The benefits of strawberries for the body are known to everyone - they contain a large amount of vitamin C, fiber, folic acid, antioxidants. In the warm season, we enjoy eating fresh berries with pleasure, and in winter it is so nice to open a jar of fragrant jam or brew tea from dried leaves. The widespread availability of this horticultural crop makes strawberries an affordable product. And almost every gardener considers it a matter of honor to grow it on his site. There are a lot of varieties of berries, each of them has its own characteristics. Among the most successful are strawberries with an unusual and delicate name Eliane.
The history of cultivation and description of the Eliane strawberry variety
Eliane strawberry variety was developed in Holland in the late 90s. The originator is Albert Konnings. The variety is excellent for cultivation in continental climates. Recommended for small private farms, although in Europe it is often produced on an industrial scale.
It has a powerful, strong bush with high peduncles, which are located at the level of the leaves or higher. Eliane is an early variety: you can start picking berries already at the end of May. With proper care, it gives a large yield - up to 2 kg from each bush. Continues to bear fruit until the end of July. As they ripen, the berries do not get smaller. The variety is large-fruited - the weight of berries can reach 90 g. Fruits have a conical elongated shape, dense but tender pulp, bright red shiny color, easily detach from the peduncle, have a pleasant strawberry aroma and excellent taste.
Eliane strawberries combine dessert sweetness and slight sourness
Characteristics of the variety
Like any agricultural crop, Eliane has a number of positive characteristics and some disadvantages.
- self-pollinated. This makes it possible for the plant to not depend on pollinating insects, allows you to grow strawberries in closed spaces (on a balcony, in a greenhouse);
- tolerates cold well. For example, it winters well in the Moscow region and Karelia, especially with good shelter. But it should be noted that after very harsh winters, it can restore vegetative mass and productivity for a long time;
- has immunity to various rot, mold and fungal diseases;
- undemanding to the quality and composition of the soil;
- does not need frequent replanting - in one place it can bear fruit for 8-10 years without losing productivity.
- does not tolerate extreme heat. At high temperatures and lack of water, the berries gain little weight, they can dry out. The plant in such conditions forms a mustache poorly;
- with high humidity and rainy weather, the berries lose their sweet taste, excess acid appears.
Eliane fully justifies the expectation of a large harvest
Features of planting and growing the Eliane strawberry variety
The planting technology of the variety as a whole meets all the general requirements for growing strawberries.
You can buy strawberry seedlings at almost any time of the year, but this will affect how it will take root. Buying and planting young plants in late summer or autumn is not considered the most favorable period, since strawberries will have little time for rooting. The bushes may not survive the cold winter. Spring will be more favorable for starting strawberry cultivation. With the right choice, competent planting and favorable conditions, the plants will quickly take root and have time to give a crop. However, the best time to plant is mid-summer. Of course, this season you will not have time to remove the berries, but set an excellent start for future harvests, since the young bushes will have enough time to settle in a new place, to develop the root system and flowering buds.
When choosing seedlings, you should pay special attention to the appearance and quality of seedlings:
- There should be no dots or any spots on the leaves. Their presence indicates that the strawberry is affected by the disease.
- Pale or wrinkled leaf blades are signs of late blight necrosis and the presence of an earth mite. The leaves should be deep green.
- Seedlings can be sold with open roots, while their length should be 7-9 cm. If the plant is sold in a closed container, then the roots should grow over the entire volume of the soil.
- The thicker the size of the root collar and growing horns (their diameter should be at least 6–7 mm), the better for the plant.
Experienced gardeners carefully select strawberry seedlings
Additionally, you can disinfect the seedlings before planting by placing the bushes together with the pots in a hot (about 50aboutC) water. This is done in two stages, keeping half an hour between them. The residence time of strawberries in water at each stage is no more than 20 minutes. This procedure will help get rid of most of the harmful insects that could be on the plant. And for the prevention of diseases, immediately before planting, the seedlings are placed for 5 minutes in a solution of copper sulfate and salt (1 and 3 tsp, respectively, for 10 liters of water). After that, the bushes must be washed with plain water.
Site selection and planting strawberries in the ground
The most successful will be a windless area with good lighting. It should be level or with minimal slope. Lowland is not the best choice, as excess moisture and cold air can accumulate in it. Do not set up beds in the shade of large trees or buildings, as well as near nightshades - potatoes, tomatoes, tomatoes, peppers. These plants will deprive strawberries of nutrients, taking them in large quantities from the soil. In addition, the risk of infection of the berry culture with late blight increases, since nightshades are quite susceptible to it.
Eliane is not too picky about the quality of the soil. However, the better and richer in nutrients the soil, the more abundant and tastier the strawberry harvest. The most favorable will be land with weak acidity, sandy loam or loamy.
Nutrient-rich soil will allow strawberries to bloom and bear fruit abundantly
Before planting, it is necessary to dig the beds well and deeply in advance, as well as apply fertilizers. Their number will depend on the area of future plantings. The proportions are as follows: 1 m2 requires 5–6 kg of organic fertilizers (humus) and 30–35 g of mineral fertilizers.
It will also be useful to treat the soil with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid to prevent possible damage to plants by fungal diseases.
Marking for rows of strawberries is performed after the dug-up earth has settled. It is possible to plant seedlings at a distance between rows from 40 to 60 cm, and between bushes - from 15 to 20 cm. In this case, it is necessary to remove the appearing antennae in a timely manner, but not less than 3 times during the season.
The most favorable time for planting strawberries is the evening or cloudy day. This is necessary in order to prevent wilting of plants, since the roots are still unable to bring water to the leaves, and the heat will provoke excessive evaporation. The soil should be moderately moist. Each bush of seedlings should have no more than 3 leaves and the roots should be shortened to 9-10 cm if they are too long. Planting is carried out on an earthen mound, over which the roots are evenly distributed, after which the hole is covered with earth, making sure that the upper bud is slightly above the soil level. Strong deepening can provoke rotting, and too high, on the contrary, drying out. When planting is completed, young plants are watered and covered with an additional layer of soil or humus to avoid drying out.
Video: planting strawberry seedlings in the ground
Watering and mulching
The first few days after planting, the bushes must be watered with a moderate amount of water. After 1.5 weeks, you can increase the portion of moisture, but you should reduce the frequency of watering. It should be borne in mind that strawberries are a moisture-loving plant, but they do not like an excess of water. Therefore, you should adjust the watering depending on the weather. On average, it is necessary to carry out water procedures 2-3 times a week.
Do not allow water to come into contact with flowers and fruits.
Do not forget to loosen the soil for better moisture penetration to the roots. The water used for irrigation must be warm. Mulching is very favorable for strawberries, as it makes it possible to retain moisture in the soil for a longer time, does not allow weeds to grow. Mowed grass, sawdust, straw, needles can act as mulch.
When applying top dressing, the age of the plants should be taken into account. For young people, enhanced nutrition is necessary during the period of growth and formation of the green part, for older ones - at the time of ripening of berries. For fertilization, you can use complex preparations, as well as organic matter, diluting it with water: bird droppings in a ratio of 1:14, manure mixed with hay or straw - 1: 7 (depending on the initial composition of the soil and the general condition of strawberries, from 15 to 25 are used kg fertilizer per 10 m2). After harvesting, you should also feed the plants so that they can stock up on nutrients before winter.
Wintering strawberries and preparing for the new season
Before sheltering strawberry ridges for the winter, a preventive inspection of plants is carried out. At the same time, dried and affected leaves are removed. Then the strawberries are fed and additionally mulched, including the inter-row spaces, as well as the soil between the bushes. As the main material for the shelter, agrotechnical fabric or a double layer of agrofibre is used.
With the arrival of spring, the covering material and mulch are removed, the plants are examined again, dead or deformed parts are removed. In order for the soil to warm up faster, several centimeters of earth are additionally removed.
Video: warming strawberries for the winter
Possible diseases and treatment
Eliane is the most disease-resistant variety. However, there is no 100% guarantee that diseases will pass her. Insect pests can also affect plants.
Table: Common Strawberry Diseases
Photo gallery: external signs of strawberry diseases
If desired, a couple of Eliana bushes can be grown even on a loggia. The variety is self-pollinated, so the formation of berries can be guaranteed even indoors. Despite the fact that strawberries can relieve symptoms of headaches, participate in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease, heart disease, anemia, use it in moderation. This will allow you not to get the side effect of an unexpected allergy, but to use all the beneficial properties of the wonderful berry in full.
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Strawberry variety Eliane - description, planting, care, reviews
- Breeding history
- Description of the variety
- a brief description of
- Advantages of the variety
- Disadvantages of the variety
- Growing and care
- Loosening, weed control
- Mustache removal
- Top dressing
- Pest and disease control
- Preparing for winter
- Diseases and pests
- Fighting strawberry mites - video