It is difficult to meet a person who does not like to eat raspberries. But when it comes to large-fruited, fragrant, thornless raspberries, all gardeners dream of having such a plant, and no one will refuse sweet berries for dessert.
AND this variety, which has these characteristics, is called Maroseyka.
Description of the raspberry variety Maroseyka
Maroseyka in the 70s of the previous century, was brought out by professor V.V. Kichina. It was at the Moscow Institute of Horticulture. The predecessor of this variety is the Scottish raspberry.
Maroseyka received the following qualities:
- resistance to disease;
- unpretentious nature of the plant;
- good yield;
- a large percentage of sugar in the berry and its aroma.
Today there are plenty to choose from for lovers of raspberries - many varieties have appeared on the market that are also worthy of attention, but Maroseyka is as attractive as it was many years ago.
This variety is recommended to grow for amateur gardeners., as well as to expand the range of small production. In this case, the climate must be suitable.
In central Russia, Maroseyka is not sufficiently winter-hardy and drought-resistant (it has a superficial root system), therefore not suitable for industrial cultivation.
It is a thornless and large-fruited variety. medium-early ripening period - berries are suitable for consumption in the beginning or middle of July. The crop is harvested in 4-5 times, fruiting ends around the beginning of August.
Maroseyka was the first thornless Russian raspberry. The berries have a sweet taste familiar from childhood and an intensely pronounced aroma.
The harvest is used traditionally: fresh, frozen, boiled, dried, compotes boiled, wines are prepared.
The plant bears fruit once a year, because, grade Maroseyka is not characterized by remontance, but the harvest is harvested at 4-5 kg from each plant. If you use intensive feeding, the bush is capable of producing 6 kg of berries each.
As for the total harvest, the average indicator is 150-200 kg per weave, but due to the low winter hardiness, it should be covered for the winter. It bears fruit every year, for the Moscow region it is a very promising and productive variety.
The plant has long and medium-long fruit branches, they are quite thick, on the shoots are located from 2 to 4 orders of branching. One branch can contain 20 berries, and sometimes more.
The leaves are flat, curled, warty at the edges. They are large in size, dark green in color, and the plant looks like a powerful bush.
Growing the raspberry variety Maroseyka in a climate where freezing temperatures drop to 30 ° C in winter, and below, it must be covered for the winter... You can take:
- spruce branches;
- mulch from plants.
In order for the result of hiding to be successful, they do this work in the last days of September. The branches of plants at this time bend well, by this time they have not yet had time to become brittle.
- The branches are tilted to one side, and bent to the base of the plant, the top of the bush is tied.
- For shelter, take any of the listed materials.
If this is not done in a harsh, cold climate, then even if the raspberry survives the winter, its yield will decrease.
Advantages and disadvantages
The raspberry variety Maroseyka still surprises with many qualities that it has. Everyone likes its large-fruited, yield, wonderful aroma and taste of fruits.
This variety is not a remontant variety, but it sometimes surprises gardeners with this quality - in some years at the ends of the branches the fruits ripen again... This plant has good resistance to various raspberry diseases.
The disadvantages of Maroseyka include the fact that the berries, with prolonged use of the bushes, are made small in size. The explanation for this phenomenon is the genetic instability of this variety.
This problem exists in the case when plants are over 10 years old... Such a process is called deshimerization or gene mutation.
All large-fruited varieties have a special gene L1, which by its nature is unstable. Normally in a plant, the L1 gene is dominant but can sometimes be recessive.
In amateur gardening, this phenomenon is rare. So those who want to have the Maroseyka variety should not worry about this - everything will be fine.
Characteristics of bushes and berries
Raspberry Maroseyka is a beautiful, medium-sized, spreading bush, whose thick shoots are protected by a wax coating, which keeps it from various fungi, drought, frost. It has a height of 1.5 to 1.8 m.
The bushes consist of powerful branches and shoots of replacement, as well as overgrowth. therefore propagating this variety will not be difficult at all.
This is done by dividing the bush. Annual shoots are strong and resilient, have internodes 3-5 cm long.
Each bush grows about five shoots of replacement and ten shoots of root shoots. Still, this variety does not conquer new territories for itself.
Berries on raspberry bushes Maroseyka:
- weigh 4-12 grams;
- cone-shaped, light red in color, there is a barely noticeable bluish bloom on them, and there are two fused together;
- the pulp is sweet, with a slightly noticeable sour note with few seeds;
- aroma - pronounced;
- when ripening, they stick to plants and do not crumble;
- when fully ripe, they are well separated from the fruit;
- the density is such that there are no difficulties during transportation.
This variety has fruiting for 10-15 years, but history knows of cases that after 20 years the plant continued to give people a harvest.
This bush grew in a sunlit place, in a cozy place of the site, where there was protection from the wind, it was fed with fertilizers.
Features of planting, growing and care
This variety of raspberries, although photophilous, but also tolerates shade well... And yet, if possible, choose an illuminated place for young shoots, you should do so. The land for planting it must be fertile.
Planting Maroseyka is done in rows, then tying is applied at a distance of 120 cm from the ground. For this, a support is mounted with a strong tensioned wire.
Since the bush gives rise to shoots, the excess has to be removed so that the plant directs more juices to the formation of the crop.
To make fruiting more active, nitrogen-mineral fertilizers, as well as organic matter, are placed in the holes before planting raspberries.
When the time comes for flowering and the setting of a new crop, granular NPK fertilizers are applied... Monitor the presence of a sufficient amount of trace elements, especially potassium.
Novice hobby gardeners need to know that more mass fruiting will be only for the next season.
After planting, the raspberry variety Maroseyka needs good care... It consists in complex agronomic techniques that help the plant to feel good, and after that it will certainly thank the owner with a generous harvest of tasty and healthy berries.
It is necessary to adhere to some recommendations for care, so that Maroseyka will give the harvest in full:
- After planting, you need to periodically loosen the ground and weed the weeds.
- Watering is carried out in sufficient quantity and on time.
- Pruning of plants is done in the spring to remove weak and frozen branches, and in the fall, the bushes are prepared for winter. In the fall, they are pruned no later than half a month before frost. Then too young and weak branches are removed.
- In order to prevent a large density of plantings, part of the shoots is cut out, leaving only 6-8 pieces.
- As noted, top dressing is done on time with the necessary fertilizers.
- If necessary, the plants are protected from severe frosts by covering them.
If there is a desire to strengthen branching, pinch young shoots at a height of about a meter... This technique causes new side branches to form. The plant turns out to be more powerful and productive.
Diseases and pests
Raspberry variety Maroseyka characterized by increased resistance to diseases and insect pests.
He, like other best varieties, bears fruit even when a disease is present on the branches or leaves, this does not affect the amount of harvest.
Today, the choice of good varieties of raspberries is represented by many varieties, but Maroseyka has such a taste and aroma of berries that she is very loved by gardeners, and she is not afraid of competition.
If you take care of her regularly, then she will always delight you with generous harvests.
Raspberry variety Maroseyka
The thorns have always annoyed summer residents and gardeners. The thorns mercilessly clawed at their hands, clung to clothes, defending raspberries from uninvited lovers of delicious berries. With a strong thickening of the bushes, harvesting of fruits turned, without exaggeration, into a "battle for the harvest." And when not so long ago, studless varieties appeared on our market, this immediately aroused genuine interest in them among gardeners. And the first domestic variety with completely "bald" shoots was just Maroseyka. Moreover, she was born more than 30 years ago. But what else distinguishes our heroine in the berry world, in addition to the absence of thorns, is in our article below.
Description of the raspberry variety Maroseyka
Raspberries of the Maroseyka variety were obtained by breeders of the Moscow Institute of Horticulture more than 30 years ago. The Scottish variety became the progenitor of the plant. Through long-term breeding, breeders were able to get the first raspberry without thorns in Russia.
The main emphasis when growing the variety was placed on increasing the yield of the harvest, increasing immunity to diseases and pests. Also, scientists tried not only to improve the volume of the berry itself, but also to increase the taste of the plant, as well as to increase the winter hardiness of the shrub.
Thanks to such efforts, the raspberry Maroseyka is a large shrub with spreading lashes, which in height, under excellent growing conditions, can stretch by 1.4-1.8 m. But the bush is considered to be medium-sized.
The shoots do not have thorns, but are covered with a felt-type bloom.
A distinctive feature of the plant is its ability to release a large amount of root growth. Thanks to this, the plant quickly multiplies on its own, fills the volumetric territory on the site. The variety is considered early. On each shoot, where flower stalks are formed, at least 15-20 berries are formed, large in size. Each fruit is elongated, weighing up to 5.6 grams. The aftertaste of raspberries is sweet and sour, the pulp is tender and juicy. Raspberries are considered a dessert variety with a pleasant aroma.
Fruits are light red in color, but with a slight bluish tint. When ripe, they are easily separated from the stalk. They are dense in their external structure, so they can be transported over long distances. Maroseyka does not have a high-quality root system: all its roots are located on the surface. Therefore, it requires frequent watering and does not tolerate drought.
In order for the crop to be stable and juicy, it is recommended to apply nutrient moisture more often. Thanks to this, a crop from one bush can give up to 5 kg of net weight. The variety is recommended for different purposes: freezing, drying, making jam or jam, making compote or making wine.
Description and characteristics
The raspberry variety Maroseyka is of medium ripening, the first berries ripen in mid-July. Fruiting is extended, the raspberries are finally harvested by the end of August.
Many are wondering whether the remontant raspberry is Maroseyka or not. The answer to this question is ambiguous. When developing the variety, scientists have developed a unique gene, which manifests itself with the correct and timely care of the berry crop. At this moment, Maroseyka raspberry can give 2 harvests per season. But, as practice shows, such fruiting is an exception to the rule and rarely happens.
Bush and shoots
The hybrid variety of raspberries is compact, the bushes grow with good care no more than 1.8 m. Root growth per season ranges from 5 to 10 shoots. The shoots are strong, elastic, with a wax coating, which provides protection against fungal and viral lesions, under the weight of huge berries they do not bend or break, there are no thorns.
Large sheet plates, corrugated, dark green shades, with denticles at the edges.
During the flowering period, large inflorescences appear on the branches, blooming with white flowers. On each branch, from 20 to 25 ovaries of berries are formed. Up to 6 kg of ripe fruits are harvested from one raspberry bush.
Important! Fruiting of hybrid raspberries occurs in the second season after planting in open ground.
The berries of the Maroseyka variety are called giant raspberries, and this is not far from the truth. Some specimens grow up to 12 g. Fruits are bright red, with juicy, dense pulp, easily removed from the stalk. Fragrant berries with a rich, dessert, sweet-sour taste are excellently stored and transported over long distances.
Reference! Ripe fruits do not fall off the bushes, which makes it possible to slowly harvest.
Scope of the fruit
Raspberry Maroseyka is recognized by experts as a dessert variety with universal use of fruits. The berries and leaves of raspberries contain a huge amount of vitamins and nutrients that have a healing and restorative effect for the body. In addition to fresh consumption, the fruits are dried, boiled, frozen, added to confectionery and desserts.
Delicious juices, fruit drinks, nectars, jellies and marmalades are obtained from berries. Experienced gardeners and gardeners make delicious homemade wines and liqueurs from raspberries. In case of a cold, the fruits and leaves of the berry culture help to bring down the temperature, increase immunity and restore strength.
Planting a plant on the site
The main requirements before planting bushes are the choice of location, planting material, soil preparation, correct planting.
Choosing planting material
The cultivation, development and fruiting of a plant are in direct proportion to the quality of the planting material. A healthy seedling is needed to form a viable, fertile bush with a strong root system. Sick, pest-infested or mechanically damaged seedlings will spend a lot of time on recovery and development. Even after resuscitation, this will affect their fruiting.
Accordingly, when buying planting material, preference is given to seedlings with a strong root system. They must be fresh. To do this, you need to scratch the root of the bush. Fresh wood will appear on a quality seedling. A dark or dry scratch indicates that the planting material was not stored properly, is affected by disease or rot.
In addition to the roots, it is important to examine the shoots. They should be with a solid surface, without fractures. A seedling with two lignified shoots is considered ideal.
Deciding on a place in the garden
Maroseyka is a light-loving variety, but can tolerate light shade. For planting young shoots, you must choose a bright place. In the shade, the branches of the bush stretch out, become fragile, and can break under the weight of the fruit. In addition, the fruits will become sour and less aromatic. In the place where the bushes are planted, there should be no water after rains, melting snow. Raspberries do not like drafts.
The soil must be fertile. The quality of berries, their quantity depends on the physical and chemical parameters of the soil. A soil with neutral acidity is ideal for planting a plant.
Preparing the hole and soil
For active growth and fruiting of bushes, it is recommended to add nitrogenous, mineral fertilizers to the holes. You can use organic.
Landing technology and scheme
Prepared seedlings need to be kept in water for 2-3 hours, then treated with a clay mash. Cut the upper shoots at a level of 0.2 m.
The further development of the plant and its fruiting depends on the correct planting. It is important to take into account the distance from other plants, the optimum distance is 1.5 m.
The timing of disembarkation is also taken into account. In the spring, the optimal time is considered to be when the temperature stabilizes, at least +15 o C. If planted in cool soil, the plant weakens, the likelihood of fungal infections increases.
In the fall, the landing period falls on a period of time when the heat becomes less, and ends two weeks before the onset of cold weather. The bushes should take root before the onset of frost.
- make a hole in the size of the horse system of the seedling
- put a little chipped brick on the bottom to create drainage
- pour a mixture of humus with wood ash
- pour water
- place a seedling in the hole, sprinkle with soil, tamp.
Description of berries
The berry has a large size, weight from 4 to 12 g, conical shape, light red color. The peculiarity of the variety is double berries, they can be found in small quantities on the bushes.
The surface of the fruit is covered with a slight bloom, the size of the drupes is medium, the flesh is dense. Raspberry berries are cut off together with the stalk, they do not crumple during storage, and are well transported. The berries have a sweet, mouth-melting flesh with a classic raspberry aroma. From the fruits, you can harvest jam, marshmallow, preserves. Berries can be dried, in winter they can be brewed into vitamin tea, or they can be used for filling for sweet pies.
Reviews of raspberries varieties Maroseyka
Constantine, Moscow region
The Maroseyka variety has been growing for a long time, I consider it one of the largest-fruited. The width of the berries is like a box of matches. The taste is very good, sweet. Most of the berries are as if double, in the market this particular variety is the fastest selling.
I also have old large varieties, but Maroseyka will be the best. For the winter, I do not shelter her, it grows like this, and there are no special worries.
Ekaterina, Leningrad region
I have Maroseyka - one of my favorite varieties, although in our dampness she would need more sun. The shoots give medium, grows slowly, but this is normal. The berries are spectacular, large, wide, the taste could be sweeter. Perhaps the effect is humidity, as well as not so many sunny days. Sometimes it can be affected by rot (when it rains continuously). I forgive the not very sweet taste for the large size of the berries.
Nadezhda, Volgograd region
Maroseyka has been growing for several years, the berry is not so sweet, but large. Such beautiful berries hang on the bushes! A very elegant look of the bushes. It reproduces normally, especially the territory with its shoots does not terrorize, everything is within the limits. Fresh may seem a little bland, but I put all the berries on the jam. It turns out simply incomparable, there is nothing tastier!