Detailed description and characteristics of the tomato variety Kolkhoz yielding

Detailed description and characteristics of the tomato variety Kolkhoz yielding

The most popular among gardeners are varieties that can be grown both in greenhouses and in open beds. High yield is one of the main criteria for evaluating a tomato. The Kolkhoz yielding variety, or, as it is also called, Kolkhoznitsa, fully corresponds to its name. You will find a description of the characteristics of the tomato in the article.

Description and characteristics of the tomato variety Kolkhoz yielding

This variety is classified as a medium-ripening variety. It tolerates dry weather and low temperatures. The bush is branched, semi-spreading, in height reaches from 60 centimeters to 1 meter. Ripening period 100-110 days. Fruits are round, red in color, firm flesh, sweet-sour taste. Fruit weight ranges from 95 to 115 grams.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of the variety include:

  • high yield;
  • high content of trace elements and vitamins;
  • excellent taste;
  • versatility of application;
  • resistant to weather changes;
  • ease of care;
  • high resistance to disease;
  • good transportability;
  • not prone to cracking;
  • good presentation;
  • stable harvest;
  • simultaneous fruit formation;
  • the possibility of growing both seedlings and non-seedlings.

The only drawback of this variety is its rather strong peel. When preparing salads or processing juices, it leaves a negative impression, although when transported over long distances, this is undoubtedly an advantage.

Seed preparation

Good seedlings can only be grown from seeds that are properly prepared for sowing. Preparation is carried out in several stages:

  1. Seed selection... To choose high-quality seeds, you need to pour a solution of sodium chloride into a glass jar and dip the seeds into it for a few minutes. Discard the seeds that have risen to the surface, and rinse those that have sunk to the bottom under running water.
  2. Disinfection... In order to prevent diseases, the seeds must be soaked for 15 minutes in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, or in a 2% solution of hydrogen peroxide for 10 minutes. Then the seeds are treated with a growth stimulant.
  3. Soak. After processing, the seeds are wrapped in a cloth and immersed in a glass container with water so that only half of the seeds are covered. The soaking procedure is carried out within 10 hours. Remove the napkin with seeds three times from the water, replace the water, and let the seeds air.
  4. Germination... In order for the seeds to give better germination and an earlier harvest, they must be germinated before planting in the soil. Put the soaked seeds on a damp cloth and leave until sprouts appear. Make sure that the napkin is always damp. The room temperature should be at least +20 degrees.
  5. Hardening... The final seed preparation procedure is hardening. This procedure is carried out in order for the seedlings to adapt well to weather changes and give the best harvest. After germination, place the seeds in the refrigerator for 14 hours (temperature not higher than +2 degrees). Then it is heated for 14 hours (temperature is not lower than +22 degrees).

Growing tomato seedlings

Sowing seeds must be carried out in the last days of February. Before sowing seeds, it is necessary to prepare a special soil. To do this, in equal parts, mix the soil from the garden, sifted river sand, peat.

The best way is the land from the garden, where the vegetable marrows, cucumbers, carrots, cauliflower grew.

To normalize acidity, add 200 grams of ash. Before planting, the soil must be disinfected with a strong solution of potassium permanganate or heated on a stove. The prepared soil is poured into oblong wooden containers, leveled and holes are made 1 cm deep.

Sprouted seeds are spread into grooves at a distance of 2 cm from each other, sprinkled with soil and slightly compacted. The thickness of the soil is 0.5 cm. The soil is carefully watered, covered with glass and taken out into a dark room with a temperature of +25 degrees.

After 5 days, when the first shoots appear, remove the glass and transfer the boxes with seedlings to a room with good lighting. After 2 leaves appear on the seedlings, they must be transplanted into separate pots with a capacity of 1 liter.

Transplant seedlings carefully, with a lump of earth, so as not to damage the fragile root system. After transplanting, the seedlings are fertilized with a solution of fermented cow manure or chicken droppings. Mullein is bred in a ratio of 1:10, chicken droppings 1:15. Top dressing should be repeated 30 days after germination, and the next one should be performed 15 days after the second.

A week before transplanting to open beds, the seedlings need to be hardened. To do this, for the first time two days, take out the pots with seedlings for 2 hours outside. Then the seedlings are left outside throughout the day. 2 days before disembarking in the garden for the night, they are not brought into the room.

Planting in open beds

The seedlings are transplanted into the beds in mid-May. The site where the planting of seedlings is planned should be well lit by the sun's rays.

It is not recommended to plant tomato seedlings in the area where peppers, potatoes, eggplants previously grew.

Dig holes in the prepared soil at a distance of 70-90 cm from each other, and there should be at least 1 meter between the rows. Closer distance of seedlings to each other will reduce yields and increase the risk of diseases.

The bows should be deep so that the root fits freely with a lump of earth and the trunk is buried to the lower leaves. Sprinkle the hole with earth, tamp it slightly, make grooves around the hole for irrigation. After transplanting, the seedlings should be watered abundantly. This will help the seedlings to root well. After a while, the bush must be tied to a support at a height of 15-20 cm.

Seedling care

During growth, seedlings require a set of care measures:

  1. Removing weeds that take nutrients from the soil.
  2. Performing mulching.
  3. Constant timely watering (the soil must be moist). Excess moisture will lead to root rot. Watering in the early morning.
  4. Pinching shoots (leave the bush in one or two stems).
  5. Removal of all lower shoots and leaves at a height of 20 cm.
  6. Timely processing of seedlings in order to prevent diseases.

Harvesting

The fruits of this variety ripen in 100-110 days from the moment of planting. Ripening occurs within 14-21 days. Fruits are considered ripe when their color is deep red.

It is recommended to harvest the fruit regularly to avoid overloading the bush.

Tomatoes of this variety have a long shelf life. You need to store the fruits at a temperature of + 10-15 degrees. You can use the fruits both raw for making salads and for canning, making ketchup, pasta, sauces, juice.

Tomato variety Kolkhoz fruitful can be grown even by novice gardeners. With its unpretentiousness and good yields, this variety has earned many good reviews and the love of gardeners.


Pink Claire F1 belongs to the first generation hybrids and was bred by breeders from Israel.

The tomato is indeterminate, characterized by unlimited growth of the main stem and can reach a height of more than 2 m. The root system is powerful, highly developed. The bush itself is abundantly leafy, tops of a dark green hue. The internodes are short. To accelerate the onset of the formation of ovaries, it is necessary to remove the lateral shoots (pinch).

The tomato is an early ripening variety. From the moment of sowing the seeds to the appearance of the first red fruits, it takes from 90 to 95 days. Very productive. One cyst can grow from 4 to 6 tomatoes.

The main characteristics of hydride are drought resistance, tolerance to sudden changes in daily temperature.

This variety favorably distinguishes from other varieties of tomatoes by immunity to diseases such as tobacco mosaic, verticillium and fusarium wilting of bushes. The hybrid is not resistant to the rest of the diseases of nightshade crops, so Pink Claire tomatoes need to carry out preventive procedures in a timely manner.

The plant is suitable for growing outdoors, in greenhouses and greenhouses.


Description of the variety

Tomato variety Kolkhoz fruitful intended for cultivation in the open field. But this does not mean at all that he will not be accepted in greenhouse conditions. According to numerous reviews, the maximum amount of harvest is obtained in closed structures.

reference! Many gardeners confuse two types: collective farm harvest and collective farm queen. The collective farm queen in terms of characteristics, photos and reviews is very different from the collective farm queen.

Distinctive features

The type is determinate, not standard, medium power, spreading, height up to 60 cm. The foliage is dense, the leaves are bright green.

reference! The main difference between non-standard crops and standard crops is a weak stem.

The species is medium early, from the moment of sowing the seeds to full maturation, 100-105 days pass.

The yield is high, 3-4.5 kg of fruits are harvested from 1 seedling, provided that 5-6 plants are planted per 1 sq. m.

Differs in persistent immunity to dangerous diseases of the nightshade family, immune to late blight and brown spot.

The culture requires, despite its short stature, an obligatory garter, otherwise the fruitful branches will break from the weight of the fruit. To increase the yield, the plant is formed into 1-2 stems, removing all excess shoots.

The variety tolerates a sharp drop in temperature and dry days.

Fruit characteristics

Average weight 90-100 g, round shape, bright red color. The pulp is dense, the taste is sweet with an admixture of pronounced sourness. The fruits are distinguished by a thick and strong skin, thanks to which they are used for drying, freezing, various marinades and preservation. For fresh meals, the thick skin is peeled off, which improves the flavor of the vegetables, especially in summer salads.

Ripe vegetables are stored for a long time, do not crack and can withstand transportation over any distance.

The photo shows the kolkhoz fruitful tomatoes.


Description of the Kolkhozny tomato variety, its characteristics and yield

The tomato takes pride of place in the beds of most gardeners in Russia. The beneficial properties and good taste of the fruit encourage breeders to create more stress-resistant and productive varieties. The kolkhoz yielding tomato already retains its main advantage in its name. The work of domestic breeding will delight lovers of varieties with high-yielding qualities.

General information about tomato

The plant from the originator "Kolkhoznik" is recommended for open ground. The limitation is relative, under the condition of greenhouse cultivation, the tomato is able to show high yields.

Description of the variety and external features:

  • Mid-season, reaches technical maturity on average after 100 days from the moment of planting.
  • Medium-fruited.
  • A compact, sprawling bush of medium power.
  • The height of the bush does not exceed 60 centimeters.
  • The bush is abundantly covered with green leaves.
  • Stable immunity to late blight and brown spot.
  • High yield rate.
  • Endurance.
  • Good tolerance to dry conditions.
  • Cold resistance.
  • Simultaneous yield of the crop.
  • Good preservation.
  • Transportability without prejudice to the appearance of the fruit.

The expansion of the zoning zone beyond the borders of the native land is confirmed by the reviews of Ukrainian and Moldovan gardeners. Characteristics and external data of fruits:

  • Round form.
  • Ribbed.
  • Glossy.
  • Average weight does not exceed 100 grams.
  • Thick, smooth skin.
  • Mature red.
  • Persistent tomato aroma.
  • High density index.
  • Sweet taste, no sourness.
  • They are not prone to cracking.
  • Universal purpose.

The fruits of the Kolkhozny tomato variety are suitable as raw materials for tomato products. The berry can be used for curing, pickling, curling and fresh consumption.

Recommendations for agricultural technology

The originator allows a seedling and seedless planting method. If the first option is selected, the crop is harvested 1-2 weeks earlier. The preparation of seedlings should begin, depending on the climatic conditions of cultivation, from early February to April.

IMPORTANT! Before planting, the seed must be prepared, soaked in a disinfecting composition. When planting in the ground, the seeds should be placed at a depth of 2-3 centimeters

After the appearance of the first two leaves, the plant should be dived. Tomato bushes should be sparse, the number of bushes per square meter should not exceed 6 pieces. When choosing a seedling method, it is necessary to harden the plants before sowing. An unpretentious variety requires compliance with the classical rules of agricultural technology: timely watering, loosening, the introduction of complex mineral fertilizers, harvesting weeds

When planting in the ground, place the seeds at a depth of 2–3 centimeters. After the appearance of the first two leaves, the plant should be dived. Tomato bushes should be sparse, the number of bushes per square meter should not exceed 6 pieces. When choosing a seedling method, it is necessary to harden the plants before sowing. An unpretentious variety requires compliance with the classical rules of agricultural technology: timely watering, loosening, the introduction of complex mineral fertilizers, and weed harvesting.

Gardeners' opinion

Good day! For two summer seasons I have been planting a fruitful collective farm tomato. I put a plus on the harvest. The berries are ready to harvest in 100-115 days from the date of planting. Tomatoes are all smooth, with sweet pulp, medium in size. Suitable for spinning and fresh consumption. I did not find any minuses for myself. I advise everyone!

Valentina Vavilova, 53 years old

Good afternoon! For a long time I have been choosing a tomato that is suitable for open ground. Last summer I found the Kolkhozny fruitful variety. The name of the plant was justified, given a cool summer, it was possible to get a decent harvest. The plant is not capricious in leaving, a novice gardener will cope.


Advantages and disadvantages

The presented tomato variety has more pluses than minuses. Therefore, it is so popular and in demand among gardeners who prefer to grow tomatoes in large plantations.

Benefits of culture:

  • big harvests
  • fruits are saturated with vitamins and useful microelements
  • weather resistance
  • the variety is not picky about care
  • excellent long distance transportation without external damage
  • fruits do not crack
  • uniform ripening of fruits
  • disease resistance
  • growing by seedling and non-seedling methods.

Note! The plant is unpretentious in care, it gives a large harvest during the season, which attracts many summer residents. The fruits retain their excellent taste, both fresh and canned.

  • thick rind
  • pinching
  • bush formation.

The disadvantages of the culture are almost invisible against the background of all the advantages of the variety. If gardeners have long been accustomed to pinching and forming a bush, then not everyone likes the thick skin. When eaten fresh, the peel is peeled, this is the only way to fully enjoy the taste of aromatic tomatoes.


Harvesting

The fruits of this variety ripen in 100-110 days from the moment of planting. Ripening occurs within 14-21 days. Fruits are considered ripe when their color is deep red.

Tomatoes of this variety have a long shelf life. You need to store the fruits at a temperature of + 10-15 degrees.You can use the fruits both raw for making salads and for canning, making ketchup, pasta, sauces, juice.

Kolkhozny variety is suitable for canning

Tomato variety Kolkhoz fruitful can be grown even by novice gardeners. With its unpretentiousness and good yields, this variety has earned many good reviews and the love of gardeners.


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