The compact perennial plant Tydaea belongs to the Gesneriev family. At the same time, Tydea comes from Brazil. In the wild, 2 forms of this plant are distinguished: semi-shrub and herbaceous. The height of the bush is about 50 cm.In a room likea, the height usually does not exceed 0.3 m.
The plant has a tuberous root system, as well as drooping or upright stems. Long-petiolized large foliage has an ovoid shape. There is pubescence on the surface of bright green leaves. During flowering, small bell-shaped flowers are formed, their corollas have a pink or purple tint.
It is quite easy to care for a room idea, so it is quite suitable for inexperienced florists. Flowering begins in the last days of spring and ends in early September. This perennial belongs to slow-growing plants.
Brief description of cultivation
- Temperature... In the spring-summer period - around 23 degrees, and in the cold season - from 15 to 18 degrees.
- Air humidity... Slightly elevated or moderate.
- Illumination... Sunlight should be diffused and moderate. Poor lighting leads to a lack of flowering, and due to too bright light, yellowing of the foliage is observed.
- Watering... During intensive growth, it should be abundant (frequency - 2 or 3 times in 7 days). During the rest period, the soil mixture in the pot is moistened very poorly (no more than once a week).
- Soil mixture... The purchased soil mixture should be slightly acidic and light. Homemade substrate should consist of sand, peat, humus and leafy soil (1: 1: 1: 2).
- Fertilizer... During intensive growth, they are fed once every 30 days, using a solution of liquid fertilizer for flowers in a weak concentration.
- Transfer... If necessary, when the tubers become cramped in the pot.
- Reproduction... Cutting, seed method and dividing tubers.
- Dormant period... In winter, a dormant period is required. If it is warm, it will continue to grow, which will lead to shrinking foliage, strong elongation of shoots, as well as a lack of flowering.
Gloxinia Tydea Violet
Caring for the idea at home
Tidea in indoor conditions blooms in the last days of May, and fades in early September. Small pink or purple drooping bell-shaped flowers are formed on the bush.
This plant belongs to the thermophilic. During the growing season, the optimum air temperature is from 22 to 25 degrees. When the flower is at rest, it should stand in a cool place (about 15 degrees).
In the spring-summer period, the tedea needs a slightly high humidity. Therefore, experts advise, systematically humidify the air around the plant from a spray bottle. Remember that moisture should never get on the surface of flowers and leaf plates. Otherwise, unattractive brownish stains are formed on their surface. To increase the humidity, a safer method is also used: wet expanded clay is poured into a deep pallet, on which a pot with a plant is placed on top.
This indoor culture feels best in moderate lighting, which should also be diffused. The bush must be protected from direct sunlight, otherwise dark spots will form on the surface of its leaves, which represent burns.
During the growing season, the soil mixture in the pot should be moistened abundantly with a frequency of 1 every 3 or 4 days. Remember that watering can only be carried out after the top layer of the substrate dries slightly. In the autumn-winter period, watering can vary from moderate to scarce, since rot can appear on the tubers due to the large amount of moisture in the soil mixture.
Water the tedea with soft water, the temperature of which should be slightly higher than room temperature.
For planting such a plant, you can use any pot that will be slightly larger in size than the volume of the root system. At its bottom, there must be drainage holes, which are needed to prevent stagnation of moisture in the substrate.
A suitable potting soil should be slightly acidic, light and well-drained. To prepare it with your own hands, you should combine humus, perlite (or coarse sand), leafy soil and peat (1: 1: 2: 1).
Top dressing is carried out in spring and summer 1 time in 4 weeks. To do this, use a solution of liquid mineral complex fertilizer for indoor flowers, and its concentration should be weak.
Since tydea belongs to slow-growing crops, it does not need frequent transplants. They are carried out in the spring time 1 time in 2 or 3 years. The bush should be transplanted very carefully using the transshipment method.
If desired, the bush can be systematically subjected to a shaping haircut. In this case, it will always look neat and effective. However, pruning is not required. Also, in order for the tydea to always look neat, it is necessary to systematically tear off drying shoots, leaf plates and flowers.
Around mid-October, the stems and foliage begin to dry at the bush. This means that the plant goes into a dormant state. Its ground part should be cut off completely, while the tubers remaining in the pot are rearranged in a place where it is always cool and dark.
Remember to sparsely water the potting soil from time to time. At the very beginning of spring, tubers are transplanted into a new soil mixture, or the pot is simply taken out to a bright and warm place. Soon after, the bush will begin to grow actively.
Sowing seeds in a light soil mixture of thesea is carried out in the last winter weeks, while they do not need to be buried or covered with a substrate on top. Cover the container with foil or glass and put it in a warm place (22-24 degrees). The first seedlings should appear in about 7 days. When 2 or 3 pairs of true leaf plates have formed on them, they should be cut into separate small pots.
Apical cuttings are used for reproduction. The places of the cuts are treated with an agent that stimulates the growth of roots, after which the cuttings are rooted in a moist soil mixture or in a glass of water. As a rule, the roots appear after 7-15 days. When this happens, they are planted in permanent small pots, which are filled with fertile soil mixture.
During transplanting, which is carried out in the spring, large adult tubers can be divided into several parts if necessary. Each section should be approximately 40 mm long. Do not forget to treat the cut sites with charcoal powder. Delenki are planted in a mixture of sand and peat, while they need to be buried by only 20 mm. After the awakening of new shoots from dormant buds, young bushes are planted in small pots filled with fertile soil mixture.
With regular violations of the rules for caring for a room theme, various problems may arise with it. For example:
- Brown specks form on the foliage... This happens when the potted soil is moistened with too cold water in the evening. Remember that watering should be carried out exclusively in the morning, while the water must be well settled and not cold.
- Strong pulling of the bush... Excessively poor lighting. Move the flower to a lighter spot. If in the winter time the tidea is not in a state of rest, then she should organize artificial supplementary lighting.
- Yellow foliage... Due to the excess of nutrients in the substrate. To prepare the nutrient solution, use ½ of the manufacturer's recommended dosage, which can be found on the fertilizer package.
- Twisting and flying foliage... Excessively dry air in the room. Systematically humidify the air around the bush, or place the flower pot on a tray filled with damp expanded clay.
- Lack of flowering... Acute lack of nutrients or poor lighting. Move the bush to a sunnier place and, if necessary, feed it.
Of the pests, thrips, spider mites, mealybugs and aphids can settle on the flower. Suitable acaricides or insecticides are used to destroy them.
Beginners in floriculture often believe that tydea, coleria and gloxinia are one and the same plant. However, it is not. These are three different indoor crops that differ in color and flower shape. Tydea differs from the other two plants in that its flowers are bell-shaped, and they can be painted in a pink or purple hue. Gloxinia has cupped flowers, while in Coleria they are painted in other shades.
Superstitions and omens
The room idea is assigned powerful mystical properties. It is believed that she is able to improve the material well-being of her owner, as well as change his life for the better. Tydea may well decorate a children's room. It is believed that she helps moody babies to become calmer.
Gloxinha (Tydea) 2. April-May bloom.
Tidea: recommendations for indoor growing and reproductionThe author of the article: Pravorskaya Yulia Albinovna, 69 years old
Agronomist, over 45 years of experience in gardening
What is the difference between Tydea and other members of the family, tips for care: watering, transplanting, feeding and more, how to propagate the plant correctly, difficulties in growing, facts for the curious.
The content of the article:
- Home care
- DIY breeding steps
- Difficulties arising from cultivation and ways to solve them
- Flower facts for the curious
Tydea (Tydaea) is one of the representatives of the vast family Gesneriaceae (Gesneriaceae) and its growing territory falls on the lands of tropical America.
The plant has a semi-shrub or herbaceous form of growth. The tydea rarely exceeds 10–50 cm in height, but if the place is shaded, then this specimen of flora can become much higher. Unlike many plants of the family, this flower differs in root in the form of a tuber, resembling a small beet. When the stems are still young, they grow straight up, but over time they lodge to the soil under their own weight. The shape of the leaves, which are attached to the elongated petioles, are oblong-ovate, with some sharpening at the top. The leaves are arranged oppositely, and a rosette is assembled from them.
The edge of the leaf is quite decorative, since it is characterized by waviness or small smoothed teeth. All leaves of the plant are painted in a rich greenish-emerald hue. The surface of the leaf is velvety to the touch due to very fine pubescence and it has an ornament in the form of a spectacular pattern of veins of a light green or reddish hue. The length of the sheet is 10 cm with a width of about 3.5 cm.
It is the flowers that distinguish tydea from her “sisters” in the family. Their small size has become the main reason that the plant is not very revered by flower growers. At the same time, the shape of the corolla resembles a drooping bell. The corolla at the very apex has an indistinct division into five segments, which can sometimes overlap each other, and also deviate slightly back. The color of the tidea flower is not very diverse. There are only shades of purple or pink color scheme. The inner part of the corolla can be either lighter or darker, and often it is even just white, but it has a decoration in the form of a more intense speckling.
The entire vegetation process is supported by abundant flowering, but the buds open one after the other, this is the difference from Gloxinia, which has a pronounced "wave" of flowering. However, the number of simultaneously opened buds in the first representative is so multiple that gloxinia is far from it. One theme can have up to 50 flowers.
All plants that are currently known to botanists are divided into three forms:
- Mini, which are small bushes with flowers with the outlines of a drooping bell. At the same time, the dimensions of the corolla itself for such a miniature size of a plant are quite large - from 4 to 6 cm.It is because of their compact size that such tiny tedeas take up very little space on the windowsill. The color of flowers in this form takes on a wide variety of colors, there are even corollas with two shades or reaching black. There are also plants with double flower outlines.
Standard. Such plants have the most standard outlines created by a leaf rosette, the length of the corolla is the same as that of a mini-tidea - 4–6 cm. Today, plants can take on a wide variety of flower colors. There are varieties that differ in the fusion of two shades on the corolla and with terry outlines. Of all types of tea, these are the most persistent and do not exhibit any special care requirements.
Such plants can be easily grown in rooms by a florist who does not even have much knowledge of the cultivation of home flowers. Tidea does not have a rest period, but its growth is stable throughout the year, and differs in slowness. However, over time, due to the fact that no pruning was carried out in the winter period, this representative of the flora may lose its decorative effect, therefore it is recommended to perform rejuvenation every 2-3 years. If the florist is familiar with the cultivation of gloxinia or Corellia, then he will cope with this plant, it will not be difficult.
Despite the variety of species and varieties of this plant, the care and living conditions for everyone are basically the same.
The pylaea plant is thermophilic and the usual room temperature is quite acceptable for it. It is believed that the most acceptable temperature for sawing is within + 20-25 degrees. But for species such as cadieri, peperomia and small-leaved saw, it is desirable to lower the temperature in winter to + 16-18 degrees. This decrease is desirable, but as practice shows, it is not at all necessary if normal air humidity is constantly maintained. Protect the saw from drafts. In the summer, you can safely take it outside, protecting it from the burning sun, wind and rain.
Lighting and location
Try to provide her with a lot of light, protecting her from direct sunlight. Given the high decorative features of the saw, on the windowsill, covered with a curtain, it will look somewhat inappropriate. Better to place the saw next to the window. I note that it looks most impressive against a dark background, in a composition with bright colors.
Keep in mind.With excessive light, the plant becomes discolored, the leaves become faded, unattractive.
Watering and humidity
In the summer, you should maintain a constant soil moisture. Water immediately after the soil dries slightly. Reduce watering in winter. Water about a day or two after the soil dries. Pilea tolerates dry soil more easily than excess moisture. A flooded plant can rot the roots.
For a comfortable existence, a pilea needs high humidity. But it is not recommended to spray it. This will not affect her health, but from this she will lose her attractiveness, she will look untidy. This is especially true for the pilea varieties with velvety leaves. Water on the leaves can cause them irreparable harm. Most often, problems with humidity occur during the heating season, when the air in the premises is too dry. To maintain the required humidity, you can put a pot with a saw in a tray with water on pebbles, expanded clay, moss. The bottom of the pot should not touch the water. You can place the saw next to the plants you spray regularly. If the sawe is grown in a suspended state, then you can use a roomy planter, in which a pot with a plant is placed. The space between the walls of the planter and the pot is filled with damp moss.
Due to the lack of necessary elements, the leaves of the sawtooth become very shallow. From March until late summer, feed her every ten days. Specialized fertilizers are sold for the pilea, but it is permissible to use the universal “For indoor plants” as well. With the onset of autumn and until spring, feeding is gradually reduced, but I do not advise you to completely stop them. Reduce them to once a month.
It is usually recommended to replant an adult flower every two or three years. But we advise you to do this every spring. The roots of the pilea are located close to the surface of the ground, therefore, the pot needs a shallow, wide one. You will be convinced of this already at the first transplant of the saw, and in the future you will be able to select a suitable pot. You can buy ready-made land for sawing, the choice is sufficient. For those who want to compose the land for the saw themselves, we recommend a fairly simple and popular composition.
- Leafy ground - three parts
- Humus - one part
- Peat - one piece
- Sand is one piece
Pruning a saw
You may have noticed that in some community organizations, where plants are looked after as necessary, the saws are a tangle of twigs and leaves. Often with long, half-naked lashes. The pylaea grows very quickly. Trimming the sawtooth, pinching the tops of the lashes, should become regular. The saw is easy to cut.
Reproduction of the pilea
Cuttings that remain in the process of pruning can simply be put in water, and soon they will have their own roots, after which young saws can be planted in pots with soil. It's that simple. Moreover, the saw can be propagated throughout the year. For the most decorative effect, plant several cuttings in one pot.