If the climatic features of the region do not allow planting and growing vegetables in the open field, you can cultivate them in greenhouse conditions. In a small area, an overall structure is often installed instead of several small ones. Many novice gardeners have a question, is it possible to plant and grow several types of plants, for example, tomatoes, eggplants and peppers in the same greenhouse?
Why is it important to choose the right neighborhood in the garden
When selecting neighbors in the garden, both in the open field and in the greenhouse complex, it is necessary observe compatibility plants.
Tomatoes, peppers and eggplants belong to the same family - nightshade cultures. But such a kinship does not meanthat vegetables can be located in close proximity to each other. Companions need to adjust the technology of agricultural technology, because each has its own conditions of care that ensure normal vegetation.
To a greater extent, this applies to eggplant, they need a lot of light, dry hot air... In such an environment, tomatoes begin to shed their inflorescences and ovaries. If tomatoes and peppers react well to organic fertilizers, then blue greens can develop intensively to the detriment of fruit ovaries.
If you do not pay enough attention, then the plants will turn out to be frail, and the yield is low.
Disagreements between plants are most often due to moisture and nutrients that each crop tries to pull over. And some crops even emit substances that poison their neighbors.
Some of the important factors to consider when selecting companions are:
- the height of the plants that are planted side by side (they should not create shadows for each other);
- the frequency of watering (compliance with the watering regime will prevent the development of the fungus);
- how long the daylight hours in the greenhouse;
- growing season.
What are good neighbors when growing and planting eggplant
Cucumbers and eggplants it is quite possible to plant and grow in the same greenhouse... Both crops love moisture, which allows for simultaneous irrigation.
Recommended for watering exceptionally warm water, otherwise the development of young shoots will stop. Similar temperature conditions (within 22-28 degrees) does not require the construction of partitions and the installation of additional vents in the greenhouse structure.
The planting of cucumbers is planned in the middle rows, the arrangement along the walls will create shading, as a result of which the access of light to the eggplants will be blocked.
If you also take pepper as a companion, then the layout will look like this:
- in the northern part of the greenhouse, where the air is cooler, place cucumbers;
- give the center to the blue;
- the southern, warmest part, give under the pepper.
Often, the beds are delimited by paths, the width of which for the convenient movement of a person with a tool is not less than 60 cm... This is quite enough for a comfortable neighborhood. And the beds with lettuce, dill and early cabbage, delimiting the planting of zelents and blue ones, look quite original and functional.
The main advantage of co-growing eggplant and cucumber is that the crops do not have the same diseases and pests, which means that there are much fewer threats to the harvest. A winning question and regarding the choice of varieties, among both crops there is practically no division into greenhouse and ordinary varieties.
With all the advantages, it should be noted that plants have differences in agricultural technologywhat must be taken into account by novice gardeners. Cucumbers are afraid of drafts, while their neighbors prefer a ventilated area. A plastic curtain will help to reach agreement in this situation, limiting the access of drafts to the greenhouses.
Ideal neighbors for eggplant are also considered: onions, melon, peas, celery, watermelons.
Is it possible to plant peppers and tomatoes in the same greenhouse with eggplants
If the question of the proximity of eggplants, peppers and tomatoes is considered in principle, then grow them in the same greenhouse possible if proper care is provided... But it is not easy to realize in practice, because the blue ones with the tomatoes should be located far from each other.
Crops are susceptible to the same diseases, they are attacked by the same pests. Daylight hours for plants are different (tomatoes need more light), and the attitude to moisture cannot be compared.
Tomatoes require moderate watering, they easily tolerate drought, while eggplants literally die due to a lack of moisture (yellowing of the leaves is noted, spots and deformations are formed on the fruits).
On the question of the compatibility of peppers and eggplants, every experienced gardener has his own opinion. Both cultures are considered finicky. require special conditions of detention.
They practically coincide with the growing season, the sowing of seeds is carried out at the same time. Many care rules are similar, but there are nuances that should be taken into account when planting crops in close proximity to each other:
- the distance between the beds should be not less than 50 cm, between plants in a row - 35-45 cm;
- form beds in different parts of the greenhouse, dividing it into separate zones;
- do not plant bitter peppers; when pollinated, all adjacent vegetables can become bitter;
- use fertilizers for dressing individually.
To create a favorable climate for pepper and eggplant, some gardeners advise making zoning space by planting several cucumber bushes between the beds. Zelenets will make friends with neighbors, the main thing is to maintain the interval between the rows and not create shading for thermophilic vegetables.
A more radical solution is to install partitions with a door... Cellular polycarbonate is ideal as a material. In a structure divided into parts, you can create optimal conditions for growing a particular crop.
It should be noted that the neighborhood along with peppers and tomatoes is not prohibited, but before picking up neighbors' eggplants, it is worth considering the technical possibility of creating the proper conditions for agricultural technology for each plant.
Eggplants are capricious crops, so you need to be careful when picking up neighbors. It is important that all selected plants are provided with favorable conditions for development and fruiting.
Is it possible to plant cucumbers and tomatoes in the same greenhouse - the secrets of joint cultivation
Cucumbers and tomatoes get along well in salads. Is it good for them to be around in the garden? There is an opinion, supported by print media and Internet resources, that growing these vegetables under one roof is contraindicated. But many gardeners-gardeners are deprived of the opportunity to build separate greenhouses for them. So those who have to be content with one greenhouse are wondering whether it is possible to plant cucumbers and tomatoes in one greenhouse and how to create a common “home” that is comfortable for different plants.
Green vegetables need moist and warm enough growing conditions. Regular spraying is one of the recommended measures in order to get a rich harvest. As for cucumbers, they do not perceive frequent airing. A large proportion of varieties are pollinated independently - and this is a definite plus.
Peppers and tomatoes are grown in normal temperature conditions with normal moisture levels, exceeding which will only harm them. Tomatoes especially do not tolerate a large amount of moisture, but they feel great with regular ventilation. As a result, the considered crops are unlikely to get along in the same greenhouse.
Please note: with a high level of moisture, which is so important for cucumber crops, tomatoes and peppers can get late blight, as well as become infected with a fungus. Dry air for cucumbers will affect the growth of the green crop, as well as negatively affect the size of the fruit.
Growing tomatoes and peppers in the same greenhouse: what to consider
Any vegetable grower knows that there are two types of vegetable growing:
The first option assumes that the plant will grow outdoors, i.e. we are talking about the spring and autumn planting of vegetable crops. Read the tips for growing bell peppers in a greenhouse on this page.
Tomatoes coexist with peppers in the same greenhouse
But the second option is the cultivation of cultivated plant species in greenhouse conditions. Thanks to such a design as a greenhouse, vegetable growers have the opportunity to harvest almost throughout the year.
You can read the instructions for growing onions in a greenhouse here.
So what types of vegetables can be combined at the same time in insulated greenhouses? This article will focus on growing tomatoes and peppers under the same greenhouse roof.
Compatibility: Can I Grow Together?
Often, summer residents are faced with the fact that they simply do not have the opportunity to organize several greenhouses on their own plot, but still want to have different vegetables on their table. It is in such situations that several types of vegetable crops have to be grown in one greenhouse. Some of the plants get along well, but others have to be isolated from each other as much as possible.
As for the neighborhood of tomato and pepper in the greenhouse, they get along pretty well. The reason for this is that it belongs to the same species, the nightshade. Moreover, it should be noted that with such a planting it is possible to get excellent harvest volumes. The only thing that should be considered in this case is the methods of care and methods of planting tomatoes and hot peppers. A guide on how to organize watering for cucumbers in a greenhouse is here: https://kakteplica.ru/poliv/rukovodstvo-kak-organizovat-poliv-ogurcov-v-teplice.html.
How to plant: rules
The earliest period for planting tomato and pepper seedlings, if we consider temperate latitudes, falls on February-March. In this case, it is necessary to plant all the plants in a checkerboard pattern. At the initial stage, tall varieties of tomatoes are placed in the ground and only after that pepper bushes are planted between them.
After the first lower stepsons are cut from the tomato bush, the pepper will have enough space and light. In addition, the checkerboard planting pattern does not prevent the flow of ultraviolet rays to each bush of tomato and pepper.
You can also plant peppers along the rows of tomatoes that will not be attacked by aphids, because tomatoes have a special smell that repels various pests. Read the instructions on how to plant and grow grapes in a greenhouse.
The third option for planting tomatoes and peppers involves the location of tomato seedlings on one side, it is advisable to use tall varieties, and on the other side of the greenhouse they arrange a greenhouse of a film type specifically for peppers. It is worth remembering that pepper does not tolerate sudden temperature changes and does not tolerate dry air.
In the event that there are still questions regarding the planting of these two crops, it is worth using the video material below. An experienced grower will tell you in detail how to plant tomatoes and peppers in the same greenhouse.
Photo: step by step
In greenhouse conditions, it is best to grow those plants that require the same conditions to obtain full-fledged fruits.
These vegetables get along well together.
If the overall dimensions of the greenhouse allow you to divide the internal space into several beds, then this will be an ideal option for planting plants.
In a large greenhouse, crops are planted in several beds
Tomatoes are planted in the middle garden bed in the greenhouse, because in this area the room is best ventilated. Peppers are planted on the north side of the greenhouse.
If you choose the right varieties of cultivated vegetable plants, then as a result you can get a large number of fruits.
How to grow: what you need to know
When growing tomatoes and peppers in the same greenhouse, it is necessary to select the right varieties, as well as carefully approach the planting scheme.
Before planting seedlings directly, attention should be paid to saturating the soil with useful minerals. It should also be remembered that both pepper and tomato are light and heat-loving crops. It is for this reason that it is necessary to saturate the soil with peat, it perfectly retains heat. This is especially important if the plants are planted in February, when the likelihood of frost remains at a high level.
This should be especially taken into account during the flowering period, because due to such care, the vegetable grower can shake off all the pollen, which ultimately prevents the fruit from ovary. Read the guide on how to build a thermos greenhouse.
In order to get a good harvest with large bulk fruits as a result, the following types of fertilizers should be used for complementary feeding:
- Potash fertilizers
- Nitrogen fertilizers
- Wood ash
For the most part, all these types of fertilizers dissolve in water and only then are placed in the soil.
See video recommendations for growing tomatoes and peppers in the same greenhouse:
The only thing to remember when growing vegetables in greenhouse conditions is that each crop must be approached individually. This is the only way to achieve the desired result and collect large volumes of the crop.
Growing tomatoes, peppers and eggplants together
If the gardener has already thought about whether it is possible to plant tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in the same greenhouse, then he is already on the right track. After all, each vegetable plant has its own biology, which must be remembered. Moreover, attention is drawn to the fact that crops that may suffer from some diseases should not be made neighbors in the garden.
It turns out that tomatoes and eggplants, as well as potatoes, are best grown as far apart as possible. That is, planting tomatoes with eggplants very close is not recommended precisely because possible diseases or pests from one plant will actively move to another. The result is a significant loss of yield due to common negligence. We also know why garlic turns yellow in spring and what to do.
What tomatoes love
When growing tomatoes next to other crops, you need to select such neighbors for which similar conditions are suitable. Tomatoes love the sun, although they can also grow in darkened rooms, during constant cloudy weather and rains (only the ripening times of fruits in the described weather situation will shift and become longer). Despite the fact that tomatoes love the sun, they cannot stand the heat. The optimal temperature regime for them is 22-24 degrees during the day and 16-18 degrees at night. If the temperature of the content is high, then the flowers become sterile and do not form ovaries. At temperatures of 30 degrees and above, tomato ovaries generally begin to fall off.
For tomatoes, moderate humidity is required and they can not be watered for a long time or watered abundantly, and then just forget about the bushes for a week. This is due to the fact that the bushes have a powerful root system that goes into a depth of almost two meters, and there water stays for a much longer period than on the soil surface.
What eggplants love
Eggplants love sunlight and will only grow well on bright and hot days.In a greenhouse, such conditions for this vegetable crop will generally be difficult to create, at least, a rich harvest will definitely not be obtained. Eggplants, unlike tomatoes, always need a lot of water. They should be watered as abundantly as possible, because if there is not enough moisture, the fruits become very bitter and ugly in shape.
What is considered excess moisture for tomatoes (late blight begins to develop in them immediately) for eggplants is just a drought, they will stop growing, they will not give buds and ovaries. Plus, it is necessary to mention the high humidity of the air, because the natural habitat of eggplants is India. If you still do not understand whether it is possible to plant tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in the same greenhouse, here are other important conditions of keeping.
Other differences in growing conditions for tomatoes and eggplants in a greenhouse:
- Often, to save tomatoes from the heat, the glass of the greenhouse is sprinkled with chalk. For eggplants in such conditions, it is almost night.
- Tomatoes need a draft so that the flowers are pollinated, eggplants will not grow in drafts.
- Eggplants need high humidity, but with such humidity, tomato flowers will not pollinate, because pollen from the bush will not be able to fly
- Tomatoes need space and tall greenhouses
About a favorable neighborhood
So with what vegetables to plant tomatoes so that they feel good? You can safely pay attention to different types of greens: dill and parsley, green onions. Tomatoes also coexist well in radishes, asparagus beans, melons or watermelons.
As for zucchini and eggplants, they will feel great in greenhouses with cucumbers. You can plant eggplants with cabbage, zucchini and beans, but good neighbors for tomatoes are peppers, herbs, peas or beans.
The unequivocal answer to the question of whether it is possible to plant tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in the same greenhouse will be as follows. Tomatoes should not be planted with zucchini or eggplants, because these vegetables require different conditions of care and maintenance. As for eggplants and zucchini, they make a good neighborhood for each other. Take a closer look at the requirements and care of certain types of vegetables in your country house, and you will be able to quickly and correctly form the beds for successful growth and obtaining the maximum yield.
In one greenhouse, which is divided into zones, both cucumbers and peppers will grow well. These vegetables do an excellent job with high moisture levels and also do not need regular ventilation.
You can add green onions and lettuce to cucumbers - great neighbors for this crop. Beans are also suitable, as well as all types of legumes. Potatoes and aromatic herbs (sage and arugula) should not be planted next to cucumbers.
If you cannot divide cucumbers and tomatoes into different greenhouses, do the division of one structure as described above. This will require some effort, but if you get serious about the issue, the zoning work will take you no more than one day.
Tomatoes get along well with eggplants and watermelons.
Pepper (sweet) goes well with carrots, onions and parsley. You can not plant fennel, kohlrabi cabbage.
Hot peppers protect tomatoes from various rot. You can plant pumpkin and eggplants next to it. Bad neighbors are beans, broccoli and dill.
As a result, if you adapt, then it is quite possible to ignore the negative recommendations for planting cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers in the same greenhouse. With a strong desire, everything will work out.
Summing up, we note that, despite the recommendations of experts on growing the crops in question in various greenhouses, there is a way out. It is enough to make a separate area for cucumbers, and take the rest for tomatoes and peppers. With a little more effort to prepare your greenhouse, you can easily solve the problem of growing these crops in one greenhouse without the need to build an additional structure.
Try to apply our recommendations in practice, and you will be pleasantly surprised by the results. It is a pleasure to grow a variety of vegetables in one place. It is enough to properly plant seeds and seedlings in the soil, add compatible crops that will suit tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers separately, and you can get a rich vegetable crop from a limited place.
Can peppers and tomatoes be grown in the same greenhouse?
What if you want to have on the table a harvest of several vegetable crops grown by your own hands, and there is only one greenhouse in the garden? One of the frequently asked questions: is it possible to grow tomatoes and peppers in the same greenhouse? Is it permissible to grow cucumbers and eggplants together, etc.?
It would seem that the belonging of both peppers and tomatoes to the same species of nightshade excludes any doubts, and requires an unambiguous positive answer.
But not everything is simple and unambiguous - in order to achieve a bountiful harvest, a number of important conditions must be met. In addition, there are different not only varieties, but also subspecies of peppers, for example, sweet and bitter. The topic of our article is sweet pepper.
The main rule that vegetable growers should follow when planting peppers and tomatoes together on the same bed is an individual approach to each plant. The same approach does not apply to different cultures.
Both peppers and tomatoes are warm and moisture-loving plants. Therefore, in addition to the conditions of detention, proper preparation and processing of greenhouse soil before planting is important.
In order to avoid plant disease with anthracnose (a disease that affects cucumbers and tomatoes), it is advisable to process last year's soil in the greenhouse, if it is not possible, replace it. Treatment consists in spilling the soil with a hot solution of copper sulfate.
Tomatoes and peppers are usually planted in loamy, specially treated soil. Humus, peat mixture and sawdust are mixed to the soil in equal parts. Lossy soil can be corrected by mixing sand into it. After that, the soil is enriched with superphosphate (one teaspoon) and wood ash (two tablespoons).
The soil prepared in this way in the greenhouse is also favorable for growing peppers. It is also acceptable for joint planting of tomatoes and eggplants.
The next step before planting tomatoes and peppers in the same greenhouse is to process the beds. The width of the beds should be about one meter, with a passage up to 70 cm wide.
For joint planting of vegetable crops of plants in one greenhouse, there are two main ways: in rows, or in a mixed order.
Vegetables in which shoots develop well and thicken should be planted in rows, standard varieties of vegetables with one developed shoot can be planted denser - alternating plants with each other. 30 centimeters is the optimal distance between the bushes.
When growing peppers and tomatoes together, it should be taken into account that peppers, in contrast to tomatoes, are not pinched, therefore, after removing the lower stepsons from the tomatoes, the pepper will have more light and living space.
The first feeding of planted vegetable plants in one greenhouse should be carried out no earlier than two weeks later. A universal top dressing for vegetables, both for peppers and tomatoes, is a liquid mullein (0.5 l) and nitrophoska (one tablespoon) per 10 liters of water.
The harvest of vegetables depends on many factors. So, proper watering is important for vegetable plants. So, the first week after planting it is not worth watering the plants at all - there is a period of getting used to the changed conditions. In the future, tomatoes and peppers should also not be watered often - once every five days is enough. Irrigation water should be warm - at least 22 degrees. And a universal rule: water should be in the morning, before the sun is high.
The required amount of water for vegetable plants before the appearance of flowers should not exceed 5 liters per 1 sq. meter, and with the beginning of flowering - at least 10 liters per 1 sq. meter. Watering almost all vegetables in the greenhouse, especially during the flowering period, should be at the root, avoiding the spray on the crown so as not to wash off the pollen. This is especially true of self-pollinating varieties, which are becoming more and more.
Apart from watering, another important point is keeping the greenhouse at a comfortable temperature. It should not drop below 22 degrees. In the greenhouse, sharp temperature changes should be especially avoided.
Tomatoes, as we know, need regular pinching - the removal of lateral processes. Two to three weeks after the formation of the fruits of this culture, you should pinch the upper part of the main shoot, and with the appearance of an intense color of vegetables, remove the lower leaves.
Regularly, during the season, plants in the greenhouse are treated with protective agents against late blight. Specialist stores offer an abundance of appropriate products for various plant cultures.
What other vegetable crops can be grown together in the same greenhouse? In addition to the above tandem, it is quite appropriate to plant tomatoes with cucumbers and eggplants in the same greenhouse.