How to care for your lawn in summer
Hello dear friends!
In recent years, green lawns have gained unprecedented popularity in landscape design. The neatly trimmed grass “carpet” gives any backyard a well-groomed look and is the pride of the owners, delighting the inhabitants with emerald beauty throughout the season. Let's talk about how to care for the lawn in the summer on the site.
Keeping a cultivated lawn requires some effort from the gardener. The growth and development of herbage, as well as its external attractiveness and saturation with greenery, depends on the quality of care. Timely implementation of the necessary measures not only ensures the longevity, decorativeness, vitality of the lawn and prevents the degradation of plants, but also increases the resistance of the grass to adverse influences (drought, dry winds, etc.).
The main measures for the care of the lawn in the summer include:
- regular watering to maintain moisture and soil structure
- top dressing for enriching the soil with nutritious compounds, activating regrowth processes and preventing the depletion of the grass stand after mowing
- mowing lawn grass to a set height to give the lawn an attractive appearance
- cleaning of falling leaves and volunteers (if there are trees on the lawn).
Watering the lawn
To maintain the decorative and harmonious vegetation of the grass stand, the lawn needs to be provided with moisture. Irrigation is carried out with such an amount of liquid that moisture penetrates to a depth of at least 20 cm (root layer). The average watering volume is three buckets per square meter. meter of lawn. Surface irrigation, when moisture penetrates into the soil by no more than 5 cm, is ineffective and cannot provide the grass stand with the necessary nutrition.
The number of waterings depends on the weather conditions of the current summer. In drought and heat, lawn grass should be watered at least once every 2-3 days. In a rainy summer, the amount of watering can be reduced to 1-2 times a week. It is undesirable to carry out sprinkling in the heat, under the scorching rays of the sun, as this can lead to the appearance of yellow burn spots on the lawn.
To moisten a large lawn, owners of personal plots purchase special irrigation systems - sprinklers. In small areas, spray nozzles have proven themselves well, which are put on hoses connected to a water supply or a well pump.
Top dressing of the lawn
Talking about how to care for a lawn in summer, it is impossible not to mention fertilizers, because each shearing of grass stands leads to the depletion of reserves of nutrients and plant organisms. The application of mineral fertilizers removes this distortion and provides the grass stand with vital elements. Specialized lawn care mineral mixtures are available on the market, usually in dry or granular form.
Lawn Fertilization Methods
You can fertilize the lawn dry, spreading the product as evenly as possible over the surface of the plot and then watering the lawn abundantly. The event is planned before scheduled watering or during the period of heavy rainfall.
But watering with a liquid solution is much more effective, although this process requires much more effort. Fertilizers are preliminarily dissolved in large containers, and then the liquid is poured into the tanks of irrigation machines or special sprinklers. If you have a hydraulic seeder at your disposal, experienced gardeners recommend using this machine for liquid fertilization of the lawn.
What fertilizers do you need to use for your lawn grass?
If at the beginning of the growing season the lawn grass needs increased doses of nitrogen, then in the summer the plants require potassium and phosphorus, as well as a complex of trace elements. In the spring and until mid-summer, nitrogen compounds should prevail in lawn fertilizers. The use of ready-made mixtures, as well as urea, ammonium nitrate or complex nitroammophoska, is effective.
From mid-July, it is not recommended to feed the grass stand with nitrogen, since the plants are preparing for the end of the growing season and winter dormancy, and this chemical element activates the set of green mass, which can lead to a decrease in winter hardiness.
In the absence of special fertilizer, you can independently prepare a nutrient mixture for fertilizing the lawn in the last summer month by mixing superphosphate and potassium salt. The proportions of the drug are observed according to the instructions on the package.
A biological alternative to mineral fertilizers is plant ash obtained from the incineration of organic residues and debris. It is a valuable source of potassium and phosphorus, as well as other trace elements necessary for grass. The pre-moistened lawn is evenly powdered with sifted ash, and then watered. A variant of watering the lawn with ash infusion is possible: dilute half a liter jar in a bucket of water and let it brew for three days.
The first time the lawn is mowed after winter is carried out after the young grass has grown to a height of about 12-15 cm.At first, the grass stand is cut by 4 cm, setting the lawn mower knives by 8 cm.When the next mowing, the knives are rearranged so that the grass height remains no more than 6 cm.
The event is carried out depending on the specific type of lawn grass, its growth rate and weather conditions. Usually the grass stand is mowed every 5-14 days. The signal about the need for a haircut is the growth of greenery to a height of up to 8 cm from the initial level. The grass should not be allowed to overgrow, as removing a large amount of green mass can lead to plant depletion, stunted growth and even partial death. It is permissible to cut up to a third of the height of the healthy surface of the shoots.
If for some reason you missed the planned mowing, then you will have to leave a higher height than usual, and after a few days, repeat the haircut to the normal level.
After the planned mowing, it is recommended to water and fertilize the lawn. This will provide the plants with nutrients and moisture and enhance the decorative effect of the lawn.
Now you know, how to care for a lawn in summer right. Have a nice summer vacation and emerald greenery on your backyard! See you!
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Views: 5547 Posted: 27-03-2014, 13:56 Comments: 0 Posted by: NnzxXsiemens75
So that instead of two beds of potatoes - a lawn? Previously, it was scary to even think about it, but today it is a common thing. On the agenda is another question: why is the English lawn a poem, and ours is grass by grass?
Once a foreigner asked an English lord: "How do you keep your lawn in such excellent condition?" - “Oh, it's simple! - answered the lord. - You sow the grass, it grows, then you cut it, it grows, and so for 300 years! " Let it not be English (after all, our climate is not the same), but a solid Russian lawn can be grown. For this it is time to start a series of serious events.
When a solid plus is established, you need to feed the lawn with ammonium sulfate (if the soil is alkaline) or slaked lime (if acidic). Do this without waiting for the grass to grow, otherwise the fertilizers will not have time to dissolve, and the young shoots will burn in the spring sun. If the grass has already hatched, the lawn must be shed until the fertilizers are completely dissolved.
The fertilizer has dissolved, the sod is dry, it's time to comb the lawn. We take a fan rake and rake up all the autumn grass accumulated during the winter, grass felt, fallen leaves.
During the winter, the ground has become denser, and the roots do not breathe well. If we open the pores, we will carry out aeration. You can use the simplest devices - a special shoe extension is sold in the form of a sole with numerous teeth. It is enough to walk back and forth on the lawn several times. Or just take a pitchfork and pierce the turf to a depth of 7-10 cm. The more punctures, the better the lawn. If the lawn is large, then the procedure is quite laborious, you can limit yourself to piercing in problem areas.
Bald spots on the lawn are almost always formed, this is not your fault, but the result of wet, with temperature changes in winter. We carry out the restoration, add fertile soil to the bald spots (bare lowlands with rusty grass), tamp it, sow the lawn grass, add the earth and tamp it again.
One of the main lawn care procedures. The first cut - when the grass has grown by 10 cm, we cut to a height of 5-8 cm, not shorter. You cannot cut lower, because the soil without grass protection will dry out quickly and the grass will begin to turn yellow. In the future, we cut every 10 days, that is, 3-4 times a month.
Favorites of the Northwest. Grasses ideal for the lawn
• Meadow bluegrass (10% in the mixture).
• Red fescue (20%).
• Reed fescue (45%).
• Pasture ryegrass (25%).
These grasses thrive, hold the soil, prevent weeds from sprouting and adapt to the cutting height. You can buy a ready-made mixture, or you can make it yourself.
How to Pick a Good Roll Lawn
First of all, you need to be clear about which lawn is best for you. You should not buy special offers of turf for your summer cottage, for example, sports or special ones. Of course, such products can be of high quality and very stable, but they are usually more expensive and require special care. Here you need to choose a good quality versatile lawn. When selecting rolls, pay attention to the following signs:
- The sod part of the canvas should contain a large number of white roots and rhizomes, tightly connected to each other. If you notice any dark spots in all these plexuses, check to see if it is rot. Of course, a dry leaf or a dark pebble can get stuck in the thick of the roots. However, if several roots or shoots are painted in a dark color, then such a roll should be discarded, since it may be infected with some kind of disease.
- A healthy lawn bale should have a bright and uniform color.
- Typically, a well-formed lawn has the same sod thickness along its entire length.
- Take a good look at each roll you buy for signs of disease and any pests.
- Before going to the nursery behind the lawn, read reviews about the manufacturer and its product. This will help you avoid mistakes and use your money profitably.
Lawn care in winter
In the cold season, the lawn must be protected from any outside interference and from any load. It is better not to walk on the lawn from the moment the grass stops growing - when the temperature drops below +5 degrees. Neat walks or careful steps can only be allowed when the lawn is covered with a thick layer of snow. And even then, in the absence of extreme necessity, it is better not to step on the surface of the lawn: it is at this time that the risk of irreversible damage to the sod is high.
It is usually recommended not to take any action with the removal or distribution of snow, pouring it onto the lawn. But one procedure may still be needed in winter: if, as a result of a strong thaw or a sharp temperature drop, weather anomalies, instead of snow, the lawn is covered with an ice crust, then it is advisable to destroy it with a rake, pitchfork or any other tool.