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Eat to your health. Part 3
Vegetables and fruits are the main source of vitamins. Various types of vitamin deficiency in humans lead to the fact that the appearance of his skin becomes unhealthy.
Vitamin A (retinol, provitamin A - carotene) Is a vitamin of beauty. He participates in the processes of vision, therefore, it is necessary for normal light perception. This vitamin is essential for the normal growth of bones and tissues, it strengthens the skin and mucous membranes.
Vitamin A is essential for maintaining the integrity of epithelial cells. It enhances immunity, increases the phagocytic activity of leukocytes and other factors of the body's nonspecific resistance. It also performs protective functions, preventing the emergence and growth of cancer cells, as well as the development of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. In the genital tract, vitamin A is an essential factor in sperm production and egg development.
With its lack, the hair loses its shine, breaks, keratinization of the hair follicles is observed. The skin flakes off and takes on a pale, greyish-earthy color, and becomes dry. Acne, boils are formed, wounds heal slowly. A person develops “night blindness”. He sees poorly at dusk, his sensitivity to blue and yellow colors deteriorates and his visual acuity decreases. In the morning, droplets of a whitish substance collect in the corners of the eyes. There is a tendency to pustular diseases, conjunctivitis, photophobia. With a lack of this vitamin, the nails become brittle and streaked, and grow slowly. In the body, there is a decrease in appetite, weak salivation, emaciation, fatigue, increased susceptibility to diseases, especially colds and infections of the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the urinary tract, and the formation of stones are observed. Its deficiency can lead to infertility.
Carotenoids - powerful antioxidants in the body give food a color from red to orange. They are rich in carrots, tomatoes, red peppers. By the degree of color of vegetables and fruits, one can judge the content of provitamin A. Lycopene - a substance found in carotenoids has a strong anti-cancer effect; it works especially effectively in the prevention of prostate and uterine cancer. In addition, lycopene prevents cardiovascular disease and lowers the level of "bad cholesterol".
Doctors recommend vitamin A for hypo- and avitaminosis A, infectious diseases, diseases of the skin, eyes, rickets, hypotrophy, acute respiratory diseases, chronic broncho-pulmonary diseases, erosive and ulcerative and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver cirrhosis, epithelial tumors and leukemia, mastopathy.
For adults, the recommended dose is 800-1000 mcg per day (or about 3000-3500 IU). It should be remembered that retinol and lycopene are not recommended for long-term use in high doses. With an excess of vitamin A in the body, weakness, headache with nausea and vomiting, pain in the abdomen, joints, night sweats, hair loss, enlarged liver and spleen, cracks in the corners of the mouth, irritability, itching throughout the body are observed.
Most of all carotene is found in carrots and parsley leaves, spinach, sorrel, red pepper, pumpkin, tomatoes, asparagus, green collards, broccoli, green peas, leeks, peaches, apricots, rose hips, mountain ash, persimmons.
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) plays an important role in the metabolism, primarily of carbohydrates, in their conversion to fats; has a positive effect on the nervous system and mental abilities, for which it is called the "pep vitamin". It is necessary for the normal functioning of the cardiovascular and endocrine systems. It is a necessary coenzyme in the assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats during energy production; provides the body with energy to convert carbohydrates into glucose for embryonic development of the fetus. Vitamin B1 normalizes the acidity of the stomach and intestinal motor activity, increases the body's resistance to infections and adverse environmental factors. It reduces toothache after dental surgery. It helps the body to cope more easily with motion sickness and motion sickness in flight. Thiamine helps heal shingles.
With a lack of thiamine, there is a gradual loss of appetite, nausea, constipation, tingling in the arms and legs, muscle weakness, soreness of the calf muscles, swelling of the arms and legs; marked palpitations and heart rhythm disturbances, arterial hypotension, shortness of breath even with a slight muscle load, rapid physical and mental fatigue, nervousness, headaches, depression, inattention, memory impairment, poor sleep, weight loss. With a complete deficiency of this vitamin, beriberi disease develops.
Thiamin is recommended for hypo- and avitaminosis of vitamin B1, diseases of the respiratory system, nervous system, atherosclerosis, rheumatic heart disease, gastritis, viral hepatitis, poisoning and intoxication, polyneuropathy, starvation, chronic alcoholism, thyrotoxicosis, neuritis, radiculitis, peripheral paresis or paralysis, dermatitis, psoriasis, lymphatic disease.
For adults, 1.5-2 mg of this vitamin per day is recommended. However, the need for thiamine increases during illness, especially with gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, stress and surgery, antibiotic treatment, as well as high-carbon nutrition, with neuropsychic stress, with hard physical work, in cold conditions.
Signs of an excess of this vitamin in the form of tremors, herpes, edema, nervousness, and allergic reactions are rarely noted.
Vitamin B1 found in all vegetables. The largest amount of this element is in potatoes, wholemeal bread with bran, artichoke, dill, parsley leaves, cauliflower and kohlrabi, green peas, beans, beans, asparagus, spinach, carrots, eggplant, sweet potatoes and rutabagas.
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is a part of enzymes that transfer hydrogen from dehydrogenases to oxygen; promotes the intensification of metabolic processes, the breakdown and assimilation of fats, carbohydrates and proteins by the body. It is necessary for the synthesis of corticosteroids, red blood cells and glycogen, stimulates cell division and growth processes, prevents damage to the skin, mucous membranes, accelerates wound healing, protects the retina from excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays. Together with vitamin A, riboflavin plays an important role in maintaining normal visual function, ensuring normal vision (high-quality acuity of perception of light and color). This vitamin has a positive effect on liver function, is important for the normal development of the fetus during pregnancy, and is essential for the growth of children.
Doctors recommend it for hypo- and avitaminosis B2, hemeralopia, conjunctivitis, influenza, keratitis, with long-term non-healing wounds and ulcers, fractures, radiation sickness, eczema, viral hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, asthenia, functional disorders of the central nervous system (poor sleep, nervousness, irritability, increased excitability, mental instability) , cheilitis, angular stomatitis (seizures), glossitis, neurodermatitis, seborrhea, red acne, candidiasis, dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, organ hypertrophy, anemia, leukemia, visual impairment.
Signs of riboflavin deficiency in the body are: depression, dizziness, trembling of the limbs, poor sleep, dry, bright red, inflamed tongue, small cracks and crusts in the corners of the mouth, pain in the eyes, dilated pupils, conjunctivitis, blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids) and increased photosensitivity ... With its lack, dryness and blueness of the lips, vertical cracks and scars on the hands (cheilosis), oily skin, peeling of the skin on the face, dermatitis, focal hair loss, itching and inflammation of the skin of the external genital organs are noticeable.
Daily intake of vitamin B2 for adults it is 1.2-2.5 mg. During the use of contraception, pregnancy, breastfeeding, in stressful situations, the need for vitamin increases.
With an excess of riboflavin in the body, itching, numbness, burning or tingling sensations are rarely observed.
Vitamin B2 rich in wholemeal bread with bran, artichokes, green peas, spinach, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower, asparagus, spinach, carrots, lettuce, sweet potatoes, mushrooms, beans, beans, soybeans, peas, sunflower seeds and peanuts, corn , plum, cherry, cherry plum, rosehip and almond.
Vitamin B3 (nicotinic acid, niacin, vitamin PP) is part of the enzymes involved in the processes of respiration, it stimulates the work of the digestive system, improves carbohydrate metabolism, accelerates the formation of amino acids, lowers cholesterol levels, has a vasodilating effect, regulates redox processes and the functioning of the nervous system. This vitamin reduces cravings for alcohol and normalizes the physical condition of the body. It is indispensable for the synthesis of sex hormones, as well as cortisone, thyroxine and insulin.
With its lack, fatigue, depression, muscle weakness are observed. The tongue is coated with a bloom, it is furrowed or dry, bright red, painful, cracked. Skin changes appear: dryness and pallor of the lips, sensitivity of the gums, the skin on the back of the hands, neck, chest, back of the feet turns red sharply, and the skin peels off. Neurasthenic syndrome appears (headaches, irritability, insomnia). Weight loss, lack of appetite, heartburn, nausea, possible latent diabetes, inflammatory processes in the intestines, ulcers of the gastrointestinal tract, constipation or diarrhea without mucus and blood are observed. With full vitamin deficiency, pellagra develops.
Doctors recommend this vitamin for hypovitaminosis, pellagra, cirrhosis of the liver, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, enterocolitis and colitis, spasms of peripheral arteries, atherosclerosis, neuritis of the facial nerve, long-term non-healing wounds and ulcers.
The daily intake of this drug for adults is 15-20 mg. However, for those taking hormonal contraceptives or sleeping pills, the dose must be increased.
Excess vitamin B3 (PP) causes redness, burning and itching of the skin (especially on the face and upper body), irregular heart rhythms and various gastrointestinal disorders.
The highest amount of vitamin PP in whole grains, sunflower seeds, white cabbage, collard and savoy cabbage, lettuce, green peas, potatoes, carrots, bell peppers, eggplants, sweet potatoes, rutabagas, beans, soybeans, corn, asparagus, mushrooms ... And especially a lot - in mushrooms, dried apricots, dates, avocados and prunes.
To be continued →
candidate of agricultural sciences
Summary of the lesson "Vitamins from the garden"
Summary of the lesson "Vitamins from the garden"
Lesson summary «Vitamins from the garden»
purpose: show the importance of vegetables for human development, growth and health.
Tasks: to introduce children to the concept «vitamins»
develop thinking, visual perception, attention, memory
to educate children in the ability to choose the right products for
Material and equipment: cards vitamins and useful products, a gardener's scarecrow suit, a presentation on the topic, a projector, a laptop, speakers.
What vitamins vegetables provide us - garden and vegetable garden
A LITTLE HISTORY
Asparagus culture has several millennia. Its place of origin is considered to be Eu pony and Western Asia.
In the Roman Empire, asparagus was a delicacy. Another reason for the high cost was the difficulty of cultivation. She was served at the table of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt.
In Europe, asparagus has been cultivated since the 15th-17th centuries. first in Holland, then in France, in England. It appeared in Russia in the 18th century.
Unfortunately, this culture has not received wide distribution in our country. And completely in vain.
A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF
Asparagus medicinal - a perennial herb of the lily family. In one place, it can be cultivated for up to 15 years. An adult plant has a powerful rhizome with numerous buds, from which fleshy shoots grow. Young shoots are the productive part for which asparagus is grown. An adult plant has branched stems up to 1.5 m high. They are covered with scales - modified leaves.
Typical dioecious plant. Moreover, male specimens are more productive. Seeds remain viable for 4-6 years. Varieties: Snow Head, Ulmanskaya, Vienna, Argenteuil early, Argenteuil late, Urozhainaya, Elephant, Gigantic.
NUTRITIONAL AND HEALING VALUE
Asparagus its nutritional value is several times superior to many vegetables and is considered a delicacy. Young shoots contain various minerals, amino acids, carotene, vitamins B1, B2, C, PP.
Asparagus is different low calorie content and therapeutic effect. Due to the high content of asparagine (one of the amino acids), it normalizes the activity of the heart, enhances the secretory function of the kidneys, and helps to remove toxins from the body. It is used in dietary nutrition, for gout, edema, neurosis, hysteria, impotence, tachycardia, hypertension and atherosclerosis.
REQUIREMENTS FOR GROWTH CONDITIONS
Perennial dioecious plant. Male plants form many shoots, but their taste is worse than female plants. Cold resistant. Loves light, well-fertilized soils.
The plant is rich in ascorbic acid, carotene, vitamins B 1, B 2, PP, microelements. Its nutritional value is superior to that of most vegetables.
Asparagus is grown for bleached and green shoots. To get bleached shoots, you need to shake off the soil from the root collar and cut out the shoots, and cover the exposed rhizomes with humus.
Propagate asparagus by dividing the rhizome or seedlings. Seedlings are grown for two years so that the required number of female plants can be selected for planting on the garden bed (fruits and seeds are tied to them - small red berries). It can grow in one place for up to 20 years.
Asparagus stalks are used in the preparation of the first and second courses, fried, stewed. And the asparagus rum will intensify if you add a pinch of sugar to the ode during steaming.
Asparagus is diuretic. Traditional medicine recommends spa rzhu for diseases of the kidneys, bladder, heart, rheumatism, gout. It is useful for diabetes, lowers blood pressure. The systematic use of asparagus shoots increases the tone.
This is a cold-resistant plant that tolerates frosts up to 30 ° C even in snowless winters, but young shoots in spring and autumn die at a temperature of -5 °. -7 ° C. In spring, plants start growing when the soil warms up to 10 ° C.
Asparagus works best in a well-lit area with sandy loam and light loamy, sufficiently moist soil.
AGROTECHNICS OF GROWING
Asparagus is propagated by seed , growing seedlings, and vegetatively - by dividing the bush. Before sowing, it is better to soak the seeds in a solution of trace elements for a day.
For growing seedlings, you can use small containers up to 10 cm deep. At the beginning of April, the container is filled with a moist substrate. Seeds are spread evenly in rows with a distance of 5-7 cm from each other, so that the seedlings appear together. The container is closed with a piece of film and the temperature is maintained at 25-30 ° C. As soon as shoots appear (after about 5 days), such a portable nursery is placed in a well-lit place. With a thickened sowing scheme, a pick is provided. It is carried out when the plants reach a height of about 5 cm. The duration of the seedling period is 40-45 days.
In our zone, it is advisable to plant seedlings in the second third decade of May or in the second decade of August.
More often than not, this culture is planted in furrows 25-30 deep and about 40 cm wide. Manure is laid at the bottom of the furrow, then sod or leafy soil, from which a small roller is made. Plants are planted on it every 30 cm. The roots are carefully straightened, pressed to the soil, watered and sprinkled with a fertile layer 5-7 cm above the apical bud. Plants are placed 10-15 cm below the edges of the furrow.
Over the summer, 2-3 hilling and feeding are carried out (20 g of ammonium nitrate, superphosphate and potassium chloride per 1 m 2 or fresh manure (1:12) - 5-6 liters per 1 m 2). In the fall, all dead parts are cut off and burned, the aisles are shallowly dug up. In the first year, furrows are not covered for the winter, but covered with manure, which is removed in early spring.
|In the second year, with the appearance of the first shoots, the furrows are covered with fertile soil. It is better to do this in two doses with an interval of 10 days. Plants are fed (30 g of superphosphate or ammophos, potassium sulfate, ammonium nitrate or urea per 1 m 2). During the growing season, they are also fed and watered as necessary.|
Only in the third year can you get a relatively good harvest of tender shoots. In early spring, heaps of soil begin to form over the plants. The height of each is 25-30 cm. If you have not thrown away the old buckets, they may come in handy. The bottom of the old bucket is removed and placed on the growing plants. The inside of the "cylinder" is filled with loose soil.
The signal for harvesting is the cracking of the soil. Then the soil heap is raked, and the shoots are cut off at the very base. After pruning, the plants are again sprinkled with soil according to the previously mentioned scheme. Simultaneously with the harvest, weeding is carried out.
At the end of May - June, the collection of shoots is stopped, the soil embankments are leveled, and the plants are given the opportunity to form an aboveground part with a bunch of delicate greenery.
Sometimes asparagus is grown on a flat surface without hilling and then the petioles are green (unbleached). Shoots are cut when they reach a height of 20 cm. It is believed that unbleached shoots are more nutritious.
Every 3-4 years, organic fertilizers are applied under asparagus plants at the rate of 4-5 kg / m 2.
Asparagus can be used for forcing during the winter. It is enough to dig up 1-3 rhizomes (at least 3 years old) before the onset of frost and store in the cellar until the desired period.
It is better to use a deep container for forcing. The rhizomes are planted in fertile soil, so that about 20 cm remains to the upper edge of the container. The free space is filled with soil. At room temperature, 2 weeks after planting, you can get vitamin products.
Shoots can be stored for no more than 3 days in a refrigerator at a temperature of about 1 ° C. Long-term storage involves freezing. To do this, freshly harvested shoots are washed, tied in small bunches, blanched in hot water for 2-4 minutes, placed in a plastic container or bag and placed in a freezer.
TO YOUR TABLE
Asparagus is boiled for 5-10 minutes. in salted water (if you add a tablespoon of sugar, the aroma becomes more intense). This vegetable cannot be digested. The asparagus removed from the pan is best immersed in ice water. Then it retains its color and taste. Soups, side dishes, even desserts are made from asparagus. After boiling, sprinkle with breadcrumbs or semolina and lightly fried in olive or butter, sometimes just eaten with sauce.
Asparagus can be eaten with sour cream mixed with garlic and herbs (dill, parsley, basil, savory).
Dried tops of young shoots, containing a significant amount of sugar, malic and citric acids, are used to prepare alcohol and as an additive to herbal teas.
Delicious (and rare) recipes
Asparagus puree soup (it is said that this soup was served to Queen Cleopatra). Asparagus is boiled in broth until tender. Separately saute vegetables and rub them through a fine sieve. Then everything is connected. Boil, stirring continuously, for another 5-10 minutes, add salt, pepper, garlic and cream. This soup is best eaten with croutons.
Per serving: chicken broth - 200 g, asparagus - 70 g, onions - Utah, carrots - South, red pepper - South, cream - 20 g, garlic and herbs - 2 g each.
Asparagus baked with cheese. Rinse and peel asparagus, boil in salted water and discard in a colander. Add to the prepared sauce, stirring continuously, 2 eggs, half of the grated cheese, sour cream. Place the asparagus in a fireproof dish, top with the sauce, sprinkle with the remaining cheese and bake in the hot oven.
For the sauce: 2 eggs, 100 g grated cheese, 100 g sour cream, 20 g flour, 20 g butter, 400 g broth, salt and spices to taste.
The biological role of cobalt in the human body
Cobalt plays a very important role in the human body. The main task of the trace element is to enhance the blood-forming process inside the body. However, the beneficial properties of a chemical element do not end there. Why else does the body need cobalt?
- Make insulin. The largest amount of cobalt is concentrated in the pancreas, which is responsible for the production of glucagon and insulin, which are needed to regulate blood glucose levels.
- Renew bone cells. If you periodically eat foods such as beans, semolina, green peas, cod, strawberries and mackerel, then you will not only fill the body with the necessary concentration of cobalt, but also strengthen the bones.
- Increase the phagocytic activity of leukocytes responsible for immunity. Leukocytes help the body get rid of foreign protein structures. © https://ydoo.info/micro/kobalt.htmlIf the leukocytes are unable to identify the threat, then a response begins, manifested in the form of allergies.
- Prevent rice from atherosclerosis, blood cancer, anemia, and diabetes. In addition, the trace element helps to lower blood cholesterol levels and helps to increase the rate of red blood cell formation.
- Synthesis of nucleic acids, namely RNA and DNA molecules. RNA is involved in the transport of genetic information and controls the metabolic process at the molecular and cellular levels.
- Enhance mental performance, stamina and to improve memory. Thanks to erythrocytes, oxygen is transferred to functioning organs and tissues. The concentration of red blood cells determines how much the body is saturated with oxygen.
- Improve the activity of the nervous system. If you regularly consume foods rich in cobalt, then you will not be afraid of such a disease as neuralgia, and the accompanying neurological disorders.
- Speed up the metabolic process. Cobalt is directly involved in the synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Entering into a chemical reaction, the trace element activates metabolic processes.
An adult's body contains approximately 10-15 milligrams of cobalt. Of these, only a fifth is absorbed by the intestines, and the rest is distributed to other internal organs. The chemical element is excreted from the body along with feces and urine.
Cobalt-containing preparations are mainly characterized by restorative and preventive properties. Medical professionals prescribe similar medications to those patients who have menopause, stomach ulcers, sore joints, cramps, poor memory, varicose veins, severe pain during the menstrual cycle.
Also, cobalt-containing formulations are prescribed for failures of the hematopoietic function and for anemia. Among such drugs are "Ferkoven" and "Coamid".
In addition, cobalt is contained in vitamin complexes such as Oligovit and Complivit.
Before using any medication containing cobalt, you should first go to the doctor for a consultation, where they will tell you which drug is best for you to take and in what doses.
Deficiency of an element
Lack of cobalt in the body can provoke conditions such as:
- Weakened immune system To destroy foreign protein structures in the body, the immune system produces special cells. If there are very few such cells in the body, then the person will get sick regularly.
- Regular fatigue. The described trace element is responsible for the transport of nerve impulses to the muscles. If the body is deficient in cobalt, then there is insomnia, depression. When performing physical activities, the body is quickly exhausted.
- Dizziness and glare before the eyes. With a shortage of cobalt, a failure occurs in oxygen exchange. Muscles, not receiving the required amount of oxygen, begin to use the body's energy reserves.
- Heart rate failure.
- The appearance of anemia, as well as a violation of the female menstrual cycle.
The reasons for the lack of cobalt in the body can be the following:
- Atrophic gastritis. With such a disease, the level of acidity in the stomach decreases, which leads to poor absorption of cobalt by the body.
- Stomach and duodenal ulcers or stomach surgery. If the integrity of the gastric mucosa is violated, the consumed products begin to be digested worse, and trace elements do not enter the bloodstream at all.
- Eating vegetarian food. Eating only vegetables and fruits containing cobalt is not enough to fill the body with the required amount of this chemical element, as well as maintain the hematopoietic processes at the proper level.
- Enhanced physical training. Cobalt is responsible for the production of red cells. With a decrease in their number in the body, hypoxia begins.
- Blood loss. This ailment can be triggered by a decrease in the concentration of red blood cells in the body due to cobalt deficiency.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol-containing products and smoking.
With a lack of cobalt in the body, the following symptoms appear:
- diseases of the lungs and endocrine system
- vegetative dystonia, poor insulin production
- exhaustion, rapid weight loss
- liver dysfunction
- nervous disorders
- bad memory
- poor appetite
- bone damage
- early aging and the appearance of gray hair
- malfunction of the heart rate
- weakness, dizziness
- thinning of the mucous membrane of the internal organs of the gastrointestinal tract
- fatigue, low working capacity.
To fill the body with enough cobalt, you should include in your diet meat (pork, beef, lamb), as well as kidneys and liver. You can also drink milk or any fermented milk product once a day and eat butter by adding it to buckwheat, corn, semolina or millet porridge.
For breakfast, it is recommended to eat porridge boiled in water, adding a little oil there. With the arrival of the summer months, you can add various berries to the porridge, and in the winter you can put frozen vegetables, such as green peas, carrots, in the dish.
For a side dish, you can eat mashed chickpeas, beans or peas. At lunchtime, it is advisable to use cabbage soup, potatoes and spinach, as well as a salad of radishes, cucumbers and tomatoes.
An excess of cobalt in the body is fraught with disruption of the organs of the musculoskeletal system, the central nervous system, as well as weakening of the heart muscle.
An overdose of cobalt can occur if more than 250-500 milligrams have been ingested into the body per day. The reasons for an increase in the concentration of a substance in the pancreas, blood and liver may be the following factors:
- non-observance of instructions for the use of medicinal formulations containing cobalt and iron
- poor working conditions leading to poisoning in the chemical industry, the production of liquid fuels, ceramics
- increased dosage of medicines containing vitamin B12.
Signs of an excess of cobalt in the body are the following symptoms:
- high blood pressure
- pulmonary edema
- damage to the respiratory organs, accompanied by the appearance of severe cough, bronchitis, pneumonia, chronic rhinitis, laryngitis, pneumosclerosis or pharyngitis
- malfunction of the thyroid gland, heart muscle and nervous system.
In addition, a high concentration of cobalt in the human body can increase the risk of thrombosis, the appearance of dermatitis, as well as an increase in the level of red blood cells and lipids in the blood.
To remove cobalt from the body, you should:
- Eat fresh berries, vegetables and fruits that contain pectin.
- Eat garlic, cilantro, chlorella algae, which help to bind harmful substances and release the body from them.
- Take rosehip infusion. To do this, you need to steam a couple of teaspoons of rose hips with a two-hundred-gram glass of boiling water, and then boil for ten minutes. The broth needs to be insisted for about a day, and then filtered. Drink no more than one hundred milliliters of infusion per day. If you wish, you can add some honey to the drink.
- Eat burdock, sesame, or juniper seeds. You will need to grind a tablespoon of sesame seeds and eat three times a day before meals, drinking the seeds with a two-hundred-gram mug of lukewarm water.
Magnesium can also remove heavy metals from the body. Therefore, you need to eat magnesium-containing foods.
The human body is able to assimilate approximately twenty-five percent of cobalt. At the same time, the dose of cobalt in the blood should not be less than six milligrams, in the liver and muscles - two and a half milligrams, in the spleen - three and a half milligrams. But in bone and adipose tissue, hair, adrenal glands, pancreas, kidneys and lymph nodes, the dose of cobalt should not exceed two milligrams.
The daily intake of cobalt in humans should not exceed twenty to fifty mcg. It is known for sure that the toxic dose of cobalt content in the body is 250-350 μg / kg.
If a person has a healthy body, then 6 to 6.2 μg of a chemical element can be excreted with urine per day.
Meadow tea recipes
Blood cleansing tea: 5 dry inflorescences of meadow tea must be poured with 250 ml of boiling water, leave for half an hour, drain, take 2 cups a day with a teaspoon of honey for 1-2 months.
A decoction of the roots of meadow tea: 10 grams of crushed plant roots should be poured with 100 ml of boiling water, kept in a water bath for half an hour, filtered, brought to the original volume. It is recommended to take the broth 4-5 times before meals with inflammation of the ovaries and tumors.
Infusion of meadow tea for migraine, anemia and atherosclerosis: 1 tablespoon of powder from dry leaves of a plant is required to pour a glass of boiling water, insist for 40 minutes, take 2 tablespoons 3 times a day before meals.
Extracurricular activity "Visiting vitamins"
Extracurricular activity "Visiting vitamins"
Themed creative day on the topic:
"IN visiting vitamins»
formation of an idea of a healthy lifestyle; fostering a sense of collectivism and cohesion.
the development of knowledge about useful substances necessary for the normal functioning of the body; the development of communication skills, ingenuity and resourcefulness; the formation of cooperation and mutual assistance skills in the children's team.
Morning work-out. "FROM vitamins for exercise!»
-Hello guys! I am very glad that you woke up in a good mood, that we all got together.Look around you: what an amazing warm weather today, how loudly and joyfully, meeting us, the birds sing, how wonderful the sun smiles at us and makes this day unforgettable. All this will help you to spend this great day with benefit. You are ready? There are many different kingdoms, kingdoms and states on planet Earth. We will visit the kingdom today vitamins and learn a lot about them. Let's start right now.
Hello guys! My name is vitamin A... But I have one more name. Friends call me simply - Retinol. and I live in fish oil, liver and carrots. I like everyone vitamins I love helping people. You will learn more about my help by reading about me in one of the corners of the school. And right now, I will help the younger grades do exercises. Charging with younger grades takes place in the form of a game "Bunny in the garden":
The course of the game. By counting, the guys choose "Bunny", then stand in a circle and fall hands to each other. "Bunny" jumps in the middle of the circle - this is "garden"... On command, children raise and lower their hands, and "Bunny" tries to slip under them. If he manages to jump out of the circle, he chooses his replacement. The game starts over.
Good morning! I - vitamin B1-helping your skin to be smooth. I - vitamin At 2 am I am responsible for nails and hair. We - B 6 and B 12 - do not let you get tired and make you cheerful. We will do exercises with middle-aged children. Charging takes place in the form of a game "Catch the Dragon by the Tail":
The course of the game. The players line up one after another so that their right hand is placed on the right shoulder in front of the one in front. The one who stands in front - Dragon head, the last one is his tail. Dragon Head trying to catch his "tail"... The line is in constant motion, the body obediently follows the head, and the head tries to grab the last player. The line must not break. If "head" grab onto "tail", the last player goes forward, and the new "Tail" becomes the penultimate player.
Hello children! I - vitamin C... Sometimes my name is Ascorbinka, I helped you to cope with diseases and maintain immunity throughout the long winter.I live in many fruits: in apples, oranges, lemons, apricots, persimmons, and also in baked potatoes and spinach. You read about me in the school corridors too. I'll have a fun game "Leapfrog" with older children.
The course of the game. Players of two teams compete in running with jumps over partners who stand at a distance of 1-1.5 m from each other along the line, tilting their heads forward and resting their hands on their hips. At the signal from the leader, the last numbers in both groups begin to jump forward. As soon as they jump over all the players on their team, the next to last participants begin to jump, and so on. The team that finishes jumping faster wins.
Morning ruler. Quiz "Do you believe?"
-Guys, which kingdom are we in today, who will we learn more about? With which vitamins have we already met? Let's get to know one more of them.
Let's get acquainted! I am usually called vitamin D, what's your name? On command, you will name your names in chorus, okay? Do you know why your body needs me? I help to strengthen your bones. If the body lacks me, the bones become soft and often break and bend. Even the sun can produce me, and some other products. But what you will learn by guessing the riddles that are hung in the school. I also want to do a quiz with you. I will speak the truth, and maybe I will be cunning.
Do you believe that boiled milk contains more vitamins? (not)
Do you believe that in winter we eat vegetables from our garden? (Yes)
Do you believe that if you store plucked vegetables for a long time in the light, then there will be more vitamins in them? (not)
Do you believe that if you boil vegetables, they will have more vitamins? (not)
Do you believe that fresh vegetables and fruits are just a pantry? vitamins? (Yes)
Do you believe food contains more in winter? vitaminsthan in the summer? (not)
Do you believe that vegetables and fruits should be washed before eating? (Yes)
Drawing competition. «Vitamin Kingdom»
-Did you like the riddles and assignments that you read at school? Do you remember everything? We will check it now. To you in guests have a new vitamin.
Vitamin K: - Greetings, guys. I'm one more vitaminthat your body produces - vitamin K... You have probably noticed more than once that when a finger is cut, the blood first flows very strongly, and after a while it stops. I am the one who helps in this. I also live in cereals, some fruits, eggs, roots. And now, guys, I invite you to remember everything that my brothers told you and draw the products where we live. And it is also imperative to determine which vitamins settled in your drawings.
-Our fascinating journey to vitamin kingdom... I really hope that you enjoyed it, and I am sure that you have learned a lot about the beneficial substances contained in our body. But our game is not over yet. Let's remember what we talked about today and play a game "Forward to the garden"... Products are laid out on the table, I will talk about one of them, and you will show what it is about and name vitaminsthat are contained there (call one player for each question).
Fruit that is liquid (Apple)
A red soft vegetable that is used to make natural juice (a tomato)
Very healthy cereal, rich vitamin D (buckwheat)
"Seven clothes and all without fasteners" (cabbage)
"Whoever undresses him sheds tears" (onion)
Chicken grits (millet)
Very similar to the sun, and as round as a ball (orange)
"The girl is sitting in the dungeon, and the scythe is in the street" (carrot)
Not a single meal can do without it. (bread)
Noises in the fields, lies in bags, comes out white and beautiful, satiates and gives strength (loaf)
-And now I want to offer you another interesting game "Remember-ka!"Look closely at the vegetables and fruits on the table, remember their location. I will summon one player at a time. His task is to notice which products I have changed places or removed altogether.And now the last question sounds: what vitamin is more important (Children must answer that everything vitamins are equally important and necessary for our body.) Well done! All the best to you! Be healthy!
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