Hypocyrt

Hypocyrt

Hypocyrta is an exotic guest from South America, a representative of the Gesneriaceae. Among their species, there are both epiphytic and semi-epiphytic lianas and shrubs and semi-shrubs.

The plant owes its name to the famous 19th century botanist-anthropologist Karl Friedrich Philip von Martius, who singled it out among others in the Amazon. The two Greek words "hypo" (under) and "kyrtos" (curved) formed the name of the species because of the shape of the flower, in the shape of which there is a significant deflection towards the bottom.

In hypocyrta, the shape of the leaves is in the form of an ellipse or an inverted egg: they have a sharpness. Among them, they are found not only with a glossy surface, but also with a fluff. Their back is almost always purple. Flowers in the plant appear at the base of the foliage in summer, their shape is characterized by a tubular structure with an enlarged bottom. Among the variety of species, there are standing specimens 40-60 cm in height, or creeping, with shoots 10-15 cm long. Florists love hypocyrt for the exotic foliage and flowers.

Hypocyrtal care at home

Lighting

Hypocyrta is very light-requiring, but prefers reflected light without direct sun. Especially in the warm season, when bright rays can burn sensitive leaves, do not allow them to hit. In winter, the plant also needs a lot of light, but, fortunately, it is not so whimsical and can be content with artificial lighting.

Temperature

It is different for each season, but the main condition for the successful cultivation of hypocyrtes is the absence of strong temperature changes and drafts. Optimum summer temperature: 20-25 degrees, winter 14-16 degrees. But it is recommended to keep the hypocyrtu naked in winter at a temperature 2 degrees lower.

Air humidity

When a flower grows vigorously, it needs a lot of moisture in the surrounding air. Therefore, it is advisable to moisten it with a spray bottle or place a pallet with wet sphagnum, pebbles or expanded clay nearby.

Watering

In increased watering, the plant only needs heat. A moderate amount of moisture should flow in the autumn, and in the winter, water it very little, but do not overdry the soil too much. Cold water is categorically contraindicated in hypocirp, use only warm water.

The soil

The substrate for hypocyrtes can be prepared by their own humus, peat, sand and leafy soil in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1. If you choose from store mixes, it is worth stopping on the soil for violets.

Top dressing and fertilizers

It is advisable to fertilize hypocyrt only during intensive growth, that is, in spring and summer, 2 times a month. For this, a ready-made liquid concentrate for flowering plants from a store is quite suitable. From mid-autumn to the end of winter, the plant should be at rest.

Transfer

Slowly growing hypocyrt does not need annual transshipment, it is enough to do it every 2-3 years. The pot is selected according to the size of the roots, not large. The presence of drainage holes and voids is mandatory, otherwise rotting of underground parts cannot be avoided.

Pruning

Before leaving the plant to rest, the hypocyrtes will need to shorten the shoots, removing a third part from every third. This procedure is necessary in order for the stems to branch more, and in the future more flowers appear. Because they are laid only on new processes.

Reproduction of hypocyrtes

A young hypocyrta plant is best obtained from cuttings of a mature specimen. A young shoot of sufficient length with 4-5 internodes is separated from the adult plant during the active growing season. It takes root in water or any other mixture for cuttings (sand, perlite) without lower leaves. It is placed in the sand deep down to the petioles of the first leaves. Caring for him is usual, like for most rooting processes: a greenhouse, ventilation, a comfortable temperature from 22 to 24 degrees.

After the long roots appear, the stalk can be planted in a permanent place. A hypocyrt is planted in small containers with pubescence in several cuttings at once - this is done for greater beauty. A hypocyrte with shiny foliage has a large bushiness, so its stalk will grow beautifully even alone, it is just that from time to time it is recommended to cut off the upper 1-2 internodes.

Diseases and pests

Powdery mildew or gray rot can affect hypocyrta if the optimal growing conditions are systematically violated. Too high humidity in the soil and air will have a detrimental effect on the plant. If you notice the first signs of illness, remove the unhealthy shoots and leaves and apply a fungicide.

Often the plant tolerates attacks by aphids, scale insects, whiteflies and spider mites. To save a hypocyrt from them, use ready-made chemicals sold in specialty stores.

Problems in hypocyrtic care

  • The appearance of brown spots - cold water intolerance or too long intervals between waterings.
  • It does not bloom or there are very few flowers - poor lighting, unsuitable soil, poor nutrition, gross violations of the temperature regime, lack of young shoots.
  • The leaves turned yellow and bent - direct sunlight.
  • Foliage and flowers fall off - the plant is flooded, moisture does not escape from the roots or the temperature of the room is low.

Popular types of hypocyrt

The most common types are: coin hypocyrt and naked hypocyrt.

Hypocyrta nummularia

Refers to epiphytes, has straight stems without branches. Its thickened leaves are very similar to the leaves of the money tree, with the exception of a light cannon on them, petioles and stem. Pale green in color, they are opposite to each other and have a rounded shape. The flowers consist of a yellow-red corolla and an orange bud. As soon as they wither, the leaves fall off at the hypocyrt, and a state of dormancy begins.

Hypocyrta glabra

It differs from the coin hypocyrt in the color and texture of the leaves: they have a deep green color with a glossy surface. This epiphytic representative does not change the color of the foliage during its life. Its shoots are erect, practically without lateral processes, the height of an adult plant ranges from 20 to 25 cm. Foliage with small petioles grows oppositely on the stem, has a rounding. Dimensions of one leaf: height 3 cm, width 1.5 cm. Short peduncles form an inflorescence of several swollen flowers. Their corollas are obtained from connected petals and resemble a spherical lantern with a small hole on top.

Hypocyrta Naked. Evergreen Gesneriaceae


A plant that usually grows in the tropics and resembles a herb with beautiful pale purple flowers. It looks very nice and stylish, but requires careful maintenance.

The plant is suitable for patient people:

  • it grows very slowly, while requiring ideal conditions: in winter - about +18 degrees, in the rest of the year - up to +25.
  • Tillandsia does not like the sun, preferring partial shade and high humidity, and therefore it is recommended to spray it regularly.
  • The plant is also demanding on the soil: good drainage is needed, and charcoal and high-moor peat will become important components in the composition.


GUERNIA

The structure of the guernia flower serves for reliable cross-pollination by insects, which in search of nectar are forced to follow the "designated" route and crawl through the ring, collecting pollen.

Guernia's agricultural technology is typical of succulents. The plant is sensitive to excess moisture, so it is grown in wide flat containers with a drainage layer, in light but fertile soil with the addition of charcoal and disintegrants (vermiculite, perlite, small shards).

In winter - cool (+ 6-15 degrees) content with minimal (if only they do not dry out) watering. Guernia is interesting in large flowers located in the grooves between the tubercles of the stem.

The flower has a crown, all anthers grow together into a ring, and the stigma is located not on the top of the pistil, but on its underside.


Signs and types of nematanthus

The nematanthus flower attracts happiness and success to the wearer. This is what the people think. The belief may be related to the appearance of flowers, similar to goldfish, which in many cultures are a symbol of good luck and fulfillment of wishes.

Hypocyrta is a beautiful plant that gives the windowsill a bright and festive look. If the flower looks healthy, it will cheer up the owners, since bright plants create coziness in the atmosphere of the house, and a person in a good mood sees life in a better light, which may also be associated with the opinion that this flower brings success.

Nematanthus, which is most often kept in homes, is divided into 5-7 varieties. Here is a description of the most commonly grown ones:

  1. Nematanthus wettsteinii (Hypocyrt Wettstein). This is a type of nematanthus that is grown at home more often than others. It is famous for its juicy and long-lasting flowering. The stems of this variety are thin, branched, up to 90 cm long. Leaves are small, oval. They have a dense green tone; the Wetstain hypocyrta has yellow flowers about 2 cm long.
  2. Nematanthus fritschii (Nematanthus fritsch). It looks like a bush, 65 cm tall, and the leaves have a double-sided color type. It is a combination of a green leaf covered with villi on the upper side and a purplish red underneath. Fritsch's flowering is gentle, pink. Velvety flowers are funnel-shaped externally, up to six centimeters long.
  3. Nematanthus fluminensis. Liana-shaped flower, shade of ripe lemon. The leaves are large, light green, up to 10 cm, below the foliage has a red tint, this is clearly distinguished in the photograph of the nematanthus. The name is translated as “riverine nematanthus”.
  4. Nematanthus longipes. This is a variety with leaves unexpectedly large for the species, epiphyte. Leaves of a pleasant, gentle green tone. The flowers are isolated, in a red tone, of a classic form for the species, slightly inflated on the sides and reaching 5 cm. The name in Russian is “ankle nematanthus”.
  5. Nematanthus strigillosus. Naked nematanthus. The most compact form, its length is no more than 25 cm. The plant does not branch much, the leaves are elongated, rounded, succulent. The flowers are classic, bright, yellow-orange.

After examining these descriptions, you can decide which variety is best to plant at home.


Nematanthus small-bristled

• in winter gardens, greenhouses
• in rooms, primarily in display windows, greenhouses and florariums

up to 10 years with a timely transplant

annually or as the volume is filled with roots, in regular pots

leaf land: peat: sand (2: 3: 1)

• the optimum temperature for growth is 23-25 ​​° C, when the temperature drops to 18 ° C, with waterlogging, growth slows down, flowering stops and the leaves fall off
• may suffer from dry air, while the harmfulness of spider mites increases
• damaged by aphids, whiteflies

bright diffused light 12-14 hours a day, shaded from midday sun rays

once every 2-3 weeks with a complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants

in room conditions forced (from November to February) due to low illumination and humidity

during the rest period, feeding is not carried out

rooting of apical or stem cuttings

cool wintering stimulates flowering

dark green, fleshy, shiny, opposite, short petiolate, elliptical, up to 3 cm long and 1.5 cm wide

usually in summer - early autumn

flowers in the axils of leaves, 1-3 pieces, yellow-orange, swollen, 2-3 cm long

adult specimens have a drooping shape, they can be used as ampelous plants


Hypocyrta - gardening

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Houseplants

Construction of a fountain in the garden
Decorative fountains and waterfalls, cascades in the winter garden and in the garden area give additional movement to the water, allowing you to balance the energy of the flow, creating zones of calm, decorate the garden areas. Water fascinates and attracts, promotes contemplation and relaxation for adults and children. Fountains-waterfalls surrounded by greenery are associated with a piece of wildlife, they are light and airy and are suitable both for a winter garden and for any room in the house. Backlit fountains fascinate the eye: correctly set lighting under water or on.

Biological method of protecting plants from pests
Insect diseases can be caused by fungi that enter the body through the outer integument. Sick insects cannot eat, and then die. The most widespread is white muscardinosis, which is caused by the fungus Beauveria bassiana Vuill. This disease infects the codling moth, apple moth, and goldtail. After death, the body of the insect hardens and mummifies. In our country, the production of a biological preparation of boverin is being established, containing spores of the fungus Beauveria bassiana. Among the natural enemies of insects, the virus is known.

February
In February, the fight against mice and hares continues. Continue checking the integrity of the harness on the trees. If you notice traces of a mouse stay on the tree trunk, then additional measures should be taken to destroy them: mouse traps, poisoned baits. It is quite simple to check whether mice harm the trees: dig out the snow on one side of the trunk and conduct an inspection. After that, you should return the snow to its place and trample it. In the basement, cuttings prepared for grafting in the fall are checked. If the sand in which the cuttings are stored is dry.

The use of knotweed in traditional medicine
Practically the entire aerial part of the plant is used for medicinal purposes. Collect the grass during flowering, cutting off the tops without coarse lower leaves and stems. Raw materials are dried in attics or in a perfectly ventilated room, spreading it out in a thin layer on paper. Store in paper bags in a cool dry place. In folk medicine, knotweed has been used since ancient times for diseases of the kidneys, liver, for all types of gastritis, for diarrhea. In some countries, knotweed infusions are used to treat tuberculosis. Fresh grass gruel is used to heal badly healing wounds.

The use of mother and stepmother for medicinal purposes
In clear weather, the bright golden-yellow flowers of the mother-and-stepmother open up towards the sun's rays, and on a cloudy day and in the evening they close and the fairy glade disappears. When the flower fades and the seeds ripen, the flower-bearing stems stretch out so that even a light breeze spread the seeds on parachutes as far as possible. Once in favorable conditions, the seeds of the mother-and-stepmother germinate this spring and eventually form a new pharmacy clearing with bright flowers. It is the pharmacy, since this medicinal plant can replace more than one medicine. Especially.

The healing properties of salad
The healing properties of lettuce, its analgesic and hypnotic effects were appreciated in ancient Greece and Rome. It is also known that it was he who cured the founder of the Roman Empire Augustus from liver disease. Lettuce was very popular among the Egyptians as an aphrodisiac. In the 6th century BC, it was served on the table to Persian kings and Chinese emperors. Nowadays, it is known that lettuce leaves contain organic acids, salts of calcium, iron, manganese, cobalt, copper, iodine, zinc, manganese, molybdenum, boron, vitamins C, B, B2, E, K, PP, folic acid. Thanks to s.

Flaxseed in folk medicine
Nowadays, it is known for certain that flax seed is rich in vegetable fats, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6, which have a beneficial effect on almost all vital processes of the human body. In addition, it contains a significant amount of protein, vitamins (A, B, E, P) and other biologically active substances.As a result, the use of flaxseed normalizes liver function, lowers high blood pressure and cholesterol levels in the blood, becomes less likely to form blood clots and danger.

Pumpkin seeds - a folk remedy for depression
Pumpkin seeds contain fatty oil, ascorbic acid, vitamins K, D, A, E and group B, calcium, potassium, silicon, phosphorus salts. Pumpkin seeds are also rich in zinc, which is necessary for the normalization of the brain, stimulates the activity of the circulatory, digestive, reproductive, musculoskeletal systems and organs of vision. The zinc contained in them is especially necessary for the male body for the prevention and treatment of prostatitis. To do this, you need to eat at least 20 pumpkin seeds daily for two months.

Temperature regime in the greenhouse
Some gardeners believe that there is almost no sense in the greenhouse, only extra expenses and hassle. The argument is banal - the harvest "in the garden" is sometimes not less, but more, and the taste of fruits (especially tomatoes) is better. Well, they ripen in the greenhouse a week earlier. Is it worth it for a week to resist ?! In addition, in the greenhouse, plants are more often affected by diseases and pests. For example, spider mites and aphids in hot weather can destroy all the leaves of cucumbers and peppers in a matter of days. So what's the deal? What is the reason why someone's greenhouses bring doh.

Black steam method
The black steam method is perhaps one of the most effective methods of soil maintenance in garden plots. Thanks to this simple method, the entire garden area is weed-free and loose. This contributes to the good retention of moisture in the soil, which is very important especially for irrigated gardens, as well as with a lack of water. In accordance with the "black steam" technology, during the growing season of plants, the soil is repeatedly cultivated to a depth of 6 to 8 cm. This protects the soil from compaction, and also clears the garden from weeds. Per.

How to choose a garden pruner
Caring for plants includes not only timely watering, feeding and loosening the soil, but also their correct formation. And most often gardeners, florists and gardeners use pruning shears for this purpose. Moreover, in the arsenal you need not one, but several, because you have to solve various problems. When buying a pruner, make sure how easy it is thanks to the spring to converge and spread the blades, because your productivity directly depends on this. The spring is possible from a wire or plate. More reliable and durable than spiral wire.

Soil mulching
Cut grass is one of the best and most commonly used types of mulch. When it decomposes, it adds nitrogen to the soil. The cut grass must dry for a day or two in the sun before being used. If you apply fresh and raw grass, it will quickly rot, become slimy and smelly. A newspaper is a very good option when used under other types of mulch. Never use newspaper alone because it acts like a wick and pulls moisture away from the soil. Lay the newspapers in four layers (only black print color pe.


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