For those who want to get a good harvest of tomatoes, it is important not only to grow their plants correctly. The key to success is choosing the right variety. The Verlioka F1 variety has proven itself well among gardeners, as it is undemanding and high yielding with good care.
The origin and description of the tomato Verlioka F1
Verlioka F1 is a first generation hybrid developed by Russian specialists. The variety was created by the "Gavrish" enterprise, it is not intended for cultivation in the open field. Tomatoes of this variety should be planted only in glazed greenhouses or under plastic cover. Nevertheless, it is quite successfully grown in the beds, especially in warm regions.
Verlioka is one of those varieties that are distinguished by a special yield. One bush can produce up to 5 kg of tomatoes. Moreover, this statement is true when grown both in open ground and in a greenhouse. A distinctive feature of this variety is a small amount of foliage. The bushes can reach a height of one and a half meters. There are up to 5-6 fruits on one hand.
One branch of Verlioki can ripen up to 5-6 fruits
Verliok's tomatoes can also be harvested in the technical ripeness phase: they ripen quite successfully indoors at room temperature. In addition, these tomatoes are delicious and can be used well in homemade preparations. And when grown, the variety is quite resistant to temperature changes.
The fruits are round in shape, their weight is 80-100 g, they are glossy, juicy and dense, bright red in color, have a rich sweetish aftertaste. In addition, tomatoes of this variety are high in sugars, amino acids and beta-carotene. The advantage of these tomatoes is that they will not crack when it rains, and they can be stored for a long time.
Verliok's tomatoes are fleshy and dense, with a sweetish aftertaste
Since there are few leaves on the plant, during the formation of the fruits it seems that the whole bush is strewn with tomatoes. They seem to hang down and cover the foliage.
This variety is rightfully considered universal. Verlioka is well suited not only for salads and sauces, it is also suitable for making soups and main courses, excellent tomato juice. Stuffed or pickled tomatoes will be very tasty. And the workpiece will look very appetizing due to the small size of the fruit.
A pleasant feature of the variety is its unpretentiousness. Verlioka F1 is resistant to diseases from which many nightshades suffer, such as tobacco mosaic virus or cladosporium disease. Tomatoes tolerate adverse weather conditions well: this tomato will react quite calmly to the lack of sunlight and high humidity.
However, with all the advantages, Verlioka also has a number of disadvantages:
- the variety is very sensitive to fertilizing and soil nutrition;
- during growth, the bush must be tied up and shaped.
Planting and growing
This tomato should be grown from seedlings. This is how you can get the maximum effect in terms of yield. Before planting, the seeds must be disinfected in potassium permanganate, and then soaked in a growth stimulator for half a day. Seeds are planted for seedlings in March. They should be planted at a depth of 2 cm, and after the sprouts appear, they should be placed in a sunny place. Planting seedlings in the ground is carried out in the last decade of May, but in the southern regions it can be done in April.
Before planting, tomato seeds must be disinfected in potassium permanganate
The soil for planting tomatoes must first be prepared. Moreover, it is best to take care of this in the fall: the earth should be dug up and droppings or compost should be added there. And in the spring, manure should not be applied, as this often becomes the reason for the lush growth of the vegetative mass, which shades and thickens the bush.
It is best to plant Verlioku in the ground after carrots, zucchini, cabbage or cucumbers. But his relatives - nightshades - will be bad predecessors. Light soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction is perfect for this variety. If the acidity is increased, the soil should be calcareous. The greenhouse soil should consist of ordinary soil and soil mixture (for its preparation, you need to mix peat, humus, sawdust and mullein in a ratio of 3: 1: 0.5: 0.5).
Verlioka, after planting in a permanent place, quickly takes root and grows. Planting density should be no more than 7-8 bushes per square meter.
Features of caring for Verlioka
When growing tomatoes, it is important to keep an eye on the bushes all the time and remove excess side shoots. The pinching procedure is necessary in order for a single stem to form. The first time it should be carried out when the length of the shoots reaches 5-7 cm.
For the correct formation of the bush, it is necessary to make pinching - remove excess branches
In the process of growing, you need to monitor the plant. When the fourth inflorescence appears, the stem will need to be pinched - this helps to increase yields.
Verliok's tomatoes should be watered abundantly, but infrequently. One bush requires about 5 liters of water. You need to use warm water for watering. In the future, a drip irrigation system is well suited.
As the bush grows, it must be constantly fed. For this, mineral fertilizers are used. It is best to fertilize Verlioka twice a month. Before the flowering of the bush, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are useful, after the formation of ovaries, potassium and phosphorus fertilizers. Mineral feeding can be alternated with organic matter: an aqueous solution of mullein or bird droppings.
Video: how to care for Verlioka tomatoes in a greenhouse
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that this hybrid is resistant to the main diseases: late blight, verticillosis, fusarium, mosaics, it is still necessary to take preventive measures. It is recommended to treat the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate (2-3 g / 10 l of water) before planting.
Treatment with potassium permanganate solution disinfects the soil before planting
In addition, frequent loosening of the soil and removal of weeds can prevent the occurrence of diseases. Bushes must be carefully examined, and if pests are found, treat the plant with insecticides.
Reviews of gardeners
Every year - experiments with tomatoes. There are so many new names, varieties, hybrids! But for 10-12 years every year I have been planting a Verliok hybrid. Well, I like him. Early, sweet, fruitful, resistant to all sorts of byak. Thick skin and small fruits - which is even good for canning.
I have been planting Verliok F1, Blanovest F1, Eupator F1 and Funtik F1 for several years in a row. I am very happy with the harvest. Tamata are early maturing, undersized, not large, round in shape, strong and high-yielding. Well suited for both salads and canning.
If you want to get a good harvest of tomatoes, then Verlioka is an excellent choice. The fruits will ripen quickly, there will be a lot of them, and the plant itself is very unpretentious. You can also remove tomatoes from the bush in the phase of technical ripeness, they will ripen perfectly in the house and will retain their presentation for a long time.
Verlioka tomato: photo of the variety
The Verlioka F1 tomato is a hybrid. That is, collecting seeds to plant them next year is useless. You will have to buy new ones in the store every year. But since the variety is very good and has its fans, buying seeds is not a problem for them.
Breeding a new variety, breeders set themselves certain tasks. And they are trying to reach them. In the case of the Verlioka F1 tomatoes, they succeeded. And tomatoes of the Verlioka variety, based on the reviews of gardeners, really correspond to the declared qualities. That is, they have an excellent yield. Do not suffer from traditional "tomato" diseases. They do not tolerate very large temperature drops. They also ripen early. The fruits of this variety are very tasty. They have a beautiful presentation.
It is possible to grow a tomato Verlioka F1 in open ground in the south of our country. In other areas, planting in a greenhouse is recommended. Or under a film shelter. Bushes grow tall. Their growth can be from 1.5 to 2 m. The foliage grows slowly. The leaves are not large and there are few of them. The Verlioka tomato can be classified as an early ripening variety. Because you can try the first fruits in 3.5 months (or maybe a little earlier) after the shoots appear.
Characteristics of the fetus
The fruits can be attributed to the classic examples of tomatoes. They have an ideal presentation due to the traditional color, shape and even, practically identical size of the fruit.
Description of Verliok's tomatoes:
- tomatoes are even, have a flat-round shape, with slight ribbing at the base
- weight ranges from 100 g to 140 g
- the fruit is five chambered, with an average number of seeds. The pulp is dense, juicy
- skin of medium thickness, smooth, shiny bright red with a slight orange tint
- the taste of tomatoes is sweet and sour, with pronounced tomato notes
- multi-purpose tomatoes for fresh consumption and any kind of workpieces.
Tomatoes have a real tomato flavor and behave great in whole-fruit preparations. They can be pickled, salted. Suitable for making tomato juice, mashed potatoes, pasta. Fresh tomatoes are good in salads, used to decorate dishes.
Tomatoes "Velmozha" are grown in seedlings, sowing seeds at the end of March. The soil for growing seedlings is prepared from turf soil, sand and peat. Universal mineral fertilizers are added to the general mixture of ingredients.
When sowing seeds for seedlings, the presence of a drainage layer and drainage holes in the container should be provided. For the fastest germination of seeds, containers with plantings are installed in a warm place and additionally covered with a film or protective glass. After the emergence of the growth, the containers are placed on a well-lit surface with a temperature of + 14- + 17 0 C. After another week, the temperature for tomato seedlings should be increased to + 22 0 C.
With the appearance of 5 true leaves, tomato seedlings "Velmozha" dive into insulated plastic or peat containers. Tomato seedlings must be fed 3-4 times with mineral and organic fertilizers for the entire growing period. As fertilizers, you can use minerals, slurry solution, wood ash.
At the end of May, grown tomatoes are planted in open ground or in a greenhouse. Low bushes of the "Velmozha" variety are recommended to be placed at 3 pcs / m 2. Before planting, it is necessary to prepare deep holes filled with nutritious soil. You can see the Noble tomatoes, as well as hear some recommendations for growing and reviews about vegetables of this variety, in the video:
Tomato "Velmozha" is an excellent hybrid of Siberian selection, which is capable of delighting with tasty, large and sweet vegetables. To obtain a rich harvest, it is enough just to carefully grow seedlings and plant the plants in the ground in a timely manner. Depending on personal preference and the purpose of the tomato, the variety can grow a variety of medium or limited quantities of very large fruits. They are perfect for preparing fresh salads or sauces. You can also prepare salted, pickled tomatoes divided into several parts for the winter. Thus, the "Velmozha" tomatoes provide the farmer with ample opportunities for use in cooking.
Recommendations for the care of tomatoes "Verlioka"
Moderate moisture, warmth and nutrients are the main factors affecting the growing season of tomato plants of any variety.
Also, in the case of Verlioka tomatoes, pinching matters. It should be carried out at all stages of tops development.
Watering and weeding the soil
The amount of water received has a proportional effect on the condition of the tops, the juiciness of the fruits, as well as their quantity.
Excessive moisture leads to fungal diseases, which are very difficult to get rid of.
In order not to bring the bushes to a resuscitative state and correctly calculate the rate, the number of waterings, one should be guided by the weather conditions. For the first 2 weeks, the seedlings need daily hydration. For this, a hole is made around the bushes.
Pour 3 liters of warm water under each plant.
In rainy, cloudy weather, moisturizing procedures must be stopped, since dampness, moisture and lack of ventilation contribute to the vital activity of pathogens of fungal diseases.
In the daytime, watering the bushes is not worth it. Experts believe that the best time for this is evening.
After each irrigation, it is important to loosen the soil in time and clear it of weeds. Do not let the weeds drown out the seedlings, and the ground is covered with cracked crust.
Important! The best mulch for tomatoes is cut grass. It not only retains moisture in the soil, but also feeds the culture with nitrogen and other useful microelements
Top dressing of tomato bushes
How many times to feed tomatoes during the entire growing season depends on the development of the bushes and the physical characteristics of the substrates.
At first, plants need to build up biomass, so nitrogen-containing liquid solutions are appropriate.
They are prepared from infusions of mullein or chicken droppings. For a 10-liter bucket of water, such a liquid needs no more than half a liter. To improve the effect, you can add 30 g of nitrophoska.
In the future, to neutralize tomatoes from nitrates, it is appropriate to water the plants with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
For this, you can prepare a mixture of wood ash, half a liter of infusion of bird droppings and 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate and superphosphate.
Humate, boric acid and yeast can also be used as a top dressing for tomatoes, which will reduce the risk of late blight infection.
Important! Potassium chloride is not recommended for feeding tomatoes. The fact is that chlorine has a detrimental effect on nightshades
Role of mulch
To retain moisture in the ground and feed plants with nutrients, experts recommend mulching the aisles. To do this, you can use buckwheat husks, sawdust, straw or hay.
Stepson and garter
The peculiarity of "Verlioki" is that the bushes branch strongly. Mature specimens reach 2 meters in height. Therefore, so that the stems do not break, they are tied to wooden or plastic supports.
It is advisable to use a soft cloth tape for this, which will not cut into the fibers.
Some summer residents tie the stems not to vertical pegs, but to a horizontal bar. In any case, the bushes are well lit and develop correctly.
Another important point of the early maturing hybrid is the need to constantly transfer the growth point from the central shoot to the lateral ones.
The pinching is usually done over 4 inflorescences. In this case, be sure to leave a couple of leaves above the buds. They will protect the plant from burns and fruit discoloration. Some summer residents advise removing the lower foliage from the bushes before the first ovary.
Important! At low temperatures, tomatoes lose their beneficial properties, so it is not recommended to store them in the refrigerator.