Steppe almond or bean - small ornamental shrub

Steppe almond or bean - small ornamental shrub

The more variety of beneficial plants you grow in your garden, the less hassle you will have to care for them. The main thing is that there is no room for weeds.

Of course, if these plants are problem-free, such as, for example, steppe almonds or legumes (Prunus tenella). It is drought-resistant, winter-hardy, little picky about the quality of the soil, tolerates smoke, shearing well, gives numerous root suckers - a dream, not a plant!

And, of course, no garden or estate can be imagined without ornamental shrubs. Either a lilac bush under the windows flaunts, or delight with its lush flowering chubushnik and spirea... Many of the favorite shrubs bloom very early in spring, when perennial flowers are still growing after a long winter.

And one of the first to open the flowering season is the steppe almond, or low. Steppe almonds grow well in central Russia up to St. Petersburg, where they bloom profusely and bear fruit well, and they are also good in the steppe and forest-steppe parts of Siberia. In nature, steppe almonds are found in Central and Southeastern Europe, grows in the steppe and forest-steppe zones of the European part of Russia, in the Crimea, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and Central Asia.


Bobovnik is a small shrub up to 1.5 meters high. An adult plant forms a dense spherical crown. The peculiarity of this beautiful plant is that its bright pink flowers with a diameter of 2.5 cm bloom simultaneously with the leaves and abundantly decorate the bush. Although flowering does not last long, only 7-10 days in mid-May, you will not pass by a flowering almond bush - this miracle of nature - indifferently.

In autumn, when the leaves fly around, they remain hanging on the branches of this almond, decorating the bushes, the fruits of the drupe are fluffy balls. These fruit twigs can be used for winter bouquets. Only they must be cut in mid-August, before the seeds ripen. Two interesting forms of steppe almond are known: white-flowered and Gessler - with larger bright pink flowers.

Almond is photophilous, loves light fertile soils, it suffers from podoprevanie, therefore it is better to grow it in elevated areas. In summer, the almond plant with its leaves resembles a willow and can serve as an excellent background for perennials flowering at this time. Therefore, it is best to plant almonds in a small group. Since this plant tolerates pruning well, it can also be used when creating green hedge.


In August - September, the fruit of the steppe almond ripens and bursts, exposing the pit inside. The collected seeds germinate well after stratification.

Anyone who is interested in steppe almonds, and also wants to grow: hawthorn, weigela, felt cherry, hydrangea, blackberry-raspberry, black elderberry, tartar honeysuckle, cotoneaster, cypress, cistus, black raspberry Cumberland, mahonia, bubble worm, peonies, snowberry, sea buckthorn, chubushnik, bird cherry, Japanese quince, aktipidia, yellow acacia, euonymus, budley, red elderberry, barberry, wisteria, gum, ginkgo biloba, irgu, lemongrass, German medlar, broom, rhododendron, tree peony, spirea, Japanese sophora, four types of unabi (Chinese date), Caucasian persimmon, bird cherry, chokeberry (chokeberry), I can offer seeds.

Visit our online store http://www.semenabrizhan.ru/shop, +7 (861) 646-28-76, Valery Ivanovich Brizhan, (from 16:00 to 18:00 and from 08:00 to 09:00 Moscow time)

Valery Brizhan, experienced gardener
Photo by Olga Rubtsova


Diseases and pests of steppe almonds

The main pests that attack steppe almonds are:

  • leaflet, Iskra-M helps to get rid of it
  • plum moth, which is also removed by spraying with Iskra-M
  • aphid is very dangerous, because it is not easy to detect it. Iskra-Bio serves as a remedy against the invasion
  • plum bark beetle.

There are three main diseases: rust, monilial burn, gray rot. Diseases are eliminated by cutting branches, Bordeaux liquid or colloidal sulfur.


Decorative properties

Almond bush flowering (photo below) usually begins only when the plant reaches the age of four years. It is incredibly beautiful - the shrub is covered with double white or pink flowers of all sorts of shades, which not only decorate the garden area, but also fill it with a wonderful aroma. Its delicate flowers attract honey plants that flock from all over the area.

In landscape design, almonds are used in low varieties, which are ideal for decorating open spaces and rockeries. It is also planted in the background in mixborders, where in the spring months it attracts attention. In summer, it becomes an excellent backdrop for planted perennial flowers.


What wild almonds look like

Wild almond is a shrub that reaches one and a half meters in height, the branches of which are straight and spread out, covered with a large number of short twigs. These twigs form a lush crown, shaped like an egg or a ball. The branch of the steppe almond is decorated with brown bark (sometimes reddish-gray).

Unlike its strong and tall counterparts, the bean plant has a loose root system, its roots break easily. The leaves of the shrub are lanceolate, having a length of about 7 centimeters, and a width of no more than 3. The edges of the leaves are serrate, sharpened towards the top, leathery and have a characteristic shine. The top of the leaves is much darker than the bottom.

Flowers

However, the main pride of wild almonds is its flowers, which bloom simultaneously with the leaves in May. The diameter of bean flowers does not exceed three centimeters, but in beauty they are in no way inferior to decorative almonds, for example, we can take the “pink foam” type for comparison. The blooming steppe almond in the photo looks very beautiful and touching: its fragile branches are covered with a delicate cloud of pink petals.

The flowering of steppe almonds is short-lived - it lasts about one and a half weeks. Wild almonds are very loved by bees, like other types of almonds, it is a wonderful honey plant.

The wild shrub is very beautiful, which is why breeders have bred many varieties of this type of almond. The names speak for themselves:

  • Pink Mist
  • Pink flamingo
  • Dream
  • gentle Anyuta.


1. Common almonds (Amygdalus communis)

This is a tree or a tall bush (4–8 m) with an openwork crown. Grows in Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan, Asia Minor. Lives up to 130 years. Flowering begins in late winter, before the leaves appear, and lasts two to three weeks. The flowers are large, white-pink, the leaves are lanceolate. Fruits are flattened drupes with a velvety drying pericarp, with a large stone inside. The kernel is edible. There are three types of common almonds: bitter, sweet and brittle. The most famous varieties in our country are Anyuta, White sail, Pink fog.

Common almond (Amygdalus communis)

2. Low almond (Amygdalus nana), or steppe (bean)

It grows in the southern forest-steppe and in the steppe zone of Russia - in the European part, in Siberia, in Central Asia. Small deciduous shrub 0.5–1.5 m tall. The crown is dense, spherical. The leaves are dark green above, light green below, up to 6 cm long. Flowers up to 3 cm in diameter, bright pink, solitary, bloom simultaneously with the leaves. Blooms in May, very luxuriantly, for two to three weeks. Produces abundant root growth. Photophilous, drought-resistant, winter-hardy. Lives 60–80 years. There are two decorative forms of this kind - white-flowered (albiflora) and Gessler (gessleriana), with large bright pink flowers.

Low almond (Amygdalus nana), or steppe (bean)

3. Three-lobed almond (Amygdalus triloba), or three-lobed almond (Louiseania triloba)

Three-lobed almond (Amygdalus triloba), or luizeania three-bladed (Louiseania triloba) is a very beautiful shrub or tree up to 5 m tall, with falling leaves. His homeland is North China. Spreading crown up to 1.5 m in diameter. Shoots are dark gray, elliptical leaves, yellow-green above, grayish below. The flowers are pink, dark pink and crimson, open in May, densely cover last year's shoots along the entire length. Flowering lasts two and a half weeks. Flowers are sometimes damaged by late spring frosts. The fruits fall off easily.

Terry form is known Captivity with pale pink flowers and a similar variety Joy.

Three-lobed almond (Amygdalus triloba), or three-lobed almond (Louiseania triloba)

4. Ledebour's almond (Amygdalus ledebouriana)

Originally from the foothills of Altai and Tarbagatai. It is a shrub 1.2–2 m tall, crown diameter 0.8–1 m. The leaves are large, dark green. The flowers are pink, fragrant, up to 4 cm in diameter. Bears fruit from the age of eleven. Fruits up to 4 cm long, ripen in September. It blooms earlier than many almonds - in early May, flowering duration is two to three weeks. Decorative and winter-hardy.

Ledebour's almond (Amygdalus ledebouriana)

5. Petunnikov's almond (Amygdalus petunnikowii)

The bush is native to the Western Tien Shan. Shrub up to 1 m. Crown diameter 0.8 m. Pink flowers open in May, flowering duration twelve days. Blooms from three years old, bears fruit from five. Fruits are reddish, densely pubescent. In winter, the ends of annual shoots freeze slightly.

Petunnikov's almond (Amygdalus petunnikowii)


Types and varieties

The main differences between species and varieties of almonds are their shape, height and color.

  1. Georgian almonds. The plant grows no higher than a meter, the leaves are large, bright pinkish, with a rough, hairy fruit. The flowering period falls in May and is 3 weeks. It survives frosts with ease.
  2. Almonds are low. This plant loves light, resistant to frost and drought, undemanding to the soil. This almond is common in Siberia. Its main difference is the color of the branches, they are dull red with narrow leaves. The flowers are light pink. The flowering period is a week.
  3. Common almonds. Can be found in the Caucasus, Iran and Afghanistan. It looks like a large bush or small tree with branches of red or pinkish color and up to 5 meters high.
  4. Almond three-lobed or, as they sometimes say, three-lobed has decorative varieties, namely:
  5. Captivity - bush, up to 2 meters high with pink double flowers.
  6. Kievsky - a small tree with velvety pink flowers. It begins to bloom in late April - early May and is two weeks old.
  7. Tanyusha - the flowers of this bush have a dense double structure and a diameter of about 3 cm.
  8. Ruslana - flowers have a flesh tint and a double appearance, at the end of flowering they turn white.


The more you plant a variety of beneficial plants in your garden, the less hassle it will be to care for them. The main thing is that there is no room for weeds. Of course, if these plants do not cause problems, such as steppe almonds (bean).

It is a drought-resistant, winter-hardy plant that does not require much soil. Steppe almonds are one of the first to open the flowering season, they grow well in central Russia to St. Petersburg, where they bloom profusely and bear fruit well, as well as in the steppe and forest-steppe parts of Siberia.

What is he like?

Bobovnik - This is a small shrub up to 1.5 m high and a dense spherical crown. The peculiarity of this beautiful plant is that bright pink flowers with a diameter of 2.5 cm bloom simultaneously with the leaves and adorn the bush in abundance. Although flowering does not last long, only 7-10 days in mid-May, you cannot pass by a flowering almond bush - this miracle -. In autumn, when the leaves fly around, they remain hanging on the branches, decorating the bushes, the fruits of the drupe are fluffy balls. These fruit twigs can be used for winter bouquets. Only they need to be cut in mid-August, before the seeds ripen.

Two interesting forms are known: white-flowered and Geselera with larger bright pink flowers.

There are about 40 known types of almonds. They grow in the countries of Eurasia and North America. These are deciduous shrubs, sometimes small trees with alternate, simple, lanceolate leaves, serrate along the edge with abundant and very beautiful, large, single, pink or white flowers that appear in the 3-5th year. Fruits are rounded drupes with a dry, pubescent, elliptical pericarp and an easily detachable bone with a perforated or grooved surface.

Almond photophilous , loves light fertile soils, suffers from podoprevaniya, so it is better to grow it in elevated areas. The plant does not like acidic soils, therefore it is very responsive to the introduction of lime or dolomite flour, as well as to regular feeding. It is very important to observe the measure when watering, since a lack of moisture shortens the flowering period, and excessive moisture leads to decay of the root collar.

At the time of flowering, the steppe almond resembles sakura, at least in decorativeness it is not inferior to the Japanese beauty. In summer, the almond plant looks like a willow with its leaves and can serve as an excellent backdrop for summer-flowering perennials. Therefore, it is best to plant almonds in a small group. Since it tolerates pruning well, it can also be used to create a green hedge.

There are fruits, but they are inedible

In August-September, the fruit ripens and bursts, exposing the bone inside. The legume fruit is inedible, but the seeds can be used to propagate the plant. It is advisable to plant them immediately in the fall or spring after 5-6 months of stratification. However, it should be borne in mind that during seed reproduction, parental traits may be lost. It is safer to propagate steppe almonds by root shoots, which appear in abundance every year. By the way, the bushes themselves are rejuvenated precisely due to the root growth, which replaces the aged shoots.

Valery Ivanovich Brizhan, Krasnodar Territory, Art. Chelbasskaya


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