Only in this case, you can be completely sure that there will be no dangerous cadmium in the seeds, which penetrates into sunflowers growing along highways. And if you plan to use sprouted sunflower seeds to improve your body, growing on your own plot will be the safest option.
Things to Consider When Choosing Sunflower Seeds
Knowing about the possible dangers of sunflower seeds, which are sold by weight in the market or in a store, packaged in bags, it's time to think: isn't it better to buy sunflower seeds and plant them near your home?
But as soon as you take the trouble to buy seeds, and you will be surprised how diverse the assortment of seeds is presented on the modern market! Every year, breeders develop new varieties and hybrids, thanks to which sunflower seeds become even more resistant to diseases and adverse weather conditions, and their yield is steadily growing.
An excellent example is the seeds of the Jason sunflower - a high-yielding hybrid that is not prone to shedding, thickening and lodging, resistant to broomrape, various types of rot and powdery mildew.
What sunflower seeds should you choose for growing on your own plot, what should you pay attention to when buying, and the products of which companies are most trustworthy?
Sunflower seeds video
When growing sunflower on an industrial scale, hybrids are more often preferred as seed material, since they are more uniform, ripen at about the same time, and also differ in uniformity in the diameters of the basket and in the height of the plants.
According to the ripening time, sunflower seeds are subdivided into early-maturing group, mid-early, mid-season and mid-late. By growing several hybrids with different duration of the growing season, it is possible to ensure a uniform harvesting schedule - on an industrial scale, this can significantly reduce the loss of marketable grain as a result of diseases and lodging. It is better to grow early and mid-early varieties and hybrids on a personal plot so that the sunflower seed has time to ripen during a short summer.
When growing sunflower on an industrial scale, hybrids are more often preferred as seed material.
When buying sunflower seeds, it is important to take into account the peculiarities of the climate in your area and the physicochemical properties of the soil in your area. Also, pay attention to the following metrics:
- high germination of seeds;
- varietal purity not less than 98%;
- moisture content of seeds up to 10%;
- the number of peeled seeds in the package should not exceed 3%.
Keep in mind that high oily hybrids, due to their thin seed husks, are very demanding on germination conditions, so that the sunflower seed germinates, the optimum temperature should be about +10 degrees and at least +4 degrees.
Regardless of the quality of the seed you purchased, pickle the seeds a month before sowing to reduce the population of fungi and pests.
High-oil hybrids due to their thin seed husks are very demanding on germination conditions
Syngenta, Pioneer, Limagrain - whose seed is better?
In the modern market, such companies as Limagrain, Pioneer, Syngenta are especially popular with agricultural producers and amateur gardeners. Each firm produces its own sunflower seed hybrids, tirelessly working on the selection of new hybrids with improved qualities.
The Ukrainian company Limagrain offers hybrids with high yield potential, resistant to broomrape races of races AE. Each hybrid has its own characteristics: for example, the seeds of the Limagrain Hidalgo sunflower provide a stable yield in different climatic conditions, the Rimisol hybrid is suitable for growing on any type of soil, and Tunka is distinguished by high growth energy in the initial stages.
Syngenta sunflower seeds
The Syngenta company, widely known among gardeners, introduces new sunflower hybrids to the market every year, allowing agricultural producers to achieve the best results in sunflower cultivation and increase production profitability. Sunflower seeds of Syngenta (NK Delphi, NK Adagio, Opera PR, Transol, Alexandra PR, Tutti, NK Kondi, etc.) are real record holders in terms of oil content, are distinguished by stability in yield, resistance to drought and the most common diseases.
In European countries, Pioneer hybrids are very popular. This is explained by the fact that Pioneer sunflower seeds contain up to 50% oil and are excellent for growing in different geoclimatic conditions. Sunflower seeds Pioneer with different ripening periods are distinguished by good drought resistance, excellent self-pollination, resistance to lodging and shedding.
Sunflower seeds video
However, no matter how good the hybrids of well-known companies are, sunflower seeds Odessa selection are distinguished by higher resistance to races A-E of broomrape and tolerance to white rot and phomopsis. In addition, the seeds of the Odessa selection are dyed, pickled and guarantee a high percentage of germination.
Well, if for you the taste qualities of seeds are of the greatest value, pay attention to the ones that have recently appeared on the market white sunflower seeds. They differ from traditional black ones not only in color: the white sunflower seed is larger, has an oblong shape, does not stain hands when peeled, is easy to clean and, in addition, has an original flavor of roasted nuts.
About the pioneers.
Red ties, badges, songs by the fire ... Now these words cause only nostalgia. But earlier, May 19 was not just a date - festive demonstrations and ceremonies were held throughout the country, without exception, all celebrated the day of the creation of the All-Union Pioneer Organization. Let's remember how it was.
In fact, even in tsarist Russia there was an analogue of the pioneers - the scout movement, it arose in 1909. Nicholas II had long felt the need to create an organization to work with children. Since the first attempts were unsuccessful, the Russian delegation went to study the experience of their English colleagues.
It is not surprising that the Bolsheviks perceived scouting as an excess and a tribute to the bourgeoisie. In addition, in 1917, the scout movement began to disintegrate. And, although one of the branches - the Yukists under the leadership of Vera Bonch-Bruevich - fully corresponded in its ideology to the spirit of that time, in 1919 the organization was disbanded. It is noteworthy that the Komsomol arose earlier, and it was because of the Komsomol members that scouting was treated with great suspicion. Nevertheless, the management was aware of the need to work with young people. Orphans, street children, juvenile delinquents were one of the main problems of that time, the Civil War was raging, in which dissolution scouts were of great help. It seemed that the organization would no longer be revived in its former form, if not for Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya. In 1921, after numerous speeches throughout the country, she published a brochure detailing the importance of creating a unified organization for working with children. Again, the idea is not immediately taken seriously. Only with the assistance of the innovative teacher Innokentiy Zhukov was a special commission created, and the project was successfully implemented. At the beginning of 1922, letters were sent to the localities about the need to create children's cells at the branches of the Komsomol. In February, a detachment "Young scouts" was created, headed by Valerian Zorin. The detachment soon disintegrates, but at the same time in Moscow at the former printing house of Mashistov a detachment of "young pioneers" was created, which is considered the first pioneer detachment in the country. Subsequently, the pioneer magazine "Drum" and the newspaper "Pionerskaya Pravda" were published there.
Later, in some large cities and settlements, separate detachments appeared, which only in 1924 were united into a single children's organization “Young Pioneers named after Spartak”. Since January 21, 1924 - the All-Union Pioneer Organization named after Lenin.
From the very beginning, young communists had to fight against anti-Soviet sentiments in society. The well-known story about Pavlik Morozov belongs to this period. In the 1940s, the pioneers took an active part in the partisan movement, became scouts, the first assistants of adults at the front. Valya Kotik, Lenya Golikov, Zina Portnova and Marat Kazei become Heroes of the Soviet Union posthumously. Listed as Pioneer Heroes.
In the post-war period, the guys were already assigned more peaceful tasks: collecting waste paper, subbotniks, planting green spaces, and finally, work with the october - the younger generation. The authority of the organization continues to grow: the names of the most active guys are entered in the book of honor, three stages of development are being developed, at each of which a special badge is awarded. Pioneers first accept excellent students, and only then - all the rest. In 1962, the organization is awarded the Order of Lenin, the profile of the Leader is depicted on the badges. By 1970, the pioneer organization has over 20 million members. The number of the movement is growing abroad as well.
In the 1980s, perestroika also affected the pioneer movement: political overtones were excluded from ideology. In 1990, VPO them. Lenin was renamed into SPO-FDO (Union of Pioneer Organizations - Federation of Pioneer Organizations). In 1991, the Komsomol ceased to exist, after the Komsomol members, the pioneers were also disbanded. The pioneers' palaces were renamed the Houses of Children and Youth Creativity, their property was confiscated. May 19 is no longer an official holiday.
The Scout Organization in England appealed to the bourgeoisie to help it with funds. The capitalists responded readily - after all, the scouts train obedient workers, how can you refuse them. Recently, one of the trading firms donated 14 thousand pounds sterling (140 thousand rubles) to Boy Scouts and Girl Guides. Under the slogan "help the poor boys", the scouts create a fund to fight communism.
Recently, Catholic priests have been paying a lot of attention to work among scouts. Two years ago, they gathered 10 thousand scouts from all over the world to bow to the Pope. Last year they created a separate Catholic Scout organization in England and amalgamated several Scout organizations in Belgium. A special headquarters has been created in Rome, which directs Catholic scouts all over the world, publishes magazines, books, memos, etc. Ksendzas strive to strengthen themselves among children and youth.
In Italy, in the fascist children's organization "Balilla", religious education is being intensively introduced. Balill is amused to go to church, to learn religious songs and hymns; all sorts of religious pictures and posters are hung in balill clubs. Very often, priests come to the balilla groups and hold talks there. Particularly great attention is paid to religion in those groups of balillas, which consist of working children.
In the United States of North America, in addition to young pioneers, under the Komsomol there is also a pioneer organization under the Christian Union of Young People. Young pioneers serve in churches, help sell religious literature, decorate churches, etc. But since you cannot keep the children in the organization by one religion, the Christian pioneers are intensely involved in sports. “No matter what the child is amusing himself with, as long as he believes in God,” this is how the leaders of the pioneers reason.
In Canada, last year the government allocated 500 thousand rubles for organizing cadets. This is a bourgeois children's organization that prepares children for military service. The cadet detachments are usually led by retired officers or priests. Religion and military uniform get along well with each other. Now the cadets are leaving for the camps.
In the Austrian capital Vienna, red falcons are preparing intensively even in the summer - on June seventeenth, they organize a big sports festival. The program of the holiday includes a 60-meter run, a relay race and competitions in two folk ball games.
Source: Pionerskaya Pravda, May 19, 1928
How to choose sunflower seeds - syngenta, pioneer, jason, etc. - garden and vegetable garden
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Confectionery varieties of sunflower
Many summer residents and gardeners are engaged in the cultivation of confectionery varieties, since they have large grain with a pleasant taste, which is used for frying. Of course, this variety has both advantages and disadvantages. The advantages include the following: large grain, high selling price, excellent taste. The disadvantages are obvious: the yield is low, no more than 20 c / ha, subject to fertilization, the similarity of the material is very low (sprouted sunflower seeds must be checked, often the germination rate is no more than 60-70%), the oil content is no more than 34-36%.
Consider the most suitable options for growing in a temperate climate zone.
- Diamond. He is the most "outstanding" representative of his group. The grain is on average up to 16-19 mm in length, while being dense. It is exported mainly abroad, where it is fried and used for confectionery products, or simply eaten as an independent product. Listed in the register of confectionery species recommended for growing on an industrial scale. The stem is high, up to 260 centimeters, which often complicates its collection, but it is practically not necessary to control weeds - the plant naturally "drowns out" them.
- Gourmet.Perhaps the most famous species in Moldova and Ukraine, it is often grown in the southern regions of Russia. It requires a lot of sun, is number 1 in relation to export to European countries, as it has an increased keeping quality - even after 6-8 months of storage in sealed containers, it does not lose its properties and taste, unlike other representatives of this group. You should not expect a particularly large harvest from it, but when fertilizing with fertilizer during the growing season, it is quite possible to count on 25 c / ha. The seed is a little empty, but it has a thin peel and easily clicks. It has an extremely sweet taste and spicy smell, which is why many summer residents liked it.
- Donskoy Large-fruited. Bred in Rostov-on-Don, it is grown on many farms in Russia, although it is not generally recognized and is not exported. This is due to the fact that the grain size and its taste do not meet export standards, but it is quite popular in the domestic confectionery industry. The plant has a strong stem, low, up to 190 centimeters, and when ripe, the head leans forward. If it is overripe, there is a risk of the sunflower head falling off, so timely harvesting is required. The yield is higher than that of its “brothers”, reaching 25 kg / ha, provided that it is properly cared for.
- Giant. A newly developed variety of confectionery sunflower. The giant combines the advantages of its predecessors and at the same time has a grain size of up to 25 mm. It is used mainly by summer residents; nevertheless, it has a good taste and is used to prepare many dishes. Large heads, powerful stems, large leaves. Resistant to top and spider mites, unlike Lakomka, which is best sprayed in advance from insects. The yield reaches 30 kg / ha, but only in breeding plots with perfect care. At home, as a rule, it is unrealistic to collect more than 20 c / ha. To get a good harvest, you must first apply superphosphates and orthophosphoric fertilizers - the plant is very sensitive to them.
Remember that confectionery varieties of sunflowers are not suitable for putting in oil, as their content is minimal. Most entrepreneurs refuse to accept them for processing, since it is extremely unprofitable, so you need to take care of marketing options in advance. Best suited for this are confectionery factories and packaging enterprises that roast seeds and bring them to the presentation in which we are used to seeing them.
SUNFLOWER VARIETIES SUNFLOWER HYBRIDS WHAT TO CHOOSE IN THE TOTAL?
Basic elements of plant processing
Biological features: Sunflower belongs to drought-resistant and heat-loving crops, at the same time it requires sufficient moisture supply at the level of 300-400 mm during the growing season.
Thanks to its developed root system, it is able to absorb moisture from a depth of up to 3 meters, while it can completely dry out a 1.5 meter layer of soil. The critical period of moisture consumption from the beginning of the formation of inflorescences to maturation.
With a lack of moisture during this period, baskets and seeds are formed underdeveloped.
Predecessors: The best predecessor for sunflower is winter cereals, especially if the latter were grown in black or busy fallow. Not bad predecessors - spring wheat, oats, potatoes.
Tillage: The main tillage in autumn is aimed at the accumulation and preservation of moisture and depends on the predecessor, the state of weediness and the species composition of weeds.
When placing sunflower over winter cereals and the presence of weeds, as well as to reduce moisture loss in the summer, it is necessary to stubble the stubble after harvesting with disc cultivators.
Plowing begins after the onset of the state of physiological ripeness of the soil to a depth of 25-30 cm.
Traditional tillage can be replaced by non-plowing, which consists in deep loosening to a depth of 30-35 cm with chisel-type implements, in combination with a heavy disc harrow. Deep loosening contributes to the destruction of the plow sole, better aeration of the soil, and the accumulation of moisture in the autumn winter period.
No later than two weeks before plowing, after the growth of rosettes of perennial root-sprouting weeds, they are sprayed with glyphosate group herbicides. Soil tillage before sowing should be minimal, this is early spring harrowing and 1-2 cultivation, depending on the sowing time, the presence of moisture in the soil and weed seedlings.
Fertilization system. The sunflower has a powerful root system, which is able to penetrate to a depth of 4-5 m, makes good use of phosphorus and potassium of the soil, as well as the aftereffect of previously applied fertilizers.
For one ton of seeds, with an appropriate amount of by-products, sunflower takes out: nitrogen - 60 kg, phosphorus - 26 kg, potassium - 180 kg. Approximately 65% of the yield is formed from the basket formation phase to the seed filling phase.
The recommended dose of fertilization on chernozems and chestnut soils is N40-60P45-60K0-40, which provides a seed yield of 1.8-2.5 tons / ha. Mineral fertilizers are used in two stages: the first time for the main treatment or before sowing for cultivation, and the second time in rows with sowing or inter-row cultivation.
With a shallow incorporation of fertilizers, the efficiency of their use decreases sharply if there is no moisture in the application zone during the period of maximum consumption of nutrients.
Varieties and hybrids. The choice of a variety or hybrid is carried out depending on the agro-climatic conditions of growing sunflower and the location of the farm.
Due to the phenomenon of heterosis, sunflower hybrids differ from varieties in higher yield, oil content, and rapid initial growth at the initial stages of organogenesis, the crops of hybrids are aligned in height, flowering and ripening times.
The widest assortment of hybrid seeds for most zones of Ukraine is produced by the firms Pioneer, Monsanto, Euralis, Syngenta, Sady Ukraine. The seeds of sunflower hybrids from these producers are distinguished by high yield potential, meet European standards, calibrated and treated with drugs against diseases and soil pests.
Diseases and pests: The fight against pests and diseases of sunflower is reduced to seed treatment with fungicidal (Apron Gold, Maxim XL, TMTD) and insecticidal (Cruiser, Gaucho) disinfectants that protect young sunflower seedlings from diseases - peronosporosis (downy mildew), phomopsis, gray, white, dry, fusarium rot, alterniosis and insect pests of seedlings - aphids, weevils, wireworms and black beetles. To obtain more friendly seedlings, growth stimulants (Emistim C, Agrostimulin, Linogumate or biological product Agat 25 K) and micronutrient fertilizers (Rexolin, Reakom) can be added to the disinfectants.
Of the agrotechnical methods of combating sunflower diseases, the most effective is the observance of crop rotation, in which the sunflower returns to its original place not early 6-8 years, which allows avoiding the appearance of not only diseases in the crops, but also such a weed as broomrape.
Sowing. Sowing begins when the temperature at the seed sowing depth (5-8 cm) is 10-12 ° C. Depending on the ripeness group of the hybrid, the growing zone, the optimal seeding rate is set, taking into account the field germination and plant loss during the growing season, 10-15% higher. Sunflower is sown with a row spacing of 70 cm.
On average, at the time of harvesting, the density of sunflower should be 50-65 thousand / ha, in order to obtain such a density for one linear meter, 4-6 seeds are sown (row spacing 70 cm). Recently, there has been a tendency to sow sunflower with a row spacing of 45 cm, with this sowing scheme, the plant nutrition area is closer to the optimal one, as with the cross-sowing of wheat.
After sowing, in order to get friendly shoots, rolling is carried out.
Crop care. One of the elements of sunflower cultivation technology, which allows keeping crops in a weed-free state, is the use of herbicides.
To combat the shoots of annual weeds, soil herbicides are used: Harnes (1.5-3.0 l / ha) Frontier Optima (0.8-1.4 l / ha), Trophy (1.5-2.0 l / ha) ), Dual Gold (1.2-1.6 l / ha), Treflan (2.0-3.0 l, ha).
As insurance herbicides against cereal weeds, the following are used: Fuzilad Super (1.0-3.0 l / ha), Furore Super (0.8-2.0), Panther (1.0-2.0 l / ha), Centurion (0.6-1.2 l / ha + surfactant Amigo 0.4-0.8 l / ha), Select (0.4-0.8 l / ha).
Recently, sunflower hybrids that are resistant to imidazolinones (Euro-lightning herbicide) have appeared on the seed market, in the crops of such hybrids it is possible to fight against crop seedlings, both dicotyledonous and cereal weeds, including broomrape, but it should be remembered that imidazolinonones have an effect on wheat, spring and winter barley during the first year after application of the drug. When using imidazolinones in crops of a resistant hybrid of sunflower, there is no need to use soil herbicides. The Pioneer firm together with the DuPont company released on the Ukrainian market in 2007 the PR64E83 herbicide-resistant sunflower hybrid Express 75 century. (0.05 kg / ha, the active ingredient is tribenuron-methyl), this active ingredient is better known as a component of the Granstar Pro herbicide. Herbicide Express is used against dicotyledonous weeds, up to the phase of 8 leaves in sunflower. The herbicide Express is not recommended to be mixed with other graminicides, and it is also impossible to control weeds with this herbicide in crops of other sunflower hybrids that do not have resistance to tribenuron-methyl, which can not only suffer greatly, but even die altogether.
During the growing season, 1-2 inter-row cultivations are usually carried out to control weeds (if chemical methods were not used), loosening the soil and hilling. Cultivation of row spacings can be combined with the introduction of complex fertilizers in the presence of special equipment.
Cleaning: Sunflower harvesting begins at a grain moisture content of 9-10%.
In areas with excessive moisture in the autumn, to approach the harvest time, desiccation is carried out with Reglon (2.0-3.0 l / ha), or with preparations of the glyphosate group (2.5-3.0 l / ha).
Desiccation is carried out when the moisture content of the seeds does not exceed 30%, and 50-60% of the plants are yellow. On seed crops, glyphosates are not recommended as desiccants, since seed germination can significantly decrease.
ATTENTION! All recommendations regarding the technology of growing sunflower, which are posted on the site, are based on generalized data that can be used by the manufacturer, taking into account the local soil and climatic conditions, the financial and technical state of the farm and his own experience in these conditions. The author does not exclude the presence of inaccuracies or errors in the information provided.
Dahlias - planting and care, watering and fertilizing
Dahlias are amazing flowers. The mountains of Mexico are considered the birthplace of dahlias. According to one of the legends, dahlias were grown only in the garden of one of the kings, and these flowers were not available to others.
The gardener who served at the court, risking being imprisoned forever, stole one plant and planted it at the house of his beloved.
He took the prescribed punishment, but the beauty of the dahlias can now be enjoyed by everyone.
According to another legend, the dahlia grew on the place where the last fire was when the ice age came. After that, the flower became a symbol of life and the beginning of a new era.
Growing dahlias in the garden
The ancient Aztecs began to use the roots of dahlia for food. The peoples of Europe liked the appearance of dahlias, its beauty and singularity more.
Where to plant dahlias
Dahlia flowers require certain growing conditions, although they are not very demanding plants. A semi-shady place is optimal, although the plant will grow in the shade, but it may not bloom so abundantly, the flowers will not be so large. In sunny areas, dahlias can be too hot and the flowers can fade.
Dahlia growing place
It is undesirable to plant dahlia tubers in the spring in the lowlands, because stagnation of water is characteristic of these places on the site, and this is destructive for dahlia tubers - they rot. You can grow dahlias in tubs, then you can pour a drainage layer on the bottom. In open ground, sand can be poured onto the bottom of the pit to increase the permeability of the soil.
Soil for dahlias
Where to plant dahlias? Yes, in principle, anywhere, they grow on any soil - sandy, loam, black earth - everything is suitable. In areas where water stagnates, as mentioned above, sand should be poured onto the bottom of the pit when planting dahlias.
Planting dahlias in open ground
When to plant dahlias in the garden
When does planting and caring for dahlias begin? Dahlias are usually planted in late May or early June, since the soil should have already warmed up and become suitable for planting dahlias by this time. Also at this time there is almost no chance of frost.
How to plant dahlias
A pit for planting a dahlia tuber needs to be dug slightly larger than the existing tuber so that fertilizer can be added. You can put some sand on the bottom of the pit.
Add compost or manure on top. When planting, the root collar should be 2-3 cm above the ground level. This is done so that the dahlia does not start to rot, because
it is in this place that the growth points are located, from where young shoots will begin to grow.
Planting and caring for dahlias in the garden
Preparing dahlias for planting (germination)
How to make dahlias bloom faster? For this, dahlias are pre-germinated before planting. In order for the growth buds to wake up even before planting, which is why the plant will grow immediately after planting, it must be pre-prepared.
For this, tubers with dahlias are placed on sawdust or loose soil (for example, peat) and regularly moistened (best by spraying). Cover the container from above with foil.
The tubers in the greenhouse need fresh air, so the film needs to be opened regularly and the plants should be allowed to breathe.
Dahlia growing videos
So how should you care for dahlias? During dry periods, dahlias should be watered at least twice a week.
Just make sure that excess water does not stagnate in the soil - the soil should be moist, but not flooded with water.
To keep moisture in the soil longer, you can loosen it or sprinkle it with mulch, which will allow the moisture to evaporate more slowly, and you can water the plants less often.
How often to fertilize dahlias? After planting and throughout the entire period of active growing season, dahlias are fed 2 times a month. Fertilizers are applied both mineral and organic. This is done alternately.
For fertilization at the beginning of growth, ammonium nitrate, a solution of bird droppings and tincture of mullein are used. When the first buds appear, you need to start applying potash fertilizers, which contribute to more abundant flowering.
Dahlia care must be right
Dahlias have brittle stems, although they look powerful, so you cannot do without support if you do not want to find your dahlia flowers on the ground one day. If the stem is still broken, you can try to put a tire on the stem. And - do not believe it - a flower can appear on such a stem! The main thing is proper care of the dahlia.
Here you need to decide what you want more - the number of colors or quality. It is best to leave no more than 3 stems on the plant, with 1-2 flowers on each. It makes sense to remove the lower shoots from tall varieties, because they will not bloom, but they take away strength.As soon as the flower fades, you need to cut it off so that it does not consume nutrients.
To prevent pests, you can try to spray dahlia bushes with decoctions of celandine and wormwood - they are environmentally friendly and protect from slugs and earwigs. Soaping should deal with aphids on dahlias. If it does not help, then you can treat the dahlias with an insecticide in dry warm weather, which will also help get rid of caterpillars, thrips and ticks.
Watering and fertilizing dahlias are important conditions
Types of garden dahlias
Different varieties of dahlias look different - not only flowers, but also the bush itself, its height, spreading. Today there are hundreds of varieties of different varieties of dahlias. There are even several classifications of dahlias. Let's talk about some of them.
Collar dahlias. These dahlias differ in the length and shape of the petals - on the outside they are long and flat, and in the middle they are tubular.
Anemone dahlias - not similar to the previous type: inside the flowers, the petals are short and tubular, and on the outside they are flat and wider.
You need to care for dahlias during flowering
Needle dahlias have thin twisted petals of different lengths. In polycarbonate dahlias, the petals are like cones.
Spherical dahlias - one of the most frequent guests in our gardens - have rather large petals on the flowers, which are only slightly curled into a tube. The inflorescences themselves are in the shape of a ball, as the name implies.
Pompom dahlias - outwardly similar to spherical, the only thing they differ in is the size and density of the inflorescences. The size of the pom-pom is smaller, and the density is greater than that of the spherical.
Nymphae dahlias stand out from the general idea of these flowers - in this type of inflorescences are flat, in contrast to congeners. Wide flat petals run along the edge of the flower, while the middle is fluffy with short tubular petals.
Beautiful blooming dahlia in the garden
Peony dahlias, as the name implies, they look like peonies - they have numerous short oval petals from center to edge. In the very center, the petals are short and tubular.
And finally, please note that dahlias do not hibernate in open ground.Therefore, we advise you to read how to dig up and store dahlias in winter.