Carrots are one of the most popular root vegetables. Everyone knows about the benefits of carrots for human health, so it is not surprising that it is cultivated in every garden or summer cottage.
Carrots are grown by sowing seeds directly into the ground: the seedling method is both laborious and impractical. The early varieties of this crop ripen in about 8-9 weeks, and if you want to get a harvest of carrots as early as possible, it is better to sow this root crop not in spring, but in autumn. Sowing in the fall will give you a 2 week time advantage.
When to plant carrots in October
The timing of sowing carrots in the fall largely depends on the climate. In the northern regions, sowing can be done in September, and in areas with mild and warm winters, this root crop is sown from October to mid-November. You need to calculate the sowing time so that the seeds do not have time to germinate before real frosts. During the winter months, they naturally stratify in the ground, and in the spring they will give amicable shoots.
For sowing carrots, certain conditions are necessary: the soil should freeze to a depth of 5-8 cm, and the average temperature should be stable within 0-2 ⁰C for several days.
The compilers of the sowing calendar consider the optimal days for planting carrots in October on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 21st, 25th and 30th of the month. Unfavorable days are 7, 8, 13, 17, 22, 23, 24, 26 and 29 October, the rest of the month are neutral. Considering the influence of the lunar phases on the development of plants, it is best to sow root crops on the waning moon, that is, from October 2 to 16.
As soon as the air temperature is set at the desired values, select a fine day, taking into account the recommendations of the lunar calendar, and sow. If the necessary conditions are not met in October, reschedule the landing to a later time.
Tips for planting carrots
You can not sow carrots where they grew:
After growing these plants and sowing carrots, at least 3 years should pass. Good precursors for carrots are onions, pumpkin seeds, tomatoes, potatoes, and cabbage.
You cannot sow carrots in the same place for two years in a row: re-sowing in the same bed is allowed only after 4 years.
Choose an elevated, level area well warmed by the sun. Carrots love loamy or sandy loam soil, with a neutral or slightly acidic pH. 3-4 weeks before sowing, dig up the earth on a shovel bayonet with the introduction of well-rotted organic matter (5 kg per 1 m²) and ash (1 glass per 1 m²). If the rotted organic matter was introduced under the previous culture, then it will be enough for you to add ash or mineral fertilizers - 25 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium salt per 1 m²
But if you fertilized the ground with fresh manure, you can grow root crops in this place only after 2 years.
The acidic soil is lined with dolomite flour at the rate of 150 g for each m². Clay must be added to the sandy soil, and the dense soil is loosened with sand.
Sowing carrots before winter
Early varieties of carrots are usually sown before winter. You will need about a quarter more seed material than when sowing in spring, because some of the seeds will not germinate.
Spread the seeds into grooves 2-3 cm deep in 15 cm increments and cover them with dry, warm soil prepared in advance.
Planting carrots in the fall is carried out only with dry seeds.
Cover the seedbed with organic matter - humus, compost, or peat - and lightly press the mulch to the surface. The thickness of the mulch layer depends on how severe the winters are in your area. After the first snowfall, throw a small snowdrift over the mulch, and put spruce branches on top.
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Sections: Garden plants Umbrella (Celery) Root crops
Choosing the right sowing time is very important for the yield of root crops. Different varieties are planted at their specific times.
It is also worth focusing on the time when you plan to harvest.
For example, if you want to get carrots in the spring, you can sow late-ripe carrots or early spring sowing of sub-winter varieties.
Cold snap can negatively affect the keeping quality of already harvested carrots and their shelf life. Therefore, we do not store carrots planted before winter, but use them for food immediately, and for sowing in early spring we use early ripening varieties.
Late-ripening and medium-sized varieties and hybrids are suitable for storing carrots for winter and autumn. But it is worth sowing them after a stable heat has come.
It is important to know: sudden cold snaps negatively affect such an important quality of carrots as keeping quality - its ability to be stored. Carrots may crack. It is better to store root vegetables in a room with a stable temperature.
The best days of April planting carrots, planting in the ground
Well, who among us does not like carrots, and she is loved in almost any form, including raw. We cook carrots in a variety of dishes, because they are tasty, healthy and very appetizing - stewed and in salads, pickled and canned, and carrots can act as an independent dish or as an additional ingredient for a variety of recipes.
Many summer residents plant carrots, and in order for the carrot harvest to succeed, they must adhere to the advice of the lunar planting calendar in April 2020, auspicious days to plant this tasty and healthy crop in a greenhouse or open ground along the Moon, depending on where they are grown and for what specific purpose.
For those who use the advice of the lunar calendar of favorable days for planting carrots, we offer a table with the days to plant carrots in April 2020, the best dates for planting this vegetable crop, which, although not too whimsical in its cultivation, nevertheless needs special care for it. especially during the planting period, the first days of its engraftment.
In the lunar calendar of favorable days for planting carrots, summer residents will find out when it is better to plant carrots in a greenhouse and open ground in April 2020, it is safe on the Moon, in terms of its location, to plant this crop and in such a way as to minimize the risks of its engraftment in the soil and further successful development as well as growth.
Favorable periods for planting garden and fruit crops in 2021
If you want to observe the stable growth and development of plant crops and collect a rich harvest, then you should look at the lunar sowing calendar before planting. He will tell you when it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings, feed the plants, dive, transplant and plant on open beds.
According to the lunar calendar, the processing of tomato seeds before sowing them for seedlings must be done on February 5, 8, 9. 12, 13, 14 sowing and diving can be carried out. Also good days for planting tomatoes are February 16-19, 24. It is worth feeding seedlings on February 16-19. Watering must be carried out on the 18-21, 25, 26 numbers.
Since tomato seedlings can be grown throughout March, they can also be sown on March 17-19, 23. The most favorable dates for picking a plant this month are March 2-8, 26-28, 30, 31. And it is necessary to transplant seedlings between 17 and 19, as well as 23 March.
In April, seeds can be planted on the 13-15th. In order to dive and feed the vegetable, the dates are best: 1, 3, 5, 16, 17. April 19 is a great day to transplant seedlings to an open-air garden. And if you live in a region with a warm climate and sow seeds right into the garden, then it is best to do this on April 28 in 2021.
All work on caring for tomatoes must be done on the growing moon when it is in Aries, Gemini, Scorpio, Sagittarius or Capricorn.
Soaking cucumber seeds is good from 2 to 4 and 14-15 March. Sowing them for seedlings costs on the 17th, 18th and 23rd. The undesirable seed dates for the first spring month are 1, 5 and 29.
If sowing is carried out in April, then the soaking of the seed must be done on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 8th, 9th, 24th-26th. April 13-15 is the ideal time for sowing. The pick is recommended to be carried out from 18 to 20 and 22 April. On April 28, it is worth planting seedlings in a greenhouse. If on this date you did not have time, then the next time a transplant to greenhouse or street conditions can be made already in May - on the 2nd, 5th, 6th, as well as from 12th to 17th, from 19th to 22nd and from the 24th to the 26th. The following days will be successful for a pick: May 3, 4, 8-10, 27.
It is recommended to feed seedlings on April 9-10, 25-27, May 8-10, 18, 19, 25, 26, 27-29, 30, 31.
Good days for sowing pepper seeds for seedlings are 4, 12-14, 17, 19, 23, 24 February, 4, 17-19, 22, 23, 30 March. It is necessary to sow a vegetable in a greenhouse on April 18, 19, 25-30 and May 1-3.
Agronomists recommend moving seedlings to the beds from mid-May to early June, and to the greenhouse in mid-to-late April. According to the lunar calendar, it is best to transplant from April 16 to 24 and from May 15 to 23.
Potatoes are recommended to be planted on the waning moon. It is recommended to plant this crop on April 1-5, 8-11, April 28-30, May 1, 2, 5-10, May 27-29, June 2-9. Ideally, if these dates coincide with favorable weather conditions - the earth should warm up to a depth of 10 cm to + 6 ... + 8 ° С. In cold climates, it is better to wait until it warms up to + 10 ... + 12 ° С. The air temperature during the day should be set at + 15 ... + 18 ° С.
If you believe the folk signs, then the ideal time for planting potatoes is the period when the bird cherry is crumbled, the birch leaves grew in size 1 kopeck, and the dandelions acquire a ball of seeds.
You can start planting parsley and dill in the areas located in the south from the beginning of March. According to the lunar calendar, good sowing dates are 1-6, 27-31. But from 19 to 21 and from 23 to 24 March, planting greens is not worth it. In April, favorable days are 1, 2, 5-7, 24-29. In the northern regions with planting greenery, it is better to postpone and postpone it until the end of April-May. In the last spring month, sowing greens is from 2 to 6, 23-26, 29-31.
Zucchini and squash
If you plan to grow these crops in a greenhouse, then seeds for seedlings should be sown in March. Since seedlings grow for about 30 days, this period should be subtracted from the planned planting date in order to calculate when it is best to plant. You can choose the most prosperous days for sowing: 3-6, 17, 18, 20, 23, 30, 31. Do not plant on March 9-14, 24, 25 and 27-29.
Seeds can be sown directly on the beds from late April to early May. In these months, successful days for agricultural work are: 1, 2, 14, 18, 19, 23, 24, 29, 30 April, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 24 May.
2 zodiac signs: Sagittarius and Virgo have a beneficial effect on the growth of squash and squash.
For planting and caring for root crops, the most favorable days are when the moon is in Capricorn, Pisces, Taurus, Libra and Scorpio. It is these signs that have a good effect on the development of the underground part of the plant.
Sowing seed for seedlings can start from the end of February and continue throughout March. The exact dates depend on the region where the beets are grown, on the weather conditions and the suitable timing for replanting seedlings to an open bed. According to the lunar calendar, good days to start cultivating seedlings are February 17-19, March 1-5, 7, 8, 17, 18, 30, 31.
Podzimnyaya varieties, for example, "Podzimnyaya-474", "Cold-resistant-19", "Gaspadynya", "Red ball", "Polar flat K-249", must be sown in the ground from mid to late autumn. In October, excellent dates for this are 8, 9, 12, 13, 16-18, 22, in November - 2, 3, 8, 9, 12-14, 17, 29, 30.
Sowing carrots or transplanting seedlings to the garden bed must be carried out when the daytime air temperature is + 15 ° С, and the soil warms up to + 7 ... + 8 ° С. In April, it is best to devote to planting 1, 3, 5, 8-9, 28 days, in May - 2, 5-6, 28.
If you plant carrots before winter, then it is better to do it 1-3, 24, 25, 29, 30 September, 23, 25-27 October, 2, 3, 21-24, 28, 30 November. If this plant is sown 2 days before the full moon, then the fruits will grow in length. When sown before the new moon, the carrot will develop in width.
It is best to plant onions on greens on 4-9, 13, 16, 17, 20-23, 26, 27, 30 January 2, 4, 7-9, 12-14, 17-20, 23-25 February 3, 5, 8, 13-22, 24-28 March 1, 5, 8-10, 13, 18, 19, 24-28 April.
Planting on a bulb should be carried out when the weather is warm outside, the air warms up to + 10 ... + 12 ° С, and the soil - up to + 3 ... + 5 ° С. Depending on the region, these conditions can occur from late March to early May. According to the lunar calendar, the best dates for planting seedlings are March 28, 1, 5, 8, 9, 13, 18, 19, 7, 28 April 1, 2, 5, 13, 15-17 May.
In autumn, the most favorable dates for planting: 3, 7-9, 12, 13, 16, 17, 21, 22, 26, 27, 31 October 2, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14, 17, 18, 22-24 , 29, 30 November.
To choose the optimal time for sowing cabbage for seedlings, it is necessary to take into account at least 4 factors: climatic and weather conditions, peculiarities of the variety and favorable periods according to the lunar calendar. Seedlings are planted outside at the age of 30-55 days. You can start planting seedlings from the beginning of February and continue it until the first days of May. In the lunar calendar for this lesson, the following dates are indicated as the most favorable:
- February - 4-7, 24, 25, 28
- March - 4, 5, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 28-30
- April - 6-10, 14, 18, 25
- May - 1.
Fruit trees and shrubs
Fruit trees and shrubs are planted for more than one year, and, of course, you always want them to take root well, grow actively and give the first harvest as soon as possible. If you trust the lunar calendar, then in 2021, seedlings of trees and shrubs must be planted on the following dates:
- March - 1, 3-5, 8, 13-15, 19, 28
- April - 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 15-19, 27, 28
- May - 1, 2, 5, 13, 15-17, 20, 24, 28, 29.
Mature trees and bushes can be transplanted on the same dates.
It is useful for novice gardeners who grow beets and carrots on their backyard to take advantage of the advice of professionals. This will help to achieve high yields and eliminate many problems.
- For vegetables, it is better to choose a sunny place, loose fertile soil.
- Pre-select only healthy seeds for sowing, disinfect them.
- In order for the seeds to germinate faster in the ground, they should be held before planting in a solution of a growth stimulant (Epin or Kornevin).
- Observe the spacing between rows.
- Water, weed and thin out plants in time.
- Apply a sufficient amount of fertilizer.
- When sowing seeds, it is important to take into account the instructions of the lunar calendar, to keep track of favorable and unfavorable days. The temperature regime and climatic conditions of a particular region of the country should be taken into account.
Planting beets and carrots according to the lunar calendar is a guarantee of a bountiful harvest. Vegetables are demanding on the composition of the soil, need fertilization, adherence to the irrigation regime. If you cultivate crops in accordance with all the recommendations of professionals, then you can harvest tasty and healthy roots twice a year: in spring and autumn.
Planting currants in open ground, dates in the table
To find out when to plant black or red currants with seedlings and cuttings in October 2020, a lunar calendar for planting and transplanting currants has been prepared for summer residents, auspicious days to plant, plant and transplant this crop, as well as other fruit trees and shrubs with safe days for these important and necessary events.
In the lunar calendar for planting white, red and black currants, you can find out about the most suitable days in October 2020 to plant this crop with seedlings and cuttings, favorable and safe, so that the effect of planting or planting is for the benefit of the plants, and accordingly the future harvest of fruit and berry crops ...
For real summer residents, the season does not end in autumn, it smoothly moves from harvesting to preparatory work, but already to the new season and so on in a circle.Already from the first days of the new year, the summer resident begins to prepare for future successes, which he counts on and does everything so that the new season does not disappoint him with its results. worldluxrealty.com
Anyone who is connected with the land and plants, pruning trees and shrubs will tell you that without basic knowledge, like advice from the lunar sowing calendar of a gardener-gardener, it is almost impossible to grow a rich harvest of vegetables and fruits in a summer cottage or in a greenhouse, unless just guess well with favorable sowing and planting days.
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Many summer residents have been using the services of the sowing lunar calendar of sowing and planting, pruning and grafting for several years, which will always tell you about favorable days - sowing seeds and planting seedlings, watering and weeding, fertilizing and loosening, pruning branches, combating diseases and pests, and much another. He will prompt and help with advice, warn and recommend, in a word - his benefit cannot be overestimated, just as his invaluable and appreciated knowledge cannot be underestimated.
Spring planting care
Caring for winter carrots consists in the timely implementation of a number of activities:
- When the snow begins to melt, remove spruce branches from the garden. You can also shovel some of the snow to melt it faster.
- After the snow has completely disappeared from the garden, remove all branches and grass from it. Further along the perimeter of the site, set low arcs, and over them stretch a film or non-woven material. This is done in order to protect the seeds from night frosts and accelerate their germination.
- With the appearance of the first shoots, remove the covering material. At the same time, the weather should already be stably warm with an average daily temperature of + 15 ° C and above.
- When dense and friendly shoots appear, it is required to thin out the plant, leaving a distance of 1.5-2 cm between them. After 2-3 weeks, remove excess shoots again to increase the interval to 4-6 cm, otherwise the roots will grow very small. However, when sowing seeds with a seeder, the need for thinning may disappear altogether.
- With the appearance of the first greenery on the surface of the bed, you need to start weeding. Weeds can be removed only by hand, since when applying herbicides, the roots cannot be eaten for the next 4 months.
- Treat the culture from carrot pests 15 days after germination. In the fight against snails and slugs, you can use Thunder or another drug.
- During the period of intensive plant growth and when 3-4 true leaves appear, carrots need to be fed. To do this, it is enough to apply a complex fertilizer once to the aisles with embedment, for example, nitrophosphate or Fertika with the mark “universal”.
- If a dried crust appears on the soil, the soil must be watered so that it becomes evenly moist. In no case should it be allowed to become waterlogged, since even with a slight stagnation of water, the plant can rot. After watering the soil, it is also worth loosening the row spacings.
When planting carrots before winter, the harvest of root crops can be harvested already in the first decade of June. They can be harvested before they reach technical maturity. The fact is that even fruits whose diameter does not exceed the thickness of a finger can be eaten.
When harvesting, the roots must be dug up or gently pulled out, separated from the tops and stored in a dark, cool and dry place. Carrots should not be left in the garden, because under the pressure of the sun's rays, they will become lethargic and lose some of the nutrients.
Winter varieties of carrots are not suitable for long-term storage, so they should be eaten even in summer.