natural conditions.
Landing in the ground
Gypsy tomatoes are recommended for growing indoors. In the fall, prepare a place for planting tomatoes. About 12 cm of soil in the greenhouse is replaced, since insects and pathogens of fungal diseases winter in it.
Tomatoes prefer light, fertile soil that allows moisture and air to pass through well. In autumn, the soil in the greenhouse is dug up and fertilized with 5 kg of humus, 15 g of double superphosphate and 30 g of potassium salt per 1 sq. m.
The best precursors for tomatoes are legumes, cabbage, carrots, onions, green manure. After any varieties of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and potatoes, planting is not performed.
Advice! Tomatoes are transferred to the greenhouse 2 months after germination. The length of the plants is 30 cm, the number of leaves is from 6.
According to the characteristics and description, the Gypsy tomato variety is tall, so the plants are planted in 50 cm increments.When organizing several rows with tomatoes, an interval of 70 cm is made. The seedlings are moved into the prepared holes along with an earthen clod and the roots are covered with earth. Be sure to water the plants abundantly.
Constant care of Gypsy tomatoes ensures a high yield of the variety. Tomatoes are watered, fed with minerals and organics. Be sure to form and tie up a bush. Additional processing is required to protect plants from diseases and pests.
Gypsy tomatoes are watered taking into account the weather conditions and the stage of their growth. For irrigation, use warm water, settled in barrels. Moisture is applied in the morning or in the evening strictly under the root of the plants.
Watering scheme for Gypsy tomatoes:
- until inflorescences appear - weekly with 5 liters of water under the bushes
- during flowering - after 4 days using 3 liters of water
- when fruiting - every week 4 liters of water.
Excess moisture provokes the spread of fungal diseases. After watering, the greenhouse or greenhouse is ventilated. It is especially important to ration watering during fruiting to prevent the tomatoes from cracking.
The intake of nutrients is necessary for Gypsy tomatoes for full development. Top dressing involves the use of organic and mineral substances.
For the first processing of tomatoes, 0.5 liters of liquid mullein is required, which is diluted in 10 liters of water. The solution is applied under the root in an amount of 1 liter per bush.
The next treatment is carried out after 2 weeks. When forming ovaries, plants require phosphorus and potassium. Tomatoes will receive the necessary substances from a solution consisting of 30 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water.
Important! Instead of watering, spraying tomatoes on the leaf is allowed. The concentration of substances in the solution decreases. Dissolve in water 10 g of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers.
Wood ash is an alternative to minerals. It can be applied directly to the soil or added to the water a day before watering.
Gypsy tomatoes form into 2 or 3 stems. Excess shoots growing from the leaf axils are removed manually. Then the plant will direct its forces to fruit formation.
Tomato bushes Gypsies are tied to a support. For this, metal rods, wooden slats, thin pipes are dug in next to the plants. This ensures the formation of an even stem. Additionally, you need to tie up the brushes with fruits.
Protection against diseases and pests
According to reviews, the Gypsy tomato is resistant to diseases. Disease prevention is the ventilation of the greenhouse, proper watering and the elimination of excess shoots.
When signs of disease appear, the affected parts of the plants are removed. Landings are treated with Fundazol or Zaslon preparations.
Insecticides Thunder, Bazudin, Medvetoks, Fitoverm are used against pests in the garden. Tobacco dust is an effective folk remedy for insects. It is sprayed on the soil and tops of tomatoes. Strong odors remaining after treatment of plants with a solution of ammonia scare away pests.
Vasily, 38 years old, g.Moscow I chose, according to numerous reviews, photos and yields, a Gypsy tomato for planting on my site. I bought seeds in a garden store. I start planting in March, already in May the seedlings are strong and tall. About 95% of the seeds emerged from one package. Tomatoes have grown to 1.2 m. Fruits are round with smooth skin. The pulp is juicy and fleshy.
We use the fruits of the Gypsy variety in salads and for making juice. Lyudmila, 59 years old, Khabarovsk I grow more than ten varieties of tomatoes at my dacha. Some of the fruits are used for home harvesting, the rest for sale. After reading the positive reviews, I planted a Gypsy tomato. The seeds have good germination, the seedlings develop quickly and do not get sick.
For planting seeds in the fall, I prepare light fertile soil. The variety bears large brown-brown fruits, they are fleshy and sweet in taste. The bushes are sure to tie up my stepson. Gypsy tomatoes for salad purposes, although lecho and juice from them are very tasty. Svetlana, 28 years old, g.
Eagle Every year I buy new varieties of tomatoes for planting from my parents. Last year, I became interested in Gypsy tomatoes from photos, reviews and yield. The seedlings have sprung up together, with watering and good daylight, they develop normally. The bushes have grown up to 2 m, so you definitely need to tie them up.
The variety was not sick, the yield was high even in rainy and cool summers. The fruits are sweet and tasty, I will definitely repeat the planting next year.
The variety was officially registered in 2000. The popularity of "Gypsy" is evidenced by the presence of seeds at almost all distributors.
This is the description of the variety:
- the period from the first shoots to the moment of fruiting is 110-112 days
- the variety is thermophilic, suitable for growing in greenhouses or under film shelters for areas of risky farming, in open ground - only for southern regions
- determinant bush, reaches a height of 90-120 cm with large potato-type leaves
- the first flower ovary appears immediately above 8-9 leaves, the rest of the clusters are formed after every third leaf
- up to 5 fruits in a cluster, each weighing about 120-150 g
- fruits are aligned in shape and size, look beautiful on a branch
- tomatoes of the correct rounded shape, at the stage of full maturity have a chocolate color with a pink tint
- the pulp is quite juicy, sweet, with a slight tomato sourness, excellent taste
- tomatoes for salad purposes, suitable for slicing, fresh salads, making sauces, mashed potatoes
- but there is also a negative characteristic - not too long period of fruit preservation.
The varietal value includes excellent consumer indicators, including the taste and visual appeal of the fruit, good yield and resistance of the variety to a number of common diseases.
In addition, "chocolate" tomatoes are characterized by a high content of lycopene, which acts as an antioxidant in the human body. The fruit reaches a rich color by the time of full ripening.
In order for the tomatoes to ripen, you need to follow the simplest agrotechnical techniques.
Agricultural technology and care
The description of the variety by the producer says that the plant is genetically programmed for self-limitation in growth, after the formation of 5-6 flower clusters. This greatly simplifies the cultivation and care of the plant.
- Seeds are planted for seedlings in the last decade of March. After the appearance of 2 permanent leaves, the plants dive into separate containers or into boxes with a planting scheme of 10 x 10 cm. Care consists of fertilizing, watering, observing the temperature regime.
- At the age of 60-65 days, the plants are transplanted to a permanent place. By this time, the seedlings should have 6-7 permanent leaves. Tentatively, tomatoes are transplanted into the greenhouse on May 15-20, in open ground - June 1-5. On a square meter, place up to 4 bushes.
- This variety is recommended to grow in 2-3 stems, removing unnecessary shoots as they appear. Also, the manufacturer advises to tie up a bush, and in the open air, attach the trunk to a support. In greenhouse conditions, Gypsy tomatoes can outgrow the 1.5 meter mark, which ultimately slows down the ripening of the fruit.
- The determinant variety, even without special care techniques, is able to independently form a bush and fully tie ovaries and fruits. But timely watering and feeding will not be superfluous. The rest of the care is reduced to weeding, and maintaining the soil moisture regime in the greenhouse at a level of 70-80% and a relatively low air humidity of about 60%.
- In the greenhouse, the temperature should be maintained within the range of 22-25 degrees during the day and 16-18 degrees at night. At temperatures above 35 degrees, the flowering of tomatoes stops.
These rules apply to the cultivation of most tomatoes and Gypsy tomatoes are no exception.
The same cannot be said about the unusually tasty and attractive fruits of this wonderful variety. It differs significantly from many "red-skinned" brethren not only in color, but also in excellent taste.