By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist
Cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere can be tough areas for plants unless they are native. Native plants are adapted to freezing temperatures, excess rainfall and gusting winds and thrive in their indigenous regions. Cold hardy vines for United States Department of Agriculture zone 3 are often found wild and important sources of food and shelter for animals. Some suggestions for zone 3 vine plants follow.
Flowering Vines in Cold Climates
Gardeners tend to want variety in the landscape and it is tempting to purchase non-native flowering vines in summer. But be wary, these plants are usually reduced to annual status in colder climes where winter’s harshness will kill the root zone and plant. Growing hardy flowering vines that are native can reduce this waste and encourage wildlife in the landscape.
Bougainvillea, jasmine, and passion flower vines are spectacular landscape additions, but only if you live in the correct zone. Zone 3 vine plants must be hardy and adaptable to temperatures of -30 to -40 Fahrenheit (-34 to -40 C.). These conditions are too extreme for many ornamental flowering vines, but some are especially adapted as flowering vines for zone 3.
- Honeysuckle is a perfect vine for zone 3. It produces copious trumpet-shaped flowers that develop into berries which feed birds and wildlife.
- Kentucky wisteria is another hardy flowering vine. It is not as aggressive as other wisteria vines, but still produces the dangling delicate clusters of lavender flowers.
- The elegant and profuse clematis is another of the flowering vines for zone 3. Depending upon the class, these vines may bloom from spring to summer.
- Lathyrus ochroleucus, or cream peavine, is native in Alaska and can withstand zone 2 conditions. White blooms appear all summer.
Vines with seasonal color change are welcome additions to the zone 3 garden too. Classic examples might be:
- Virginia creeper has a color display that starts purple in spring, turns green in summer and finishes with a bang in fall with scarlet leaves.
- Boston ivy is self-adhering and may approach 50 feet in length. It features tri-parted leaves that are glossy green and turn orange-red in fall. This vine also produces dark blue-black berries, which are important food for birds.
- American bittersweet requires a male and female plant in proximity to produce the reddish orange berries. It is a low, rambling vine with bright yellow orange interiors. Be wary of getting the oriental bittersweet, which may become invasive.
Growing Hardy Flowering Vines
Plants in cooler climates benefit from well-draining soil and top dressing of thick organic mulch to protect the roots. Even hardy plants like Arctic kiwi or climbing hydrangea may survive zone 3 temperatures if planted in a sheltered location and provided some protection during the coldest periods of winter.
Many of these vines are self-adhering, but for those that are not, staking, stringing or trellising is required to keep them from ambling over the ground.
Prune flowering vines only after they have bloomed, if necessary. Clematis vines have special pruning requirements depending upon class, so be aware of which class you have.
Hardy native vines should thrive without any special care, as they are well suited to grow wild in that region. Growing hardy flowering vines is possible in the chill of zone 3 provided you choose the proper plants for your area.
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These 20 Gorgeous Flowering Vines Will Add Romance to Any Garden
Just the revival your yard needs.
After months of being cooped up inside, dreams of warm summer nights with cocktails on the porch, open windows ushering in fresh breezes, and cicada serenades sound almost too good to be true. (Even though we've become more comfortable using our outdoor living spaces during the winter, the smells, sites and sounds of spring and summer will be welcome!) The only thing missing from this summer fantasy? Romantic flowering vines and their sweet scents.
These climbing plants are surprisingly versatile and can add color and fragrance to many different areas in front yards and back yards. Flowering vines truly make a lovely addition to all kinds of landscaping ideas around different types of outdoor spaces—from outdoor seating areas, front porches, and pools to garden pergolas, trellises, fences, walkway borders, and even around garden ornaments like obelisks. Here are the 20 most beautiful flowering vines, along with a guide to when they bloom and landscaping ideas for how and where to plant them.
20 Best Flowering Vines and Vine Plants to Add to Your Garden
They're show-stopping levels of beautiful.
Vines can do what no other plant can: Grow up! Vining plants add color and texture to your garden, but they also provide quick privacy and screening of not-so-nice features you don't want to see (goodbye, ugly concrete wall!). With their sweet scents and lovely blooms, vines are something every garden needs to round out the design. Some vines are annual, so they last one season. Others return year after year, so they're considered perennial. Make sure you choose a perennial type that can withstand winters in your USDA Hardiness Zone (find yours here). Also, always read the plant tag or description so you plant it in the right place. Full sun means a plant needs at least six hours of direct sunlight per day, while part sun is about half that. Without the right kind of light, your vine may not bloom or will struggle or fry in the hot sun. You'll also need a trellis, arbor, or other structure for these beauties to climb. Install it when planting so you don't disturb the roots later.
Here are some of the best vining plants, including the best types of roses, for your garden:
Climbing roses aren't exactly vines, but they are absolutely gorgeous. Every garden needs at least one creeping over a low wall or garden arch. Some types bloom heavily once during the year, while others bloom off and on throughout the season. Many varieties also have a sweet scent. It may take them a few seasons to kick into gear, but be patient. They're worth the wait. Roses of any kind need full sun.
Sweet peas have a lovely, mild scent and come in colors ranging from white to pale pink to salmon to blue. Plant them in the spring from seed they don't like super-hot weather, so they often fade by summer. They like full sun but tolerate some shade.
This delicate-looking perennial vine has creamy white flowers with the most heavenly sweet scent! It's spectacular on a fence, arbor or wall, but it also looks amazing spilling over the edges of planters. It prefers full sun.
Pink, red or white blossoms cover this tropical vine and last all summer long. It likes full sun but needs a little afternoon shade in hot climates. Mandevilla is considered an annual in most climates, but it's evergreen in warmer regions of the country. You can try to overwinter it indoors, but it is messy and sheds leaves daily.
This perennial vine has papery brachts, or flowers, that are stunning against an arbor or wall. Smaller plants can be grown as a potted plant. It's evergreen in frost-free areas of the country, and it prefers full sun.
This shade-lover boasts creamy white flowers all summer long. Its vines are very heavy, so it needs something sturdy to climb or lean against. It's slow-growing, so be patient as it can take years to establish.
Many different kinds of clematis are available, from those that bloom in early spring to those that don't show their beauty until fall. Some types bloom all season long. The flowers come in every color from pale pink to deep blue. They like their heads in full sun but prefer their roots to be shaded shelter the roots with other perennials planted at their base.
This stunning perennial vine blooms all season long, and it's a hummingbird favorite. It's a fast grower and likes full sun. Look for the newer hybrid varieties (Campsis x. tagliabuana)that play well with others the native type (Campsis radicans) is aggressive and considered invasive.
This hardy perennial vine has gorgeous tube-shaped flowers. Pollinators such as hummingbirds and bees will flock to it! Make sure you choose the native type (Lonicera sempervivens), not the invasive Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica), which will take over your entire garden.
Moonflowers are heirloom favorites that bloom in the evening with blossoms that are 6 inches wide! They also have a heavy scent, and pollinators adore them! They're annual in cool climates but perennial in mild zones. They need full sun.
The cheery blooms of this annual may be yellow, white, apricot or pink. It works well in pots and hanging baskets, as well as climbing a trellis. It's considered a perennial in hot climates. Give it full sun.
Hyacinth bean is a fast-growing ornamental vine that thrives in heat, so it does particularly well in the South. It needs a sturdy support as it can grow rapidly in one season. It likes full sun.
This beautiful fast-climbing annual is a hummingbird magnet! With delicate tubular flowers in red, pink, or apricot and feathery foliage, it is lovely on a trellis or arbor in full sun.
Wisteria is cold-hardy perennial with lovely, draping flowers that resemble clusters of grapes. The lilac blue flowers are sweetly scented. It needs full sun.
These cheery annuals are easy to grow from seed (soak them first overnight to give them a jump-start!). Their beautiful round leaves and elegant bright flowers work well in containers and beds, but they also can be trained up a trellis. They like full sun.
Hops is a hardy perennial that's used to, yes, you guessed it: Brew beer! But the vine is grown for its fast growth rate to provide privacy and for the interesting little hops that appear in mid to late summer. It prefers full sun.
This exotic-looking vine isn't well-known by most gardeners, but it should be! It tolerates heat and drought, and hummingbirds love it! It's considered an annual in most climates, but it may survive as a perennial in warmer regions of the country. It blooms all summer in full sun.
For the most part, coneflowers have very few problems. As long as the plants are given plenty of room for good air circulation, they should not be bothered by fungal diseases. If you see mildew or spots on the leaves, simply cut them back and let them fill in on their own. A few pests enjoy coneflowers, so keep an eye out for Japanese beetles, vine weevils, and leafhoppers.
Also keep an eye out for aster yellows, a systemic plant disease that causes growth deformities in the flowers. It can affect hundreds of different flowers, not just those in the aster family. There is no known cure and it is spread by sap-sucking insects like leafhoppers, so affected plants should be removed and destroyed as soon as possible in order to protect other nearby plants.