Garden design elements that help shape its appearance
Planting plants on a retaining wall
It is very important to combine wall construction with planting. Late planting is undesirable, since large roots are difficult to push into the cracks of the retaining wall. Plants are planted according to their requirements for growing conditions and location, given that it is cooler and more moisture at the base of the wall than at the top.
Plants are planted during the construction of the wall, placing them in the vertical seams of the masonry. The seams are filled with garden soil or a fertile special mixture, where young seedlings are planted. The soil around the roots is gently pressed with your fingers so as not to damage the underground shoots. After planting is complete, the wall is watered from a watering can or a hose with a spray nozzle so as not to wash the plants.
The following plants are recommended for landscaping the retaining walls: arabis, beetroot, feathery or blue-gray carnation, saxifrage, bell, aubrieta, phlox, thyme.
Plants are planted in the rock wall as soon as it is ready. The seedlings are carefully immersed in the hole, covered with earth from above, compacted, the plant should sit firmly in the ground. After planting, they are carefully watered.
Features of plants planted on a retaining wall
Carpet plants that take root in rock crevices are extremely resilient and unpretentious. Their natural habitat - mountains - made them so. These plants form a dense plant cushion over time, thanks to which they are able to withstand dry high-mountain winds. The leaves of these species are leathery or completely covered with hairs, which allows them to withstand intense heat and incinerating sunlight. Only such an organization allowed them to survive in the most difficult, extreme conditions. The names themselves: saxifrage, tenacious, beetroot indicate the special qualities of plants. To create a decorative composition on the stones, different tree species are selected.
Evergreens every year they will give the garden a unique character. Plants can be different in height and nature of branching: finely branched with filamentous hanging shoots; creeping forms with creeping open shoots; plants in the form of a compact spherical bush; curly or carpet-forming. In decorative rock compositions, you can replace plants, constantly supplementing their composition or limiting the growth of certain species by pruning. With the correct selection of plants, taking into account the color of flowers and leaves, such a wall will look spectacular throughout the year. Dwarf forms of natural origin are found in many trees and shrubs: European spruce, common juniper, cypress, thuja.
Rock flower walls they are built mainly at the entrance to the garden, near the fences. Plants are planted with dry stone walls made of natural durable, roughly processed stone of the same breed. Usually, stones are chosen, the most attractive in color and shape, forest boulders, covered with moss or lichen, fragments of granite blocks. In this case, it is imperative to take into account the biological characteristics of the planted plants. So, limestone and dolomite rocks absorb water well. However, only those plants that can grow on calcareous soils can be grown on them. Sandstones, acidic and slightly acidic granites, many spars and gneisses have a neutral reaction. It is very important that the stone walls are a beautiful backdrop for the plants. Gneisses containing mica look spectacular, they consist of layers of various colors, they are often laid out paths in the garden, terraces and steps.
Sergey Tyunis, designer, Vitebsk
Rockery on the plane
The advantage of such a flower garden is that the gardener sees it as if from above, completely embracing all its beauty. Rockeries of this type fit well into the plain landscape and are distinguished by their natural beauty. Flower beds with boulders are reminiscent of the northern regions, where boulders are remnants of the Ice Age that define the emotional mood of the landscape.
This type of rockery fits well into a flat landscape.
An important advantage of this rockery is the relative ease of construction and maintenance, as well as the fact that it provides a more comfortable existence of plants. Here they are less susceptible to drying out and freezing.
The sunniest, most prominent, ceremonial area of the garden is allocated for rockery. Most often, its area does not exceed 10-15 m², as this is enough to reflect the variety of shapes and colors of both plants and stones, to make the flower garden spectacular without high costs. Previously, it is necessary, in accordance with your taste and capabilities, to draw a plan of the rockery and mark on it the locations of stones and planting of plants.
In a rocky garden
The allocated area is well leveled, cleared of perennial weeds (preliminary use of "Roundup" is possible). Geotextiles or a film, perforated in several places for water drainage, are laid on the places where the stones will be laid. On this film (it prevents the growth of weeds under the stones) stones are laid.
Interesting areas are covered with a so-called inert layer (crushed stone, pebbles, sand, etc.). This layer is also laid on a film, otherwise it will be difficult to defeat the weeds. Plants are planted between the stones, but so as not to cover them. Particular attention should be paid to plants with an original bush shape, stably decorative (preferably evergreen), low, unable to form thickets.
Particular attention should be paid to plants with an original bush shape, consistently decorative, unable to form thickets
In such flower beds, badan, horned violet, Canadian aquilegia, dwarf iris, sugar lungwort, alpine aster, various geykhera, blood-red geranium, bright red gravilat, low bells look great (k. Gargan, k. Pozharsky, k. Crowded ' Nana ', k. Spoon-leaved), karatavian onion, evening primrose missouri.
Retaining wall components
Each retaining wall that will be erected in landscape design should consist of four main parts:
- The foundation is underground, which allows it to take all the load from the soil pressure.
- Body - the vertical part of the structure, located above the ground (main part).
- A drainage system is necessary to remove water, since excess moisture will destroy the backwater.
- Drainage - the remaining water will be absorbed into the layer and, in case of drought, release moisture for plant nutrition.
The wall can be made of almost any material that is suitable for the local climate and the amount of atmospheric precipitation. It can be installed almost anywhere, but regardless of the planned height, it must consist of all 4 components.
By carefully considering each step, you can end up with a durable retaining wall. For work, it is enough to use your strength and inexpensive materials.
Natural stone structure
Walls made of natural stone - buta are a good decoration for the summer cottage. The large mass of the building does not require linkage to the hill. After construction, the wall does not need special care and will serve for a long time. Laying stones can be done dry, filling the voids with fertile soil. In the future, climbing plants are planted between the seams.
But this option requires great skills in stone laying. The best option for building a stone wall in the country with your own hands is the wet masonry method. It consists in laying stones on a cement mortar.
The weight of each stone can reach 30 kg or more. The sizes and shapes are also varied. Therefore, before laying the wall, it must be sorted:
- the largest samples will be used for arranging the foundation and masonry of the lower rows
- from large stones with a flat surface, lay out the front side of the structure
- small fractions will go inside the masonry.
In the process of laying, stones will have to be chipped to a smaller size. For these purposes, use a 5 kg hammer and chisel. After trying on the stone, a mark is made on it with a wax pencil. Then the chisel is set at the mark at an angle towards the cleavage and is sharply hit with a hammer.
Features of masonry dressing
Bandaging the seams of an uneven butt must be observed in all directions: between the butt in each row and between adjacent rows:
- stones are laid alternately with short and long sides
- for a bundle of the front and back of the masonry at a level of 60 cm and in the last row, make a transverse masonry. For these purposes, large fractions of buta are used, equal to the width of the wall.
When laying out the wall with your own hands, you should not make the structure larger than 1-1.2 m.Without a certain skill, the wall will turn out to be unstable.
Wall erection procedure
Construction work must be carried out at a temperature not lower than +5 o C. To seal the voids between the stones, prepare a liquid solution separately. Next, get to work according to the instructions:
- Having made the marking of the site, proceed to digging a trench under the base. Its width should be 60 cm greater than the thickness of the wall. The depth is determined by the level of soil freezing, plus 10 cm is added for reliability.
- Tamp the bottom of the trench tightly. Then spread the geotextile so that the edges protrude above both sides of the trench.
- Place a 15 cm gravel pad on top of the geotextile fabric. If there is heaving soil on the site, the thickness of the pillow must be increased to 50 cm with the condition that the lower row of stones is deepened by at least 20 cm.
- On both sides of the trench, drive in 2 rods with a slope of 8 cm towards the hill for every 100 cm of the wall height. Pull two cords between them along the edge of the front and back of the wall.
- Place a row of large stones on the gravel. You fill wide voids with rubble. Next, fill all small voids with cement mortar. The base is ready for the construction of a retaining structure.
- Lay the first row of stone without mortar along the front and back edges of the structure. They must be laid out taking into account the dressing of the seams of the foundation stone. Having aligned the masonry with a cord, lift each stone and lay it on a 40 mm layer of mortar, tapping it with a hammer on top.
- Place the space between the edges in smaller fractions on the cement mortar. Fill the resulting voids with a solution with the addition of small stones.
- The subsequent rows are laid out in the same way, gradually lifting the cord up. Do not forget to cross-lay at 60 cm and the last row.
- After finishing the laying, proceed to the grouting of the joints. For aesthetics, a colored pigment can be added to the solution. It is better to do the jointing with grooves so that water can run down them. As the mortar dries, moisten the joints with water to build strength.
At eye level
When creeping conifers are planted in a high place, there are more opportunities to "communicate" with them.
Since conifers secrete resin, you can smell them, and different junipers have their own. There are people who can distinguish fir from spruce by smell.
You can touch coniferous hands or even your cheek and feel their texture to the touch. After all, there are conifers with long, short needles, with soft, prickly needles. Moreover, “sensory gardens” are very popular in the world, which delight not only sight, but also the sense of smell and touch.
How to build decorative retaining walls on a site
In fact, a wall can be constructed using almost any of the building materials suitable for use in the natural environment. You can build a buttress anywhere on the site. But remember that the design must necessarily consist of the following parts:
- Foundation - it is necessary to hold the structure.
- The body of the buttress is constructed of brick or stone.
- Drainage is a material that protects against moisture accumulation under the wall.
At the beginning of the planting season, I love to walk around the market, among the rows with plants. You can always see something interesting. This summer, I discovered an amazing plant. It was attracted by silvery foliage with an ashy bloom. It turned out to be Dichondra Silver Falls.
There are not many silver-leaved plants in my garden. Of course, I bought and dropped a new product. The plant belongs to ampelous. Can be grown in pots. I was planted on a retaining wall.
Dichondra is one of the representatives of the Bindweed family. Cultivated as a ground cover and ampel plant. She is often decorated with apartments, flower beds, terraces, gazebos and balconies. Prized for its beautiful dense foliage, reminiscent of the flowing streams of a waterfall. Suitable for hedging, shading and facade decoration. Dichondra ampelous is expressive in hanging pots, ground-covering - spreads on the soil as a beautiful dense "carpet"
The lot was tiny, at first it seemed to me that the plant had stopped growing. A month later, the plant adapted and grew small lashes strewn with small silvery leaves.
Over the summer, the dichondra grew well and was planted next to the hydrangea. She liked this neighborhood. Both plants love timely watering and moist soil. In this case, the place should be sunny.
Dichondra is an evergreen plant. In places with a warm climate, it winters well. But here, in the middle and northern part of Russia, this is a plant of the summer season. I will try to keep some of the plants outdoors under cover. Several plants moved into the apartment for the winter.
On the Internet, I saw dichondra plants planted in pots, with hanging vines of silver leaves. Real Silver Falls. In order to achieve this abundant growth, it is necessary to plant the plants as early as possible. Perhaps in November - December. Dichondra seeds are in stores. There is also a dichondra with emerald leaves.