17 breeds of ducks for home breeding

17 breeds of ducks for home breeding

An amazing bird is a duck. Farmers are aware of its rapid growth, undemanding content, and most importantly, its delicious meat. The variety of breeds is amazing. Consider what types are there and their characteristics.

The best breeds and varieties of domestic ducks

Musky (Indoor)

Many believe that the musky bird got its name thanks to crossing with a turkey. In fact, the reason for this was external similarity. Homemade musk duck has become a long time ago, but we have it in the 80s of the XX century. Since then, it has been widespread and loved by poultry farmers.

The musky bird has distinctive features:

  • wide, elongated body;
  • wide chest;
  • elongated head;
  • large, dark eyes;
  • growths on the face.

The main purpose of growing musk duck is meat. The weight of an adult bird reaches 5-6 kg.

Pros:

  • do not make noise;
  • healthy meat;
  • get along with other poultry;
  • eat greens;
  • rush a lot.

Minuses:

  • grow slowly;
  • do not go in the herd.

Duck species Blue Favorite

It appeared in the late 1990s. The place of appearance is Bashkiria. The name was given for the color of the plumage. The breed is large. Some poultry farmers managed to grow a "Blue Favorite" the size of a goose of the same age in six months. The farmers' feedback on the poultry is positive. The main reason for its popularity is its good survival rate.

The "Blue Favorite" stands out:

  • neck of medium length;
  • short legs;
  • large, tightly attached to the body, wings;
  • blue with a smoky tint.

This bird has a lot of advantages:

  • unpretentiousness in food;
  • growth rate (even with a meager feed, the duck quickly gains weight);
  • vitality;
  • the ability to contain in different conditions.

Of the minuses, what stands out is that the "Blue Favorite" hatches eggs poorly.

Agidel

Appeared recently. Belongs to the type of meat broilers. Popular in meat exporting countries. Gains weight quickly in any conditions of detention. Thanks to breeders, the bird adapts to climatic and weather conditions. Agidel meat has a distinct taste. Ducks are not afraid of common diseases.

I got a wide, long body with an impressive mass. The color of the plumage is white. The beak is bright orange. In appearance it is a meat duck. A two-month-old duckling weighs up to 3 kg.

The breed is very productive. 250 eggs - duck egg production in one period.

Pros:

  • disease resistance;
  • fast growth;
  • unpretentiousness in food;
  • high productivity.

Bashkir

One of the best birds in terms of price-quality ratio. Breeding "Bashkir", the owner gets beautiful, meat ducks at the same time, without spending a lot of money on maintenance. The breed received two color options: black and white and khaki.

The Bashkir duck is productive and disease-resistant, which makes breeding easier. The average weight of an adult duck is 4 kg. With good food and care, this figure increases. Does not require special conditions of detention.

The pluses include breeders:

  • maintenance cost;
  • attractive feather color;
  • the possibility of breeding on farms (for business purposes);
  • tender meat.

When breeding at home, attention should be paid to temperature and lighting.

Beijing

Popular breed. Often found in households. Many people call it the best meat duck. It was withdrawn a long time ago, thanks to which it managed to spread throughout the world.

External features:

  • dense physique;
  • wide back and chest;
  • bulging forehead;
  • massive, short legs;
  • powerful wings;
  • plumage is white or cream.

An adult male weighs up to 4.2 kg, a female - 3.8. In addition to delicious meat, Peking ducks are good layers - up to 130 eggs per year.

Peking ducks are an amazing breed. Thanks to them, subspecies of these waterfowl have been bred today.

She has a lot of pluses. Here are the main ones:

  • good growth;
  • unpretentiousness in food and maintenance;
  • good layers and hens;
  • delicious meat.

The disadvantages include not the greatest weight by today's standards.

Mulard

Mulard appeared thanks to the crossing of Indo-Ducks and other domestic breeds. This made it possible to obtain fast-growing and large individuals. Mulard is easy and cheap to breed. Ducks are easy to distinguish from other poultry. They have a large body and a long neck. The plumage is black or white.

You should not have mulard to get offspring. They show a sexual instinct, but fertilization of eggs does not occur.

The pluses of the breed, in addition to weight, include:

  • dietary meat;
  • fast growth (with good feed, the duck weighs up to 3 kilograms already at two months);
  • a spacious area is enough for content.

Minuses:

  • the cost of ducklings;
  • harder to grow than other breeds.

Cherry Valley

They are in demand by farmers in Russia and the CIS countries. Hardy and strong ducks. They gain weight quickly and are resistant to disease. For 50 days, a duckling is able to gain up to 3 kg. Stands out for egg production - up to 150 per year. The survival rate of ducklings is 95%.

To grow quickly, ducks need to be provided with a variety of food and water. It is better to feed at the same time. Food must contain vitamins.

The meat of an adult duck got an excellent taste, although a little harsh. It contains a lot of vitamins, especially if you slaughter an individual at 7 weeks.

Star 53

Lean meat, simplicity in feed and care, slaughter at 50 days of life - this made the French breed "Star 53" very popular among farmers. Congenital features and proper care will help to grow a duck weighing up to 4.5 kg.

"Star 53" possesses a fast metabolism, due to which the assimilation of vitamins occurs at lightning speed. Ducks do not accumulate fat, which makes the meat dietary.

The appearance of the breed is quite typical. Powerful breasts are the first thing that catches your eye. The plumage is white. The massive back stands out.

Main pluses:

  • unpretentiousness to feed;
  • fast growth;
  • immunity to disease.

Minuses:

  • do not like cramped rooms;
  • adjustment of temperature and light conditions is required.

Blagovarskaya

The breed combined productivity and beauty. Farmers are celebrating the profitability of these ducks. The breed appeared recently and was bred on the territory of Russia. They have a pronounced meat type and excellent taste. Juveniles grow rapidly and lose a minimum of weight during plumage.

Poultry farmers do not have to spend money on feed. In food, the individual is unpretentious, productive - offspring appear from 80% of the eggs.

With the correct combination of feed, the weight gain is 1 kg.

Pros:

  • to maintain a sufficiently equipped barn;
  • ducks are calm and balanced;
  • active growth.

Indian runner

The breed is 2 thousand years old. Ducks run and swim quickly. The presence of a reservoir is optional. When running, they do not spread their wings, which surprises poultry farmers. The breed is calm - they are worried only in danger.

The weight of an adult is about 2 kg. Productivity - 280 eggs per year. There is little meat, but it is considered a delicacy. The breed is egg.

Pros of "Runners":

  • calm character;
  • productivity;
  • ease of care;
  • the ability to live with other birds;
  • attractive appearance.

Minuses:

  • Low weight.

Ukrainian gray

Artificially bred breed. Differs in good health and love of freedom. Has developed muscles. Spends a lot of time in the water. It stands out for its thick plumage and beautiful coloration. The size is medium. The legs are short but powerful.

You can keep a duck in Spartan conditions. She is unpretentious in food. Many diseases are not scary to her. The weight can be up to 3.5 kg.

The disadvantages include the love of water. The birds must be constantly released for free range.

Russian crested

The breed is interesting to many breeders and farmers. The main feature is the crest on the head. The duck has an interesting appearance and a calm temperament. The bird does not grow large - the maximum weight is 2.5 kg. She is very mobile due to her well-developed muscles.

Farmers have noticed that the larger the tuft, the less productivity.

It is unpretentious in food. He treats water bodies calmly. Do not feed them too much - you get a carcass that has swum with fat.

Pros:

  • unpretentiousness in food and maintenance;
  • productivity;
  • fast growth.

Minuses:

  • little weight.

Cayuga

A bright and very beautiful breed of ducks. The ducks are green with a metallic tinge. The breed belongs to the meat-and-meat species, but it is used more often for decorative purposes. Due to the black hemp, the meat does not look very appetizing.

Another distinctive feature is that the Cayugi lay black eggs. About 150 pieces can be demolished per year. Ducks hatch them willingly.

In general, ducks are picky, which allows them to be kept in any conditions.

Pros of the breed:

  • beauty;
  • high productivity;
  • wonderful hens;
  • unpretentiousness.

Minuses:

  • light weight;
  • susceptible to disease.

Pace

A popular breed that does not require serious maintenance. Even a novice farmer can cope with ducklings. They do not need a reservoir and special food. Chicks grow quickly, are immune to disease, and are mobile. Ducks tolerate low temperatures very well.

Individuals gain weight quickly - up to 3.5 kg in 7 weeks. The meat is dietary and odorless. A duck can lay up to one hundred eggs per year.

Provide heating if kept during colder months. Otherwise, the feed will not add weight.

Moscow whites

The breed is meat-oriented. Very prolific ducks with high quality meat. They have an attractive appearance. Able to gain weight up to 4.5 kg. Excellent egg production - up to 150 pieces per year.

The breed is unpretentious in food and can do without a reservoir. Disease resistant. The character is calm. Ducks can be purchased at a low price. With the right feed "Moscow White" grows up to 2 kg. in 2 months.

Pros:

  • price;
  • unpretentiousness;
  • egg production.

Disadvantages:

  • Weight Limit.

Black white-breasted

It appeared in the middle of the last century, but could not gain popularity among farmers, although it has good characteristics. "Black white-breasted" grows very quickly and does not require special feed. The weight of an adult can reach 4 kg. The meat is tender and tasty.

The egg production of poultry is 130 pieces per cycle, but it applies to broilers. Very high offspring survival rate. They easily endure cold weather. The main thing for them is dry bedding.

You can feed almost everyone. It is necessary to calculate the amount of food in order to get a large, healthy individual.

Khaki Campbell

Breed of egg and meat orientation. They are very common in Russia. They are grown both on farms and in private farmsteads. Ducks are very active and mobile. They are small in size. The color of the plumage is "sandy".

Pros:

  • weight up to 3.5 kilograms;
  • egg production up to 200 eggs per year;
  • tasty meat.

Minuses:

  • do not hatch eggs;
  • it takes a lot of space and a body of water.

When choosing a duck breed, the main thing is to know what you want to get from it in the end - meat or eggs. Many water birds are similar to each other, and only an experienced farmer will notice the differences. The productivity of any ducks depends only on the efforts of the owner.


What are the best duck breeds for home breeding?

Even 20 years ago, people willingly engaged in poultry farming: they raised chickens, geese and, of course, ducks. Now this occupation is considered unprofitable, which is fair, but only in part. Feed prices have risen significantly and their prices are steadily rising. But, if you choose the best breeds, you can not only save on maintenance, but also get a good profit.


Duck breeds for home breeding without a reservoir

In the wild, a duck spends a lot of time near the water, so it looks for food, hides from predators. Artificially bred varieties can do without a lot of moisture.

A flock of duck can be released for a walk near the house. These breeds include the Moscow White. Other species can also do without a pond or lake.

The main thing is to put them on the site with a full basin of water, in which the birds will periodically splash.

Duck varieties differ in the rate of weight gain, the number of eggs, and the quality of meat. It is necessary to select a certain type based on whether it will be beneficial to keep a bird with certain qualities. Below are the most productive meat breeds of ducks.

Moscow white

A hybrid of English and Chinese breeds. From the parents, the Moscow white domestic duck received a large percentage of raw meat in the carcass, undemanding to types of feed, light bones and good egg production.

The weight of adult specimens is 3.5-4.5 kg, the number of eggs per year is 130 pieces of 100 g each, the survival rate of ducklings reaches 90%.

The Moscow breed is distinguished by good endurance to harsh winters. From the Peking breed, the representatives differ in the color of the beak and paws - they are pink.

Rouen

The Rouen breed was bred in France from a wild duck. For selection, fleshy specimens were taken. Representatives can now be recognized by their bright colors.

The bird quickly gains weight, by 2 months it weighs 2.5 kg. If desired, you can grow a carcass up to 7 kg. The presentation of plucked poultry is ugly, but the meat is high in protein.

The ability to lay eggs is not high - up to 90 eggs per year. The disadvantages of the species include exactingness to food and living conditions. For its multi-colored plumage, the Rouen can be called a domestic mandarin duck.

You should know! The Rouen duck is prone to obesity. Overfeeding reduces meat quality and egg production in layers.

Black white-breasted

The breed was obtained in Ukraine by crossing 3 varieties. The appearance of the drakes is very bright - the whole body is covered with a black feather, on the chest there is a white shirt-front, the head is notable for green plumage, which shines in the sun.

Poultry contains more fat than other breeds. An adult bird weighs 3.5-4 kg, this mass can already be obtained at 3 months of age.

The litter is 130 eggs per year, weighing 90 grams. The species is distinguished by good chick survival and indiscriminate feeding.

Black white-breasted variety

Gray Ukrainian

One of the most adapted duck breeds for domestic breeding. Endowed with good resistance to cold, rushes willingly and quickly gains muscle mass. The gray variety was developed at the Research Institute of Ukraine.

The productivity of the female is 120 eggs per year, weighing up to 90 g, the highest quality layers can have 200 eggs.

The flock can be free-range all day long and feed on grass, insects, grows well on compound feed. The mass of birds is 3-4 kg at the age of 2 months. The disadvantage of the variety is high voracity.

Musky (Indoor)

These are not only meat ducks, layers and hens from females are excellent. Even goose and chicken eggs can be placed under the mute; it brings up to 100 eggs a year.

The musky breed was developed in America. Duck weight from 2 to 3.5 kg. For growing for meat, birds are sent to slaughter at 2 months of age. It is too costly to keep the duck brood further, as the need for food increases.

The meat of the American duck is more than half the weight of the carcass and is soft. The disadvantage of the Indoor is light weight.

Duck mulard

When crossing the Peking and musk varieties, a mulard was obtained. The hybrid was created in order to remove the species imperfections of the two parent breeds. From the musk-drake, the mulard got a calm character and lean red meat, from the Peking female - a quick weight gain, large size and unpretentiousness in the feed.

By the age of 3 months, the duckling already weighs 4 kg. Eggs are 100% infertile, individuals are hatched for one season, as a rule, to obtain meat products and profit during the summer. Of the duck family, this is the largest duck. With good nutrition, an individual can reach 7 kg.

The disadvantages of the hybrid include the absence of fertilized eggs.

Interesting! Mulards are able to build up the liver up to 500 g. It serves as raw material for the manufacture of foie gras.

Swedish blue

The Swedish duck is slowly gaining weight and can be recognized by its blue-gray plumage. The first description refers to the 19th century. The breed was created in conditions of cold, wet winters, which tempered the health of the birds.

The flock quickly becomes attached to the owner, does not create noise in the courtyard with its quacking, behaves calmly. The advantage of the breed is its absolute unpretentiousness in food. The average weight of a duck is 3-4 kg for a female and a drake, respectively.

Bashkir

The species was accidentally bred after the appearance in the family of Peking feathery ducks of gray color. She launched a productive poultry variety. The name comes from the place where the first chicken appeared.

The weight of an adult is up to 4 kg, which it reaches by 8 weeks. Bashkirs are the record holders in terms of live meat yield - up to 70% from one head. In addition to a large specific gravity of muscle mass, mutees give a good egg production result - up to 230 eggs per year, females can be good hens, they hatch clutch willingly.

An additional advantage of the species is disease resistance and cold resistance. The breed can be called the most unpretentious and productive in the catalog of meat varieties.

Important! The Bashkir breed of meat ducks forgives care errors. This variety is suitable for inexperienced farmers.

Peking White Duck

It was bred in China more than 300 years ago, introduced to Europe in the 19th century. An adult duck looks massive, has a bright orange beak and paws. A sexually mature individual weighs 3.5 kg, a drake - up to 4 kg. Egg mass - 90 g, quantity - up to 120 pieces.

The advantage of the species is omnivorousness. The brood can be fed with any food, sent to graze so that the broiler can nibble on fresh grass and splash in the pond. A significant disadvantage of the breed is the loudness of the bird.


17 breeds of ducks for home breeding

Musky (Indoor)

Many believe that the musky bird got its name thanks to crossing with a turkey. In fact, the reason for this was external similarity. Homemade musky duck has long been, but we have it in the 80s of the XX century. Since then, it has been widespread and loved by poultry farmers.

The musky bird has distinctive features:

  • wide, elongated torso
  • wide chest
  • elongated head
  • big, dark eyes
  • growths on the face.

  • do not make noise
  • healthy meat
  • get along with other poultry
  • eat greens
  • rush a lot.

  • grow slowly
  • do not go in the herd.

Duck species Blue Favorite

It appeared in the late 1990s. The place of appearance is Bashkiria. The name was given for the color of the plumage. The breed is large. Some poultry farmers managed to grow a "Blue Favorite" the size of a goose of the same age in six months. The farmers' feedback on the poultry is positive. The main reason for its popularity is its good survival rate.

Read also:

The "Blue Favorite" stands out:

  • medium-necked
  • short legs
  • large, tight-fitting wings
  • blue with a smoky tint.

This bird has a lot of advantages:

  • unpretentiousness in food
  • growth rate (even with poor feed, the duck gains weight quickly)
  • vitality
  • the ability to contain in different conditions.

Of the minuses, what stands out is that the "Blue Favorite" hatches eggs poorly.

Agidel

Appeared recently. Belongs to the type of meat broilers. Popular in meat exporting countries. Gains weight quickly in any conditions of detention. Thanks to breeders, the bird adapts to climatic and weather conditions. Agidel meat has a distinct taste. Ducks are not afraid of common diseases.

I got a wide, long body with an impressive mass. The color of the plumage is white. The beak is bright orange. In appearance it is a meat duck. A two-month-old duckling weighs up to 3 kg.

  • disease resistance
  • fast growth
  • unpretentiousness in food
  • high productivity.

Bashkir

One of the best birds in terms of price-quality ratio. Breeding "Bashkirok", the owner gets beautiful, meat ducks at the same time, without spending a lot of money on maintenance. The breed received two color options: black and white and "khaki".

The Bashkir duck is productive and disease-resistant, which makes breeding easier. The average weight of an adult duck is 4 kg. With good food and care, this figure increases. Does not require special conditions of detention.

The pluses include breeders:

  • maintenance cost
  • attractive feather coloration
  • the possibility of breeding on farms (for business purposes)
  • tender meat.

When breeding at home, attention should be paid to temperature and lighting.

Beijing

Popular breed. Often found in households. Many people call it the best meat duck. It was withdrawn a long time ago, thanks to which it managed to spread throughout the world.

  • dense physique
  • wide back and chest
  • bulging forehead
  • massive, short legs
  • powerful wings
  • plumage is white or cream.

Peking ducks are an amazing breed. Thanks to them, subspecies of these waterfowl have been bred today.

She has a lot of pluses. Here are the main ones:

  • good growth
  • unpretentiousness in food and maintenance
  • good layers and hens
  • delicious meat.

The disadvantages include not the greatest weight by today's standards.

Moscow white

The Moscow white duck is a variety of the Peking duck, more precisely, the product of crossing with the khaki-kambel species. The goal of the breeders who were engaged in the breeding of this species was to increase the egg production while maintaining the indicators characteristic of the meat breed. The good egg production that laying hens maintain for several years is a beneficial quality for home breeding. This is the only breed with such an indicator and duration of egg production.

The weight of adult males reaches 4 kg. Moscow white adapts well to the climate, does not need special conditions of detention, is unpretentious to feed and will grow as fast as its ancient ancestors. Good meatiness without excess fat and very tasty meat are additional advantages of this type.

Gray Ukrainian

As the name implies, this species was bred by Ukrainian breeders and has the advantage of gray plumage. Domestic and wild "jock breed" were involved in the crossing.

The goal of the scientists was to obtain a species with good health and fast growth. And they succeeded. Adult drakes can weigh up to 4 kg. Ducklings show a good survival rate - about 75%, which is also an important factor when choosing a breed for breeding in a household.

It is difficult to choose the best option for breeding among all the variety of bred breeds. Each farmer and breeder makes this choice individually. What will be better - fast growth, high egg production, tasty meat - it's up to you.

Do not forget that even now, breeders are constantly working on developing new breeds with certain characteristics. Breeding ducks is now very popular and in many households they have almost or completely replaced chickens.

Black white duck

The breed was bred by scientists of the Institute of Poultry at the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Aboriginal Ukrainian black, black-gray, white-breasted ducks were used for breeding. They were crossed with Peking ducks and Khaki Campbells.

Black white-breasted ducks have practically no flaws.

  • high weight (average live weight of an adult duck 3.6 kg, drake - 4 kg)
  • early puberty
  • rapid growth of young animals (six months after hatching, the chicks weigh up to one and a half kilograms and are suitable for slaughter)
  • rather fatty, juicy meat with good taste, the seasonal yield of eggs is 115-125 pieces.

The plump body of black white-breasted ones is raised to the tail. The chest part is voluminous, deep. The back is long. The main tone of plumage is black. On the outer part of the neck and chest there is a white, tapering to the bottom, "apron", the lower narrow part of which reaches the abdomen in some individuals. The beak and eyes are dark. Developed strong wings are tightly pressed to the sides.

Blue swedish ducks

The breed belongs to general users. Ducks are unpretentious, calm and balanced, they feel great in private yards and large farms. They grow quickly without a special diet, rarely get sick, and are adapted to life in cold climates. The slaughter weight of a bird is on average 3-3.6 kg.

Not only favorites can boast beautiful silvery ash blue plumage. Swedish blue ducks are equally attractive.

Indo-drakes are gaining a record, even for meat breeds, weight of 6-7 kg. The average live weight of ducks is 3.5 kg. In terms of the number of eggs, musky ducks are second only to their main competitors, the Peking ducks. They lay up to 110 small eggs per season.

Muscovy ducks' eggs last longer, which allows for "conveyor" hatching of young animals. Meat accumulates little fat, belongs to the gourmet varieties.

Mulard

Mulard is an interspecific hybrid offspring obtained by mixing the blood of Peking, less often other European breeds, with musky ducks. Mularda do not produce offspring, eggs laid by ducks are sterile.

As an inheritance from their parents, mulardy received the ability to quickly gain weight (up to 7 kg), lean meat, excellent in taste, nutritional and dietary qualities. For early maturity, mulards are also called broilers.

Important. Male mulard and muscovy ducks are bred to obtain an exclusive liver, from which the famous foie gras liver pâté is prepared. To increase the fat content of the liver, drakes are transferred to a special diet - gavage. The birds are prevented from moving and forcibly fed with grain and fat. In birds ripe for slaughter, the liver weighs almost a kilogram.


TOP 5 most remarkable ducks

In fact, this breed originated from wild ducks with a specific musk smell, living in Mexico and South America, which were tamed by local Indian tribes. Later, the breed spread throughout Europe, and was brought to the USSR from Germany in the 80s of the XX century.

Muscovy ducks have a voluminous body, broad sternum, powerful tight-fitting wings, short webbed feet. A small head is located on a short neck, around the eyes there are peculiar red growths - the main distinguishing feature of the breed... The beak is flat.

Brown Indo-Ducks have a rich dark chocolate color with a greenish or purple tint, with white markings on the wings, the size of which increases as the individual matures. Eyes and paws are brown. Most farmers consider the brightness of the color to be an indicator of productivity: the richer it is, the more benefits the bird will bring.

This breed has many virtues, which makes it one of the best.:

  • impressive body weight (from 4 to 6 kg)
  • delicious dietary meat
  • good egg production (120 eggs per year weighing up to 70 g)
  • good immunity
  • high survival rate of offspring
  • developed maternal instinct (even the eggs of other birds are able to hatch, however, in the presence of stress they can leave the nest)
  • unpretentiousness in nutrition and maintenance
  • lack of dependence on the reservoir (these birds feel great both in water and on land)
  • high adaptation to external conditions.

There are practically no flaws in the breed:

  • slow growth and body weight gain (birds gain up to 2.5 kg in the first two months of life, however, they take much longer to gain full weight)
  • dependence on shiny objects (you need to carefully control so that shards of glass and mirrors, pieces of metal, etc.)
  • with a large concentration of individuals, young birds, especially males, can peck each other, show aggression
  • a lot of competition due to feeding with large livestock.

Rouen ducks, Indian runners and Mullard ducks have been used to produce this highly productive variety.

Birds have a small streamlined body, a medium-length neck, a small elongated head with a neat beak. In drakes, the plumage on the head is dark brown with a green tint.... There is a clear border on the neck separating the brown-brown feathers on the body and wings.

Females have uniform color, light brown, dark eyes... Beak and metatarsus are light gray.

Dignity:

  • high body weight (up to 3.5 kg)
  • the structure of lean and juicy meat is fibrous, the taste is pleasant
  • high egg production rates (up to 300 eggs per year weighing up to 70 g)
  • good adaptation to climatic features and various conditions of detention
  • unpretentiousness in nutrition
  • activity
  • peaceful disposition.

  • dependence on the reservoir (a pond is required to increase productivity and cultivation)
  • poorly developed maternal instinct (an incubator is needed to breed offspring)
  • ability to fly (however, wing clipping is not required: a duck of this breed is not capable of long-distance flights).

The birds have a long wide body, a bulging sternum, a wide straight back, small wings and short, strong orange limbs. The head is large, oval, in drakes it is gray with a blue tint, in females it is light brown, like the rest of the plumage on the body and wings.

The male plumage palette is richer than that of females: chest and upper back are brown, white ring on the neck, trunk in the lower part is white-gray, wings are gray-blue.

  • impressive body weight (up to 3.5 kg)
  • lean meat, dark, tasty
  • good egg production (up to 240 eggs weighing 70-80 g per year)
  • good immunity
  • high chick survival rates
  • early ripening (ducks are ready to breed at 4 months)
  • activity
  • peacefulness
  • endurance
  • unpretentiousness in nutrition.

  • dependence on a body of water (especially at an early age)
  • poor tolerance to drafts
  • intolerance to high levels of humidity in the house.

Birds have a long wide body in the form of a roller, a short neck, a wide and raised back in the front part, an oval head. The color is light brown with a dark blue mirror sheen. The drakes have a white collar on their necks, the head is colored black-brown with a strong green tint.

Advantages of the breed:

  • high body weight (up to 3.5 kg)
  • tasty meat
  • good egg production (up to 130 eggs weighing up to 80 g per year)
  • activity
  • unpretentiousness
  • good adaptation to external conditions.

  • water dependence
  • intolerance to severe cold weather.

However, the current breed standard was described in England in 1923, where domesticated wild animals were selected to increase meat yields, so French and English representatives of the breed differ in both body structure and color... In private farms, English heavy brown birds are most often found.

The large body of the Rouen duck has a horizontal orientation, it is heavy, massive, muscular, large. The sternum is deep, the legs are short, strong, orange in color. The neck is of medium length, slightly curved, the head is small, the beak is short, yellowish. with dark markings at the top.

The color is dark brown or chestnut, in the neck area - brown-brown. In males, the plumage shimmers with a greenish or purple color, there is a pattern on the wings.

Pros of the breed:

  • live weight reaches 3.5-4 kg
  • lean, soft and tasty meat
  • attractive appearance (sometimes this bird is bred as decorative)
  • early maturity.

  • low egg production (up to 90 eggs per year weighing 90 g)
  • low survival rate of offspring (females have poorly developed maternal instinct)
  • whimsical care and feeding
  • tendency to obesity, affecting the quality of meat.


Meat focus

The greatest demand among farmers is for meat poultry. Popular varieties of such ducks:

Photo and title ducksDescriptionProductivity
Beijing It was bred in Beijing about 300 years ago. Large breed of meat direction. Drakes are larger than females, the body of both is stocky, with a wide chest and a straight back. Medium-sized head with a powerful beak and large eyes. The neck is strong and long. The limbs are small, strong, widely spaced. Frost-resistant, there is a subcutaneous fat layerThe meat at the exit is about 4 kg. Female egg production - up to 90 eggs per year
Gray Ukrainian It was bred by the selection method in Ukraine. Representatives of the breed have original colors. The color is dominated by gray, emerald, black and white shades. The skeleton is strong, but light. The muscles are well developed, the back is long and wide. The chest is deep, slightly rounded. The wings are powerful, pressed against the body. Males are larger than females, feather color is more diverse. The head of the drake is emerald, there is a white ring on the neck. The chest is dark chocolate, the belly is white. The tail and the end of the back are black. Females are cream-colored, feathers have brown blotches and blue feather "inserts"The meat yield at slaughter is 3.5 kg. A duck can lay about 80-90 eggs per year.
Black white-breasted The subspecies is considered meat. The black white-breasted duck is a large bird, the plumage is dominated by black, white and malachite (in males) colors. The head is small, elongated, the beak is short, dark in color. The body is vertical, slightly elongated, with a rounded chest and a thin neck. The limbs are short but strong. The bird is black, except for the chest. She and her upper belly are whiteThe meat yield at slaughter is 3.5 kg. One individual gives up to 100 eggs per year
Indoor (musky) Ducks with a red beak. The color is dominated by white, black, brown and gray shades. A bird with a powerful body and well-developed muscles. The sternum is round, wide, the back is straight and straight. The wings are powerful, well developed, tightly attached to the body. The limbs are strong, short, widely spaced. The average weight of a drake is about 6 kg, a female - up to 4 kgThe meat yield at slaughter is about 5-6 kg. The female lays about 120 eggs annually.
Crested They were bred in Europe in the 18th century. A duck with a long beak. The head is crowned with an original feather crest. The bird has a decorative appearance. The body is of medium length, the build is strong. The back is wide, the chest is convex. The neck is long, the head is medium in size. The color is dominated by white, cream, gray shades. The plumage is dense. The wings are powerful, close to the bodyHigh meat yield - 5–6 kg. Egg production - 110 eggs per year
Swedish blue Representatives of this breed are large, with a dense build. The head is oval, the beak is flat, flattened. The back is broad and straight. The tail is short. The plumage is dominated by white, black and gray shades. The chest is roundedMeat output - 4 kg. Egg production - 120 eggs per year
Mulard It was bred in 1960 in France. Large breed, with a small head. The beak is light, slightly elongated. The neck is long, the chest is convex and wide. The back is straight and even. The color is dominated by white and black colors. Legs are strong, short, yellow in color. There are black spots at the base of the beakMeat yield at slaughter - 4 kg, egg production - up to 120 eggs
Blue favorite A new breed, was bred in 1998. The people call her the pharaoh and the blue duck. A large bird with a massive beak, small head and short neck. The chest is deep, the back is wide and straight. The tail is short, the wings are tightly pressed to the body. The color is dominated by blue, ash gray colors. Feet strong, yellow, set wide apart.Egg production - up to 120 eggs per year, meat yield at slaughter - about 4-5 kg
Moscow white Was bred by breeding. A bird with a dense build and thick white plumage. The body is massive, the chest is round and wide. The head is medium in size, with a bright red beak. The neck is of medium length, flexible. The back is straight, wide, ending in a small neat tail. A distinctive feature is the color of the iris of the eyes. She is blueLeaving meat at slaughter - 4.5 kg. Average egg production, about 90 eggs per year

Female meat duck breeds are capable of laying eggs. Indicators and product quality are average. The disadvantage of egg breeds is that the maximum weight of the duck is gaining in 8-12 months. Then its content becomes meaningless.

Slaughter of meat ducks is allowed at the age of 4–5 months. Drakes - 3.


Duck egg breeds

Of the egg breeds in Russia, Indian runners who come from Southeast Asia are popular. The appearance is distinguished by an almost vertical setting of the torso on high legs, as well as a long neck. The plumage color can be red-ash, brown or white. The latter is the most common (Figure 7).

Figure 7. Indian runners of various colors

They begin to rush at the age of five months. For a year they can give 200 eggs whose weight is 70-80 grams. A record 363 egg production was recorded. The shell of the eggs has a white, smooth, waxy appearance. The taste of eggs is not inferior to chicken.

Ducks Favorite: description

The Favorite duck breed was bred from Peking. They have a beautiful blue-gray feather color (Figure 8). In addition, birds have a high early maturity, and the meat is considered lean, which favorably distinguishes birds from Peking or Bashkir birds.

Figure 8. External features of egg ducks Favorite

However, when growing, some features of the content should be taken into account. Young animals grow very quickly and reach slaughter weight at the age of two to three months. In addition, females have high egg production, so about a hundred young animals can be obtained from one individual per year.

The constitution of birds is quite dense, but at the same time they do not differ in demand for food. Successful breeding is possible even with minimal feed costs, and if the farm has an open range, the birds will successfully seek food on their own.


Watch the video: Ducks Plowing Through The Snow Seriously Confused Where To Go #17 Breeding Ducks