Detailed description of strawberry variety Maryshka

Detailed description of strawberry variety Maryshka

Strawberry Maryshka is a large-fruited berry with the aroma of wild strawberries.

Description of strawberry variety Maryshka

Strawberry Maryshka was bred in the Czech Republic. This is a mid-early variety. The berries ripen on June 15th. In Siberia and the Urals, it is not planted.

Characteristics of berries

Due to the fact that the berries on the bush are close to each other, they different shapes... They can be flat or elongated cones. Basically, the seeds are located at the very tips, they are yellow, protrude on the surface.

The berries are dark scarlet, dry. Their weight is 40-60 g. Up to 0.5 kg of fruit can be removed from the bush. The berries are sweet to taste, have aroma, very similar to the smell of wild strawberries... The pulp is firm.

The berries ripen almost simultaneously and are harvested in about 2 weeks.

Characteristics of the bushes

The bushes are low, there is little foliage. The leaves are large, emerald. Inflorescences grow above the leaves; under the weight of the berries, they do not bend to the soil. Flowers are combined in bunches.

Advantages:

  • Berries of dessert taste, sweet, with the aroma of wild strawberries.
  • They are do not shrink over time.
  • The flower stalks are located above the leaves, so the berries do not fall on the soil.
  • The bushes have good resistance to diseases, including gray mold.
  • Since the flesh is firm, the berries are easy to transport.
  • Variety has good frost resistancesufficient for central Russia.

Disadvantages:

  • For Siberia and the Urals, frost resistance is insufficient.
  • Variety not resistant to red root rot.

Planting and cultivation

Seedling selection

Inspect the seedlings; there should be no spots, dots, mechanical damage on the leaves and stems. Their shade should be bright emerald green without whitish specks, and the leaves are smooth, not wrinkled. The length of the roots is 7 cm.

Choosing a site for planting

Planting strawberries well after grain and onion plants... Bushes need a place illuminated by the bright rays of the sun, otherwise the sugar content and the number of berries will decrease.

Seedlings should not be planted near large trees and bushes. Nightshades should not grow nearby, as they can suffer from verticillosis, which spreads to strawberries.

Plants do not tolerate stagnation of moisture... If at the chosen place there is a danger of flooding the plantings, then it is better to make drainage or fill mounds. Otherwise, the strawberry will suffer from gray rot. She needs loams with slightly acidic characteristics, pH 5.5-6.

How to prepare the soil

If you are planting bushes in the spring, then prepare the ground in the fall, and if in the fall, then dig up and fertilize in the spring.

First, sprinkle compost or humus in 5-7 kg, 45 g of superphosphate and 45 g of potassium sulfate per 1 m², dig up the earth to the depth of a shovel. Remove all weeds and roots... Instead of these fertilizers, you can add Kemira at the rate of 60-80 g per 1 m².

How and when to plant

In the spring, marishka seedlings are planted April 25-30 or May, the soil should warm up to a depth of 5–6 cm. It is planted in autumn in September.

Before planting, the roots are dipped in a solution of 7 g of Agate 25K and a liter of water or in a solution of 15 g of Humate K and 1 liter of water.

Outlets before disembarkation soaked in a solution of 1 part copper sulfate and 6 parts soda... Next, 30 g of a composition of copper sulfate and soda are poured into a ten-liter bucket of water. This composition disinfects bushes and protects against fungal diseases.

Dig holes, observing the distance between them 0.3-0.4 m. The spacing between rows is 60-70 cm. When planting, you cannot deepen or raise the heart, or when deepening it will rot, and when it is lifted it will dry out.

The subtleties of growing

Immediately after planting, the strawberries are watered every day at a rate of 2-3 liters per 1 m². After a week, you can water it much less often - once a week. Pour some water over the strawberries. Do it early morning or late evening.

The water should be warm and well settled.

After watering, loosen the ground, pull out weeds. To protect against weeds, strawberries can be covered with a spanboid by cutting holes in it for bushes.

In the spring cut off old or dry leaves, the top layer of soil 3 cm thick is removed from the beds, being careful not to damage the roots. This will eliminate the overwintered pests. The beds are loosened. After the ground, if it was not covered with a spunboid, sprinkle with straw, peat.

Feeding strawberries in the second year after planting... In the spring, a solution is made from 1 part mullein and 4-5 parts of water or from a complex mineral fertilizer - nitrophoska, adding 1 tbsp. spoon in a ten-liter bucket of water.

A fertilizer solution is watered once every 10 days, they do this until the bushes bloom. During flowering and fruit formation, strawberries are not fertilized.

After picking the berries, you need to make abundant watering. In mid-September, the plants are fed: 2 tbsp. tablespoons of nitroammofoska are poured into a ten-liter bucket of water, a glass of wood ash, 30 g of potassium sulfate is also poured into it.

From late August to mid-September cut off all diseased, dried leaves... The mustache is cut periodically. In late September or early October, the land is mulched with peat.

For the winter, strawberries can be covered with spruce branches. The main thing is to open the strawberries in early spring, otherwise the plants will wipe out.

Reproduction methods

Mustache

Closer to autumn, the ends of the whiskers are cut off at the strongest bushes, 2-3 "children" are left. Then the babies are separated from the mother plant by trimming the whiskers and planted in a new place.

By dividing the bush

The strongest the plants are carefully dug up and divided, leaving a bud or growth point. It is best to treat the cut with antiseptics and sprinkle with ash so that the strawberries do not get rotten.

Diseases and pests

Red root rot occurs when an incorrectly selected planting site, if the ground is wet and insufficiently lit. With a disease, the leaves turn yellow, and then dry. The roots become dark. Sick bushes are dug up.

From angular spotting leaves strawberries are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid: make a concentration of 3-4% and use before the beginning of the growing season in early spring. And before flowering and after picking berries, they make a concentration of Bordeaux liquid in 1% and spray the bushes.

In early spring at powdery mildew make an emulsion of 20 g of soap and copper sulfate in 1 liter of clean water and spray the bushes as described.

After picking berries when attacking strawberries weevils, whiteflies, strawberry beetles, clams prepare a solution of Karbofos. Sprayed on a day when there is no rain or wind, and the air temperature is not higher than + 15 ° C.

So, by planting Maryshka strawberries and carefully caring for them, you will be able to pick berries, which are considered the sweetest and driest compared to berries from other varieties.


The characteristic features of the Maryshka garden strawberry are compact and low shrubs. Despite their small size, these are powerful shrubs with a dense green mass. The leaves are neat, small, with a glossy surface. Peduncles rise above the foliage. During the flowering period, they are covered with medium-sized snow-white buds. The plant forms a large number of peduncles, thanks to which many berries are collected from the bush.

The whiskers are thin, high and long. Shoots are formed in small numbers, but their number will be enough to increase the plantation.


This crop grows in the form of small bushes, with a small number of large, dark green, glossy leaves. They are located close to the soil. Erect strong peduncles grow on top of the leaves, which are able to hold bunches of strawberries containing up to 7 pieces of large, sweet berries.

In contrast to the compact ground part of the bush, the root system of the plant is branched, powerful, deeply buried in the soil.

Description of Maryshka strawberries: they are large, oblong, pointed, dark red, juicy and sweet. The tasting mark is the highest. Large yellow seeds are located on the surface, which give the berries an appetizing presentation.

The weight of one fruit can reach 60 g. In one season, the Maryshka bush is capable of producing up to 500 large dense berries. The taste of the fruits is pleasant, sweet, with a strong aroma of wild strawberries, they are located in the upper part of the bush, on the leaves. The fruits always remain clean, and their arrangement greatly facilitates harvesting.

The description of the strawberry variety Maryshka can be supplemented with a photo showing her wonderful large berries.

Strawberry Maryshka throws out a small amount of mustache per season. This allows it to multiply, but the variety does not need thinning.


Gardeners reviews

According to numerous reviews of summer residents and gardeners, one can understand that the Maryshka variety has special properties and qualities that please not only in cultivation, but also in cooking. It is especially important that each berry is highly resistant and can retain its appearance for a long time. The shelf life is not reflected in any way on the palatability.

The only factor that complicates the storage process is the thermophilicity of "Maryshka". Therefore, it is necessary to wrap the boxes in protective films in several layers.

Otherwise, the reviews about the Maryshka variety are very positive, the plant is unpretentious, does not require intensive care, can be stored for a long time and always has a delicious taste. Culinary masterpieces and winter preparations are made for the joy of the whole family.

For information on how to properly transplant strawberries, see the next video.


Strawberry variety Maryshka

Strawberry Maryshka is one of the brightest examples of Czech selection in Russian gardens and industrial plantations. Its large berries, some of which may even exceed the size of a matchbox, were enjoyed by many gardeners.

Characteristic features of the variety

Maryshka stands out among other varieties of large-fruited strawberries for the compact size of the bushes. They grow in her small, with a few large, bright green leaves.

These leaves are a natural indicator: if they begin to change color or lose their gloss during the growing season, this means that there is not enough "food" for the plants in the soil.

Despite the small size of the ground part, Maryshka has a powerful root system. Peduncles are erect, usually growing above the level of the leaves. In addition, they grow thick enough to carry the weight of the berries, preventing them from touching the ground.

The cultivation of the variety is average. The whiskers of his bushes throw out enough for reproduction and maintenance of a commercial plantation. But at the same time, there are not so many of them to cause the strawberry garden to thicken quickly.

Maryshka has good winter hardiness. Plants withstand frost up to 22 ° in winter, recovering in spring without visible signs of oppression. The variety also differs in high field resistance to diseases.

I could not find data on Maryshka's drought resistance. Usually varieties with a highly developed root system tolerate drought well, but in this case, the size of the berries seems to play a decisive role. To obtain large berries, the soil must be kept sufficiently moist at all times.

Therefore, I made a note for myself that in dry years, without sufficient watering, Maryshka can greatly fail with the harvest. But this is not a conclusion yet, but only a working hypothesis that requires careful testing.

History of appearance

Despite numerous descriptions of the variety in the Russian-speaking sector of the Internet, I could not find any information about the place of breeding of Maryshka and about her “parents”. Perhaps the importers of seedlings of this variety did not consider this information important enough and did not study it.

But one cannot discount the primordially Russian habit of altering names, adjusting them "for themselves." Perhaps this happened with this variety, and Maryshka is only in Russia, and in the Czech Republic it has a completely different name, so it is impossible to identify it by its Russian name.

Suitable region and climate

The strawberry variety Maryshka is not included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation. Gardeners' reviews about this variety mainly come from the central regions. Despite the high index of frost resistance, it is insufficient for the climatic conditions of the Urals and Siberia, therefore, Maryshka is not grown in these regions.

Features of fruiting

Maryshka is a medium early variety. Depending on the region of cultivation and climatic conditions, the berries can ripen in early or mid-June. Ripening of berries is amicable and lasts no more than 2 weeks.

Maryshka bears fruit well for the first 2-3 years after planting. Then the yield and size of the berries are reduced. Therefore, it is recommended to grow it in a 4-year cycle, moving the bed to a new place every 4 years.

Brief characteristics of berries

Maryshka's berries are large, weighing from 40 to 60 g. Ripe fruits become dark red. A characteristic feature of this variety: the berries at the end of fruiting remain as large as at the beginning.

The shape of the berries is most often similar to a flat or elongated cone. But due to the fact that the fruits on the peduncles grow in clusters, touching each other and often interfering with each other's growth, they can take on any shape. The bright yellow seeds are unevenly located on the surface, most of them have chosen the tips of the berries.

The berries are juicy, sweet, slightly dry in taste, with a strongly pronounced strawberry aroma. The taste qualities of Maryshka berries were highly appreciated by experts - 4.8 points on a 5-point scale. The dense pulp ensures good safety of the berries during transportation and storage. On a 5-point scale, this indicator was estimated by specialists at 4.6 points.

Yield

Maryshka's yield is decent: 400-500 g of berries can be removed from each bush. If this indicator is translated into more familiar indicators to us, then it turns out that 2-2.5 kg of tasty fruits can be removed from 1 m².

Maryshka's berries are of a pronounced dessert type and are intended mainly for fresh consumption. Due to the large amount of juice in the berries, jams and jams from them turn out to be watery, although very tasty.

Due to the decent weight and a large amount of juice, the berries do not tolerate freezing well: after defrosting, they practically do not keep their shape, turning into a jelly-like mass. But they are ideally suited for the preparation of fruit drinks and compotes: the drinks are sweet and very aromatic.

Growing features

Maryshka does not require special care, but it is necessary to adhere to the basic rules of agricultural technology when growing it.

Landing

Like any strawberry, Maryshka prefers light fertile soil. Particular attention should be paid to the choice of a site: with a close occurrence of subsoil waters, as well as in hollows where melt and rainwater accumulate, its plantings are often affected by root rot and other fungal diseases.

The site should be chosen on a small hill and always with good sunlight. If this is not possible, and you have to plant it in the lowlands, then you first need to make a reliable drainage of the site, and only then start preparing it for planting.

It is better to maintain the pH of the soil on the site within 5.5-6.5 units. With a higher acidity, plants will not be able to select some important trace elements from the soil, and will grow depressed. The same applies to areas with an alkaline reaction.

[su_box title = "Important" style = "glass" box_color = "# F63E62 ″ radius =" 5 ″]

For Maryshka, an autumn planting is preferable, which in the regions of the middle lane is carried out in the first half of September.For the time remaining before the cold weather, strawberry bushes have time to root well and safely endure wintering and give their first harvest in spring.

Spring planting is also practiced, which is carried out at the end of March - the first half of April. But in this case, the harvest will have to wait for a whole year: in order for the bush to take root and develop well, all flower stalks should be cut off from it in the first year.

The garden bed is prepared 1.5-2 months before planting, digging it onto the bayonet of a shovel. When digging, add humus (0.5-1 bucket per square meter), phosphorus and potash mineral fertilizers - (50-60 g and 25-30 g for each square meter, respectively). When planting in spring, the soil must be prepared in advance, even in the fall.

Due to the short stature and compactness of the bushes, Maryshka can be planted quite tightly: 20-25 cm between bushes in a row and 40-45 cm - row spacing.

Watering

Maryshka loves water, but she does not react to an excess of water on the site in the best way - the natural immunity to diseases decreases in the bushes. When organizing watering, this moment must be taken into account.

Watering is desirable once a week, consuming 8-10 liters of water per m². In dry periods, the interval between watering should be reduced by 1.5-2 times. It is not recommended to water Maryshka during the period of pouring and ripening of berries.

But at the end of fruiting, experienced gardeners recommend watering the strawberry beds abundantly. This simple action helps the weakened root system of plants to recover and prepare well for wintering.

Top dressing

You can feed the beds with Maryshka with both organic and mineral fertilizers. In the first year, provided that the site is sufficiently "refueled" with organic and mineral fertilizers during planting, spring feeding is not practiced.

Humus is added to the autumn feeding (2.5-3 kg / m²). Such feeding allows strawberries to recuperate after the spring-summer growing season. In early spring, the site is fed with nitrogen fertilizers. During this feeding, it is important not to overdo it, otherwise the bushes will drive the tops to the detriment of future fruiting.

During the flowering period, strawberries are fed with phosphorus and potash mineral fertilizers. Many gardeners, along with them, use wood ash for fertilizing - an organic fertilizer containing, in an easily assimilable form, many microelements necessary for plants.

Plant care

Maryshka is one of the most undemanding strawberry varieties in terms of care. Regular loosening of the soil and timely removal of weeds are all that he needs for successful fruiting. Even his mustache can not be removed due to their small number.

Disease prevention

Maryshka is highly resistant to most strawberry diseases. But with an excess of moisture in the soil, its roots can be affected by root rot: sometimes gray, but more often red. If diseased plants are found, they should be removed from the garden - you can no longer help them.

In the conditions of the central zone of Russia, Maryshka can be grown without additional shelter. But many gardeners, for better protection from frost before cold weather, leave a protective layer of mulch on the garden bed, which is quickly but carefully removed immediately after the end of winter.

Some owners additionally cover the strawberry beds with plastic wrap. But this is a double-edged sword: in the warmth under the film, not only plants, but also spores of fungi - causative agents of diseases, winter safely.

Gardeners reviews

There are reviews about Maryshka, although not in such an amount that one could count on, based on the merits of the variety. The reviews are mostly positive, but I did not see the complete picture behind them - the puzzle, as they say, did not work out.

Maryshka is praised, Maryshka is happy. Only, studying these reviews, I could not get rid of the inner feeling that there is some kind of understatement in them. As if they are not talking about one, but about several varieties.

Not to be unfounded: there is a group of reviews in which Maryshka's berries are elongated, like fingers. With a lack of moisture, the berries become much smaller, although they remain very sweet. In other reviews, the berries are almost rectangular in shape, in the absence of a sufficient amount of moisture, the size remains.

The only thing that can be considered more or less reliable from these reviews is that the name Maryshka appeared in Russia about 10 years ago. It is the name, not the variety itself. I see the situation as follows: Maryshka has appeared on the Russian market and has proven herself well.

Unscrupulous sellers did not fail to take advantage of this, starting to sell seedlings of other large-fruited varieties under the guise of Maryshka, ripping off buyers at exorbitant prices for a "promising new variety". So several "Marysheks" went for a walk in our gardens.

Maryshka herself, of course, is not to blame for the current situation. The variety of Czech breeders turned out to be very worthy. But personally, I still will not buy his seedlings from my hands at the bazaar.


Description and characteristics of strawberries of the Maryshka variety, cultivation and reproduction

Breeders in Holland, Russia, Italy and other countries are constantly developing new varieties of strawberries. The fruits of the plant are rich in vitamins and microelements and are valued not only for their delicate aroma, amazing taste, but also for their unique properties.

Berries serve as an antioxidant, prevent cell aging, and improve vision.

Many gardeners continue to grow Maryshka strawberries, although, unlike the remontant varieties that have appeared, it gives one harvest per season, but the fruits are larger.

Description of strawberries

Maryshka's garden strawberries were first grown in their homeland in the Czech Republic, but the variety quickly gained popularity in many European countries. Compact, low bushes give a stable harvest of berries weighing about 50 g. Fruits ripen together, when ripe they acquire a dark red hue and glossy shine.

  • excellent taste
  • delicate garden scent
  • dense texture.

Peduncles do not hide under the leaves, the berries grow in the form of bunches, do not touch the ground, do not get dirty, do not rot, ripen in the second decade of June. It is convenient to pick the fruits because they are located at the top. You can transport strawberries over a long distance, dense berries do not lose their presentation, do not let juice.

Characteristics of the variety

Up to 500 g of fruits of various shapes are harvested from one Maryshka bush, about 2 kg from a square meter. Strawberries have strong roots that do not rot. The plant rarely suffers from diseases, withstands extreme heat, normally tolerates frost.

Positive and negative sides of garden strawberries

Farmers became interested in the description of Maryshka strawberries, since berries with a dense texture can be grown on an industrial basis and sold not only in the neighboring region, but also in another country. The variety has a lot of advantages, including:

  • high yield
  • resistance to adverse conditions
  • friendly ripening of fruits
  • aroma of wild strawberry
  • the presence of immunity to certain diseases.

It cannot be called a minus of strawberries that the berries are harvested once a season, since it does not belong to the remontant variety. The plant lets out a lot of mustaches, which are excellent planting material, but the extra ones have to be constantly cut off. In addition to the positive aspects, the variety also has disadvantages - the lack of resistance to frost.

The subtleties of growing strawberries Maryshka

Garden strawberries, created in the Czech Republic, are considered unpretentious to care, but in order to consistently collect a high yield of large berries, you need to comply with the requirements of agricultural technology, study the peculiarities of cultivation.

Seedling selection

To prevent strawberries from withering, not suffering from diseases, it is necessary to choose a healthy mustache or purchase bushes with strong roots that have a neck larger than 0.6 cm.On the seedlings with twisted leaves covered with whitish spots, it is necessary to discard, since if they are accepted, then for the harvest not worth counting. The plant should have a juicy dark green hue.

Choosing a site for planting

Although strawberries take root in the shade, they adore an open, well-lit place. Strawberries cannot be grown near shrubs and trees. Sweet and large berries ripen only in the sun. It is not recommended to place seedlings next to tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, which suffer from fungal diseases. Infection from such crops is transmitted to different types of plants.

Strawberry roots are affected by gray rot in waterlogged soil. Before planting bushes in a place where water comes close to the surface, they fill in the earth or make a drainage layer.

How to prepare the soil

The strawberry variety Maryshka feels comfortable on fertile soils, grows normally on loams with low acidity. Before spring planting in October, they dig up the earth and 1 sq. square meter contribute:

  • humus - 5 kg
  • superphosphate - 3 tablespoons
  • potassium chloride - 20 grams.

The plot is prepared in April or May, fertilized with organic matter if strawberries are planted in autumn. During the growing season, the bushes grow strongly, so a distance of 30 cm is left between them.

How and when to plant

In the southern regions, spring passes quickly, followed by a not very warm April, the heat immediately begins. Young strawberry bushes planted at this time do not have time to take root, dry out from the heat and die. Autumn in the southern regions lasts a long time, and the bushes are well accepted, they winter normally.

In a temperate climate, it is better to send strawberry seedlings into the ground in the spring, in the summer the first berries will ripen. Strawberries will put on a mustache, by the fall they will form rosettes that can already be placed in the soil.

In the northern regions, strawberries are planted at the end of July and the entire first decade of August, however, the Maryshka variety does not take root in these regions, does not grow either in Siberia or the Urals.

Before the procedure, half a glass of salt and 1 teaspoon of copper sulfate are dissolved in a bucket of water. A strawberry bush along with leaves and roots is lowered into the prepared composition for a quarter of an hour.

Maryshka's seedlings are placed every 30 cm, a distance of 06-0.7 m is made between the rows.

First, they dig holes, then a bush is lowered into them, sprinkled with earth, without straightening the root, the rosette is left above the soil surface. The soil is watered and covered with peat or humus.

Strawberries are planted in rows, bushes, nests, when placed in one hole up to 7 plants.

Crop care rules

The Maryshka variety pleases with a high yield, large and sweet berries only for gardeners who carefully look after the plants.

Soil and fertilizer

Organic matter and mineral complexes are introduced during the preparation of the site, the planted bushes are fed only in the second year with a solution of mullein or bird droppings in a ratio of 1 to 5 and 1:20 to water.

Strawberries are fertilized every spring, in the south it is done in the first decade of March, in middle latitudes by the end of the month - in early April.

To strengthen the stems, accelerate the development of the kidneys, improve the formation of the ovary, the bushes are sprayed with a special compound.

For its preparation, 2 g of potassium permanganate, boric acid, 20 ml of iodine, 2 tablespoons of fertilizer for berry crops are dissolved in a bucket of warm water. The second time foliar dressing is carried out before the appearance of flowers.

Carefully add nitrogen-containing substances under the strawberries. With a lack of this component, the leaves brighten, tasteless and small berries ripen, with an excess, the fruits rot.

Watering and humidity

The Maryshka variety does not tolerate drought well. The first days after planting, the bushes are irrigated every day. If the weather is cool and the strawberries take root, the amount of watering is reduced to once a week. In the heat, the plant will need more moisture. When it rains, irrigation is stopped to prevent the roots from rotting. Water for irrigation is harvested in barrels, where it is heated and settled.

Loosening and weeding

In March or early April, rotten and dried leaves and stems are removed from the strawberry garden and burned, in which insect larvae and fungal spores winter. The first weeds are pulled out well by hand.

After watering and fertilizing in dry weather, you need to gently loosen the ground, trying not to catch the roots. The bushes should not be hilled; it is better to make small holes in the ground through which air can pass.

Weeds should be removed as soon as they reappear.

Mulching

After fertilization and irrigation, the soil under the strawberry bushes Maryshka is covered with peat, straw, agrofibre or sawdust. Thanks to mulching:

  1. Evaporation of water slows down.
  2. Weeds grow less.
  3. Berries do not get dirty on the ground and sand.

Both organic matter and agrospan retain moisture, accelerate the ripening of fruits. Covering material protects the roots from hypothermia.

Relation to temperature

Strawberry Maryshka is not resistant to severe frosts, but grows well in mid-latitudes, in the south it requires private watering, but it tolerates heat better than cold.

Protection against diseases and pests

A variety of garden strawberries, created in the Czech Republic, is immune to viruses and bacteria, but is affected by a fungal infection. To prevent the multiplication of these microorganisms, soaking the seedlings in the composition, for the preparation of which 5 g of copper sulfate and 25 g of soda are dissolved in a bucket of water, helps.

With an excess of moisture in the ground, in combination with damp weather, root rot develops. To prevent disease, strawberries are sprayed with fungicides.

  • from whitefly larvae
  • strawberry beetle
  • weevil.

To protect the plant from parasites use "Karbofos". Bushes are treated with this product in dry and cool weather.

Strawberry propagation

Strawberry plantings are renewed in 3-5 years, as the plants age, the yield drops, the berries decrease. For breeding the Maryshka variety, 2 methods are most often used.

Mustache

When strawberries bloom, usually in May, the vegetative buds swell and form several branches called whiskers. For reproduction in the strongest young bushes, the first rosettes are chosen, all that will still appear are removed. In July, 2 or 3 shoots are sprinkled with earth, watered, weeded, the soil near them is loosened.

In August, the mustache is cut off, and the rooted bushes are planted in a new place every 30–40 cm, an interval of 60 cm is made between the rows. The bed is watered abundantly, after a week fertilized with a weak solution of bird droppings. In the fall, the seedlings are covered with needles.

By dividing the bush

If there are not enough whiskers for the propagation of strawberries, they dig up a fruiting plant no older than 4 years. With a well-sharpened knife, the bush is divided into several shoots, which should have 3 leaves and a root. Each part is planted in the ground.

Possible growing difficulties

Summer residents usually do not have special problems with the Maryshka variety. Strawberries quickly take root, with normal care they do not suffer from diseases and insect infestations. Novice gardeners sometimes water the plants incorrectly, the bushes should not experience both a lack and an excess of moisture. In the first case, the fruits become smaller, in the second, the roots rot.

Harvesting and storage

Strawberries should be picked a day or two before they are fully ripe. The berries are plucked along with the tails and folded in one layer in a basket or box, which is covered with paper or a cloth napkin. Due to its dense texture, Maryshka strawberries are stored in a glass jar placed in the refrigerator for a whole week. Berries are best frozen or used to make compotes and jams.


Gardeners reviews

According to numerous reviews of summer residents and gardeners, one can understand that the Maryshka variety has special properties and qualities that please not only in cultivation, but also in cooking. It is especially important that each berry is highly resistant and can retain its appearance for a long time.The shelf life is not reflected in any way on taste.

The only factor that complicates the storage process is thermophilicity of "Maryshka". Therefore, it is necessary to wrap the boxes in protective films in several layers.

Otherwise, the reviews about the Maryshka variety are very positive, the plant is unpretentious, does not require intensive care, can be stored for a long time and always has a delicious taste. Culinary masterpieces and winter preparations are made for the joy of the whole family.

For information on how to properly transplant strawberries, see the next video.


Watch the video: How To Choose The Best Strawberry Cultivars To Grow