CARDON, SOW, STITCH, MAINTAIN,

CARDON, SOW, STITCH, MAINTAIN,

Cardoon, back to the vegetable gardens!

Cardoon is one of those forgotten vegetables that is making a comeback. Indeed many people are looking for original flavors or "new flavors" and that's good, it contributes to food diversification and often these "old vegetables" often but not always benefit from organic cultivation.
In cardoon, it is the stems - the ribs - that are cooked, and if the plants in the garden are kept in place long enough, they eventually develop flower heads, very much like the artichoke. Cardoon "flowers" are tasted and cooked like artichoke bottoms. In North Africa and particularly in Algeria, the cardoon grows in the wild and the inhabitants sometimes harvest the flower buds with which they decorate the couscous, in particular the variety called the red cardoon of Algiers.

Plant type:

• Type of plant: Vegetable plant
• Family: Asteraceae
• Cycle: Perennial plant cultivated as an annual
• Origin: Eastern Europe

Particularity of the cardoon:

• Cardoon is a digestion accelerator.
• It is diuretic and laxative
• It is a natural energizer

Soil type:

• Cardoon appreciate fertile, deep and humus-bearing soils.
• It is grown in deep and airy soil.
• It particularly accepts water.

Description of cardoons:

Cardoon is an artichoke-like vegetable, 1.50 m to 2 m high. On observation, you can tell the difference thanks to its stem and its leaves, which are larger, more stretched. The stem is tall and branchy. She is the one who is cooked and the fibers must be removed before cooking.
Its leaves are ashy in color and have a strongly developed petiole and central vein (broad and fleshy). They are cut into deep lobes, the leaves cannot be eaten. Some varieties are thorny. The flowers are hermaphroditic and purplish-blue in color, in flower heads surrounded by bracts (Bract: in botany, a bract is a leaf-shaped flower piece that is part of the inflorescence. All of the bracts are called involucre)

How to sow cardoons?

Make the seedlings in pots:

• Sowing under frame / shelter at the beginning of April
• In pots filled with potting soil.
• Place the seeds on a layer, 4 seeds per cup.
• Tamp lightly.
• The earth must be moist.

Plant the cardoons in the ground:

• From buckets that have grown under cover, and apart from any risk of frost
• Replant the cardoons, in May.

Ground preparation:

The soil must be fertile, cool and aerated to allow a good culture of cardoon:
• Spade it at the height of a spade, about 25 centimeters.
• Amend the soil with a mixture of garden soil and 60/40% compost.
• Position the buckets while keeping their soil
• Plant the strongest plants as a priority.

Flowering:

Flowering cardoon usually occurs 2 months after sowing, lasts from June July to September, from the second year.

Wedding :

• The broad bean seems to be the cardoon's best friend.
• Also grow lamb's lettuce, radishes and lettuce.
• You can add white clover.

Crop rotation:

• Cardoon is a fairly demanding plant for the soil. It is for this reason that it is usually grown as an annual. Wait 3 or 4 years before putting it back in the same place.
• If you keep the crop in one place, looking for "the flower" the waiting time will be longer, the longer you wait the longer the waiting period will have to be.

Some varieties of cardoons:

• Improved white
• Cardoon of turns (strongly thorny)
• Algiers red card
• Cardon Vert from Vaulx-en-Velin

Diseases and parasites of cardoons

Ascochytosis: Black spots at the top of the stems and at the tip of the bracts (leaves of the soft flower). The flower eventually dries up. It is a disease that appears after a long wet period.
> Preventive treatment : Bordeaux mixture.

White (lettuce sucker): Brown spots on the leaves and white powder below.
> In case of infection spraying the leaves with a lithotamne product (algae) and from the start of the attack, with a mixture of powder 50% flower of sulfur, 50% Lithotamne. (the quantity depends on the surface to be treated 300g of mixture for 1 are). foliar dusting.

Inflorescence rot: Brown spots on the scales of the flower head (The flower head is a type of inflorescence. It is a flower without peduncles grouped together in a receptacle, surrounded by bracts) which eventually rot.
> In prevention: Respect the principle of crop rotation
> In treatment: no treatment: cut off the affected flower heads if the infestation is advanced, cut off the foot and put it in the trash and not in the compost to avoid spreading, that's silly to say, but at least it says!

Quick sheet:

Recipe side?

• Cardoons are cooked simply. the flower is tasted like an artichoke heart.

Example cardoon recipe:

• The stems, called "ribs" are peeled to remove the fibrous round which surrounds them, a bit like rhubarb, then, cut into small pieces, returned in a sauté pan with onions and to which we can add bacon.
• At the end of cooking, add a little crème fraîche.
• An easy recipe that goes very well with a pork chop, or a grilled or pan-fried mutton chop.

summary

Item name

How to grow cardoon

Description

Cardoon is one of those forgotten vegetables that is making a comeback. In fact, many people are looking for original flavors or "rediscovered flavors". It is a demanding vegetable that requires maintenance in the kitchen garden. Its stems are cooked a bit like rhubrab and flowers like artichoke ...

Author

Editor's name

jaime-jardiner.com

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Cardon

Both hardy and tasty, the cardoon inherited the vigor, taste and beauty of wild plants from its ancestor the thistle. Non-pinewood varieties have their place in the ornamental garden.

Guides, letter models, practical sheets. We leave the card to you. Make your choice !

Both hardy and tasty, the cardoon inherited the vigor, taste and beauty of wild plants from its ancestor the thistle. Non-pinewood varieties have their place in the ornamental garden.

Edible plant в – ¶ Other vegetables | Ancient vegetable

Vegetation Perennial : Plant that lives more than two years.
Annual : Plant that lives less than a year.
Biennial : Plant whose life cycle lasts two years. In the first year, the plant grows in the second year, it gives flowers and fruits, then it dies.
To know more

Foliage Persistent : The foliage lasts all year.
Semi-persistent or semi-deciduous : The plant retains part of its foliage all year round.
Lapsed : The plant loses its leaves in the fall.
To know more

Height at maturity Mature height is the height to which the plant naturally rises when it is in the most favorable conditions.
It may take time for the plant to reach this height, depending on the speed of its growth.
The plant may also never reach its height at maturity, if it is pruned regularly, or if it is not cultivated in the optimal conditions for its growth.
To know more

Interview Easy : The plant does not require special care, or very simple care.
Moderate : The plant requires regular care or a little gardening practice.
Difficult : The plant requires important care and gardening skills.
To know more

Water requirement The water requirement of a plant can be supplied by rain, natural soil moisture or watering. To estimate the necessary watering, it is also necessary to take into account the ambient temperature, because of the evaporation, and the capacity of the soil to retain water.
Low : For a houseplant, water monthly. For an outdoor plant, it tolerates drought well.
Way : For a houseplant, water weekly or every two weeks. For an outdoor plant, it will need water supplies before the soil dries up.
Important : For a houseplant, water several times a week. For an outdoor plant, it needs abundant and regular water supplies.
To know more

Growth Slow : The plant reaches maturity in several decades.
Normal : The plant reaches maturity in a few years.
Fast : The plant reaches maturity in a few months.
To know more

Multiplication Propagation involves creating a new plant yourself.
Sowing : The plant reproduces by planting seeds.
To know more
Division : Part of the root (rhizome, tuber) is used to create new shoots.
To know more
Cuttings : A branch is planted in the ground, where it produces new roots.
To know more
Layering : The branch is not cut from the plant, but it is partly buried in the earth, where it develops its own roots.
To know more
Graft : A plant fragment is implanted on another plant.
To know more
Impossible : It is not possible, for an individual, to multiply his plant. If he wants another, he must buy it from a professional.

Cold resistance Resistant (rustic) : Frost resistant plant.
To protect (semi-rustic) : Plant which supports the freshness but which requires a protection against the frost.
To return (fragile) : Plant which fears the cold and which must be sheltered during the cold season.
To know more

Soil type Clay soil : Heavy and sticky soil when wet, which hardens and cracks when drying.
Limestone soil : Clear and chalky earth, dry in summer and muddy in winter.
Sandy soil : Light soil, easy to work with and which retains water poorly.
Stony ground : Soil loaded with pebbles and poor in organic matter.
Humidor : Black and easy to work, it looks like forest earth.
Heather land : Acidic soil (pHВ 4 Г 5), sandy and rich in humus.
Potting soil : It's easy, this land can be bought in stores!
To know more

Soil pH The pH measures acidity of the soil.
Alkaline soil : The pH is above 7. These are mainly calcareous soils.
Neutral soil : The pH is between 6.5 and 7.2. Most plants grow well there.
Acidic soil : The pH is below 7. This is mainly heather land.
To know more

Soil moisture Soil moisture does not depend on rain, but on how the soil retains water or not.
Drained soil : Fresh soil but where water does not stagnate.
Wet soil : Soil where water stagnates.
Dry soil : Soil that does not retain water.
Fresh soil : Soil which remains constantly moist (but not soaked). To know more

Exposure Sun : The plant should have direct sun all day. Inside, it is directly (less than 1m) in front of a window facing south or west.
Part shade : The plant should have sun only part of the day. Indoors, it is in front of a window to the east or further away from a window facing south or west.
Shadow : The plant should be in the shade of other plants. Indoors, this is the case for rooms in winter, windows to the north or partially obscured and when the plant is far from the window (+ 2 m).
To know more

Planting Full earth : The plant can be planted directly in the earth.
Bin, pot or planter : The plant can be planted in a container. (The volume of the container must be adapted to the size of the plant.)
To know more

JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH
APRIL MAY JUNE
JULY August SEVEN.
OCT. NOV. From C.

JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH
APRIL MAY JUNE
JULY August SEVEN.
OCT. NOV. From C.

JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH
APRIL MAY JUNE
JULY August SEVEN.
OCT. NOV. From C.

Close relative of the artichoke, the cardoon (Cynara cardunculus) resembles in many ways their common ancestor, the thistle, of which it is a giant form. The term cardoon was borrowed from Occitan, thistle.

Native to the Mediterranean regions (South of France, Italy, Spain, Greece and North Africa), the cardoon is a vigorous plant of the Asteraceae family (formerly Compounds). It is a perennial in its region of origin, moderately hardy elsewhere, usually grown as an annual or biennial.

The cardoon forms an ample tuft 1.50В m high, very decorative with its silvery foliage. The large leaves, deeply divided into acute lobes, green above and downy below, have a long, broad, fleshy leaf, which extends into a midrib. It is the edible part of cardoons, called В "В ribsВ В". Hardy varieties bear on the edges of leaves and ribs short thorns, but sharpВ other varieties are called В "В В В", that is - say thornless.

The sap has a milky appearance and a bitter taste that bleaching before harvesting makes it disappear.

Left in the ground (in areas with mild winters), cardoon will flower in the second year (it may happen that it flowers prematurely in the first year, to the detriment of ridge production ). Flowering takes place in June-July, in small purplish-blue heads similar to those of an artichoke, but smaller. They are also edible.

Like artichoke and Jerusalem artichoke, plants of the same family, cardoon contains inulin, a sugar tolerated by diabetics. It is, like most fresh vegetables, very low in energy, but it also has excellent satiating power thanks to the fibers it contains. Cardoon also differs by its richness in potassium, magnesium and calcium.

It also contains cynarin, a bitter principle whose purifying power of the liver was discovered at the beginning of the 20th century. It is not by chance that it is consumed in many regions on Christmas. Cardoon au gratin with white sauce is, in Provence as well as in the region of Geneva and Lyons, one of the dishes of a traditional meal on Christmas Eve. It can thus be used as a festive and after-party vegetable.


1 / My 1st urban vegetable garden - sow, transplant and maintain my vegetable garden in town

Victim of its own success € 35.00

Course of the workshop
We offer to welcome all those who wish to discover the secrets of the urban vegetable garden. For anyone short on space, time or practice. For all those who refuse to take the plunge for fear of ruining everything during the holidays. For all frustrated nature lovers who dream of a breath of fresh air and getting started. To all of them we say "Yeh, growing fruit and vegetables in the city is possible!" », And we will coach you to make it happen! In the expert hands of ALMA, you will realize that urban agriculture is also made for bad seeds and that there are an unexpected number of solutions to becoming the perfect urban gardener!
Theoretical portion
How to choose its varieties according to its exposure, its space and its time? What are the best vegetables in town? Where to choose my seeds? How to manage watering? How to succeed in sowing? How to transplant a plant? How to prune and harvest? What is the role of bees and ladybugs? As you will have understood, this workshop will answer all the questions you ask yourself before starting a small vegetable garden!
Practical side
During this workshop, you will put your hands in the earth to practice the technique of sowing seeds and transplanting young plants. The opportunity to start small crops that you will take home.
Who is this workshop for?
This workshop is aimed at a beginner audience who wants to learn the basics of gardening in the city.
At the end of this workshop, you will leave with:
- The seedlings that you will have made yourself
- The plant that you have transplanted yourself
- A workshop memo in your mailbox so you don't forget anything!

What is provided: everything is provided! Tools, seeds, potting soil and even garden aprons!
Duration:
1h30
Location : on the roof of the Deskopolitan co-working space - 126 bd Voltaire 75011 Paris.
Audience: adult beginners
Number of participants:
8 (health restrictions)
Remember to come masked!


A cousin of the artichoke, the cardoon is a herbaceous perennial with a rhizome. This plant has vigorous leaves forming a large tuft at the level of the foot. These are tall and wide and are about two meters high. Their color is silvery blue-green. Cardoon also has a whitish vein and very fleshy appearance. As for the flowers, they are similar to those of the artichoke but smaller in size. Finally, it should be noted that the cardoon can reach a total weight of twenty kilos.

Despite being a perennial plant, cardoon can be grown as an annual plant to be sown in the spring. Sowing can be done in a bucket under cover from April. The seedlings will then be placed in the ground in May, when the last frosts no longer present any danger. The plants will be separated from each other by an interval of about eighty centimeters.

Around the beginning of May, cardoon can be sown in the ground by placing 5 or 6 seeds in each dug hole. Only keep the most vigorous plant. Note that cardoon prefers very moist, rich and deep soils. It must be watered regularly to keep the soil moist: this is a sine qua non for obtaining non-bitter and tender coasts.

As soon as the plant has grown well, tie the ribs together with a string. Do not over tighten to allow air to circulate. After having hit the ground, you have the choice between wrapping or not the cardoon with a canvas, in order to whiten it. This operation is carried out to tenderize the cardoons. Harvest the ribs in the fall, five or six months after sowing.


Agenda

April 2021

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

REPAIR CAFE

Curved path 31 krommeweg @ My Bubble

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

VIJVERWANDELING naar Lansrode

Ook deze slowly tracht Natuurpunt Rode en Linkebeek enkele gegidste natuurwandelingen te verzorgen, dit voor zover de Corona-regelgeving het toelaat. Iedereen is dan in principle welkom, maar vooraf dient te worden aangemeld bij gids René (0474 014 714). Deelname is gratis.

TOMORRODE CAFE "Geschiedenis van Rode / History of Rhode"

Mei 2021

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

NATURE WALK: THE DIEWEG CEMETERY

Nature Guides between Senne and Soignes

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

Odeghien Landschapswandeling

Aansluitend puts het Hallerbos ligt juist over de taalgrens het gehucht Odeghien. Vanuit Zevenbronnen stap je door een prachtig heuvelend landschap tot je in de verte from "Leeuw van Waterloo" ziet liggen.

REPAIR CAFE

Curved path 31 krommeweg @ My Bubble

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

TOMORRODE CAFE Honingbijen en andere stuifmeelinsecten / Bees and other pollinators in Rhode

Collective vegetable garden - Gedeelde moestuin

Every Saturday, we get together to work collectively in our vegetable garden.

Elke zaterdag komen we bij elkaar om samen in eleven moestuin te werken.

Come help us, learn how to make a lasagna, maintain a pond, sow, transplant, harvest etc!

Juni 2021

Green R (h) ode

Sustainability festival organized by the municipality of Rhode-St-Genèse

Het duurzaamheidsfeest georganiseerd door de gemeente St-Genesius-Rode

"VLIEGEND HERT" -Avondwandeling Zevenbronnen

Zevenbronnen is een prachtige groene omgeving, op de taalgrens tussen Sint-Genesius-Rode, Beersel in Braine l'Alleud, puts wilde vijvers in een historische achtergrond.

VUURVLIEGJES-Avondwandeling Zoniënwoud

Avondwandeling in het Zoniënwoud, waarbij we op zoek gaan naar vliegende lampjes en fonkelende verleidsters. Bij gunstige weersomstandigheden wordt je verrast door een spectakel van dartelende vuurvliegjes op zoek naar een partner.

NATURE WALK GAASBEEK

Nature walks between Senne and Soignes

REPAIR CAFE

curved path 31 krommeweg @ My Bubble

Juli 2021

VLINDER-wandeling voor kinderen

Een ganse maand vlindertelling? Hoe doen we dat? Wie doet er mee. Uiteraard is iederenn welkom, maar breng vooral kinderen en kleinkinderen mee.

Augustus 2021

SPINNENWandeling

Op deze zondag richt Natuurpunt-Rode zijn loepje op één van eleven meest natuurlijke medebewoners die weliswaar o zo dikwijls afschuw opwekken.


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