Hydrangea paniculata - cultivation, varieties, history of hydrangea paniculata

Hydrangea paniculata - cultivation, varieties, history of hydrangea paniculata

Houseplants

If you have a summer cottage or a private house, then surely in the spring there is a desire to tinker with flowers. For example, check how tulips, daffodils, crocuses or hyacinths survived the winter. And you also need to cut shrubs: roses or clematis. Or maybe you decided to update your floral collection? Then I can advise a very original and, most importantly, well-established plant - Paniculata Hydrangea. We are somehow more familiar with the Hydrangea tree. But a different kind Hydrangea paniculata, no less beautiful. The more interesting it is to acquire and grow it.

Description

Hydrangea paniculata Is a very picturesque and unusual plant. It is difficult to call it a flower, although it is beautiful precisely for its inflorescences. By the way, they are similar in shape to fluffy panicles up to 25 cm long, which bloom from June to October. The name of the flower is connected with this.

Hydrangea paniculata grows best and blooms in partial shade. It will also grow in the sun, but the flowers will not be so bright and decorative - their colors seem to "fade" from the sun.

And by morphological properties - Hydrangea paniculata - a shrub or tree, which, moreover, can reach up to 10 m in height.

I called her a guest because her homeland is Japan, China and the southern coast of Sakhalin. But here Hydrangea paniculata takes root perfectly. Botanists started breeding it in our latitudes at the beginning of the 20th century. Hydrangea paniculata tolerates winter cold and heat even better than hydrangea tree-like. Moreover, he loves the sun very much. So if you want to plant a tree on the site, at the sight of which the neighbors will gasp with delight, plant Paniculata Hydrangea.

There are more than 25 varieties of Hydrangea paniculata, but among them the most popular are: Mathilda, Kyushu, Unique. They have flowers that are large and have a strong scent. And they bloom longer than others.

But the most popular among flower growers is the Grandflora variety. It blooms later than other varieties, but the colors of the brooms are very original. When they bloom, they are light cream in color. Later they turn white and then pink. And by the end of flowering, they generally acquire a greenish-red tint.

By the way, the inflorescences of Hydrangea paniculata can be used as dried flowers. Cut them off at a stage where you like the color of the broom. And then dry the flowers in a suspended state, downward with a cone. They look great in winter bouquets.

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Hydrangeas are decorative deciduous shrubs, their homeland is the territories of East Asia and the islands of Japan. This ancient variety has been known for a long time. According to the description, the Grandiflora panicle hydrangea is a tall shrub with lush and dense flowering. It grows in height up to 2.5 m.The crown of the bush is very branched and spreading, reaching 3 m in diameter.

Hydrangeas Grandiflora are very popular in landscape design.

The oval leaves of the bush are medium in size - from 12 to 14 cm in length. There are small irregularities and roughness on their surface, since the front part of the plates is densely covered with small fibers.

On a note! The root system of the Grandiflora hydrangea is very developed and powerful. It is highly branched, some roots grow right at the surface of the earth.

Large, elongated inflorescences are composed of small white flowers. During the season, the shade of the buds changes: at first they are creamy, then snow-white, and closer to autumn they acquire a pinkish color, which quickly changes to reddish-green.

The history of the origin of the variety

In Japan, the cultivation of Grandiflora hydrangeas to decorate gardens, parks and plots around the house has been practiced since ancient times.

Features of the variety

Hydrangea paniculata Grandiflora has many advantages:

  • blooms profusely and brightly
  • has a fast growth, can gain a height of 20-25 cm in one season
  • resistant to many diseases
  • rarely affected by pests.

Winter hardiness

Due to its resistance to frost, Grandiflora can also be grown in the northern regions. The bush can withstand cold snaps down to -30 degrees.


Description of the plant

Hydrangea paniculata limelight is one of the most common varieties of hydrangea. It was named paniculata because of its inflorescence. Hydrangea inflorescences are large, sometimes reaching a length of 30 cm. The flowers of the plant are of two types: bisexual and sterile. The first ones are a little smaller, after pollination the petals fall on them. The second ones are larger, up to a maximum of 3 cm each, they remain on the bush for a long time.

From the beginning to the end of flowering, the flower changes its color, ranging from cream to pink and even red.

  • Hydrangea Laimlat is a shrub plant, it is very neat, not sweeping, the maximum height and width is 2 meters.
  • The plant grows and develops very quickly, 25 cm can be added per year (provided that it is properly cared for and the location is suitable).
  • Hydrangea is famous not only for its flowers, but also for its unusual leaves. Their structure is velvety, soft. The leaves themselves are large, bright in color, sharp at the ends, located close to each other and completely cover the branch of the bush.
  • The shape of the hydrangea limelight bush is preserved without any supports, while in some other varieties, large inflorescences bend the branches with their weight.
  • With the onset of autumn, the leaves change color to lilac, thanks to which the hydrangea limelat becomes even more beautiful and unusual.
  • In autumn, sterile inflorescences are still kept, which during this period have a green color, then gradually turn yellow, and by the end of the season they become white.
  • The flowering period lasts from July-August to October.

Landscape designers use the peculiarity of hydrangea flowering: when the garden has already bloomed, the hydrangea is only entering its most decorative period.

The name of the variety comes from the shade of the inflorescence - the color of lime, which they acquire at the beginning of the flowering period, provided that the soil is suitable. If it is too sunny on the site, then the flowers will be white, which will acquire a pinkish tint by October.

The main requirements for growing: sunny area, moist fertile soil (loose and acidic is possible), lack of lime in the soil, tolerates winter well.

It was the Limelight variety that gardeners recognized as the most beautiful and resistant among other panicle hydrangeas.


Growing a plant does not require much effort. The panicle hydrangea variety Selekshen is quite simple in agricultural technology, and only the choice of the site and the correct pruning will be critical for it.

Selection and preparation of the landing site

The panicle hydrangea variety Selekshen requires for its normal growth and development a sunny or penumbra area located on acidic fertile soil. The planting site must be protected from drafts and cold winds.

Preparing the site for planting consists in digging holes with a depth of at least 40 cm (preferably 60 cm) and measuring 50 by 50 cm.A layer of drainage and dressing up to 15 cm thick is laid at the bottom of the pit.A mixture of several components is usually poured into it:

  • leaf land - 2 parts
  • peat - 2 parts
  • humus - 1 part
  • sand - 1 part.

Fertilizers are additionally added:

  • urea - 30 g
  • superphosphate - 60 g
  • potassium sulfate - 30 g.

After adding fertilizers and mixing them with the substrate, the pit is watered with 1-2 buckets of water and left for several days.

Landing rules

Hydrangea seedlings also undergo preliminary preparation before planting. Their roots should be slightly shortened so that they fit into the dug hole when unfolded. Unlike large-leaved varieties, which are strictly prohibited to be cut, Panicle Hydrangea Selection needs to be pruned. They should have no more than 5, but not less than 3 buds.

Planting is carried out according to the standard scheme - a mound is formed from the excavated soil, on which the seedling is installed, straightening the roots. Its height should be such that the root collar is located at a distance of 1-2 cm above the ground level.

Sprinkle the roots with soil and lightly tamp, after planting, the bush is watered with 1-2 buckets of water.

Watering and feeding

Watering is carried out once every 7 days, while it is important not to allow the appearance of a crust on the upper layer of the soil. Irrigation rates can be very high (up to 30 liters per 1 sq. M). Depending on the presence or absence of natural precipitation, they can be adjusted up or down.

Hydrangea paniculata selection requires 4 fertilizing per season:

  • the first is produced before the start of sap flow, while organic fertilizers are used
  • the second - during budding, use phosphorus-potassium complex fertilizers
  • the third feeding is done in the middle of summer, immediately after the beginning of flowering, while using special compositions for ornamental plants
  • the latter is applied before the onset of cold weather, while fertilizer is used for hydrangeas.

Usually, top dressing is always combined with watering.

Pruning hydrangea paniculata selection

The growth rate of the bush is very high, therefore, the correct pruning of the branches is a guarantee of the formation of an ideal crown. Usually it is done at the beginning of the season, combining shaping and sanitization of the crown.

Choose no more than 10 large and strong shoots, which are shortened similarly to seedlings, leaving from 3 to 5 buds, the remaining parts are cut

This approach may sound barbaric, but it is the norm for paniculate hydrangea.

Rejuvenation is performed every 7-10 years.

Preparing for winter

Adult hydrangea paniculata Selection does not need specific preparation for winter. Young bushes of 2-3 odes are recommended to be bent to the ground and covered with a layer of foliage, straw or sawdust, covering the heat-insulating layer with plastic wrap.


Shelter for the winter

The Phantom panicle hydrangea needs to be specially prepared for winter. Everything is done in stages:

  1. Watering is reduced in September. If it rains, then the bushes need to be covered so that water does not fall on the roots.
  2. They are fed with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers so that the shoots have time to ripen. It is forbidden to use nitrogen fertilizers in the autumn!
  3. The trunk circle is covered with mulch, pruning is carried out. The remaining shoots are tied, as shown in the photo.
  4. Although the Phantom hydrangea is a frost-resistant plant, in regions with harsh winters, it is better to play it safe and cover the plants. After all, the buds will not bloom on the frozen shoots.

The shelter is constructed from wooden boxes or frames are made. Spruce branches and nonwovens can be used as a covering material. They must be fixed so as not to be blown away by the wind. This is the final stage of the shelter; it is carried out with the onset of stable frosts.

There are many options for shelter, some of them are shown in the photo below.

Adult plants can not be covered, but only the roots can be mulched. With the onset of spring days, the shelter is removed.


Variety 'Early Sensation'

In the period of its lush flowering, the paniculate princess 'Early Sensation' makes a real sensation in the garden. This shrub grows up to 2 m in height and reaches a diameter of about 1 m. But such volumetric forms do not prevent this beauty from standing firmly on her "legs" - she is independent and independent, so she does well without props.


Variety 'Early Sensation'. Photo from the site mnogoletniki.by

Unlike other varieties that have ice cream cones in their buds, this hydrangea has flatter flower panicles, making it look like a snow-white cloud. And thanks to single large flowers, clearly protruding from the inflorescences, it seems as if a flock of fabulous moths lurked on the plant. This 'Early Sensation' color persists in the first few weeks of its flowering, and by autumn it gradually changes into a bright crimson outfit.


Variety 'Early Sensation'. Photo from botaniquejardin.ru

The variety is distinguished by unpretentious care, shows high resistance to pest infestation, develops well both in the sun and in the shade.


Preparing for the winter of panicle hydrangea

An important question for beginners and experienced gardeners remains, is it necessary to cover the panicle hydrangea for the winter? Despite the ability of the planted variety to easily endure the winter, it is still better to cover the shrub.

There is no need to use covering material. Such actions are resorted to only in the case of planting a young seedling in the fall. Rooted shrubs do not need this process. Only the root system is subject to shelter.

Shelter is carried out in the following ways:

  • Use rotted manure. Spread it around the bush in a small layer.
  • You can use peat or fallen leaves. But then the covering layer will need at least 15-20 cm.
  • If you are worried about the frost resistance of the branches, build a frame around the shrub that will hold the snow on itself and thereby create a kind of greenhouse for the hydrangea.

Additional steps in preparing the bush for the winter are not required. It is only important to carry out timely pruning and shelter, without waiting for severe frosts.

As for the propagation of paniculate hydrangea, there is a method of cuttings.

The trimmed parts of the branches should be placed in water for three days, and then a cutting with at least 3 internodes should be made from them. The lower cut of the cuttings made is treated with a growth stimulant and planted at home in pots to a depth of 2/3.

It is better to grow cuttings in regular indoor pots until next spring. In the warm season, you can safely plant the grown bushes in your summer cottage.

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